Questions tagged [astronauts]

Questions regarding people present on spacecraft or space stations.

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3
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1answer
71 views

How long did the Apollo astronauts spend in the MQF?

After returning to Earth, the Apollo 11 astronauts were placed in a Mobile Quarantine Facility (MQF) to be transported to a NASA facility. How much time did the astronauts spend in the MQF?
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1answer
259 views

How can I become an astronaut?

For EU citizens to envisage a career in space, as an astronaut, the following ESA handbook gives details about the selection process. Similar information for US citizens can be found at this NASA site ...
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1answer
122 views

How do I get an astronaut to do my science in space?

Astronauts spend nearly all of their time doing science experiments that take advantage of their environment, specifically microgravity, easy access to hard vacuum, radiation, etc. My question is, how ...
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1answer
77 views

What are the main impacts on the body of an astronaut exposed to long term zero gravity?

Zero gravity has considerable influence on the body of astronauts. After a long time in space it's difficult to walk when back on Earth. What would happen if future astronauts engage in spaceflights ...
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164 views

What's the farthest an ISS astronaut gets from the station's center of mass during routine activities? At 0.5°/s what centrifugal effects are there?

This answer to Are there really “Dead End” signs on the outside of the International Space Station? won't be helpful here since for the purposes of this question spacewalks aren't part of routine ...
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1answer
209 views

Are Jeff Bezos and Richard Branson astronauts?

Are Jeff Bezos and Richard Branson (among others) astronauts? Does any flying to space makes a human an astronaut, also when they are dead weight? Assuming that the definition of space (Kármán line or ...
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2answers
794 views

Is the weightlessness in a swimming pool the same as in outer space? [duplicate]

Astronauts practice the weightlessness of space in a swimming pool. Is this weightlessness the same as in space? Lets ignore the friction with water imagine them to be suspended in liquid helium...). ...
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What are Virgin Galactic Space Suits for? What do they do? What don't they do?

In the CNN video linked below the reporter mentions to Unity 22's Astronaut 004 Sirisha Bandla: When people think of Virgin Galactic, they’re thinking of giving people new astronaut wings like the ...
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Other than astronauts, did any equipment go to the moon more than once? [duplicate]

It's been well documented elsewhere that three astronauts made multiple trips to the moon (whether to just orbit it, or actually land), these being Lovell, Young, and Cernan. Other than these 3 ...
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2answers
586 views

Why was a completely new (an "inexperienced" crew, w.r.t. Moon mission) selected for Apollo 11? [duplicate]

Apollo 10 was practically a full dress rehearsal of moon landing, except the landing act. As such, its crew (astronauts) gained all the experience needed for a moon mission. They were best suited to &...
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61 views

Is a PhD in space-related technology from a Physics background possible?

I am 24 years old, from Argentina. Next year I will finish my 6-year degree in physics from the University of Buenos Aires (We've been told that it is equivalent to a master's degree, but maybe is ...
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7answers
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Has sound ever been used to diagnose a problem not shown by other measurements?

In a video released by NASA here, showing Perseverance recording one of Ingenuity's flights, they have the quotes: Sound adds a new dimension to space exploration. and As a mechanic listens to a ...
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2answers
134 views

What are the average masses of male and female astronauts respectively?

Considering that each pound/kilogram costs a vast amount of fuel to put into orbit/get to the moon or Mars, it might make sense to use jockey-sized people or even midgets as astronauts. They might be ...
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1answer
126 views

Has an astronaut had a blood sample taken while in space?

Has any astronaut had a sample of their blood taken while in space? This may be as part of a scientific experiment, or for their own health. If yes, was the sample analyzed while in space, or was it ...
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Do U.S. Air Force astronauts now become Space Force astronauts?

Wikipedia has a list of astronauts from the U.S. Air Force. With the creation of the Space Force from parts of the Air Force, do these astronauts now become part of the Space Force? The question ...
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4answers
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Cyanobacteria as Life Support?

I'm aware that cyanobacteria are responsible for the Great Oxidation Event and are very effective at turning CO2 into oxygen so it stands to reason that with the proper nutrients for the bacteria, you ...
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1answer
53 views

How big are Extravehicular Mobility Unit (EMU) boots?

How big are Extravehicular Mobility Unit (EMU) boots? Are any NASA equipment related to the ISS open to the public, if so were where would I find it?
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2answers
337 views

Why don't astronaut helmets fog up? What's the chemistry and thermodynamics behind keeping the field of view clear even during heavy breathing?

Some space walking involves exercise (e.g. moving heavy stuff around) and the outside surface of a faceplate is constantly radiating its heat out into space. At night that thermal radiation is not ...
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3answers
2k views

Which of the former Soviet republics have sent a cosmonaut into space?

The Soviet Union was composed of 15 Union Republics for much of its history and at the time of its dissolution in 1991. Which of the 15 former Soviet republics have sent a cosmonaut into space, ...
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Does NASA consider Joseph Walker to be an astronaut?

Joe Walker was a NACA and NASA test pilot who flew the X-15 aircraft twice above 100 km, which FAI uses their definition of an astronaut. Flight 90 achieved 106.01 km, and flight 91 reached 107.96 km....
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1answer
176 views

When did Chevrolet stop giving astronauts Corvettes?

According to Wikipedia, General Motors made a deal to give cars to the Mercury astronauts at drastically discounted prices. Pictures of America's heroes driving their cars was good marketing for GM. ...
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1answer
185 views

Is this really a picture of John Young?

This article from the Smithsonian Air and Space magazine is about eyeglasses for astronauts. The following quote about legendary astronaut John Young is immediately followed by a picture: Even ...
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1answer
556 views

Could Chuck Yeager ever have qualified as an astronaut?

Chuck Yeager was a legendary U.S. Air Force test pilot and the first person to break the sound barrier. He never earned a college degree, although he did finish one year at the Air War College. This ...
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Do astronauts wear G-Suits during the launch?

Nowadays, rocket launches (to the ISS) accelerate astronauts at a maximum of around 3 to 4g (source). I have seen quite a few ...
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2answers
3k views

Would an astronaut experience a force during a gravity assist maneuver?

When an astronaut is inside of a ship accelerating (from engine burns), or decelerating (due to reentry) they experience a tug in a relative direction. Suppose an astronaut is in a space ship that is ...
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JAXA/NASA astronauts on a Shuttle mission; was it like dual citizenship/joint appointment or did one agency take precedent?

Professor and former astronaut Takao Doi does many things, including being a Space Shuttle mission specialist, an amateur astronomer and discoverer of two supernovae 2002gw IN NGC 922 and Supernova ...
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Why did Richard Garriott have to quarantine following his trip to the ISS?

I was reading about Richard Garriott and the drama surrounding his departure from NCSoft, and I was surprised to learn that NCSoft forged his resignation letter while he was in quarantine following ...
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289 views

Did an astronaut on the Moon ever fall on his back?

I am curious to know if an astronaut on the Moon ever fell backwards and landed on his back. I have seen many photographs and videos of astronauts who accidentally tripped or lost their balance and ...
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357 views

Is there anything preventing an astronaut from opening their helmet and exposing themself to the vacuum of space?

Say an astronaut had some sort of psychotic break during a spacewalk, is there any mechanism or failsafe that would prevent the astronaut from opening their helmet and exposing themself to the vacuum ...
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1answer
719 views

Astronauts of Apollo 11 facing extreme temperatures

I recently read that temperatures on the moon can vary from -100 °C in the shade to 100 °C in the sunny part. How did astronaut suits cope with these extreme temperatures? Is the same technology used ...
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Experience of breathing regular air vs. Nitrox vs pure oxygen at 4.3 psi?

Has any astronaut/cosmonaut described a difference in the feeling of breathing pure oxygen at 4.3 psi in a spacesuit compared breathing regular air at sea level or even to Nitrox used in the Neutral ...
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5answers
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Which astronauts or cosmonauts were injured by a hard landing?

Sigmund Jähn, the first German in orbit, was injured during a hard landing of the Soyuz 29 capsule on September 3rd, 1978. He got permanent damages of his vertebral column. Are there other astronauts ...
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What magnitude stars were seen from lunar surface?

I've seen a claim* that some of the Apollo astronauts stepped into the shadow of the LM, raised their gold visors, and looked up into the sky to see the stars. If this is true any mention of what ...
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3answers
6k views

What happens to astronaut sweat on the ISS?

Does perspiration from the astronauts aboard the ISS stick to the skin, evaporate or somehow float away from the skin? Is the part of the sweat that sticks to an astronaut's skin kept there until they ...
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2answers
912 views

Is disabling glare common in space?

I'd like to know if astronauts have been under the effect of Disabling Glare, how easily this could accidentally happen and how long can last if this happen?
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1answer
480 views

Are there any superstitions practiced in space?

I know there are many superstitious rituals practiced on the ground before liftoff. A well known superstition/tradition is urinating on the rear right tire of the vehicle bringing cosmonauts and ...
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1answer
222 views

Taking custom software or hardware to the ISS

Before departing to the ISS, astronauts are allowed to pack some personal objects to be taken with them (see other question about packing). What if an astronaut had some self-written software (for ...
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3answers
2k views

Did/does the US use statute or nautical miles to decide who gets astronaut wings?

As mentioned in a few questions and answers (1,2,3,4), US astronauts receive their astronaut wings upon crossing the 50 mile altitude mark. Are these statute miles (1609.344 m, 5280 ft) or nautical ...
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2answers
4k views

How many people have witnessed Earthrise?

How many astronauts orbited or went around the moon and saw Earthrise? Am I correct in the conclusion that nine missions orbited the moon or used a free-return trajectory around the moon, Apollos 8, ...
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1answer
1k views

Why might an astronaut wear their wristwatch very loosely aboard the ISS?

In this video of CSA Astronaut Chris Hadfield aboard the ISS, he wears his watch very loosely--so that it continually bumps against different sides of his arm. I imagine this might be mildly ...
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3answers
8k views

If an astronaut needs to go to the toilet during launch, what can/need they do?

It is clear everyone that going to space is a big deal for almost everyone, and it is a known fact to me that whenever I do something important for myself, pretty much everything goes out of my body ...
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2answers
2k views

What typically gets sent to the ISS?

I'm working on a project that aims to understand what is needed to live in space. I understand the basic concepts and vital items needed, but I'd love to see a direct example of what is already being ...
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1answer
407 views

What is the backstory of this silly picture of the Apollo 1 crew?

The photograph below shows the first Apollo crew of Gus Grissom, Ed White, and Roger Chaffee wearing silly hats and acting less seriously than typical NASA publicity photos. All three were later ...
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2answers
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Is the Skylab 4 mutiny just a myth?

Within the space history community, it is commonly known [citation needed] that the rookie Skylab 4 crew was over-aggressively scheduled by ground control. As they fell further & further behind ...
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2answers
231 views

Are deployed astronauts (e.g. on their way to or already on ISS) notified if something of importance happens to one of their family members?

The question is sparked in part by the "America's favorite dads in space" narrative which accompanies the recent Demo-2 mission, involving astronauts Rob Behnken and Douglas Hurley, as well as their ...
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1answer
228 views

Once in Earth orbit, what is the strongest propulsive acceleration an astronaut has experienced?

Early crewed launches subjected astronauts to large propulsive acceleration, usually right at the end of a stage before shut down and separation when the mass for that stage is minimum. (see ...
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134 views

What do astronauts do to pass time on the way to the ISS?

After watching those astronauts wait in the dragon capsule for so long on Tuesday, I started to wonder what do they do on the long trip to the space station? Can they get out of their seats? Are there ...
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1answer
692 views

What are the appropriate phrases to use to wish an astronaut safe travels?

When you want to wish an astronaut "safe travels", what particular phrases are commonly used? I'm looking for historical phrases as well as more modern. Although I'm more interested in English ...
12
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1answer
400 views

What is this device/object that the SpaceX astronauts are holding?

Watching the SpaceX Demo-2 launch preparation livestream, I saw both Bob and Doug using some sort of little gadget. It looks like a chunky cell phone, or a flat gopro. It appears to have an LCD on the ...
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3answers
239 views

Has anyone ever flown to space in a vehicle they helped build?

I'm sure people who build airplanes have had a chance to fly in the planes they build, and I'm confident that people who build submarines may get a chance to travel in them too. But I am under the ...

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