Questions tagged [booster]

A booster is a type of rocket used to assist in putting larger payloads into orbit. Use with the [rocket] tag any any other relevant launch vehicle tags

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33
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6answers
7k views

Why is there a “coasting” phase in some space launches?

During the PSLV (India's Polar Satellite Launch Vehicle) C24 launch on 4 April 2014, once stage 3 (PS3) had burned out, it wasn't immediately jettisoned, but instead there was a coasting phase for ...
27
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1answer
1k views

For a 3 booster rocket, why do they start with igniting the starboard booster, followed by the center and port?

In today's launch of the Delta IV heavy, it was stated that the starboard booster rocket would be ignited first, followed by the port and centre boosters. I would have thought this would give some ...
21
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3answers
3k views

How is thrust transmitted from strap on boosters to the central core?

Strap on boosters of a lot of heavy launch vehicles seems to be attached with just a few "flimsy" struts. Here are few images for reference : Some of the possibilities: These support structures ...
16
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2answers
2k views

Are any “strap-on” boosters held in place by actual straps?

Have there been any strap-on boosters that are attached to the main body of a rocket with actual straps (like bands of metal or something similar), as the name implies? If not, what's the origin of ...
16
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1answer
10k views

Why is the Russian approach to the aerodynamics of their rockets different?

Russian rockets look like this: They flare them out at the bottom. With their newest rocket, the Proton, the flared shape is gone but the boosters still have caps that angle in towards the main ...
15
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4answers
3k views

For a typical Shuttle mission, how much solid fuel is leftover at SRB separation?

If I understand correctly, solid booster rockets never expend literally all their fuel before jetissoning, because the burn rate slows way down in the end and it would take too long to spend it all, ...
15
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3answers
3k views

Have there been any rockets that run seven engines at the same time?

Answers to Rockets with n-engines, for n = 1, 2, 3… cover all single digit nontrivial† values except for seven, so... Question: Have there been any rockets that run seven engines at the same time? ...
13
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1answer
5k views

What happens to the Soyuz boosters that land in the Kazakhstan desert?

The video below mentions that Soyuz boosters consistently land a certain distance away from the Baikonur Cosmodrome, in deserted areas. What happens to those boosters? I'd sure like to have an ...
12
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2answers
8k views

How fair is the claim that Shuttle boosters diameter is dictated by the railroad gauge?

There's a kind of urban legend that Space Shuttle boosters diameter could be larger only if was not limited because of the limitations imposed by the railroads and those are imposed by the railroad ...
12
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1answer
1k views

How many 1st stage boosters will SpaceX settle for, for its LEO/GTO fleet?

It’s common knowledge that SpaceX goal is to create a fleet of spacecraft shuttling from Earth to Mars. One milestone they intend to achieve beforehand is having a fleet of 1st stage boosters ...
11
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4answers
1k views

Are there liquid fueled rocket boosters having coaxial fuel/oxidizer tanks?

Reading this question, instead of stacking two tanks, are there boosters where tanks are coaxial, (like a thermos bottle) having a trussed or tridimensional structure between inner and outer tank? ...
11
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2answers
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Features seen on the Space Shuttle's solid booster; what does “LOADED” mean exactly?

The question Please explain the time reference shown in Shuttle launch engineering video links to the very cool video Ascent - Commemorating Shuttle. After about ...
10
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3answers
2k views

How does Atlas V maintain stable flight with asymmetric solid rocket boosters?

While watching a launch of an Atlas V, I couldn't help but notice that the boosters were positioned asymmetrically. There was one booster on one side of the rocket, and two boosters on the other side. ...
10
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4answers
3k views

Could the solid boosters of SLS be replaced by reusable Falcon 9 first stages?

Is it feasible to redesign the Space Launch System to use a pair of reusable Falcon 9 first stages instead of the five-segment solid boosters now being developed? The reason would be to lower launch ...
10
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1answer
2k views

Why do some rockets jettison their boosters much after they are burned out?

For example: Japanese H-IIA rocket only jettisons its boosters 10 seconds after burnout, which I image would waste fuel as the spent boosters are like "dead-weight" dragging the rocket down. So why ...
10
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1answer
343 views

Is spin-separation of boosters ever used?

One of cooler techniques in Kerbal Space Program is safe, easy and cheap separation of side boosters by sending the rocket into a short spin; upon separation centrifugal force ejects the boosters to ...
10
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1answer
550 views

Numbers for Falcon 9 booster MECO scenarios?

I hoping to look at learn more about Main Engine Cut Off (MECO) for various scenarios. 5 quantities I want are: 1) Booster mass at lift off. 2) Booster mass at MECO 3) Booster velocity at MECO (...
9
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4answers
916 views

Do the propellant tanks of actual (not planned) expendable vehicles' upper stages have relief valves?

This question was inspired by the answer to this question. The answer, in part, states that overpressurization of propellant tanks is a cause of upper stage explosions, leading to orbital debris. ...
9
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1answer
516 views

Are Falcon Heavy's side boosters aerodynamically detached?

During SpaceX Falcon Heavy test launch live stream, it's been said, just after boosters engines cutoff, the pneumatic separation system on the centre core will unlock the two side boosters and ...
8
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4answers
4k views

Why do rockets separate from both its strap-on booster cores simultaneously instead of one at a time? (Delta IV Heavy, Falcon Heavy, Angara)

The basic idea of staged rocketry is to get rid of the mass of empty tanks et cetera as soon as possible during launch, isn't it? So you would ideally want to drop them one at a time as soon as they ...
8
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2answers
424 views

Why aren't airbreathing SRBs a thing?

To the best of my knowledge, all solid rocket boosters so far use a propellant that is a solid mixture of both the fuel and the oxidiser parts of the reaction. However, given that SRBs are generally ...
8
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2answers
1k views

SpaceX Falcon 9 landing leg deployment time

In the landing and landing attempts I've seen from the Falcon 9 first stage boosters, the landing legs are always deployed just a split second before landing, right when they are about to touch down. ...
8
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1answer
720 views

What is used to connect the side boosters to the first stage?

For example, on the Falcon Heavy, the two side cores detached from the first stage but how are they attached and what mechanism is used to detach them?
8
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1answer
230 views

What is the sensor used for Soyuz booster separation?

Roscosmos released their findings of the aborted Soyuz-to-ISS launch, blaming it on a separation sensor that had a deformed pin. What is this sensor? It sounds like an electrical plunger switch, but ...
7
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3answers
2k views

Why “strap-on” boosters, and how do other people say it?

This came up for me in the context of translating something into German. Everybody throws around terms like "strap-on boosters", although they aren't actually held on by straps. It's not even meant ...
7
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1answer
1k views

How is solid rocket fuel sourced?

I know that Orbital ATK builds solid rocket boosters, but where do they get the bulk material from? Is there a single supplier or multiple suppliers of solid rocket fuel or do motor manufacturers ...
7
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2answers
915 views

When launching from the west coast of the USA (VAFB) where do lower stages land?

When launching from the east cost, I imagine all lower stages just crash/land in the ocean. However when launching the same direction from VAFB, the ocean is in the other direction. Do lower stages ...
7
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2answers
353 views

What is the maximum error to land on the barge?

In SpaceX's successful landing on the barge today, April 8th, we see there is almost no room for error, at least from the video: Note that it appears that the width of the drone ship is only about ...
6
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1answer
177 views

Why did Orbex choose propane as its fuel?

As a follow up to Are there liquid fueled rocket boosters having coaxial fuel/oxidizer tanks? and thinking about JCRM's answer pointing the issue of having a huge contact surface between inner and ...
6
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1answer
160 views

Why exactly didn't they jettinson the boosters direct after burnout at the Starliner launch?

Today's Starliner launch kept the boosters attached for an additional 48 seconds after they burned out. Keeping the dead weight and additional drag is pretty obviously suboptimal. During the live ...
6
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1answer
567 views

Why did Falcon 9 boosters numbers skip B1027? What happened with it?

Looking at the list of Falcon 9 launches I noticed the booster numbers jump from B1026 to B1028. Anyone know what happened to B1027? Was it scrapped during manufacturing for some reason?
5
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1answer
405 views

Are side boosters sometimes angled even if they are symmetrically arranged?

When more than one side booster is added to a first stage to increase thrust and they are distributed uniformly around the core (as opposed to this and this) thrust does not seem to need to be angled. ...
5
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1answer
172 views

Is there a good chart, comparing the various Russian engines proposed for Soyuz (Booster) upgrades?

There are so many proposed Soyuz booster upgrades, I cannot keep them straight. I was wondering if there is a good comparison chart between the various proposed upgrades, including engine information....
4
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3answers
1k views

When was the first strap-on booster used in spaceflight?

The first use of the term "strap-on" in Google Ngram viewer is in 1930 and presumably that wasn't about a booster being attached to a rocket for additional thrust at lift-off. When was a strap-on ...
4
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1answer
626 views

Would a hex-cluster of SpaceX boosters around a central booster lift a large payload into space?

I'm sure it's possible, but would it be wise to place a hex-cluster of SpaceX boosters around a central booster to get a very large payload, or one going to a very high orbit, into space? Maybe even ...
4
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1answer
478 views

SpaxeX employees on the droneship when the booster lands?

SpaceX is doing a great job in recovering the boosters from its rockets. The Falcon Heavy has 3 boosters. 2 of which land at Cape Canaveral and 1 on a drone ship somewhere in the ocean. Are there ...
4
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2answers
221 views

SpaceX May 11, 2018 Falcon 9 launch had no boostback burn

One of my questions regarding the May 11 launch is Why no boostback burn? I assume that without such a burn, Stage One would continue on at about 8,000 km/hr in an EASTWARD direction, away from the ...
4
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1answer
377 views

Could the Dream Chaser or Space Shuttle fly/have flown to the Moon with boosters on the orbiter's side?

In the 1998 movie Armageddon the crews use Space Shuttles which have boosters also on the orbiters' sides (two boosters per orbiter) in order to get to the Moon and to the asteroid. Upon descent onto ...
4
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1answer
307 views

What are the actual economics for the ULA reusability plan?

From this article, I gather that ULA is trying to build reusability into their next generation of launch vehicles. Their plan is summed up nicely in the picture: In the article, they seem to do some ...
3
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1answer
114 views

Can a first stage be a booster?

Wikipedia defines booster as"A booster rocket (or engine) is either the first stage of a multistage launch vehicle, or else a shorter-burning rocket used in parallel with longer-burning sustainer ...
3
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1answer
91 views

What refractory material is used to line booster rockets?

I assume the shell/structure of a solid rocket booster requires protection from the ~3000°C+ combustion temperature of its fuel. What does/did NASA, Roscosmos, SpaceX, Ariane 5, etc use to line their ...
3
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0answers
130 views

Why did the nozzles on the SRB's igniter initiator point toward the grain of the main igniter while the main igniter's nozzle pointed straight down?

How did the shuttle designers make those decisions? What made it a better decision to point the exhaust of the igniter initiator toward the main igniter's grain at an angle? What made it a better ...
2
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1answer
215 views

SRB ejection methods [duplicate]

While an empty GEM-60 is just under 2 tons, it occurred to me that additional thrust could be generated by jettisoning the empty boosters (or a large portion of them) BEHIND the Delta IV rather than ...
2
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2answers
190 views

Is there a point where boosters don't make sense, or are boosters always desirable to increase payload?

Consider a rocket using nuclear fuel, where the energy density is far higher. Let's stipulate that in an SSTO configuration, it's got a payload capacity like the Falcon Heavy. So, at that point, you ...
2
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1answer
81 views

Rocket staging by use of strap on Boosters

Will it be advantageous to have multiple (say-3) stages of a rocket, arranged in a "strap-on" type SRBs' assembly, geometrically well distributed around the circumference w.r.t. their ...
2
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1answer
150 views

How heavy can a fuel tank get before making it heavier is a liability under any circumstances?

This Question may bend the boundaries of this community a little, since it's mostly about hypothetical rockets that would never be built. Considering a filled fuel tank has to withstand a lot of ...
2
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1answer
162 views

How much brighter-than-expected could a spent rocket body become?

In a comment below an answer to the question What could have made a satellite appear to move side to side while near the horizon? I've said: Actually a satellite with flat surfaces - especially ...
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2answers
123 views

First launch of Long March-5 using 4 RP-1/LOX boosters. First use of RP-1/LOX LRBs?

The Long March 5's first launch used a LH2/LOX main engine with four RP-1/LOX Liquid Rocket Boosters (LRBs). Is this the first time that RP-1/LOX LRBs have been used in a successful launch to orbit? ...
1
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0answers
82 views

What is the limit to which we can scale up uniformly in all directions Space Shuttle SRB before it becomes unable to take off?

Let's say we like the Space Shuttle design so much, we want to use it as a reference for our new rocket. But we want to build rocket which will be capable of launching larger payload into Earth's ...
1
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0answers
97 views

Why GSLV is so strange rocket? [duplicate]

GSLV looks strange: 1. It has liquid fuel boosters and solid fuel core, while all other launchers with boosters have solid fuel boosters 2. Its boosters finish to work after core, so actually they are ...