Questions tagged [camera]

Questions about imagery devices on spacecraft and probes.

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14
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1answer
1k views

How is JunoCam different from a normal CCD camera?

JunoCam has tweeted us! More background from the BBC. It is supposed to have several features that help allow it to work in the high radiation and magnetic fields it will experience during each ...
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3answers
665 views

Where is the camera on the MarCo cubesat that took this “pale blue dot” type of photo of the Earth and the Moon?

Where is the camera on the MarCo cubesat that took this "pale blue dot" type of photo of the Earth and the Moon? Is there an official NASA web site for photos from the MarCo cube sats? This one is ...
30
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2answers
3k views

Will Voyager 1 or 2 be able to take photos?

Will Voyager 1 or Voyager 2 be able to take a photo of their current view, using their cameras and send the photo to Earth? Do they have the power to do this?
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1answer
1k views

What was the distant bright light in the SpaceX webcast of Orbcomm OG2 deployment?

As I was watching the SpaceX launch today on YouTube, I have noticed a bright distant light as the satellites were being deployed. What was that light? Also, after each deployment there was something ...
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0answers
748 views

Roughly how many self-viewing cameras are present in a Falcon 9 LEO mission?

Watch any of last year's SpaceX LEO satellite deployment missions's broadcasts in YouTube, and you can see views from at least several different cameras. At least two on the 2nd stage nozzle, at least ...
20
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1answer
5k views

How did NASA get the video camera on the Moon to track the LM ascent stage, considering the substantial delay?

The Moon's distance can be as much as about 406,000 km from Earth. That's a round trip light time of roughly 2 x 406,000 / 300,000 = 2.7 seconds or more, depending on how the signal was relayed to ...
13
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1answer
352 views

Do Mars rovers protect optical windows during dust storms? Do they “avert their eyes” or do they just “grin and bear it”?

The question Did any lander or rover photograph the sun rising or setting during a Martian dust storm? makes me think of the images below showing the stuff blown around and on to martian rovers. I'm ...
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2answers
224 views

Have optical zoom systems been used in space exploration?

Here, 'optical zoom' means an optical system that changes magnification (angle subtended per pixel). It would not mean for example switching from one camera to another on Hubble, or changing to ...
26
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2answers
2k views

What's the coin on the Curiosity rover?

The image above was taken from the Curiosity rover (I hope). There appears to be a coin in the image. Is that really a coin or some kind of button? Is it really present on the rover? If it is ...
12
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2answers
2k views

Cine footage from Saturn V launches

How did they recover the film showing the separation of the S II stage from the S 1C and the tumbling interstage faring which attached the two stages? The camera which is attached to the S II has a ...
5
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1answer
661 views

Has there ever been a go-pro satellite?

Since go-pros are very popular and you see them everywhere, has anyone sent them to space orbiting? Or any plans?
3
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1answer
127 views

What were the relative orientations of the Hubble Space Telescope's three star cameras, six rate gyros and four reaction wheels optimized for exactly?

Table 3. in paper Hubble Space Telescope Reduced-Gyro Control Law Design, Implementation and On-Orbit Performance; AAS 08-278 found in @OrganicMarble's answer seems to give the unit vectors where the ...
2
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1answer
184 views

How are cameras arranged and used to monitor activities outside the ISS?

Questions like Does the ISS have zenith-facing windows? and also Does the ISS have any ability to detect or sense unexpected/unscheduled objects in close proximity? have also been asked about ways to ...
2
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1answer
390 views

Do Phonesats and GoPros work with their internal batteries in space vacuum?

After reading the question OTS rechargeable battery for a lunar rover I wondered about examples of OTS (off-the-shelf) batteries in space. There has been at least one cellphone-based satellite, and ...
22
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4answers
31k views

How was it possible for the Apollo 11 to film and take pictures with such radiation?

There's plenty of people who said it would have been impossible for the astronauts in the Apollo 11 to film or take pictures in the moon due to the high radiation there's in the moon because of the ...
14
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3answers
13k views

Why aren't the ISS HDEV cameras left on at night?

When watching the ISS HD Earth Viewing Experiment, I realized that they turn the cameras off when the ISS enters night. How often are they turned off when its dark? How come they aren't left on?
15
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1answer
254 views

Why did the HiRISE camera team choose the wavelengths they did?

The HiRISE camera on the Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter has 3 color sensors, red (440-850nm), blue-green (400-600nm), and near-infrared (800-1000nm). Why these particular channels? Why not standard ...
4
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1answer
241 views

Are there any images of Curiosity during the sky crane operations?

This answer has a nice video of Curiosity's descent to MARS. The images come from the Mars Descent Imager (MARDI), which is mounted on the underside of the rover. Was there any camera mounted on the ...
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0answers
216 views

Do we have a photo of a micrometeorite impact on a lens?

Micrometeorite and debris impacts on orbital spacecraft pose a threat to systems and crew. For example, a high velocity impact caused this chip in the International Space Station's Cupola. The ISS ...
3
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1answer
192 views

How good are Lucy's cameras? Improvements since New Horizons?

In the question Where is Lucy going? (asteroid mission) I've asked for more clarification on the trajectory of the Lucy mission's trajectory. I believe that Lucy will simply do a close fly-by of each ...
14
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1answer
432 views

Does the JWST have a camera to monitor its deployment progress?

The James Webb Space Telescope has a complicated deployment sequence. Beyond data from sensors aboard the spacecraft, does it have any cameras to take pictures of the process?
4
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1answer
558 views

Now what do we think? Is this purple dot really caused by Cassegrain optics and coherent backscattering?

EDIT: The stories in Phys.org NASA's EPIC view spots flashes on Earth and Live Science Mysterious Light Flashes 1st Spotted by Carl Sagan Explained seems to have information potentially relevant to ...
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2answers
155 views

What kind of Visual Sensors are employed aboard Rockets?

Cameras are the most common form of visual sensors and I usually see one strapped on the side of the stages as well as inside the separation module to show the separation of the rocket stages. What ...
2
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1answer
330 views

What are these mysterious white star-like dots near MU69 Ultima Thule? Real objects near the asteroid, noise, cosmic rays, or something else?

NOTE: I think either possibility suggested below is possible, I'm not looking for arguments why one of them would be your favorite like this answer. Instead, I'm looking for a fairly conclusive answer;...
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65 views

How well could the New Horizons spacecraft localize itself in space in 3D using parallax?

NASA’s New Horizons Conducts the First Interstellar Parallax Experiment was exciting news, the spacecraft's computer, communication and camera all continue to work in the Kuiper belt due to rigorous ...
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1answer
355 views

Will the HiRes camera of the Chinese orbiter be capable of seeing the shadows of the landers and rovers on Mars?

The question is like this: The Chinese Mars Orbiter has a HiRes camera on board and I want to know if it is powerful enough to see at least the shadows of the landers and rovers now on Mars. The high ...
43
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1answer
66k views

Who installed the camera on the Moon to film the “First step”?

On Wikipedia page on Moon landing, Neil Armstrong is shown stepping down on the surface of the Moon using the spaceship's ladder:        Still frame from a video transmission, taken moments before ...
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9answers
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Was the side booster footage from the same camera during the Falcon Heavy test flight stream?

Chat has once again led me to ask a question. Geoffc suggest that the "two bottom feeds were from the same camera" as they aimed at the same landing site. I then started to collect some images to see ...
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1answer
1k views

Why is there a purple dot in the middle of this EPIC image?

On 29 July 2015, NASA released a second image from the Earth Polychromatic Imaging Camera (EPIC) on the Deep Space Climate Observatory (DSCOVR) satellite: If you zoom in on the full image, you will ...
5
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1answer
178 views

Have there been any other “camsats” besides Banxing-2?

Banxing-2 is a 47 kg LEO satellite deployed from China's Tiangong-2 on 22 October 2016. It is planned to say in an orbit matched to Tiangong-2 so that it stays in close proximity. According to Gunter'...
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2answers
3k views

Does SpaceX use any of Falcon-9's camera data for engineering or status information, or are they “just for PR”?

I've previously asked Roughly how many self-viewing cameras are present in a Falcon 9 LEO mission? asking if it's closer to a dozen or a hundred on a log scale, because I have a hunch there's probably ...
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2answers
864 views

Would a fractal-like pattern be a better calibration target?

PearsonArtPhoto's answer on "What's the coin on the Curiosity rover?" brought to mind the possibility of using a fractal-like image that could combine scale and color calibration functions and would ...
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3answers
2k views

Why are there no video transmissions from the Moon and Mars?

There is one new project, like Google Maps, which would be an online video transmission of the Earth's surface from a satellite: http://www.urthecast.com/ Another good one is a web cam situated on ...
5
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3answers
368 views

Why doesn't New Horizons have a tracking function

Dr. John Spencer mentioned in the live feed for the Ultima Thule flyby they're taking a series of LORRI shots along a precomputed path hoping to capture the KBO. What were the obstacles to equip the ...
3
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1answer
102 views

Wide angle camera of Lunar Reconnaissance Orbiter, were rectangular lenses used?

LROC WAC has two optical paths, one for ultraviolet and one for visible. Light passing through the optics is focused on a single detector. Color filters are bonded directly to the detector. One ...
9
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1answer
343 views

Did Huygens take a picture of Cassini?

In reference to a question about pictures of Cassini, I stated that it was possible that Huygens could have tested out its camera immediately after separation by taking a picture of Cassini. Was ...
6
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2answers
1k views

What's the highest resolution camera orbiting Mars as of 2013?

There are many cameras currently orbiting Mars, taking pictures of rocks and sand and things. What is the highest (in the visible spectrum) sensor resolution of these? Are there higher res ones ...
6
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1answer
339 views

Will the Mars 2020 rover be able to record high-framerate video of its helicopter?

According to this answer, there have been no instances of video recorded from beyond lunar orbit. Mostly, this makes sense as rovers and spacecraft are served just as well with pictures and nothing ...
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2answers
2k views

Why did Curiosity not have a camera on board to record the landing?

So we've had a question asking why Perseverance had a camera to record the landing and one asking if Curiosity did, but I can't find any information about why Curiosity did not have a camera on board ...
5
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1answer
142 views

Could Tianwen-1, Hope, or Mars 2020 image one another en route to Mars?

Which of the optical sensors in operation on the three spacecraft currently en route to Mars (China's Tianwen-1, UAE's Emirates Mars Mission (Hope), USA's Mars 2020 (Perseverance)) could image one of ...
5
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1answer
225 views

How many Lunar Surface Hasselblad cameras were left on the Moon?

There were six Apollo missions that landed on the Moon. Each mission was equipped with at least two Lunar Surface Hasselblad cameras left on the lunar surface before ascent. But the total number of ...
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2answers
2k views

Stanley Kubrick used a NASA-inspired lens to film by candlelight in Barry Lyndon, but what did NASA use it for?

At 07:35 in the CinemaTyler video How Kubrick Achieved the Beautiful Cinematography of Barry Lyndon he says: As far back as 2001: A Space Odyssey, Kubrick and ...
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0answers
102 views

Whats wrong with the camera in recent ISS videos?

In recent videos from the ISS, specifically videos after the recent Demo 2 docking, there are what seems to be little particles stuck inside or on the camera lens. I am wondering, is this damage from ...
3
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2answers
719 views

Will the James Webb telescope have any visible spectrum cameras?

The telescope itself will operate in wavelengths from 0.6 µm (orange) to 28.5 µm (mid-infrared), so it reaches a bit into the visible spectrum, but it's still going to be aimed away from Earth, and ...
2
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0answers
76 views

What is the most recent photo taken from the Moon surface as of August 2019?

Everybody knows the Apollo imagery, but what are the recent Earth images taken from the Moon surface, if there are any? And which hardware was used to take the images and transmit them?
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1answer
676 views

Which Cubesat Cameras Actually Worked in Orbit before 2019?

Short question: Which Cubesat Cameras Actually Worked in Orbit before the year 2019? Context and explanation: The very few missions which published at least one image I've found: Planet Labs ...
2
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1answer
293 views

Why did Perseverance have cameras to record the sky crane operations?

Curiosity did not have a camera on the sky crane that was able to image the lowering of the rover. I'm happy that Perseverance does have cameras, resulting in this awesome video. What was the ...
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1answer
157 views

How is the atmosphere in the pressurized housing of ISS' HDEV cameras managed? Outgassing addressed?

This answer says: The ISS live feed uses the cameras of the HDEV experiment. This is a group of four cameras in a pressurized housing attached to the outside of the ISS. A hermetically sealed ...
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1answer
187 views

How (the heck) does SOHO's SWAN camera image the entire 4π sr celestial sphere?

Comet C/2020 F8 (SWAN) discussed in Astronomy SE: How is Comet SWAN C/2020 F8 doing? Will it become easily visible by eye? Why is SWAN dimming? was discovered by humans but using the SWAN camera on ...