Questions tagged [antenna]

Questions about devices which collect and couple electromagnetic signals (communications, radar or other electromagnetic measurements) directly between free space, and conductors (e.g. waveguides or other transmission lines).

Filter by
Sorted by
Tagged with
1
vote
0answers
31 views

Are there any selfies of Curiosity or Perseverance with their high gain antenna deployed and "looking up"?

The Curiosity and Perseverance rovers have high gain antenna arrays on a mechanical arm that can rise up and point towards Earth and communicate directly. Has the Curiosity rover ever communicated ...
1
vote
1answer
104 views

How does a 22 dBi X-band "patch" antenna get so much gain and how well behaved is its high-gain radiation pattern?

@NgPh's answer to How will the LICIACube cubesat transmit DART impact images back to Earth? What kind of antenna and radio will it use? quotes LICIACube on DART mission: an asteroid impact captured by ...
2
votes
1answer
124 views

How will the LICIACube cubesat transmit DART impact images back to Earth? What kind of antenna and radio will it use?

MarCO The Mars Cube Ones or MarCOs were 6U cubesats that were deployed in deep space during the InSight mission to observe it during a critical, dynamic period of its mission, in this case the N ...
9
votes
2answers
508 views

How does the pattern on the MarCo cubesat's antenna boost data-transmission?

I was looking at a few posts that uhoh had made about the MarCo cubesat. One of the pictures was the one that I've posted below: Source The most I can gather from casual NASA articles is along the ...
3
votes
1answer
108 views

When the Mars 2020 and Mars Science Laboratory missions were in deep space, what antennas did they have available to communicate with Earth?

This thorough answer to Did the Curiosity and Perseverance rover brains do the driving from Earth to Mars? explains that during deep space flight the rovers' computers were doing most of the thinking ...
8
votes
2answers
620 views

What is the pop-up circular disk with spiral pattern in this NASA animation of the Dragonfly helicopter for Titan? Antenna? Kind, band, target?

At 00:36 in the June 2019 NASA video Dragonfly: NASA's New Mission to Explore Saturn's Moon Titan the animation shows it landing then deploying a circular disk with ...
2
votes
0answers
36 views

Antenna for receivers

I am designing a CubeSat 6U in which I am using Software Defined Radio with SIGINT capability as my payload. The payload has 3 reception ports and 2 transmission ports and hence transceiver or ...
2
votes
0answers
43 views

Field of view from Antenna

I am trying to calculate the revisit rate for my satellite constellation. My satellite hosts software-defined radios as its payload. Hence, I need to find the field of view from antenna. My S-band ...
4
votes
1answer
62 views

How did Sputnik 1's antennas couple to its body, electrically and mechanically?

Looking at https://www.britannica.com/technology/satellite-communication/Development-of-satellite-communication I found the image of a model of Sputnik 1 below. It shows details of its four rod ...
12
votes
1answer
2k views

Why do Teledesic satellites look so weird? What are these structures and where's the satellite bus?

source enlarged and sharpened To my untrained eye I see a weird claw or flower-like antenna array with eight petals in the shape reminiscent of concave dish but not really, that look like they might ...
2
votes
1answer
70 views

Following KRT-10 aboard Salyut-6, have there been any other radio astronomy observations from a space station or crewed capsule?

Space stations have certainly been equipped with infrared, visible, ultraviolet and X-ray telescopes for astronomical observation and optical and X-ray communications as well as particle telescopes ...
1
vote
1answer
84 views

How were Soviet/Russian aircraft used to track and/or communicate with spacecraft?

Russian Space Web's Russian ground control and tracking network mentions A Soviet Iluyshin-18 aircraft configured to maintain communications with spacecraft. in the sidebar and includes the small ...
2
votes
2answers
610 views

How do OneWeb satellites' antennas work?

The images below are of actual OneWeb satellites or models. There are two disk-like appendages and an array of linear gizmos which may be an array antenna. Is it possible to explain how these two ...
5
votes
0answers
73 views

Why are satellite ground station and deep space communications dishes with secondary mirrors usually of Cassegrain design?

The simplest dish antennas have a concave reflector and their feed horns at the primary focus which is "up in the air". That has several inconveniences, it's hard to go up there to do any ...
1
vote
1answer
65 views

How does Quantum change it's antenna's shape? (Flagship UK telecommunications satellite just launched)

The BBC's Quantum: Flagship UK telecommunications satellite launches includes the following: A quarter of the world's big telecoms spacecraft are manufactured in Britain, and the new Quantum platform ...
7
votes
2answers
640 views

Why do these satellite antennas look so weird? (strangely shaped with little white dots...)

The NASA Spaceflight article Arianespace press onward with dual-passenger Ariane 5 launch shows a photo of Intelsat 39 during testing. The dish reflectors are strangely shaped: rather than being ...
6
votes
1answer
238 views

What happened to the plan to build a DSN antenna array?

More than ten years ago there were plans to build large antenna arrays for DSN, about 400 antennas of 12m diameter. See these NASA papers 1, 2, 3, 4. What happened to these plans?
3
votes
0answers
85 views

Was Dart antenna tested using a DSN antenna located in Australia?

So recently a tweet by a bot which tracks communications by the Deep Space Network stated that: DSS 43 receiving data from Double Asteroid Redirection Test at 312.5kb/s. IN LOCK IN LOCK 1 TURBO 11:11 ...
4
votes
2answers
172 views

How does Deep Space Network's DSS-14 transmit radar and receive it at (almost) the same time? (monostatic radar)

@Hobbes' concise yet thorough answer to the question What are monostatic radar observations, and how will Deep Space Network's DSS-13 be used to observe asteroid 1999 WK4's flyby of Earth? tells us ...
8
votes
1answer
2k views

Why is TESS' high gain antenna made of undulating BLACK fabric rather than metal?

above: from Facebook, then annotated. There is an excellent review of the design of the TESS spacecraft in G. R. Richter et al. Journal of Astronomical Telescopes, ...
8
votes
1answer
925 views

How does Curiosity know how to point and move it's high gain antenna in real time?

The Curiosity rover has a compact X-band high-gain antenna (HGA) that allows for low data rate communication directly with Earth, but is used though for higher data rates it usually uses UHF to ...
3
votes
1answer
149 views

What is a Beam Waveguide dish and why do deep space communications stations use them?

NASA Spaceflight.com's Deep Space Network upgrades and new antennas increase vital communication capabilities says: NASA’s Deep Space Network, commonly referred to as the DSN, has welcomed a new dish,...
0
votes
0answers
15 views

Transmission and Receiving Rate of a X-Band Antenna

What would be a typical transmission and reception rate range for a X-Band Low Gain Antenna for say 300Km from an orbiter? I figured a High Gain Antenna would be difficult to use since it requires ...
3
votes
1answer
96 views

How would I determine the power usage for a X-Band High Gain Antenna?

Currently I have that for a X-Band High Gain Antenna functioning at 8 Ghz, diameter of 3 meters, and a power transmission of 13.1dBW (20 watts) at a distance of about 8.5 AU has a Gain of 52.44 dBi, ...
2
votes
1answer
214 views

How does this fast-slewing SpaceX rocket-tracking dish track a moving spacecraft?

Elon Musk's recent tweet shows a video clip of a modest-sized dish on fairly fast-slewing mount located: At SpaceX Boca Chica launch site in Texas In the question Why is the reflector on this ...
8
votes
2answers
585 views

How do commercial broadcast satellites in GEO produce such carefully shaped signal footprints?

SES-10 will be launched in a few days on Space-X's first commercial launch using a recycled rocket. Screenshots from the three links (Brazil, Central America, South America) on Satbeams page for SES-...
2
votes
0answers
61 views

Was there a prototype for Solar Probe's hybrid Heat Shield/Antenna?

An early concept of the Solar Probe (reborn as Solar Probe Plus then Parker Solar Probe) used a parabolic antenna with a heat-resistant nadir facing side to double as a heat shield. While sourcing ...
3
votes
3answers
248 views

How large of an antenna would you need to connect to the ISS's WiFi network from Earth?

Supposing I wanted to connect to the ISS's WiFi network from the ground, how large of an antenna would I need to do so, and what kind? Would they need to increase the power on their end or use a ...
2
votes
0answers
79 views

How is this video projection screen is used in tests of Europa Clipper's high gain antenna?

Phys.org's Europa Clipper high-gain antenna undergoes testing says: The full-scale prototype antenna, which at 10 feet (3 meters) tall is the same height as a standard basketball hoop, is in the ...
3
votes
1answer
2k views

Why do AST SpaceMobile satellites have antennas much larger than Starlink, whereas they both aim at providing network coverage anywhere on earth?

I read on cnbc.com (mirror): AST drew the attention of NASA in October, when the U.S. space agency commented on the company’s FCC proposal and said AST’s “extremely large satellites” would create “an ...
1
vote
1answer
337 views

How does this antenna work, with both a feed horn and hyperbolic secondary in front of the dish?

Scrolling through the Roscosmos twitter feed I saw this image of a dish antenna in a recent tweet. Google translate shows that the post says: Новый измерительный пункт будет построен на Сахалине для ...
26
votes
3answers
7k views

What is the purpose of the rotating dish antenna on the ISS

I just saw some footage of the ISS in which a dish antenna could be seen, constantly rotating. The dish looked more-or-less parabolic, meaning that it is presumably sending/receiving along a fairly ...
3
votes
0answers
70 views

What are the electrical requirements of the antennas used in Starlink?

My interest is in both the antenna for the ground segment (the "UFO on a stick") and the antennas for the space segment (phased arrays if I'm not mistaken). I couldn't find around much more ...
6
votes
3answers
254 views

What are the most common practical design specifications for antenna in space?

I'm writing my thesis on antennas for small satellite applications (cubesats). Apart from the electrical specifications related to the particular application there are also several other "...
4
votes
3answers
440 views

Has a probe ever been lost due to folding its antenna, making it unable to communicate?

I remember hearing the story of a probe on the surface of a planet (maybe Venus) that was lost due to an incredible design flaw, and I'm looking for more details. The probe had a dish antenna, and ...
2
votes
0answers
243 views

Did any of Voyagers' receivers' front ends take advantage of the "cold of space" to lower noise?

Most of the Voyagers' electronics are kept warm by electrical heaters powered by their RTG's, and presumably protected by some amount of insulation from the "cold of space" which means loss of heat ...
1
vote
1answer
94 views

What radio signals have NASA transmitted to outside our solar system?

What radio signal have NASA transmitted to outside our solar system and what did they contain?
9
votes
1answer
200 views

When did deep-space probes start getting wrapped in germanium-coated film?

The NASA video Juno Engineering: Precision Matters shows the Juno spacecraft on what look like it might be a spin balance table after about 02:50 and there one can ...
1
vote
2answers
3k views

Angular distance between two satellites given azimuth and elevation angles for each?

If the look angles for a pair of satellites are $Az_1, El_1$ and $Az_2, El_2$, what would be the angular separation between them? An associated problem is how do we determine whether and when the two ...
3
votes
1answer
243 views

How does this large, flat antenna made from overlapping circles at Australia's Carnarvon Space Tracking Center work?

@Fred's comment links to the Australian Broadcasting Corporation's How the Apollo 11 Moon landing was achieved with the vital help of Carnarvon Tracking Station which links to their Carnarvon space ...
0
votes
0answers
53 views

Antenna required to reach titan

There are two 12U cubesats, one in Earth orbit and one in orbit around Titan. They have a transmit power of 700 W (for short periods) and have identical antennas. What diameter and what type of ...
3
votes
1answer
167 views

Exchange diameter for power in parabolic antenna

If I want to reduce the diameter of a satellite dish, how much power should I add to the transmitter? how is this formula? As I have already been informed a little in this other question I asked: X-...
4
votes
1answer
102 views

Alternatives to the X-Band

is there any other band that can do something similar to what the x-band does? Any that require a smaller antenna and more electrical power?
1
vote
2answers
117 views

X-Band range and data

In summary I am working on a network consisting of 8 cubesat 1U that will be at an orbit altitude of 850Km. The question is that I am working on communications, the idea is that this network of ...
3
votes
1answer
139 views

How do I calculate what antenna I need for my cubesat?

If I want to make a communication satellite, like MarCO, what formulas do I need to calculate the perfect antenna? Is there a difference between the X-Band and the classic UHF? If the cubesat is ...
1
vote
1answer
99 views

General overview of how deep space communications performed

What frequency bands and general classes of antennas are used to communicate with deep space spacecraft? As an example, if we place a cubesat in orbit around Io, what would the antenna need to be ...
5
votes
1answer
212 views

Help understanding how these components of a Honeysuckle Creek dish antenna work

@Fred's comment links to the Curious Droid video How Australia Helped Save Apollo 13 and a little after 02:15 and 03:00 it shows ...
2
votes
3answers
325 views

Did New Horizons use its smaller medium-gain antenna for most/all downlinking of Pluto and Arrokoth flyby data?

Brian May's New Horizons video (below) was released at about the same time that the New Horizons spacecraft passed 2014 MU69 Arrokoth and includes a lot of technically meaningful graphics. One item ...
3
votes
2answers
215 views

How exactly were the signals from quad dishes of Apollo Deep Space High-Gain Antenna or Russian B-529 processed for local control of tracking?

The images below (and their sources) show the quad dishes of the Apollo Deep Space High-Gain Antenna and the Russian B529 ground station tracking antenna. From NASA Technical Note TN D-6723 Apollo ...
3
votes
3answers
137 views

Which deep space spacecraft had main dish antennas that were perforated or made from mesh?

A long time ago I was considering asking why the dish antennas on some deep-space probes were perforated metal or mesh (presumably to save weight), while others were solid. I'm trying to finally ...