Questions tagged [camera]

Questions about imagery devices on spacecraft and probes.

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1answer
161 views

Is there any video footage of a full reentry?

Did any orbital craft ever fully film its reentry into the atmosphere, either as long as the camera worked or until the craft landed if it could? The Space Shuttles had a front camera that showed live ...
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91 views

Whats wrong with the camera in recent ISS videos?

In recent videos from the ISS, specifically videos after the recent Demo 2 docking, there are what seems to be little particles stuck inside or on the camera lens. I am wondering, is this damage from ...
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Taking photos from Venus surface from an airship. Possible?

On planet Venus at ground level temperature level is about 450°C which seems to high for electronic devices such as a camera. Could electronic devices and a camera on a airship just below the clouds ...
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65 views

Specifications on ISS EVA suit cameras

The suits that astronauts use to preform EVA's on the ISS have some sort of "TV camera" with which they stream analog video back to the ISS and then back to Earth so that we can see it on ...
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128 views

How (the heck) does SOHO's SWAN camera image the entire 4π sr celestial sphere?

Comet C/2020 F8 (SWAN) discussed in Astronomy SE: How is Comet SWAN C/2020 F8 doing? Will it become easily visible by eye? Why is SWAN dimming? was discovered by humans but using the SWAN camera on ...
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113 views

What were the relative orientations of the Hubble Space Telescope's three star cameras, six rate gyros and four reaction wheels optimized for exactly?

Table 3. in paper Hubble Space Telescope Reduced-Gyro Control Law Design, Implementation and On-Orbit Performance; AAS 08-278 found in @OrganicMarble's answer seems to give the unit vectors where the ...
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1answer
216 views

Do Mars rovers protect optical windows during dust storms? Do they “avert their eyes” or do they just “grin and bear it”?

The question Did any lander or rover photograph the sun rising or setting during a Martian dust storm? makes me think of the images below showing the stuff blown around and on to martian rovers. I'm ...
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1answer
144 views

Are there any images of Curiosity during the sky crane operations?

This answer has a nice video of Curiosity's descent to MARS. The images come from the Mars Descent Imager (MARDI), which is mounted on the underside of the rover. Was there any camera mounted on the ...
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1answer
209 views

Will the Mars 2020 rover be able to record high-framerate video of its helicopter?

According to this answer, there have been no instances of video recorded from beyond lunar orbit. Mostly, this makes sense as rovers and spacecraft are served just as well with pictures and nothing ...
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How does SPACEX capture such images?

I was watching Today's launch test by SpaceX and had a question pertaining to the method used for imagery of objects mid-air! Other than on-board cameras, what techniques do NASA and SpaceX follows ...
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1answer
153 views

How was motion blur mitigated in the early Earth-observation satellites?

The Corona Photographic Surveillance Satellite had one (later two) panning cameras for observations: (Cameras on Corona - source) The cameras panned over a 70 degree arc perpendicular to the flight ...
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96 views

Wide angle camera of Lunar Reconnaissance Orbiter, were rectangular lenses used?

LROC WAC has two optical paths, one for ultraviolet and one for visible. Light passing through the optics is focused on a single detector. Color filters are bonded directly to the detector. One ...
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129 views

Given that JunoCam is mainly for outreach, how bad is it as a scientific instrument?

According to Wikipedia's article on JunoCam (and I have seen other corroborating sources): JunoCam is not one of the probe's core scientific instruments; it was put on board primarily for public ...
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212 views

Do Phonesats and GoPros work with their internal batteries in space vacuum?

After reading the question OTS rechargeable battery for a lunar rover I wondered about examples of OTS (off-the-shelf) batteries in space. There has been at least one cellphone-based satellite, and ...
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149 views

What did the Apollo 12 multispectral Four-Camera system look like?

From Apollo 12 Mission The camera equipment carried by Apollo 12 consisted of one 70-millimeter Hasselblad EL camera, two Hasselblad data cameras, two 16-millimeter Maurer data acquisition cameras, ...
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Stanley Kubrick used a NASA-inspired lens to film by candlelight in Barry Lyndon, but what did NASA use it for?

At 07:35 in the CinemaTyler video How Kubrick Achieved the Beautiful Cinematography of Barry Lyndon he says: As far back as 2001: A Space Odyssey, Kubrick and ...
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160 views

What kind of camera was used to produce this Apollo-era footage of the Earth?

The question Reflected Earth is 1/3 the size of primary Earth in Apollo footage through spacecraft window; why? begins: In the video Brian Eno on Apollo at 08:20 ...
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159 views

How to make a camera survive in (near) space?

I'm working on project for a high altitude camera suspended from a weather balloon in order to approximately simulate spaceflight. I'm wondering how can I make a camera survive and continue to operate?...
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156 views

How is the atmosphere in the pressurized housing of ISS' HDEV cameras managed? Outgassing addressed?

This answer says: The ISS live feed uses the cameras of the HDEV experiment. This is a group of four cameras in a pressurized housing attached to the outside of the ISS. A hermetically sealed ...
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216 views

Have optical zoom systems been used in space exploration?

Here, 'optical zoom' means an optical system that changes magnification (angle subtended per pixel). It would not mean for example switching from one camera to another on Hubble, or changing to ...
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1answer
306 views

What are these mysterious white star-like dots near MU69 Ultima Thule? Real objects near the asteroid, noise, cosmic rays, or something else?

NOTE: I think either possibility suggested below is possible, I'm not looking for arguments why one of them would be your favorite like this answer. Instead, I'm looking for a fairly conclusive answer;...
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How are fixed exposure cameras calibrated on earth for space lighting?

How are cameras that have a fixed exposure/gain calibrated/tested on earth for space lighting? I'll further explain with a hypothetical example of what I mean: ISRO launches a Mars-bound planetary ...
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88 views

Camera costings for Opportunity/Spirit/Curiosity rovers

I'm currently working on a project investigating the practicalities of a Mars Sample Retrieval rover, as part of my qualification. My area of concern is command/control, and I am struggling to find a ...
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211 views

How many Lunar Surface Hasselblad cameras were left on the Moon?

There were six Apollo missions that landed on the Moon. Each mission was equipped with at least two Lunar Surface Hasselblad cameras left on the lunar surface before ascent. But the total number of ...
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352 views

Why doesn't New Horizons have a tracking function

Dr. John Spencer mentioned in the live feed for the Ultima Thule flyby they're taking a series of LORRI shots along a precomputed path hoping to capture the KBO. What were the obstacles to equip the ...
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How did NASA get the video camera on the Moon to track the LM ascent stage, considering the substantial delay?

The Moon's distance can be as much as about 406,000 km from Earth. That's a round trip light time of roughly 2 x 406,000 / 300,000 = 2.7 seconds or more, depending on how the signal was relayed to ...
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Is the Curiosity rover equipped with motion detectors?

On Earth, wild life cameras are sometimes equipped with motion detectors to record rare species automatically. Could they not be applied in the case of Mars too ? Is Curiosity not equipped with ...
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178 views

How good are Lucy's cameras? Improvements since New Horizons?

In the question Where is Lucy going? (asteroid mission) I've asked for more clarification on the trajectory of the Lucy mission's trajectory. I believe that Lucy will simply do a close fly-by of each ...
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What would be the equivalent camera performance specification of Earth-imaging satellites, compared to consumer DLSRs?

In order to better understand what Earth imaging cameras are like (as seen in Google Earth) from the point of view of a photographer, I've asked the following. Consumer-grade cameras like DSLRs, ...
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153 views

How are cameras arranged and used to monitor activities outside the ISS?

Questions like Does the ISS have zenith-facing windows? and also Does the ISS have any ability to detect or sense unexpected/unscheduled objects in close proximity? have also been asked about ways to ...
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137 views

What kind of Visual Sensors are employed aboard Rockets?

Cameras are the most common form of visual sensors and I usually see one strapped on the side of the stages as well as inside the separation module to show the separation of the rocket stages. What ...
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202 views

Do we have a photo of a micrometeorite impact on a lens?

Micrometeorite and debris impacts on orbital spacecraft pose a threat to systems and crew. For example, a high velocity impact caused this chip in the International Space Station's Cupola. The ISS ...
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How much would the James Webb Telescope have cost of they made two or ten of them instead for example? [duplicate]

How much could you cut the price by "mass" producing (at least more than one sample) explorer spacecraft (Galileo, Cassini, New Horizon, Dawn...), space telescopes (Kepler, TESS...) and satellites? ...
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196 views

Did IMAX pay to have their cameras in space?

There have been several IMAX movies filmed either partially, or wholly while in orbit around the earth. Some of these include the Space Station, Hubble, and several in general about the space shuttle....
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245 views

Film emulsion on the moon-were the cameras heated?

Re: moon photos : What prevented the film emulsion in the camera used on the moon from freezing and cracking, or simply becoming insensitive from cold? Is film resistant to such extreme cold? What ...
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Starman and Roadster: Position and camera [closed]

We have a camera showing Starman, but no way to have the position ? At least distance from earth ? How long till the camera stops or is out of range ?
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3k views

Where are cameras mounted on the 'Starman' payload of today's F-H launch?

Where are the cameras on the Starman mounted? I see it (the entire payload) is a small engine with the roadster mounted on top of it. There are camera shots of the nozzle of the payload, of the ...
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4k views

Was the side booster footage from the same camera during the Falcon Heavy test flight stream?

Chat has once again led me to ask a question. Geoffc suggest that the "two bottom feeds were from the same camera" as they aimed at the same landing site. I then started to collect some images to see ...
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803 views

Why are CCD cameras still used, not CMOS for live view from the rocket?

I watched the start of the CRS-13 and the view of the engine and other elements of the rocket are shown from CCD cameras in sd. The resolution ok, does not have to be large but why is it still used ...
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How does Voyager take pictures in space?

Voyager launched in the 70s. At that time, modern CCD or CMOS image sensor may not have been available. So how does Voyager take pictures in space, digitize the image and send it back to us? The ...
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What accounts for the signal delay from cameras on the Falcon 9?

On the last few webcasts, SpaceX has shown video from both ground tracking cameras and the on-board camera side-by-side, and there's a noticable delay between the two, with the on-board camera being ...
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231 views

How could the recently explained “glints” seen by DSCOVR appear so compact considering the finite size of the sun?

The discussion section of the very recent, on-line-available Terrestrial glint seen from deep space: oriented ice crystals detected from the Lagrangian point Alexander Marshak, Tamás Várnai and ...
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537 views

Now what do we think? Is this purple dot really caused by Cassegrain optics and coherent backscattering?

EDIT: The stories in Phys.org NASA's EPIC view spots flashes on Earth and Live Science Mysterious Light Flashes 1st Spotted by Carl Sagan Explained seems to have information potentially relevant to ...
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Why not a digital camera?

Why do we not add an everyday (with some modifications for protection obviously) digital camera to spacecraft so that we can get a (semi) truecolor image of what they are seeing? I was reading about ...
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457 views

Building a ultra-small almost space vehicle

I'm quite interested in small rockets-balloons that can reach more than 50km, thus I want to build one myself (With my school financial support). I just want it to carry like a 350g-450g equipment. ...
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How was it possible for the Apollo 11 to film and take pictures with such radiation?

There's plenty of people who said it would have been impossible for the astronauts in the Apollo 11 to film or take pictures in the moon due to the high radiation there's in the moon because of the ...
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How is JunoCam different from a normal CCD camera?

JunoCam has tweeted us! More background from the BBC. It is supposed to have several features that help allow it to work in the high radiation and magnetic fields it will experience during each ...
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1answer
197 views

What did New Horizons photograph that was close enough to be out of focus?

The picture below shows a Kuiper Belt object and a number of stars. It was recently taken by the New Horizons probe and published by NASA. The arrow points at the KBO and the rest of the bright ...
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611 views

Will the James Webb telescope have any visible spectrum cameras?

The telescope itself will operate in wavelengths from 0.6 µm (orange) to 28.5 µm (mid-infrared), so it reaches a bit into the visible spectrum, but it's still going to be aimed away from Earth, and ...
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382 views

Does the JWST have a camera to monitor its deployment progress?

The James Webb Space Telescope has a complicated deployment sequence. Beyond data from sensors aboard the spacecraft, does it have any cameras to take pictures of the process?