Stack Exchange Network

Stack Exchange network consists of 174 Q&A communities including Stack Overflow, the largest, most trusted online community for developers to learn, share their knowledge, and build their careers.

Visit Stack Exchange

Questions tagged [artificial-satellite]

Questions about objects in orbit which are human made, such as communications and GPS satellites, orbital observatories and space stations, and other man-made object in permanent or semi-permanent orbits around the Earth, other celestial objects, aside from the Sun, or even other satellites. Not to ...

10
votes
1answer
220 views

Why meteorological images have missing lines in the center?

I noticed strange blank line in the middle of completely valid images from VIIRS. . This looks like an error in the reception. Would have go unnoticed, unless the same blank line in the middle of ...
7
votes
1answer
202 views

SpaceX 2nd stage or tumbling satellite? WSW to NE over FL

Around 2040 EST We viewed an irregularly flashing object flying from WSW to NNE (roughly) from Jacksonville FL. Is the SpaceX 2nd stage still up there and if so, would it be tumbling and visible? Is ...
3
votes
1answer
114 views

Was the Orbit Pavilion triggered by real communications events?

The October 2016 NASA JPL news article Art Turns Public Eyes (and Ears) Toward Space describes an artistic interpretation of the communications between a number of NASA Earth satellites and ground ...
3
votes
1answer
98 views

Is photovoltaic efficiency defined and measured differently for space vs terrestrial applications?

Since the shape (as well as the integral) of the solar irradiance spectrum above the atmosphere is different than that below it, is the efficiency of photovoltaic solar panels defined and measured ...
0
votes
1answer
270 views

Is the Towed Glider Air-Launch System's glider now also a rocket?

In an answer to a previous question, I learned about the game-changing nature of Towed Glider Air-Launch System technology. While the glider in the Towed Glider Air-Launch System (here, here, and ...
9
votes
0answers
60 views

Is there an end-of-life policy for Martian satellites?

When a terrestrial satellite nears the end of its useful life, it is often de-orbited to burn up in the atmosphere or sent up into a graveyard orbit. This is done to prevent the satellite from being ...
5
votes
0answers
108 views

What was the design failure that Johns Hopkins Applied Physics Laboratory is alluding to?

I was looking through old saved urls and when an old Johns Hopkins Applied Physics Laboratory press release link didn't work, it sent me to the PageNotFound page, where I saw the image below. It ...
5
votes
0answers
840 views

How to calculate the complete true anomaly motion in an elliptical orbit?

The true anomaly motion as I understand, is not constant in an elliptical orbit. The rate of change of true anomaly is not constant as in the case of circular orbits, in which case the true anomaly is ...
5
votes
0answers
84 views

Which robotic spacecrafts have autonomous operation capabilities?

I am searching for an overview of autonomous space robots integrating motion planning capabilities, such as a list of robots (past and present). So far, I have found these robots: Mars exploration ...
5
votes
0answers
368 views

Laplace Method for Orbit Estimation

I have a question about Laplace angle-only method for orbit determination where the line of sight vectors are being interpolated. I read somewhere that the method fails (due to a matrix being singular)...
4
votes
0answers
67 views

Satellite Laser Ranging - Relativistic Range Correction

I am not sure whether I have understood the relativistic range correction which plays an important role for precise Satellite Laser Ranging (SLR) correctly. The basic observation equations for this ...
4
votes
0answers
205 views

How has the angular velocity of Earth changed over the past 100 years?

What is the total change in the Earth's Angular Velocity over the past 100 years? I have read other posts that discuss how much mass has been lifted out of Earth's Atmosphere. I'm trying to get an ...
3
votes
0answers
49 views

Geometry of full global coverage with 4 supersynchronous satellites, 3 or 16 control stations

in order to provide a truly global coverage of the Earth from space, including the polar regions, a minimum of just 4 satellites is required. Placed in precise 63.4 degree supersynchronous orbits, one ...
3
votes
0answers
66 views

Can I obtain the audio of president Eisenhowers message coming to me from a satellite circling in outer space?

I remember hearing a recording of this speech some time ago. However searching for it again has been difficult, which led me to believe that I probably heard a recreation from someone else. In this qz....
3
votes
0answers
377 views

How are composite materials most frequently or most prominently used in satellites and rovers?

I'd like to understand how composite materials (CMs) are used on satellites and rovers. Which parts are made of CMs? If there are numerous examples, then the ones which are particularly large, or ...
2
votes
0answers
133 views

How to find Near Rectilinear Halo Orbits (NHROs)?

Looking all the good questions and answers in this site referent to CR3BP dynamics, periodic orbits, state transition matrices, etc. I wonder: what algorithm or steps do I have to follow to find the ...
2
votes
0answers
68 views

How can I plot a precessing orbital plane of an artificial satellite on a polar plot from a TLE in Python?

How can I plot the orbital plane of an artificial satellite on a polar plot from a TLE in Python? Very new to all of this. As I understand it I need to extract TLE's from Space-track.org. Then use ...
2
votes
0answers
55 views

Can the L1 sunshade idea for climate control be adapted to work in LEO?

There have been a few papers written on ways to put objects at the Earth-Sun L1 point to shade the Earth enough to counter-act global warming. There is a Wikipedia page about it, this paper called ...
2
votes
0answers
57 views

Finding reference quaternion of a satellite in orbit

How can i find the reference quaternion of a satellite after it has detumbled? I need the quaternion to be able to successfully actuate my payload, which in this case will be a hyperspectral imaging ...
2
votes
0answers
219 views

Clarify algorithm finding satellite ground track and orbit position

I try to plot satellite ground track. I found lots of formulas but hardly find algorithm which describe how to uses them one-by-one and step-by-step. As I understand the algorithm will be: 1) Get ...
2
votes
0answers
86 views

How long is a satellite orbiting at 300 miles going to be visible from horizon to horizon?

Elon Musk has a plan for satellite internet that involves LEO and VLEO satellites. The question I have is how long would a satellite at these altitudes actually be within range before having to ...
2
votes
0answers
250 views

“Deep space” corrections in SGP4; how does it account for the Sun's and Moon's gravity?

The Simplified Perturbations model SGP4 is used to calculate Earth satellite state vectors (position and velocity) using standard ephemeris data encoded as TLEs (Two Line Elements). According to ...
2
votes
0answers
142 views

Has anyone seen an actual spectrum of a satellite made by an amateur photographer?

If you use a shallow wedge prism or very low dispersion diffraction grating (e.g. circa 100 lines/mm) front of a camera, you can photograph the spectra of stars with a modern DSLR camera with a fast, ...
2
votes
0answers
176 views

Was it a “Soviet military satellite not in any of the catalogs?”

I can't connect to the Tass news item directly http://tass.com/science/896683 but on a SETI page an item dated August 31, 2016 says: An article that quotes the Russian news agency TASS is ...
2
votes
0answers
132 views

Could electrodynamic tethers power long-term unmanned satellites around the Sun, Jupiter, or Saturn?

Assuming you have the budget to research electrodynamic tether powered unmanned satellites, and you had a cheap way of getting them in to earth low earth orbit, would they be able to use electricity ...
1
vote
0answers
17 views

Distributed computational power-sharing and orbital supercomputer

I had an interesting conversation last night with a nanosatellite engineer about how much computational power is required in a nanosatellite constellation and if it's necessary. I had an idea or a ...
1
vote
0answers
82 views

Diamagnetic Orbit

This has nothing to do with electricity or Electrodynamic propulsion. I am asking can a flat surface of diamegetic material be made into a sail similar to a solar sail to displace and repel through ...
1
vote
0answers
128 views

Satellite altitude variances in orbit

I understand that all satellites must have burn corrections to keep their orbits where they are needed. However my question is specifically about what those changes are in magnitude from the desired ...
1
vote
0answers
82 views

Are there any concrete plans to include chipsats for planetary suicide missions?

One of the potential uses for chipsats may be: Chipsats, which are smaller and cheaper still, are seen as disposable sensors that could be sent on suicide missions to explore hostile environments, ...
1
vote
0answers
829 views

How to calculate a Satellite position at a given time

I am trying to write a program to be able to "model" a Low Earth Orbit satellite's position at for a given time in the future. However I do not have a TLE for the desired satellite, I simply have a ...
1
vote
0answers
1k views

Why are space probes and satellites not destroyed by meteor showers such as the Perseid?

What are the mechanisms used to avoid destruction of space probes and satellites during meteor showers? Are they affected by them?
1
vote
0answers
120 views

Satellite Orbit-Sun Geometry of Sun synchronous Orbit

What is the difference in satellite orbit-sun geometry of Sun synchronous orbits of 6am local time , 9 am local time , 12 pm local time ?
1
vote
0answers
103 views

How to compute angular velocity of fluid ring for passive control?

Excuse me, friends. In paper , for passive control with eq.4, how to compute beta? beta is angular velocity of fluid in fluid. the satellite has initial angular velocity, but with filled fluid ring we ...
1
vote
0answers
269 views

attitude determination TRIAD - how are orbital reference frame vectors constructed?

I am trying to fully understand the TRIAD algorithm for attitude determination of a satellite. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Triad_method So so far I know that the vectors $\vec{r}_1$ and $\vec{r}_2$...
0
votes
0answers
44 views

How can I import a binary file in STK?

I have a binary file which contains satellite data. I want to import this binary file in STK so that I can create attitude/ephemeris file in STK. I could't find proper documentation about this on AGI'...
0
votes
0answers
64 views

How to determine an available planetary communication window using orbital mechanics?

For class I have an orbit around Mars at an inclination of 63.4 deg and a base site of 55 deg North and was wondering how to work out the communication window, using orbital mechanics. Orbital ...
0
votes
0answers
83 views

Elapse Time Of Satellite's Sunrise and Sunset

What is the formula for calculating the elapsed time to sunrise and sunset of a satellite. Example: Satellite to sunrise +00:01:00 Satellite to sunset -00:45:21