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Questions tagged [cosmonaut]

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4
votes
2answers
312 views

When astronauts or cosmonauts get seated in the spacecraft, are they actually sitting up or lying down?

This might be more of a physics question. If it is, I'll post it in the physics site. If the spacecraft is vertical, wouldn't the astronauts be seated in a lying position so that the G forces do not ...
23
votes
2answers
1k views

Were cosmonauts equipped with poison pills?

It's frequently claimed without citation that Alexey Leonov carried a poison pill of some kind during his Voskhod 2 spacewalk mission, to commit suicide should he be unable to re-enter the spacecraft. ...
7
votes
1answer
481 views

How did Alexey Leonov bleed off the pressure in his space suit?

On the Voskhod 2 mission, cosmonaut Alexey Leonov performed a spacewalk which ran into issues when Lenov's spacesuit had some sort of pressure buildup. From the wiki - [Leonov] was forced to bleed ...
2
votes
2answers
253 views

Why did these cosmonauts retire early in their careers?

Is it known why Roman Romanenko and Dmitry Kondratyev retired early in their careers as cosmonauts?
7
votes
2answers
261 views

Cosmonauts and Astronauts

American, Japanese and ESA space travellers are astronauts, Russian or Soviet space travellers are cosmonauts. But are there exceptions from this? Americans visiting the ISS the last years have used ...
10
votes
1answer
438 views

Plankton found outside the ISS, what is the substance in that claim?

There's been a news article around claiming that cosmonauts have found sea plankton on the outside of the international space station, for example here. Is there any substance to this claim? Have any ...
8
votes
1answer
752 views

Why do we differentiate between astronauts and cosmonauts?

And how tenable is this distinction now that a third space agency carries out manned flights (China), and others are poised to follow? I can think of no other profession/job title where this ...