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Questions tagged [buran]

Questions about the Russian space shuttle named Buran.

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1answer
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What systems were used onboard Buran to determine its position during reentry and landing?

Since Buran has managed to return without crew on board, I assume computers had to know its position relatively accurately as it approached the runway for landing. How was this achieved?
6
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1answer
114 views

Did Buran also copy the Canadarm?

Considering that the Soviets copied practically everything else on the Space Shuttle, did they also make their own version of the Canadarm robotic arm?
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2answers
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Could the Space Shuttle orbiter have used the Energia HLLV (used by Buran)?

I would like to know if the Space Shuttle orbiters would have been capable of utilizing the Energia Heavy Lift Launch Vehicle (HLLV) used by the Buran instead of the External tank/SRB configuration. ...
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3answers
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What engines did (or could) Buran have?

As I learned the primary design difference between Buran and the USA Space Shuttles was that Buran rode a rocket to the orbit passively, while the Shuttles were firing their own engines, riding on ...
4
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2answers
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Was the Space Shuttle TPS technology ever state secret?

I was a bit surprised to learn that the Buran used heat tiles looking very similar to that of the Space Shuttle. Considering its potential for military application, and the cold war period in which ...
3
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1answer
376 views

Were there problems with the Russian Buran space shuttle's reusability?

The Soviet space shuttle Buran launched and landed (unmanned, because it could) once very successfully. I would think it would be a very valuable industrial asset for the bankrupt Russian Republic ...
3
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1answer
213 views

What intended benefits guided development of Buran?

The idea behind the Shuttle was "disposable parts are cheap, everything expensive is recovered" - in particular, the three highly advanced engines, plus their systems. The huge but simple fuel tank ...
16
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2answers
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Are the US shuttle and Buran the only space planes to have launched vertically with wings exposed?

The Space Shuttle and the Soviet/Russian Buran have launched vertically, and their wings were exposed to the full load of aerodynamic forces during the launch. Stability may come from many factors, ...
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2answers
412 views

Which western pilots trained on the Buran?

At least one western pilot (Jean-Loup Chrétien) trained to pilot the Buran. Did any other non-soviet pilots train for this shuttle?
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4answers
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Might either the Buran or the Space Shuttle fly again, or similar spacecraft be built in the future?

I'm really impressed with these two spaceplanes, so I'm thinking is there any chance to fly again, or some similar spaceplanes (similar design, size...) to be built?
10
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1answer
576 views

How did Energia Buran handle center of mass during flight?

The American STS Space Shuttle had the engines that provided a large portion of its thrust mounted directly on the shuttle itself. The Space Shuttle Main Engines (...
16
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1answer
1k views

What were the differences between Space Shuttle's and Buran's reentry guidance?

Assuming unpowered flight, what were the significant differences between the STS orbiter and the Buran in: re-entry trajectory? re-entry guidance? navigation during re-entry (inputs and algorithms - ...