Questions tagged [astronauts]

Questions regarding people present on spacecraft or space stations.

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3
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1answer
62 views

How often did Apollo astronauts wear red helmets?

Images of NAsA astronaut David R. Scott performing a spacewalk during Apollo 9 show a red helmet. When did NASA's use of red-colored helmets begin, and when did it end, and was there a special name ...
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58 views

How many times OR which times, have humans landed on the moon?

Apart from the Armstrong team expedition, which other time have humans made a moon landing?
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9k views
+100

Who was the first human to sleep - perchance to dream - on the Moon?

Incidentally I don't mean "on the lunar surface, asleep laying on the surface of the moon" :) So (A) who (if anyone) was the first human to actually be asleep (that is to say, presumably inside the ...
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1answer
308 views

What is the procedure for scheduling on the ISS if an astronaut oversleeps?

From the accepted answer to this question there have been times when astronauts have overslept. The morning started disastrously. I slept through two alarms, one set for 0600 and another a half-...
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4answers
10k views

Did any astronauts on a mission complain about waking up?

A bit of a strange question that comes from "The Martian" - in Chapter 12 is a sequence about the entire crew waking up and some complaining about it. I would expect that on a 31 day mission every ...
5
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1answer
577 views

Seeing the ground from the shuttle before launch?

With the side windows in space shuttle cockpit, as seen in this photograph, could the commander and pilot see the ground at all before launch or during the first 10-15 seconds of a shuttle ascent? ...
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0answers
91 views

Unusual position of shuttle astronauts' arms during ascent

During the ascent of STS-135 the astronauts seem to be keeping their elbows up away from their sides with their hands forward. It can be seen throughout the ascent, here are two clips when it happens....
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1answer
198 views

How was the deep blue colour of these astronaut “jump suits” selected?

I've seen most of the time Astronauts and/or Cosmonauts wearing blue coloured clothes either on Earth or in the ISS. Is there any specific reason for the choice of this colour? I think it's to show ...
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2answers
86 views

What are these Soyuz Astronauts/Cosmonauts holding in their hands before launch? [duplicate]

What are these Soyuz Astronauts/Cosmonauts holding in their left hands before launch? I suspect it must be the pump for the active cooling system by pumping water similar to those in EVA suits, but it ...
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0answers
49 views

I'm two metres tall. Do I have a chance to be an astronaut? [duplicate]

I am sixteen years old, athletic and very willing to learn to be an astronaut. The only problem is that I am two metres tall. While being tall is great in life, from what I have learned it isn't quite ...
5
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1answer
217 views

What protocol is in place if an astronaut kills another astronaut in or around the ISS?

Say one astronaut murders another astronaut in or around the ISS, what would happen? Are there any protocols or instructions about what to do? Calling the space police does not seem like an option.
5
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1answer
141 views

Do astronauts use their toes to grip with in zero gravity?

Feet and toes are not usually as dexterous as hands and fingers but they can grip and hold things. With training and practice they can be like third and fourth hands. Are there any astronauts who make ...
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3k views

What is the difference between an astronaut in the ISS and a freediver in perfect neutral buoyancy?

For example, does the blood of the freediver accumulates in his/her head while being upside down, as it would on land, or not, as it would in microgravity environment ?
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1answer
97 views

Which Apollo 12 astronaut is shown examining the Surveyor 3 lander in this photograph?

I used this image in Exactly what was Surveyor 3 doing with a spring-loaded boxing glove-like device? but in the captions for the image on two NASA sites I noticed a disagreement in the identify of ...
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2answers
193 views

Identify these astronauts

In December 2017 former astronaut Janet Kavandi tweeted a picture of a group of women astronauts taken at an astronaut reunion. There are nine of them I can't identify, can anyone name them? I've ...
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Experiments during ascent

Has any astronaut or cosmonaut personally performed experiments, that could only be done by a human in flight, during the ascent phase of a flight. If so, what kind of experiment(s) did they perform?
5
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1answer
125 views

Has an IV even been performed or attempted in space?

As many of you likely know, IV's are an important part of modern medicine. As more and more people go into space for longer periods, I would imagine it may become necessary for an IV to be ...
4
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1answer
162 views

Who was the first person in space to “be on TV”?

The Apollo missions had video cameras and transmitted live images to Earth, but I am not sure if there were any video transmission prior to the Apollo 11. Question: Who was the first person in space ...
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1answer
62 views

When did an astronaut in space first see someone on a TV screen?

The Apollo missions had video cameras and transmitted live images to Earth. But what about the other direction -- astronauts seeing live images of people on Earth? Question: When did an astronaut in ...
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2answers
706 views

How long were the Apollo astronauts allowed to breathe 100% oxygen at 1 atmosphere continuously?

This answer explains that from the time they suited up "in the Suit Lab before launch" until the time the capsule started depressurizing during ascent, the Apollo astronauts were breathing 100% oxygen ...
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1answer
663 views

Astronaut distance from Earth?

After the Apollo Missions, what is the farthest that any country has sent astronauts into space (distance from Earth)?
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106 views

To which ISS astronaut(s) did Trevor Noah speak?

In the Tonight Show with Jimmy Fallon video Trevor Noah Spoke to Astronauts in Space at NASA after about 02:10, talk show host, author and comedian Trevor Noah ...
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1answer
4k views

Were Apollo astronauts charged for their berths during their missions?

In a recent article in The Guardian I ran into the following statement about the Apollo astronauts: On their way to and from the moon, each earned $8 a day, minus a fee for a bed on their Apollo ...
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2answers
921 views

Are there any atheist or agnostic American astronauts, past or present?

Are there any atheist or agnostic American astronauts, past or present? If no was this policy? (If no how did that happen and is there a policy going forward?) Yes these are three questions but they ...
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133 views

Do astronauts on the ISS have to consciously keep their arms down?

After seeing many images of astronauts on the ISS sleeping, with their arms floating, and Chris Hadfield describing arms floating up and head titling forward How Do You Sleep In Space? | Video I ...
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3answers
7k views

Are there any vegetarian astronauts?

Following this question and other food-related questions, including on Quora, I failed to see mention of a meal without meat or fish. I suppose: It is technically possible to have healthy vegetarian ...
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848 views

What do astronauts eat for pre-flight breakfast?

I’m currently reading W. David Wood’s rather excellent “How Apollo Flew To The Moon” which details the technological development and execution in reaching the moon with the Apollo program. Part of ...
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1answer
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How to become an astronaut?

I am a pure/applied mathematics student at Tehran University. About 2 or 3 years later I will get my bachelor's degree and start studying master's in applied math or theoretical physics. And maybe I ...
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2answers
129 views

Do astronauts floating in space experience disorientation and how do they overcome it?

Sometimes we experience confusion where the north or south is especially when we are lying down or just awoken from sleep. Do astronauts experience something similar in space? If so, how do they ...
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165 views

Is the term 'lead head' used by astronauts?

In an article on the Space.com website, the author states "Very few astronauts have what's called the 'lead head'--immune from space adaptation syndrome or space sickness." I couldn't find any other ...
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114 views

Aspects of “true deep space environment” on Gateway not thoroughly explored by decades of habitation of nine space stations already?

The ABC News article President Trump prompts state of confusion over space policy with tweet covers POTUS' tweet and NASA director Bridenstine's clarification tweet a few hours later, as well as cites ...
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1answer
2k views

What do astronauts do with their trash on the ISS?

Astronauts often stay more than a year on the ISS, they produce trash like any other human. Is there like a limit that they may produce ever day or maybe some measures were put in place to reduce the ...
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Did any “washouts” of the Mercury program eventually become astronauts?

The movie The Right Stuff portrays several dozen candidates for Project Mercury, who are eventually culled down to the final seven astronauts. Did any of the unsuccessful candidates for the Mercury ...
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333 views

Can there be color blind astronauts?

This answer begins with: It appears to have actually been a pole, not a cord. Handrails and handholds, colored blue for quick identification, were located throughout Skylab. ...
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How does European jurisdiction in the ISS works?

This answer notes that participant nations have jurisdiction over their modules. So in a US module, you are in US jurisdiction, etc. Which means that in an European module, you are in European ...
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1answer
206 views

Does America's Birthright Citizenship law apply to the American side of the International Space Station?

In a scenario in which a pregnant Russian woman were to give birth while visiting the International Space Station, and if she were to give birth while on the American side of the ISS, would that baby ...
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4answers
430 views

Has there ever been an astronaut that bailed out on going to space last minute?

I’m just wondering if any astronauts have gotten cold feet last minute and have refused to go into space.
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2answers
430 views

Does sunlight warm an astronaut's face during a spacewalk?

I understand astronauts' helmets have dichroic optical filters to protect from many different frequencies of EM radiation. Do the filters prevent the astronaut from feeling warmth on their skin when ...
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2answers
118 views

Payload Specialist Training

How rigorous was training for Space Shuttle payload specialists? These astronauts were not selected from the normal astronaut pipeline, but instead were people with clout (politicians), PR ...
12
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1answer
681 views

How much does it cost to train an astronaut?

What are the total costs to train an astronaut from selection until they are ready to go to space? How much time does it take? And is it possible to break down the costs by category (salary, training, ...
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1answer
1k views

Have astronauts in space suits ever taken selfies? If so, how?

Have astronauts in space suits ever taken selfies? Were selfie sticks used? If not, how was this feat accomplished?
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How frequenty have space walkers been changed based on space suit configuration?

On Friday, March 29, two astronauts were supposed to conduct what would have become the first all female space walk, Christina Koch and Anne McClain. After her first space walk on March 22, Anne ...
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Which would be more prone to regolith-ice-melting issues, a rover's wheels or an astronaut's boots?

This answer to Has NASA “gone south”? Why are astronauts needed to explore the Moon's south pole? and the question What would happen if an Apollo astronaut landed on Pluto? both touch on issues of ...
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3answers
5k views

Have any astronauts/cosmonauts died in space?

After some casual reading around on the internet I got to the accidents that have occurred over the years in space exploration. I got to wondering that while I know that astronauts have died during ...
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137 views

How many people could the ISS support?

How many people can fit on the ISS? At what person would life support be overwhelmed?
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90 views

What's the longest time that an astronaut remained in free fall?

After watching the video below (found here and here) I am reminded of the series of possibly less than 100% serious questions here about being weightless in the middle of a large volume and ...
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0answers
169 views

Proposed methods to use electromagnetic force to replace gravity beyond boots?

I have been wondering if there have been any serious proposed methods to try to recover some functions of gravity with electromagnetic forces for astronauts in space. Fields generated in the floor of ...
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1answer
180 views

What psychiatric and psychological tests do people need to pass to become astronauts?

I am writing a short film about an astronaut during re-entry to earth. Part of the conflict I wrote is that the astronaut could not pass the mental tests required. Could anyone tell me any tests ...
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1answer
72 views

What freedom of movement does an untethered, thrusterless astronaut have? - with a 20lb sledge

Considering a suited human space explorer, in free space with no means of thrust or acceleration aside from their dexterity, their own mass, and that of a sledge hammer, what possibilities exist for ...
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1answer
258 views

How fast do they spin astronauts these days? Maximum routine g-training for astronauts in the 21st century?

Comments got me thinking about NASA's 20 g centrifuge. Gemini astronauts pushed to 7 or perhaps 8 g's as discussed in this answer but these days with nicely throttleable engines astronauts going to ...