Questions tagged [artemis-program]

NASA's manned lunar program authorized by Space Policy Directive 1 in December 2017 with the goal of landing the first woman and the next man on the Moon and the first person on the Moon's far side (on the South Pole) as well as establishing a permanent base on the Moon.

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Is the Artemis Missions direct ascent?

I’ve been looking at “exploded” SLS rockets, where the stages are all shown, and there never seems to be a lunar lander. Does that mean that the Orion Spacecraft lands on the moon, or will it have a ...
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Would Artemis 1 have blown up on the pad if NASA had been unaware of (or ignored) the errors that resulted in the launches being aborted? [closed]

Artemis 1 has had several unsuccessful tests. We've seen reports of "hydrogen leaks", "engine failures", "sensor malfunctions", "stuck valves", "fueling ...
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What is the differences in between SLS Block I and SLS Block 2?

Other than mass to orbit how will the SLS Block 1 differ from SLS Block 2? What differences in construction will be made ?
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What is the cabling on the exterior of the SLS solid rocket boosters that wasn't on the shuttle solid rocket boosters?

I noticed what appears to be foamed-over cabling running roughly parallel to the systems tunnel on the exterior of the SLS Solid Rocket Boosters (SRBs). The cabling appears to run all the way from the ...
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What is the difference between the solid fuel Boosters of the Shuttle and Artemis?

The Shuttle boosters had 4 segments and Artemis has 5. What are the differences in total mass, thrust and burn time? Is the thrust profile (thrust over time) the same?
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Media coverage of Artemis vs Apollo

I remember the launch of Apollo 7 - the first crewed flight of the Apollo spacecraft. I was in grade school; we all gathered in the gym/auditorium to watch it on live TV. I was about 9 in 1967, and ...
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Will the Orion glass cockpit with CCD be tested with prospective astronauts on the ground during the upcoming Artemis 1 test flight ? If not, why?

Image credit: DesignNews article: "Exclusive: A Closer Look at NASA's Orion Glass Cockpit" Will there be video cameras onboard the Orion spacecraft that registrate the glass cockpit displays ...
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What will the live video and audio quality be like when astronauts next set foot on the moon?

What will the live video and audio quality be like when we watch an Artemis crewmember set foot on the moon? The quality of the original Apollo footage from the 1960's is terrible by today's standards....
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Space Suit for Artemis, why two contracts instead of only one?

NASA has selected two companies to make spacesuits for its Artemis moon program and future International Space Station (ISS) missions. Teams led by Axiom Space and Collins Aerospace (with ILC Dover ...
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What would have happened if lightning struck the Orion LES instead of the umbilical tower?

Yesterday, a lightning struck the SLS' umbilical tower during a scrubbed wet dress rehearsal. Is it normal for a lightning to strike the umbilical tower instead of the 3 lightning arresters around the ...
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How can Artemis 1 take so much longer for Earth-Lunar transit than the Apollo missions did?

The Artemis I mission will take 8-14 days to get from Earth to the Moon. Apollo 11 only took 3 days. Similarly the return will be 9-19 days for Artemis I and just over 2 days for Apollo 11. Why is the ...
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What happens to the propellant in a wet dress rehearsal?

The Artemis 1 mission is going to do a wet dress rehearsal where the rocket will be filled with propellant and the launch sequence will continue until almost the last second. The launch sequence will ...
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Will the Artemis I SLS do a static fire on the pad following rollout?

Following the rollout for the Artemis I wet dress rehearsal, or the rollout for launch, will the core stage perform a static fire on the pad?
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Are there any plans on replacing the shuttle-era RS-25D's during the Artemis III/IV missions?

The last two Artemis missions which use the shuttle-era RS-25D engines will fly in 2025 and 2026. Is there ever a possibility that, in the case that Aerojet Rocketdyne delivers their RS-25Es (or at ...
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Where is Artemis on this Earth-Moon three-body bifurcation plot? Where's the near-rectilinear halo orbit for example?

Below is a $\mu = 0.01215$ bifurcation plot from E. J. Doedel, E.J. et al's Elemental periodic orbits associated with the libration points in the circular restricted 3-body problem International ...
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Will Artemis 2 and/or subsequent Artemis moon flights be able to break humanity's Earth distance record?

How high above the Moon are Artemis' Orion spacecraft going to orbit, in comparison to the Apollo spacecraft? Will their flights surpass or be able to surpass humanity's current record of the farthest ...
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When cis-lunar Artemis astronauts and folks on Earth communicate via audio (e.g. EVAs) will they still step on each other's words like during Apollo?

It's been fifty years since we've heard astronauts and ground folks talk over each other ("step on each other" in 1970's CB radio parlance). Sitting on the floor a few feet away from our ...
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What is an "octet" in the context of NASA's LunaNET Interoperability Standard? ("internet on the Moon")

The PDF Draft LunaNet Interoperability Specification, LN-IS Baseline V001 September 2, 2021 (found at https://esc.gsfc.nasa.gov/projects/TEMPO?tab=lunanet) has found its way to the popular press. 4.2 ...
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Could there be a relatively stable near-rectilinear halo orbit associated with the Sun-Earth L1 or L2 points? Would the Moon screw it up?

Question: Could there be a relatively stable near-rectilinear halo orbit (NLHO) associated with the Sun-Earth L1 or L2 points? Would it be similarly stable as the Earth-Moon NLHO proposed for the &...
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What are we going to do on the moon?

I understand that (after the early stage), we will assemble a gateway and have starship flights to the moon. But I am not sure if we know what will we be carrying to the moon? A 100-ton payload, of ...
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How big are the risks of Starship flipping during or after landing on the Moon?

Now that NASA has announced the selection of SpaceX to manufacture the Moon landing vehicle(s) for the Artemis program, I can't but notice how tall Starship is when compared to other concepts. Chances ...
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Why does Starship need to transfer crew to/from Orion to land humans on the moon?

In the new NASA Artemis program, Starship needs to transfer the crew to/from Orion. Why is this even needed? I thought that the Starship design allows it to travel directly from Earth to the Moon ...
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Why is the re-entry velocity of Orion almost the same as the escape velocity?

I have read that the predicted re-entry speed on the Artemis I mission for the Orion spacecraft into the Earth's atmosphere is about 24,500 mph or 10.9 km/s. Why is it almost the same as Earth's ...
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Which RS-25s are on the Artemis 1 rocket?

The SLS core to be used for the Artemis 1 flight will use four RS-25 engines. These reusable engines were used on the Space Shuttle Orbiter previously. Is there a listing of which SSMEs are planned ...
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Why doesn't NASA just again build the Altair LM or a modified Apollo LM for the Artemis project?

The Altair lunar module was part of the wonderful Constellation program cancelled in 2010; just the Orion spacecraft has been retained which is to deliver a crew into lunar orbit. The new carrier ...
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Why is the Orion spacecraft so big?

The Orion spacecraft which is to be used for the Artemis missions will be rated for 6 astronauts. Why so many? Given the "political" assignment is to put "a woman and another man to the ...
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Besides landing several folks on the Moon and returning them safely to the Earth what criteria did Human Landing System proposals to NASA meet?

The new NASA video NASA 2021: Let's Go to the Moon shows artwork for three very different spacecraft sitting on the lunar surface with the overlain caption Selecting A Human Landing System "...
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Did NASA director Jim Bridenstine really make sure that Artemis gets done in a way different than how the US "House of Representatives put forward"?

update: Aviation Week November 8, 2020: NASA Chief Plans To Step Aside Under Biden In the "Angry Astronaut" video NASA'S Lunar Gateway Announcement - This REALLY matters to Artemis, SpaceX ...
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Demonstrative examples of NASA "programs that go too long, that cost too much... end up getting cast out later"?

Spaceflight Now's NASA lays out $28 billion plan to return astronauts to the moon in 2024 quotes NASA Administrator Jim Bridenstine, and includes the following: Bridenstine acknowledged the challenge ...
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What is the inclination limit for Artemis landings?

Inspired by Did any of the Apollo lunar modules land significantly off level? I'd like to know if there is an inclination limit for the Artemis Human Landing System?
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Is there a certain plan on how Houston will talk with the Artemis 3 crew?

Artemis 3 is going to land on the Moon's south pole, on the far side of the Moon. Therefore, before launching the crew to the Moon, NASA must put (a) communication satellite(s) either into lunar orbit ...
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Why isn't the Delta IV Heavy ever used for crewed spaceflight?

In 2014 the Orion spacecraft was launched on top of the Delta IV Heavy for the first time. Why do they build another rocket, the SLS, instead of launching the Orion on the Delta also with humans on ...
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How difficult is it to convert a hypergolic based Moon human lander to a cryogenic one?

Recently a study performed by Aerojet Rocketdyne indicated that in order to achieve a 2024 landing using storable propellants will be required. Given that NASA is looking to reduce program risk in any ...
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The Lunar Gateway [duplicate]

The Lunar Gateway is an in-development space station in lunar orbit intended to serve as a solar-powered communications hub, science laboratory, short-term habitation module, and holding area for ...
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Artemis Space Program

Is NASA going to initiate setting up a base with this programme. That would be really cool, as it would be useful for research, mining and space flights. Though, if not, where is the speculated first ...
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Does the Artemis III mission have a backup plan if the astronauts are unable to ascent from the Moon?

For the unlikely scenario where the Artemis III astronauts having landed on the Moon press the ascent button and nothing happens, will NASA have a backup or rescue contingency plan? If so, what ...
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Are deep-space EVAs part of the Artemis plan?

During Apollos 15, 16, and 17, the first deep-space EVAs were performed to retrieve film canisters from the exterior of the vehicle while in translunar space on the way home, producing what is, ...
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Will it be possible for the crewed Orion spacecraft to fly over the lunar south pole to land the VIPER rover there?

Artemis 2, the planned crewed mission of the Orion spacecraft, will be launched in the fourth quarter of 2022 and will then be the first crewed spacecraft to the Moon in 50 years ! VIPER is a lunar ...
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How can an Astronaut survive for six days inside a Spacesuit?

In the video #AskNASA | What are the Next Generation Spacesuits?, spacesuit engineer Dustin Gohmert says the following about the Orion Crew Survival Suit (Orange Spacesuit): This suit is also ...
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What are the Advantages of having a Double-pane Space Helmet?

In the following image of Exploration Extravehicular Mobility Unit (xEMU) or Artemis Generation Space Suit, it can be seen the helmet contains double-pane of glass (inside the black rectangle) What ...
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Which radio communication protocol will Artemis voice communications likely use?

For want of a better term, is it possible crews will use 'non-digitally modulated' radio to communicate with earth? Apollo missions had very effective communication, with a ~2.5 second 'round trip' ...
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How often has NASA brought in people from outside to be responsible for making important decisions?

Spaceflight Now's NASA still looking for new human spaceflight chief says: In August, Bridenstine said NASA is “looking wide and far” for a new human spaceflight chief at NASA Headquarters. “We’re ...
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Will the Artemis lunar landers provide some privacy?

As we learned in Did astronauts on the moon poop in front of each other the Apollo lunar landers provided no privacy. The Artemis missions will have members of both sexes, so privacy becomes a bit ...
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What just didn't happen with NASA's Moon-to-Mars directorate?

The Spacenews.com article Sirangelo leaves NASA after exploration reorganization scrapped says: WASHINGTON — A former space industry executive who joined NASA to guide its revamped lunar exploration ...
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Where will BioSentinel be relative to Earth while running experiments?

The Space.com article In 2020, NASA Will Send Living Things to Deep Space for First Time Since Apollo describes (among other things) the BioSentinel spacecraft, and links to a NASA BioSentinel fact ...
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Will NASA put astronauts into a polar lunar orbit? If so, how?

The NASA news item New Space Policy Directive Calls for Human Expansion Across Solar System says: New Space Policy Directive Calls for Human Expansion Across Solar System and the administration is ...
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What is the connection (if any) between the new Artemis mission and the two Artemis spacecraft (Themis-B, -C)?

It has been announced that the culmination of Space Policy Directive 1, the goal to land Americans and specifically the first woman on the Moon, at it's south pole in 2024 will be called "Artemis&...
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How many stages (approximately) will likely be used to get NASA astronauts to the Moon's south pole and safely back to Earth?

UPDATE: See Space News' NASA tweaks call for lunar lander concepts which links to: FedBizOpps: Human Landing System - Integrated Lander NASA.gov: NextSTEP H: Human Landing System - Integrated Lander; ...
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