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Questions tagged [crewed-spaceflight]

Crewed spaceflight (also referred to as human spaceflight or manned spaceflight) is space travel with a crew aboard the spacecraft. When a spacecraft is crewed, it can be operated directly, as opposed to being remotely operated or autonomous.

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How did NASA achieve their live TV broadcast in 1969?

In 1969, NASA not only went to the moon, but broadcast the whole thing live on TV. How did they achieve the TV broadcast? What technology did they need to use to send a video and audio signal from ...
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Did Apollo's velocity slow down after TLI due to Earth's gravity?

I assume Apollo's velocity slowed down after it left Earth orbit, for how long was it decelerating. Did it start accelerating as it approached the Moon. What was the rate of deceleration due to ...
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Could electric fans lift a rocket strait up like a multi propeller drone? [closed]

Could electric fans like the ones below lift a rocket? What is the amount of electricity needed to lift a interplanetary rocket? Could a nuclear power plant provide enough electricity? https://en....
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What physical proof that astronauts can live on the space station [duplicate]

I have never seen more than 15 seconds of continuous video of somebody in a weightless state inside of the space station. The vomit comet, an airplane that can fly a hyperbolic dive to recreate ...
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How might the experience of a trip to Mars differ in comfort and heath impact from a stint on the ISS?

A comment below the question How will they mitigate the effect microgravity in the BFR on manned trip to mars? suggests that the trip might be as short as 3 months, which is significantly shorter than ...
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Creating your own artificial gravity by running. (Part 1 - the basic idea)

The main motivation for artificial gravity is the astronauts' health Usually artificial gravity is supposed to work by rotating the spacecraft. See diagram A. Wouldn't it be much simpler to simply ...
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Are there any photographs of the frozen waste water after a urine dump in space?

Astronaut Mike Massimino talks about watching the urine freeze outside of the spacecraft. He said they would all watch, it was something beautiful to see. Are there any photographs of this, or has ...
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How similar to a crewed flight will SpaceX Demo Mission 1 be?

With the upcoming premiere of the Dragon 2 in SpaceX's DM1 launch, I was wondering how similar it will be to a mission with actual astronauts. What I mean by this is things like: Will the launch ...
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Could inflating while decending for rentry be possible?

Could entry of Mars with balloons work by inflating to equalize with the atmopheric air pressure while establishing buoyancy before meeting the ground? Would a balloon pop if dropped from space? ...
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1answer
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At what time in the Apollo 14 mission did the maneuver shown in this image happen, and what exactly was happening?

In a search for information for this answer I received this google books link of Comment: The Relevance of Space, by Arthur Kantrowitz, Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists 197, 4 April 1971, pp 32-33. ...
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1answer
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What was the view from the Apollo spacecraft while travelling to the moon?

From what I read on the internet, I took around 3 days for Apollo 11 to get to the Moon. I'm curious what was the view from the windows of the spacecraft during the journey. What did the astronauts ...
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Space Travel Advanced Recon [closed]

Could a network of probes be sent ahead of a mother ship to form a grid to lay a path for travel inside the solar system? After what certain speed anything larger then a stationary pebble could be ...
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Is the ISS in danger of the outer radiation belt?

Is the ISS in danger of the outer radiation belt? I know that the ISS is in the low earth orbit and that it briefly passes through the base of the outer RB, but it is actually in danger? How does the ...
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2answers
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Can carbon dioxide be distilled from a Helium/Oxygen atmosphere by using natural refrigeration?

A simple air compressor compress carbon dioxide/water saturated helium/oxygen air in a tank to liquefy water from the air by pressure. Abstract the water, then refrigerate the carbon dioxide/helium/...
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1answer
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Would this chair support astronaut during launch in Crew Dragon

Recently reporters were allowed to take pictures of Crew Dragon and the SpaceX flight suit. Among them is this picture: I was under the impression that: Chairs needed to be custom molded / adjusted ...
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If the astronauts on Apollo 11 had landed safely on the moon but could not take off, would there have been a rescue mission?

Say they landed on the moon but discovered the ship was damaged during the landing and they could not launch again. What would have been the plan? Would another crew have been sent to rescue them? ...
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Will there be man-rated DreamChasers?

The Sierra Nevada DreamChaser was a contender for the commercial crew program, but lost out when NASA chose both Boeing and SpaceX for their program. However, they kept developing the craft for the ...
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1answer
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How much less fuel do rockets burn with higher G force?

How does G force at launch differ between spacecraft when it comes to efficiency between crewed and uncrewed space flight? Does less time in the atmosphere equate to a savings in fuel for an ...
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1answer
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Does a one way mission to Mars make more economic and scientific sense than a two way mission?

A one way mission skips any return rocket needs, extends the research mission by decades and slowly builds up the infrastructure on the surface. The longer mission on Mars would require regular ...
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1answer
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Blimp on Earth, but a glider on Mars?

Could enough surface area be created with a blimp to shed speed using Mars' atmosphere to have a controlled soft landing to minimize the need for retrorockets? Runway would need to be in place. While ...
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2answers
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Launch Accelerations: Values, history

This topic: What G-forces do different launchers cause? indicates that current satellite launchers are limiting peak acceleration to about 4g. I'm pretty sure the STS (Shuttle) did the same. My ...
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1answer
127 views

Manned entry to Mars

Did Insight have a ballistic entry? If so, does NASA plan a ballistic or skip-glide entry for manned missions to Mars?
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With six spacecraft currently docked at the ISS, how could Santa (or anyone else) deliver presents?

This ISS tweet says: Three days after launching from Florida the @SpaceX #Dragon cargo craft was installed to the Harmony module at 10:36 a.m. EST. There are now six spaceships parked at the ...
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1answer
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What are the advantages to sending a person vs robotics to Mars?

Why is it needed to send a person to Mars one day when we have Rovers? What not obvious advantages do humans have in space exploration over Robotics and vise versa?
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Have there ever been people trapped in a shut down spacecraft?

I was reading some one-line sad stories and came across this one: Goodbye mission control, thanks for trying. So I was wondering if there have ever been people trapped in a spacecraft without a ...
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1answer
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What immunizations (vaccines) are required for astronauts?

Astronauts are often required to get immunizations (incorrectly called vaccines). Which ones are required?
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1answer
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How many minutes of Lunar Sim did Neil Armstrong get?

A quick follow-up to What were the differences between the LLRV and LLTV? These craft were provided with a zero-zero ejection seat. The above reverenced article on wikipedia mentions Neil Armstrong ...
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1answer
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How easy would opening an Apollo capsule following dry landing be?

To help frame the problem, I have written the following scenario: It's December 19, 1972 and the Apollo 17 has returned to Earth, but something went wrong and they landed in the middle of the Outback....
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1answer
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With current or near-future projectable technology, how long would it take a ship to fly from Earth to a theoretical Earth-Sun L4 or L5 space station

Lets assume there's a space station already built, so this would be a flight off earth, brief acceleration, coasting most of the way, brief deceleration and connect with the station. I'm assuming ...
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1answer
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Acceleration due to uncontrolled rotation of Gemini 8

Having just watched the movie "First Man," I'm interested in analyzing the Gemini 8 malfunction in physics terms and possibly turning it into a homework problem or an example for my physics classes. I ...
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2answers
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Have “QR” or other 2D barcodes been used in spaceflight?

Wikipedia: QR code (abbreviated from Quick Response Code) is the trademark for a type of matrix barcode (or two-dimensional barcode) first designed in 1994 for the automotive industry in Japan. ...
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Did “Where Is Everybody?” have any influence on multi-person crews?

The pilot episode of The Twilight Zone entitled "Where Is Everybody?" portrays a lone astronaut going crazy due to long-term isolation and lonliness. At the end of the episode, the general in charge ...
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1answer
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Why are launch escape towers jettisoned early?

Why are launch escape towers usually jettisoned fairly early in the flight? What if a problem went wrong during an upper stage burn and the escape tower had already been jettisoned? I know that ...
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1answer
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Is there an onboard video of the Soyuz MS 10 launch?

Does anyone know a link to the video obtained from the Soyuz "outboard" camera showing the separation of the side boosters of the Soyuz MS10 launch?
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How do we make a round-trip journey to Mars?

I've been to Kennedy Space Center in Florida, where I saw the huge Saturn V rocket... This was used to get to people to the moon. It had a Lunar Module to propel itself on and off the moon's surface ...
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1answer
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What if an ISS astronaut refused to leave the space station? [duplicate]

When a mission to the ISS ends and the astronauts/cosmonauts shall leave the ISS with the Soyuz/Dragon spacecraft, what if an astronaut refuses to enter the Soyuz? What if he/she wants to remain on ...
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1answer
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How closely can ground control monitor ISS astronauts?

How closely can ground control monitor astronauts aboard the ISS. Are there cameras or microphones that the ground can use to see and hear what's happening, or are they reliant on the crew to relay ...
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What would astronauts see if they were in an Earth Moon L1 Lissajous orbit?

Would they be moving fast enough that the change of their position relative to the Earth and the Moon would be perceptible? Or would that change be too slow to notice moment by moment? I take it as ...
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1answer
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Perspective on “light years”

If Alpha Centauri (approx 4.5 light years) is our nearest star, at the highest possible speed for human spacecraft, how long would it take to travel there? People talk about interstellar travel. ...
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What would be necessary in order for us to achieve a single stage to orbit, reusable rocket?

I have read articles and seen videos explaining why an SSTO (Single Stage To Orbit) rocket* is not possible. But I was wondering... What would be required to achieve this? Answers can be literally ...
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1answer
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Can crewed rocket programs be accelerated in light of the Soyuz failure?

This morning a crewed Soyuz booster failed, causing the crew to return to Earth, as the capsule was not in orbit yet. With this being the second failure of a Soyuz rocket in two years (a Dec 2016 ...
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1answer
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What are the reasons Soyuz's lifespan in orbit is limited?

Following the recent Soyuz failure news, I found out that the currently docked Soyuz expires in the foreseeable future, leaving the crew with no means to return back to Earth. What are the reasons ...
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Why did the Space Shuttle fly upside-down normally

After reading this answer I found out that the space shuttle normally spent its time upside-down. Why is that? I'd guess it has to do with shielding from the sun, but I can't back that up with ...
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4answers
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Why don't we launch spacecraft from the Moon?

The Moon has less gravity than the Earth and its own orbital speed around the Earth removes some of the velocity required to leave the Earth-Moon space, right? We could send probes or spacecraft much ...
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1answer
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How will they mitigate the effect microgravity has in the BFR on manned trip to mars?

Very curious to know this, since it doesn't look like the BFR will utilize centrifugal force to emulate gravity as far as I know.
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0answers
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Fuel carried by current Crew Dragon

How much fuel weight will the current Crew Dragon carry? Will it be just enough for launch abort, or the full load (over 3000 lbs) needed for propulsive landing as a back-up to the parachutes? I ...
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1answer
130 views

Is it possible to build hard shell suit with tighter fit to the body

The only hard shell space suit I know of, NASA''s AX-5, was big, bulbous, and seems to be not very comfortable, although offering zero pre breathing, when entering the suit. What I am thinking, is if ...
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2answers
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Why Spacex Lunar Mission date postponed?

Previously SpaceX Lunar mission date was 2022, but it is mentioned in the wiki that it is no earlier than 2023. Why the date has been postponed?
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1answer
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Vented interstage for the final stage of Saturn V

As we can see in the figure below, the interstage between the escape module and the command module is vented. Why did they go for vented interstage? Wouldn't it increases the serodynamic loadings and ...
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Will SpaceX's moon mission carry any engineers to fix the craft or will the artists be trained for these operations?

In the live stream, Elon Musk mentioned that a dozen would be the ideal size for a mission. Could have easily been an off the cuff range, but would allow for some engineers if something goes wrong. ...