Questions tagged [astronauts]

Questions regarding people present on spacecraft or space stations.

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Where does one go to school to be in a space program? [closed]

I am interested into going to college. What school or degree should I take to get a seat in the Mars missions? Space Camp? Which school has the highest student to space program statistic?
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1answer
526 views

Has the Earth's shadow on the Moon (lunar eclipse) ever been photographed from Space?

The questions Has the Moon's shadow on the Earth (solar eclipse) ever been photographed from beyond Earth orbit? Is this the only eclipse where Moon's shadow on the Earth (umbra) has been ...
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1answer
478 views

Astronaut orientation etiquette

How does the microgravity environment on the ISS change how people interact or converse? Is it polite or common to be oriented the same direction as who you're talking to? Also, when you see new ...
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1answer
6k views

How many countries have sent personnel to the ISS?

How many countries have sent astronauts or other trained personnel to the International Space Station?
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3answers
10k views

Do astronauts live longer than earthlings?

Why is it believed that astronauts live longer than earthlings? So, what I would like to know is that "If the belief is correct". If the belief is correct, how does that happen (what are the ...
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3answers
21k views

How would one go about proving humans have really been to outer space?

Background: I am 40 years old, and in my entire life the only face to face eyewitness event that I can remember where humans actually observed an attempt to fly into outer space, the craft exploded ...
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1answer
323 views

Which astronaut boots might it be that inspired Michael Jackson's patent?

The BBC article Doctors explain Michael Jackson's impossible dance move describes the recently published article in the Journal of Neurosurgery: Spine How did Michael Jackson challenge our ...
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1answer
606 views

How much jerk do astronauts experience? Is there a safety limit?

From Wikipedia: In physics, jerk is the rate of change of acceleration; that is, the derivative of acceleration with respect to time, and as such the second derivative of velocity, or the third ...
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72 views

Are alternatives to spacesuits, like one person pods, being developed? [duplicate]

I'm thinking that for extended zero gee extravehicular activities (say space construction) a single person pod (if that's the right word) would be more all round useful than a space suit. Faceplate ...
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1answer
175 views

Were there special circumstances leading to these astronauts' spacewalking 5 days after arrival at the ISS?

@This answer describes two cases where astronauts performed space walks less than six days after arriving at the ISS; Timothy Kopra (Expedition 46) Andrew Feustel and Richard Arnold (Expedition 55) ...
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1answer
93 views

Are there rules, policies, or guidelines regarding spacewalking soon after launch?

In light of this answer, where except for a few cases, space walks from the ISS are usually performed starting about a month after arrival at the ISS, are there any rules, policies, or guidelines that ...
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1answer
274 views

Who is the unnamed astronaut in this uncredited photo used in commercial promotional material?

When I linked back to Do ISS astronauts notice, or experience symptoms of elevated CO2 levels? Do they wear monitors regularly? in this question, I was surprised to find that I hadn't named the ...
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1answer
8k views

Do ISS astronauts have to be conversant in both English and Russian?

I've noticed that some of the American astronauts on the ISS can speak (at least a smattering of) Russian and similarly, some of the Russian cosmonauts are fluent in English. Is such bilinguality a ...
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98 views

What are the physical requirements of an astronaut for a Mars mission likely to be?

I realize that there's a lot of speculation involved here, but current actual mission profiles have PT programs and general wellness specifications. It seems like the qualifications would be a ...
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7answers
10k views

What are the most serious injuries that astronauts have suffered while in orbit?

Among astronauts in orbit, what is the worst real injury recorded? Has anyone hit himself on the thumb with a hammer or something? Squeezed a finger in a closing door? Gotten poisoned by some leaking ...
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2answers
3k views

Will the foot print of Neil Armstrong erode?

The Moon has a very thin (practically non-existent) atmosphere so the foot print left by Neil Armstrong won't be eroded for centuries. But there are solar winds. Is it possible that solar wind would ...
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1answer
517 views

As they were all qualified, how/why were the Apollo Astronauts chosen for their individual missions? [duplicate]

Why did some fly multiple Apollo missions, while others flew only once?
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4answers
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How were the pilots of the space shuttle able to operate the rudder after time in space?

I've just watched this video showing three astronauts who've returned from space. At around the 5:46 mark in the video we can see astronaut Chris Hadfield being carried out of the Soyuz capsule. I've ...
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1answer
930 views

How did astronaut Ellison Onizuka's words end up in my passport?

Astronaut Jack Fischer's Tweet about the late Ellison Onizuka (lost in the shuttle Challenger disaster) mentions that Onizuka is quoted in US passports. I looked, and sure enough it's there, right ...
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1answer
249 views

Is printing boarding pass to space a common practice?

I saw these boarding passes the other day in JAL museum. Funny enough, since it's printed by JAL, which does not fly to space yet, I guess this should be considered as a correspondence flight :) ...
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2answers
7k views

Was Valentina Tereshkova pregnant while in space?

Valentina Tereshkova was the first woman in space. I have been reading the book called "The Astronaut Wives club". In it, they discuss women flying in space, and mention that Valentina was the first ...
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1answer
191 views

Origin and history of the traditional tree planting ceremony at the Cosmonaut Hotel?

Looking through NASA Johnson's Flickr I saw this photo (and also this one). The complete caption is shown below. Expedition 49 Preflight nhq201609160011 (09/16/2016) --- Expedition 49 flight engineer ...
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1answer
5k views

How do we create a zero gravity environment on earth?

I have read somewhere that to-be astronauts are trained on earth to be deft enough when they are in space which has zero gravity. How do we create a zero gravity situation on earth? On earth even if ...
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1answer
4k views

How have space suits dissipated the heat removed from astronauts?

I never thought about this until reading the comments below this answer. To radiate something like 150W (a very conservative lower limit of human + suit systems heat production - see @Uwe 's comment ...
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2answers
421 views

Did any astronaut take a Bible into space?

I am wondering if any astronauts took a copy of the Holy Bible into space. I know the crew of Apollo 8 read part of Genesis 1 in space, but I am wondering if anyone took a full Holy Bible into space.
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Why are these astronauts green?

The Space.com article Space Station Crew Returns to Earth Tonight: Watch It Live leads with a photo of three astronauts on the ISS that are backlit with bright green light, which can also be seen ...
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391 views

Is this the only eclipse where Moon's shadow on the Earth (umbra) has been photographed by a person in space?

In this nice video musing about (among other things) the US Naval Observatory's $3,500 expedition to Baker City or at least Baker County Oregon to observe the June 18, 1918 solar eclipse, there is ...
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804 views

In what way is artificial gravity expected to avoid/reduce bone loss?

It's my perception that discussions of the use of artificial gravity for manned deep-space travel missions are primarily centered on avoiding bone loss. Am I right so far? Microgravity seems to be ...
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1answer
1k views

Do astronauts aboard ISS always follow orders?

There have been many documented cases of astronauts not following direct orders during the Skylab and Apollo missions. Some of these have been publicly reprimanded but most have not. Most of the ...
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6answers
9k views

How can astronauts float in space without being affected by the gravitational force of nearby objects?

According to the Newton's law of universal gravitation: Any two bodies in the universe attract each other with a force that is directly proportional to the product of their masses and inversely ...
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1answer
4k views

If I want to be an astronaut pilot, what career should I start?

What kind of career should I start if I want to be an astronaut pilot? First astronauts were military aircraft pilots. Since those days, automatic flying was present in the spacecraft so that someone ...
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4answers
7k views

Why doesn't the ISS start to spin if people walk inside?

I have read that prior to launch all people and tools are fastened down to prevent a rocket from losing the balance. Why doesn't the ISS begin to spin as astronauts are walking inside of it? Or is ...
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333 views

Sharing the skies with Russia, for how long? [closed]

Everyone knows that there are tensions with Russia that have existed for years. At what point do they stop cooperating with NASA and the USG in general? Have there never been worries about what ...
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1answer
931 views

Does SpaceX have any significant additional legal hurdles for flying private citizens around the moon?

SpaceX recently announced they are planning to fly two private citizens around the moon. I'm sure a normal space flight has all sorts of legal complications, but does the addition of 2 private ...
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1answer
791 views

How did Alexey Leonov bleed off the pressure in his space suit?

On the Voskhod 2 mission, cosmonaut Alexey Leonov performed a spacewalk which ran into issues when Lenov's spacesuit had some sort of pressure buildup. From the wiki - [Leonov] was forced to bleed ...
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1answer
177 views

What happens to a spacecraft in flyby Mission?

I am not a science guy, So I have couple of questions I want to know what happens to a spacecraft whose mission is to flyby a planet E.G. Mariner 4 Also Viking 1 (lander mission) is it still on mars?...
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884 views

How many earth stations had astronauts on-site during John Glenn's orbit in Friendship-7?

The Washington Post just republished it's February 21, 1962 article covering the launch, Earth orbit, and safe re-entry and recovery of (Senator) John H. Glenn, in recognition of his service and ...
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1answer
4k views

Do astronauts go on a random banter with mission control like in the film 'Gravity'?

In the film 'Gravity', astronauts can be seen having casual chat with mission control. Do astronauts do that in real life? Do they have any specific policy that states what can be communicated over ...
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1answer
295 views

How long can an astronaut stay in space and later have children?

While reading about the effects of microgravity on reproduction I was thinking about all the other aspects of space flight and how they may decrease fertility in both men or women (such as changes in ...
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4answers
1k views

What was the reason for an odd number of astronauts in almost every group of the early US space program?

We are familiar with the first groups of NASA astronauts, like the Mercury Seven and the New Nine. Something about that struck me as (literary) odd; All the first twelve astronaut groups had an odd ...
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2answers
10k views

Do astronauts get Netflix on ISS?

I've been wondering about the internet connection on the ISS, and how it's used. We were talking in chat about astronauts personal belongings and free time, and it made me wonder about how they use ...
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1answer
804 views

Does having only 3 people on the ISS create workload problems?

There are a couple of quick ways to check the number of people in space, right now there are 3. Usually the ISS has a crew of 6. The launch planned for the other 3 crew was delayed indefinitely due to ...
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1answer
3k views

When/where did the cosmonauts fight wolves?

When/where did the cosmonauts fight wolves? or was it bears? With a gun? Could someone provide a more complete story? One of comments on the article TidalWave linked in the Soyuz joysticks question ...
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2answers
780 views

What happens to a body, that has been exposed to vacuum, once brought back onboard?

You are on a ship in the cold vacuum of space. You find a body of an astronaut exposed to vacuum (for this instance just assume human, but you never know). The body was essentially freeze dried and ...
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1answer
2k views

Was Gordon Cooper the last man to fly a whole mission in space alone?

Movie The Right Stuff (1983) claims at the end that Gordon Cooper was the last man to fly alone in space (if I remember it correctly and dubbing is right). Beside that, Wikipedia also states that he ...
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129 views

Astronauts with oversensitive skin after returning from space

I have heard that some astronaut (maybe Scott Kelly) complained about itchy, sensitive skin after returning from space. Is it true? After growing 2 inches, now he can't sleep on a bed and wear Earth ...
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2answers
284 views

Why did these cosmonauts retire early in their careers?

Is it known why Roman Romanenko and Dmitry Kondratyev retired early in their careers as cosmonauts?
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1k views

Lunar astronauts and freezing temperatures

How do astronauts walking on the moon keep their waste body fluids from freezing in the extremely cold environment? I understand that if they need to release waste body fluids, they do so into ...
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1k views

Scott Kelly age vs Twin's

Scott Kelly just returned from nearly a year of orbiting the Earth in the space station. How much younger is he than his twin, now that he has spent a significant amount of time, traveling at high ...
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2answers
5k views

How long does it take to get from a spacewalk to being inside the ISS and out of your suit in an emergency?

I just saw a show that featured an incident in which an astronaut on a spacewalk to install the Canada 2 arm on the ISS was temporarily blinded by contaminated water inside his helmet. His colleague ...