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Questions tagged [crewed-spaceflight]

Crewed spaceflight (also referred to as human spaceflight or manned spaceflight) is space travel with a crew aboard the spacecraft. When a spacecraft is crewed, it can be operated directly, as opposed to being remotely operated or autonomous.

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4answers
6k views

Were all the switches on the Command Module and LM control panels used during a mission?

Given there are so many switches on the control panels, and they each served a specific purpose, was every single switch used during a mission to the moon (with the exception of the abort switch ...
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1answer
859 views

How long would it take to travel to Proxima b?

Proxima b is an Earth-like (i.e. rocky) planet, in orbit around the star Proxima Centauri, approximately 4.243 light years from Sol, our home star. If I had a space vehicle capable of accelerating ...
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What does Soyuz's button-pushing “fancy stick” look like? Are there others?

In the Smarter Every Day video How to FLY A SPACESHIP to the SPACE STATION - Smarter Every Day 131 the host Destin Sandlin (seated in the center seat of a Soyuz capsule) asks astronaut Scott Kelly (...
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Where did Soyuz and Progress dock with Mir?

I'm piecing together a chronological timeline of Mir station including manned and unmanned visits to the ship, time of docking and undocking, and location of docking. My question is around the ...
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1answer
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Could the SpaceX Falcon 9 Block 5 work without sub-cooling the propellants?

I've been reading about some concerns about the densified (sub-cooled) propellants for Falcon 9 crewed missions in Spaceflight Now's article Lawmakers question safety, schedule for Boeing/SpaceX ...
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1answer
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Why has ESA never flown a crewed spacecraft?

According to Wikipedia, ESA has never had a crewed spacecraft. While this is reasonable, it's striking that no ESA crewed spacecraft is in development right now. What's the rationale behind this ...
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576 views

Mass of food per astronaut per year for an extended deep space excursion?

Until food can be grown or synthesized reliably and effectively in space, a manned deep space mission needs to bring all of the food with it, or cache some of it ahead of time. Roughly what would be ...
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401 views

Did Soviets/Russians perform any crewed (intentionally) suborbital flights?

Gagarin went directly to the orbit - the first manned flight was orbital. I don't know about any other Soviet or Russian spaceflights that wouldn't be orbital - except for some odd aborted launch or ...
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Why did the Soviets skip the suborbital phase?

The old adage goes "It's easy to get to space, much harder to stay there." Yet the first manned soviet flight was orbital - Americans took a good several suborbital flights before reaching the orbit. ...
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Sources for make-up breathable oxygen on Mars; of H20, CO2 and ClO4-, which is likely to be used first?

While oxygen recovery and reuse is well developed, the ISS does receive regular shipments of make-up oxygen. See for example this and this and this answer. For an early, manned presence on Mars, a ...
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What are the most difficult challenges SpaceX will face getting astronauts to Mars by about 2025?

SpaceX has been announcing very ambitious goals such as starting to send manned missions to Mars in order to (eventually) create a colony, and recently there has been a substantial release of more ...
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Can the sun/Venus be used to slingshot back out into the outer solar system fast? [duplicate]

I'm not a physicist or rocket man, but I laid awake thinking about this all night and I just wanted expert corrections to help with my basic understanding. So... 483,000 miles per hour is how fast our ...
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How can astronauts on ISS deal with dental emergency?

Tooth ache is one of the more stupid and annoying disruptions to one's week. Dental hygiene can reduce the risk a lot, but only goes so far - for example, inflammation of roots of the tooth, with pus ...
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Would Luna 15 have been visible to any of the members of the Apollo 11 crew?

According to Wikipedia, Luna 15 crashed a few hours before Eagle lifted off from the moon, and since it crashed North-east of the landing site, it must have overflown them. Would any of the crew have ...
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1answer
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Brachistochrone variation for Earth-to-Mars Orbit

Wouldn't a Brachistochrone curve to Mars orbit be a much faster and more efficient way to send personnel and equipment to mars as compared to the Hohmann transfer if we used an Ion engine? The below ...
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Did any astronaut take a Bible into space?

I am wondering if any astronauts took a copy of the Holy Bible into space. I know the crew of Apollo 8 read part of Genesis 1 in space, but I am wondering if anyone took a full Holy Bible into space.
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1answer
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How big is a human's space bubble?

How big is a human's (space) bubble - in other words: how far could we (as mankind) transport a human being from Earth in such a way that the being would be still alive? (Let's not consider returning.)...
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What can the KSP game actually teach about spaceflight and orbital mechanics, and what are its limitations?

I have seen at least several different users mention that they've found Kerbal Space Program helpful to understand issues of spaceflight and orbital mechanics. According to Wikipedia: While the ...
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1answer
243 views

Have any space stations experienced a total solar eclipse?

Have any space stations experienced a total solar eclipse [edit: with the moon blocking out the sun, and seen from the vicinity of the Earth *sigh*]? Otherwise, will any manned satellites pass through ...
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1answer
95 views

Could riding a coronal mass ejection to avoid radiation be viable?

The recent article in The Register Ten spacecraft – from Venus Express to Voyager 2 – all tracked same solar flare talks about ten spacecraft noticing the same coronal mass ejection (CME) as it ...
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Are there any major flaws with the Mars Architecture used in the Martian?

In the movie The Martian, a giant spacecraft known as the Hermes is used to ferry astronauts from Earth orbit to Mars' orbit. Once in Mars orbit, the astronauts take a Mars descent vehicle to a pre-...
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1answer
228 views

What's the purpose of a manned flyby/orbit of Mars/Venus?

Many current outlines for trips to mars, such as Mars Base Camp, propose a large ship capable of transporting astronauts to Mars. However this plan only proposes to send humans to Mars' orbit and not ...
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1answer
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Why are launch escape towers jettisoned early?

Why are launch escape towers usually jettisoned fairly early in the flight? What if a problem went wrong during an upper stage burn and the escape tower had already been jettisoned? I know that ...
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1answer
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What is the blue box that the Exp. 53 Astronuats/Cosmonauts carried with them?

Looking at a video from Roscosmos on instagram, Exp. 52 Cosmonaut Sergey Ryazansky carried a blue box with him during his walk to the Soyuz rocket. Upon looking at more videos of Astronauts boarding ...
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What are the Grid fins on the Soyuz escape system used for?

Why does the crewed version of the Soyuz rocket use grid fins on its launch escape system? It seems like extra weight to carry along during a portion of the flight. Here's a rendering of the upper ...
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Has a spacecraft ever docked with the same space station twice in one mission?

Has a spacecraft ever docked with the same space station twice in one mission? This is the "corollary" to the question How many times has a spacecraft docked with two or more different space stations ...
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How many times has a spacecraft docked with two or more different space stations during a single mission?

According to this answer, Columbia is the only Space Shuttle not to have docked with more than one space station. For the other shuttles, I think at least most of the time they only docked with one ...
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3answers
659 views

Apollo era remote control of vehicle

I am wondering what kind of ability NASA had during the Gemini or Apollo program era to control the vehicle from the ground. From reading some capcom transcripts and looking through some random ...
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1answer
537 views

How thick must a shield be to be better than no shield at all?

Below an answer to a recent question about shielding against radiation on a trip to Mars, there was this comment from dubu (emphasis mine): [..] For high-energy particles entering dense matter, ...
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Why can't we use the same radiation shielding in Mars that we used when going to the moon?

Note that this is somewhat related to this question but here I am specifically asking about the suitability of using existing shielding for Mars travel. This is about this article and video titled "...
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147 views

Landing Hazards on Pluto

This is for a fiction project I'm working on. Assuming it becomes possible to someday land on Pluto, what hazards might be encountered given what we've learned about its surface makeup?
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1answer
364 views

How would the Heimlich maneuver or CPR be done in weightlessness?

Abdominal Thrusts (the "Heimlich maneuver") and Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation (CPR) are life-saving first aid procedures that involve carefully targeted manual forcing of a victims body in order to ...
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1answer
401 views

How much manual flying is done in a modern manned spacecraft?

Considering we live in an age of unmanned spacecrafts, with computers more than capable of managing everything from attitude control, burns, to docking and insanely precise powered landings; how much ...
2
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1answer
84 views

Doctor and EVA specialist — good idea? [closed]

The book "The Martian" describes a six-people manned mission to Mars. One of the astronauts is both the ship's primary medical doctor/surgeon and primary extravehicular activity specialist. Is such a ...
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2answers
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How many times were there thirteen people inside the ISS? Is it hard on the station?

I just saw this photo in @SF.'s answer It is ISS023-E-023513 STS-131 and Expedition 23. The full caption is below. Are there really 13 people on the ISS at one time? Is STS-131 the only shuttle ...
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Why do ISS crew members often cross their arms?

I am watching live stream from ISS to follow the return of two ISS crew members, Thomas Pesquet and Oleg Novitskiy. At several moments, they crossed their arms in a not really natural way: Why do ...
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1answer
227 views

Could Dragon 1.0 be used as an emergency Earth return vehicle

In a completely hypothetical scenario, say both of the Soyuz vehicles docked to the station were damaged/destroyed, but there was a Dragon 1.0 on the station left intact. Although i don't believe it ...
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1answer
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Could the Apollo LM abort mode be engaged after touchdown? What would have happened if it was?

The Lunar Module had an abort mode where the crew basically just had to push the ABORT button on the control panel, and the ascent stage would detach from the descent stage, followed by the ascent ...
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Do we still have all the blueprints to go to the Moon? [duplicate]

The answer to Do we still have all the equipment to go back to the moon? is an unambiguous "no". Most of the equipment went to museums or got scrapped. But do we still have all the know-how? Say, a ...
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2answers
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Do we still have all the equipment to go back to the moon?

That is, does NASA still have all the training equipment, computers and so forth that would be required for a new moon program, or would all of that have to be rebuilt as well as building new rockets?
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If the astronauts on Apollo 11 had landed safely on the moon but could not take off, would there have been a rescue mission?

Say they landed on the moon but discovered the ship was damaged during the landing and they could not launch again. What would have been the plan? Would another crew have been sent to rescue them? ...
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1answer
780 views

Real time communications in space

Today we use audio and video communications (using UDP protocol) over IP networks (VoIP) for communicating (Skype, Whatsapp, FB messenger). This works fine on planet Earth (although there are various ...
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Is there a mockup of the ISS on the ground?

Is there a replica of the interior of the space station on the ground? For training astronauts and to try out equipment installations.
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1answer
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Are there studies on human Mars missions available?

Given the poor track record so far for successful unmanned Mars missions (26/55, less than half), and the fact that a manned mission would have to use yet another descent method, let alone a whole lot ...
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4answers
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Why has the ISS not been left unmanned?

I found this question, and I was wondering why the ISS is constantly manned (Except for some hours during particular situations). Is that a technical problem? Is it to guarantee safety? Or just ...
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1answer
325 views

How will astronauts live in Spacex's red dragon?

If SpaceX's Red Dragon will ever bring astronauts to the red planet, would it need to connect to a deep space habitat? I'm asking because the red dragon seems to be too small for a seven or eight ...
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4answers
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How is a Deep Space Gateway station in Lunar orbit helpful for going to Mars?

I'm reading that NASA plans to use a Deep Space Gateway, a space station in some kind of Lunar or Lagrange orbit, in order to send astronauts to Mars. How does such a "gateway" assist human ...
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How high *could* a glider reach, to catch a skyhook reaching down from orbit? [closed]

At the beginning of the third part of Seveneves Neal Stephenson describes how the protagonist Kath Two travels from the Earth's surface into the orbit with the aid of a Skyhook-named system. The route ...
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1answer
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Has every passenger been an astronaut? Will they be in the future?

There have been a number of paying passengers on orbital missions in the past, and it is likely there will be many, many more in the future, and not only on orbital missions. I'm thinking that ...