Questions tagged [communication]

Questions regarding information transfer between spacecraft, and between spacecraft and Earth.

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16
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3answers
1k views

How well can Voyager 1 separate Earth signals from Solar noise these days?

This is a follow-up question to this question and this and this answer. UPDATED: see additional information and discussion below. As it continues to move farther from the Sun, the angular separation ...
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1answer
66 views

Possible interference in RF spectrum due to space-based internet

Multiple Commercial Operators plan to use satellite megaconstellations for providing internet coverage in near future. Is there a possibility of interference between RF spectrum already in use for ...
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1answer
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Where can I get data on deep space satellites or probes like voyager 1

I am doing a research on deep space communication. I need data on any of the man made deep space probes like voyager 1. I need the probe's transmitter power, received power on earth, Signal to noise ...
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1answer
148 views

Technical feasibility of a country at least partially preventing use of internet from satellite constellations?

The interesting Politics SE question To what extent can a government control satellite internet compared to internet from a local ISP? asks from the perspective of politics and international law, but ...
5
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1answer
130 views

How could we hear back from Breakthrough Starshot?

The Breakthrough Starshot concept is to send a swarm of tiny spacecraft on a flyby mission to Proxima Centauri b. These are tiny spacecraft (on the scale of centimeters). Given how miniscule the ...
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4answers
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How are the tiny spacecraft proposed by Project Starshot supposed to communicate with Earth?

Between power limitations and aperture-limited diffraction I just can't see how it's possible.
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How will Yuri Milner and Stephen Hawking's nanobots decelerate and transmit data upon arrival at Alpha Centauri?

Does anyone know what exactly is their plan, once they get there? How is that nano-thing going to slow down / take images / send data back to us? I couldn't find any information on this.
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1answer
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How is the data from the three DSN sites transmitted to JPL, NASA and vice-versa?

We know that there are three major Deep Space Network (DSN) sites on Earth, roughly $120^{\circ}$ apart, to communicate with space probes in deep space continuously. All the data from the three DSN ...
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Two consecutive high profile Moon landings fail, any common threads?

For the second time in a few months, we have seen a Moon landing fail at the last moment as computer communications failed. The Beresheet failure is well addressed here; did a similar thing happen ...
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Why aren't space telescopes put in GEO?

I don't know of any space telescope that has been placed in geosynchronous orbit among the communication satellites. I wonder why not? In GEO, a space telescope could use a single stationary radio ...
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2answers
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Chandrayaan-2 orbiter and lander communications with Earth (IDSN)

In the Seeker video India Could Be the First to Land on the Moon’s South Pole a bit after 04:20 the narrator says: Okay, well right about now you’re probably ...
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2answers
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What would it take to get a message to another star?

Let's assume that we've somehow detected the existence of an extraterrestrial civilization through "passive" means, such as detecting a suspicious exoplanetary atmospheric signature. We're now hoping ...
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1answer
77 views

What is/were the Soviet/Russian qualifications for a capsule communicator?

The person in mission control responsible for speaking to American crews is called the capsule communicator or CAPCOM. Historically this person has been another astronaut -- as they would have the ...
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Were there any CAPCOMs who were not astronauts?

The capsule communicator (CAPCOM) is the person in mission control who speaks to the astronauts. The position was invented by NASA's first flight director, Chris Kraft, who believed it would be best ...
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1answer
170 views

Is contact with Pioneer 7 or 8 still possible?

Pioneer 6 to 9 are a series of scientific probes launched 1965-1968 that orbit the Sun at about 0.75 to 1.2 AU. Would it still be possible to contact Pioneer 7 or 8? This question asks a similar ...
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All Optical Global Network - how does the space-to-ground link avoid clouds?

I just saw the news item in Lightwave's online website: Laser Light to leverage free-space optics in space for Optical Satellite as a Service. All Optical Hybrid Global Network (or HALO, as laser ...
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Apollo communication between the Earth and Moon

How was it possible for astronauts to send back tv/radio signals to earth from the moon? I have just been teaching my son about waves behavior and understand that radio waves are reflected back to ...
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Which map is right? Where exactly were the two Australian dish antennas used in the Apollo missions?

There are two answers to How did NASA achieve their live TV broadcast in 1969? and each has a map that denotes the location of the following two sites Honeysuckle Creek Tracking Station Parkes Radio ...
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1answer
167 views

Why was the Apollo 11 in-flight video better than the moon landing video?

Using the incredible site: https://apolloinrealtime.org/11/ as it replays the entire mission in real-time. One great feature is that the site plays the in-flight TV transmissions that the crew made ...
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1answer
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Did Australian ground stations cover other Apollo missions' first steps?

It is quite well-publicized that the TV broadcast of Neil Armstrong's first steps on the moon were received by the Honeysuckle Creek tracking station in Australia, because that was the side of the ...
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1answer
175 views

“Luckily with no Lunar Module, Tidbinbilla was able to keep tracking with no interruption…” Why is no LM significant?

@PearsonArtPhoto's answer links to the page Apollo 8, 21 – 28 December 1968 by Hamish Lindsay at honeysucklecreek.net. The page describes a problem with one of the dish antennas that needed to be ...
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3answers
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How large of an antenna would you need to connect to the ISS's WiFi network from Earth?

Supposing I wanted to connect to the ISS's WiFi network from the ground, how large of an antenna would I need to do so, and what kind? Would they need to increase the power on their end or use a ...
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1answer
317 views

From whence (what ground stations) do the world's major space agencies receive signals from their missions?

The ISRO web page Ground Segment says: SRO Telemetry Tracking and Command Network (ISTRAC) will be providing support of the TTC ground stations, communications network between ground stations and ...
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Frequency and modulation mode(s) for the SpaceX Tesla roadster mass in space

As an Electrical Engineer (emphasis in RF and radar, class of '74) who has followed the space program(s) since Mercury, and a prior flight test telemetry engineer, I was wondering if anyone knows what ...
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Will the Tesla Roadster return any telemetry?

Is there any equipment fitted to the Tesla Roadster to send signals back to Earth, even for a short time after launch?
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Could “live” video be transmitted from Mars?

With the approach of InSight to Mars today, and the two cubesats watching it, much is being made about seeing "Live Video" from the cubesats. I'm pretty sure that simply can't happen, but I'm ...
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1answer
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Will there be “Near Space” Ka-band allocations for TESS?

update: More information in Phys.org's news item TESS mission to discover new planets moves toward launch, including a video of the telescope array's final assembly. Also see GSFC's TESS page. The ...
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1answer
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What will the X-ray communications (XCOM) transmitter look like?

The NASA news article NASA’s NavCube Could Support an X-ray Communications Demonstration in Space — A NASA First mentions the potential use of X-ray wavelengths for improved range of deep space ...
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1answer
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How long could we communicate with Voyager 1/2 if power wasn't a problem

We will be losing contact with Voyager 1 and 2 in a few years due to the decreasing power output from their RTGs. But if I could wave a magic wand so that the RTGs would maintain their current power ...
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What if the Voyagers had remained within the plane of the ecliptic?

On their last big-planet flybys, both Voyager 1 and 2 were given substantial kicks out of the plane of the ecliptic. If this wasn't so, and their flyby's were adjusted to stay within the plane of the ...
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How well would optical fiber work on the Moon or Mars?

Optical fiber used for data transmission over long distances is usually made from ultra-pure SiO2 and carefully doped with germanium in the core to elevate index of refraction. Fiber amplifiers ...
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1answer
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Long, low mass data transfer wire options

does anyone have any suggestions for wired communications over long distances on the Lunar surface? The maximum length would need to be around 1km. Distributors like Gore and Axon make great ...
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Why did NASA need to attach smartphones to the SPHERES robots in order to link them to the ground?

This May 2016 NASA Johnson video Space Station Live: Getting the Buzz on Astrobee is described as: NASA Commentator Lori Meggs at the Marshall Space Flight Center talks to NASA Ames Research Center’...
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Why not send Voyager 3 and 4 following up the paths taken by Voyager 1 and 2 to re-transmit signals of later as they fly away from Earth?

Voyager 1 and Voyager 2 spacecrafts are on their journey out of solar system. They collected so much of important data that helped us understand our solar system. As these spacecrafts moving out of ...
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2answers
142 views

Quantitatively, why will optical communication be better than X-band for deep-space communications?

In a question about communicating with Voyager, an answer asserts: [70 meter dish antennas deployed in space] just isn't done, and it probably won't be, since optical communication is definitely ...
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1answer
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What channel does a launch vehicle telemetry system see? Is it AWGN?

What is the kind of channel seen by a communication system (for telemetry data) on-board a launcher during various phases of launch. Is it a fading channel or AWGN channel? (Additive white Gaussian ...
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2answers
318 views

What is the lowest latency achievable in reliable Earth - Moon communications?

I know that radio waves travel at the speed of light in vacuum so the minimal latency to communicate between Earth and Moon would be about 1.25 second each way. This latency figure will then increase ...
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1answer
106 views

What kind of signal Voyager 1 is sending to us?

I was reading on wiki about Voyager 1 mission and I found very interesting! One thing I did not manage to find: what is the signal Voyager 1 is sending to us? Is it simply a sinewave or something more ...
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Why no recent information about or photos of Ultima Thule?

It's been two weeks since New Horizons flew past Ultima Thule but the most recent news on the Johns Hopkins site is dated the fourth of January The image gallery has had no new pictures since the ...
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1answer
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Difference in communication delay on ISS

What cause the difference in communication delay, about 11 seconds in this video: and apparently almost no delay on this one: ...
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2answers
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Would communication with Houston still be possible in a LEO debris cascade?

In the film Gravity (2013), the astronauts on STS-157 & the ISS lose communications with mission control in Houston, supposedly due to the chain reaction of debris collisions taking out ...
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1answer
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What is astronaut Alexander Gerst signaling with this K-shaped hand signal?

In this AP/WISN news item Air leak at International Space Station temporarily plugged by a thumb they show a file photo of German astronaut Alexander Gerst at the Baikonur cosmodrome, making what ...
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0answers
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What technology will SpaceX's StarLink satellites most likely use for sat-to-sat linking?

The question How does SpaceX plan to make money with StarLink Broadband? has got me thinking about how the satellites will link to each other. Wikipedia says it's something greater than 10,000 GHz ...
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why do astronauts in the ISS still use wired microphones?

While I watched the DM-1 hatch opening, I noticed that astronauts use the wired microphone to talk to Huston. It was particularly strange seeing that even because during hatch opening, they were ...
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2answers
756 views

Have guidelines for red & green navigation light placement on spacecraft been established?

update: Cropped screen capture from SpaceX Demo-1 Crew Dragon Docking to ISS - Part 2 after about 00:25:00 in the video: I am curious if guidelines for the ...
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3answers
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What are the prospects for comms with cubesats using “normal” internet connections?

Can a cubesat in orbit be operated like a R/C airplane in real time? edit: if the link here and the end aren't clear, I'm interested in the ease and convenience of access, the frequency of possible ...
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Did NASA's Borg Collective-designed antennas work? Have similar designs ever been used in spacecraft beyond testing?

This interesting answer to the question Do antenna farms on spacecraft make any sense or are they purely aesthetic? in Worldbuilding SE links to the NASA Ames page 'Borg' Computer Collective Designs ...
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Why is Sentinel 3B's dish antenna overwrapped with metallized film?

The Spaceflight Now article Photos: Sentinel 3B satellite prepared for launch from Plesetsk Cosmodrome has of course lots of photos. One of them shows a dish antenna covered with shiny, metallized ...
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Pictures from Mars

How is it that NASA receives broadcasts from 300 million miles away but Sprint needs to install transmitters every 500ft for 5G wireless?
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1answer
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What is the meaning of “T.M”?

In the movie, First Man (2018), Neil Armstrong is getting into Gemini 8 space craft. He overhears capcom voice: CARNARVON CAPCOM: Guaymas, read you loud and clear. We have S band track. We have ...