Questions tagged [crewed-spaceflight]

Crewed spaceflight (also referred to as human spaceflight or manned spaceflight) is space travel with a crew aboard the spacecraft. When a spacecraft is crewed, it can be operated directly, as opposed to being remotely operated or autonomous.

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14 votes
3 answers
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If a human is being sent to space in a rocket, does the seating angle matter?

All manned spacecraft have had seats in an "on-back" angle for launch. What is the benefit of this seating position for a manned spacecraft launch?
49 votes
5 answers
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How often is duct tape used during crewed space missions?

It seems Apollo missions carried some variety of gray tape, likely Duct Tape or similar. There's the scene in the movie Apollo 13 and the reality behind it discussed in the video below. Question: How ...
10 votes
4 answers
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Is it possible for an Orion drive-based spaceship to experience smooth artificial gravity?

One of the problems of using an Orion drive or any pulsed based drive, is that the occupants will feel a sudden jolt of force instead of a smooth constant acceleration for artificial gravity. Is there ...
1 vote
2 answers
469 views

Why doesn't NASA fly its rockets on suborbital trajectories to the Moon?

After trying it out in Kerbal Space Program for a while, I was wondering why NASA doesn't fly on suborbital trajectories to the Moon. When I tested this idea in Kerbal Space Program I found out that ...
18 votes
7 answers
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Is there something inherently more difficult about servicing satellites in the 2nd Sun-Earth Lagrangian point?

There are several questions already asked on here about the potential for servicing the James Webb Space Telescope. This question asks what happens if the JWST needs repair. Basically, there are no ...
4 votes
4 answers
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Titan vs Mars for colonization

This question is along the same vein as Venus vs Mars for colonization but without the person at the table. Is Mars better than Titan which to me seems a more realistic option for colonization? With ...
3 votes
2 answers
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How much solar radiation hits a spacecraft in transit to Mars?

How can I solve for the amount of radiation that hits a Mars transit vehicle, in transit? What formulas should I use? I am mostly focused on solar radiation.
4 votes
0 answers
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Can New Shepard launch from Texas and deliver payload (people) to Florida?

Can New Shepard be used as transportation instead of a joy ride? Is there any meaningful flight where you launch from Texas, and land somewhere nearby like California or Florida? If it can't be done ...
14 votes
3 answers
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Repurposing a nuclear submarine for space travel

Although a nuclear submarine might not make a great spacecraft, would it be possible to repurpose it for space travel? Benchmark: USS Illinois (SSN-786), Virginia-class submarine (born in Virginia, ...
24 votes
2 answers
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Does space flight have any positive effects on the human body?

It is well known that there are a number of negative health issues (loss of bone density, muscle mass, (eyesight degeneration1, etc.) that can impair astronauts who spend long periods of time in space....
7 votes
1 answer
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Moon Suit to be used for the Artemis III mission?

The Moon landing mission Artemis III is scheduled for launch in 2025. It will be the first Lunar crewed mission after Apollo. What is the development state of the moon suit to be used for moonwalks ...
3 votes
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How does US crewed launch abort coverage "jump" the ocean in an instant?

As I understand things, the Commercial Crew Program stipulates full abort coverage from pad to orbit. An abort to the middle of the Atlantic ocean is understandably not acceptable. Watching the OFT-2 ...
2 votes
0 answers
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Is electric propulsion feasible for human spaceflight?

I have been reading a lot about electric propulsion and was wondering if it would be feasible for human spaceflight. It is really efficient but it takes a while to get to the desired speed. Would it ...
35 votes
8 answers
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What led NASA et al. to decide the ISS should be a zero-g station when the massive negative health and quality of life impacts of zero-g were known?

As the month of November 2020 has marked 2 decades of the ISS being operational as well as the first operational flight of a next-generation spacecraft to it, I felt it fit to ask this question today. ...
12 votes
2 answers
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How brightly does Venus's hot surface glow at night? Could you see it? Could you see well enough to walk around?

NASA's Parker Solar Probe Captures its First Images of Venus' Surface in Visible Light, Confirmed links to the new Geophysical Research Letter Parker Solar Probe Imaging of the Night Side of Venus. ...
8 votes
3 answers
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Sources for make-up breathable oxygen on Mars; of H₂O, CO₂ and ClO₄⁻, which is likely to be used first?

While oxygen recovery and reuse is well developed, the ISS does receive regular shipments of make-up oxygen. See for example this and this and this answer. For an early, manned presence on Mars, a ...
3 votes
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short duration of crew 4 mission

I am wondering why the crew 4 mission is (for the moment) only planned for 4 and half months and not the usual 6-6.5 months? Thanks.
4 votes
1 answer
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Algae Bioreactor for O2 and CO2 (and food?) - Any data on required size and power requirements?

I believe that the requirements for a single persons $\require{mhchem}\ce{O2}$/$\ce{CO2}$ balance run somewhere in the region of $8m^2$ of algae, which would seem to be possible in a single $\approx ...
1 vote
0 answers
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How spontaneously can a spacecraft be deorbited [duplicate]

Currently the return of AX-1 has been rescheduled multiple days due to weather concerns in the landing area. How quickly could astronauts on the ISS evacuate to the ground if so required? Scenarios ...
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How fast can LEO be evacuated [duplicate]

Currently the return of AX-1 has been rescheduled multiple days due to weather concerns in the landing area. How quickly could astronauts on the ISS evacuate to the ground if so required? Szenarios ...
2 votes
4 answers
402 views

Microscopes in space?

There are a lot of telescopes in space (optical, radio, X-ray and Gamma-ray), but how about microscopes? Does the ISS have a general-purpose microscope? It could come in handy for failure analysis or ...
1 vote
2 answers
127 views

Specifications for Spacecraft interior and exterior paint colours

Are there specifications for Crewed mission spacecrafts in terms of interior and exterior paint colours? I.e. Only specific paint colours are required internally and externally. Can these paint ...
8 votes
1 answer
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Can double deck spacecraft be designed and constructed for manned missions?

Double Deck Aeroplane Similar to double deck Aeroplane, can a double deck crewed mission spacecraft be designed and constructed? Benefits: More astronauts in the manned mission spacecraft viz Mars, ...
11 votes
3 answers
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Where does space travel rank in per-passenger-mile safety?

Air travel is the safest method of transportation, with 0.07 deaths every billion passenger-miles. While space travel certainly has a higher fatality rate per-space-traveller (~3%)1, 2, where does it ...
18 votes
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What paper size do they use on the International Space Station?

We know they have at least one printer on the ISS – that's NASA-supplied so it would be in the US Orbital Segment. Presumably there is a printer in the Russian Orbital Segment as well. (Mir had a ...
27 votes
2 answers
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How many times has there been 13 people inside the ISS and is it hard on the station?

I just saw this photo in @SF.'s answer it is ISS023-E-023513 STS-131 and Expedition 23. The full caption is below. Are there really 13 people on the ISS at one time? Is STS-131 the only shuttle ...
9 votes
1 answer
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Will the NASA Commercial Crew "zip line away from the tower and into" this "military armoured truck" in case of emergency? Does the truck have a name?

The NASA Commercial Crew @Commercial_Crewtweet The #Crew4 astronauts have been busy getting ready for their upcoming mission to the @Space_Station! The crew recently participated in simulations ...
4 votes
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With the new (Feb 2022) NASA SpaceX Crew Dragon contract extension, how much per flight?

NASA awarded flights 7, 8, and 9 for Crew Dragon in an extension of the existing contract, bringing the total value to \$3,490,872,904 . We know that in 2014 SpaceX was awarded about $2.6 billion to ...
4 votes
2 answers
510 views

Where to find Apollo lunar landing checklists?

Is this the only document where I can read the checklists for Apollo lunar landing? They look more sidenotes than real checklists, and they contain hundreds of acronyms; I would expect instead a "...
3 votes
2 answers
172 views

When will the ISS deorbit?

Is this undecided or still up for debate? Also, might it be delayed or put earlier for some reason? What about if we just abandon it?
1 vote
1 answer
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Do you need to operate laptop computers to run the ISS SSRMS robots Canadarm2 & Dextre? What if there's a pressure loss and you're wearing a suit?

Comments and to some extent the current answer to If an ISS emergency requires pressure suits temporarily, can they still use the laptops? Move the cursor? address a highly unlikely scenario where a ...
8 votes
2 answers
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Have any humans orbited the Earth in anything other than a prograde orbit?

As per the title, have any humans been launched into an orbit around the Earth which is anything other than prograde? E.g. retrograde or polar.
3 votes
1 answer
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What's the highest latitude for a human spaceflight?

There are obviously many satellites in polar orbits or in orbits that extend to very high latitudes. There are obvious reasons to do this in terms of Earth observations, but there is probabably much ...
6 votes
1 answer
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How did pages of Ramon's diary survive the Columbia disaster?

In early 2003, the space shuttle Columbia burnt up due to a failed leading edge on the wing from an external tank foam strike. All seven astronauts were killed. Yet, some pages of Ilan Ramon's diary, ...
5 votes
1 answer
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How does NASA count the order that people have entered space?

NASA has designated Matthias Maurer (crewmember of SpaceX CrewDragon 3) as the 600th person to fly in space. Leaving aside the question of whether those who flew with Branson and Bezos should be ...
1 vote
2 answers
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Could astronauts jump from a spaceship onto a spacestation and how would it be like if yes?

I saw it happen in the videogame Alien:Isolation but not sure how realistic it was. I need help understanding some orbital mechanics for a sci-fi story that I am trying to write. The scenario I ...
5 votes
0 answers
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New spin on laundry day: How will ISS cope with washing machine vibration and angular momentum?

Although the ISS currently has no laundry facilities, NASA’s Glenn Research Center sponsored a washing machine design contest to do the drudgery during spaceflight. Plans have been made for testing a ...
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Have artificial quasicrystals ever been intentionally formed in space, or even attempted? If so, which was the first?

After asking Proposing a 2D quasicrystal; what are the necessary and sufficient conditions? (If it looks like a duck and quacks like a duck, or...?) I ran across Efficient design, accurate ...
5 votes
4 answers
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Could we launch a rubble pile simulant to LEO for astronauts to practice on before visiting natural milligravity objects?

There are proposals and maybe serious plans to send astronauts to asteroids or Mars' moons, objects which are a few kilometers or just a few meters in diameter. I call them "milligravity" objects ...
5 votes
0 answers
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How many hours/week on the ISS is spent on science vs maintenance?

This was asked in 2016 : Does ISS crew exercise time count toward their X hour work week? The answer as of 2016 was 40 hours / week for a crew of 6. But as noted there, when the crew size increases to ...
8 votes
3 answers
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Why did the design for Space Shuttle docking change?

While browsing concepts of Space Station Freedom and other '80s NASA concepts (I love concept art), I noticed that there are some interesting differences in how the Shuttle was intended to dock with a ...
23 votes
2 answers
6k views

Why aren't spacecraft and spacesuits pressurised to 2.5 psi (17 kPa) of pure oxygen?

Today 1 atm (101.3 kPa, 14.7 psi) with sea level composition is most commonly used on spacecraft to avoid fire hazards like in Apollo 1 (not that it would have helped the Apollo 1 crew as they couldn'...
17 votes
1 answer
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Would the national flag planted by astronauts on Mars need an upper horizontal pole like the ones on the Moon?

Due to the lack of an atmosphere on the Moon, the Apollo lunar flags had an upper horizontal pole in order to make them fully hoisted, looking like floating in the wind. Now Mars does have an ...
6 votes
1 answer
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First multi-pin electrical connection made in vacuum in space? Was it a part of a docking maneuver? Were precautions against cold welding taken?

Wikipedia's Docking and berthing of spacecraft says that The first spacecraft docking was performed between Gemini 8 and an uncrewed Agena Target Vehicle on March 16, 1966. Were multi-pin electrical ...
26 votes
7 answers
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Could a Human reach escape velocity by jumping from the surface of Ceres (a dwarf planet)?

According to this answer the surface gravity of Ceres is estimated to be only $0.27 m/s^2$. With a rotation period of 9 hours. The gravity seems light enough to overcome by leg muscle alone, and if ...
18 votes
2 answers
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Are all modern astronauts at least passable phlebotomists?

phlebotomists are (nearly always) highly skilled people who safely and relatively painlessly poke our veins with big needles, take blood samples, then ask us to "press here". The process is ...
4 votes
2 answers
206 views

Accomodations for blood transfusion

Are there accomodations for blood transfusion (could/may be rare cases) on crewed space missions? That is, facilities for storing blood bottles for transfusion matching the blood group of astronauts. ...
26 votes
4 answers
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What is the largest number of humans in space at the same time and what vessels were they on when it happened?

What is the largest number of human beings in space at the same time, and what vessels were they on when it happened?
4 votes
2 answers
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How long can astronauts wearing Dragon capsule suits walk around unconnected to water coolers?

At various moments in the NASA video NASA’s SpaceX Crew-3 Astronauts Launch to the Space Station astronauts are shown standing or walking or otherwise posing for the camera in their Dragon capsule ...
2 votes
0 answers
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What are the G forces the Dragon 2 crew experience during splashdown? And what is the seat angle for the current configuration of 4 astronauts?

The Dragon 2 has a crew capacity of seven, but, NASA decided to change the specification for the angle of the ship’s seats due to concerns about the g-forces crew members might experience during ...

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