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Questions tagged [data-transmission]

Questions regarding transfer of data from spacecraft and probes

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When scientific and engineering data are sent from space probes, are the signals repeated to minimize transmission error?

I would think that this would be the case. In any one transmission there will be a systematic error due to the fundamentals of the transmitter / receiver. Is there also a transient or stochastic error ...
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What exactly turned on the light indicating Apollo 8 was starting to fall towards the Moon?

@PearsonArtPhoto's answer links to the page Apollo 8, 21 – 28 December 1968 by Hamish Lindsay at honeysucklecreek.net from where I have quoted below. Question: What exactly turned on the light ...
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Opportunity's last tau was 10.8; what does that mean and how is tau defined and measured?

@ahiijny added a direct link to the Sol 5110-5114 MER B Downlink Report. These are the final days that signals were received from Opportunity. The message "Tau Value is NOT a Typographical Error" ...
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How was the Moon's first telescope used? (Apollo 16)

From Gizmodo's There's Poop on the Moon list of things left on the moon: This gold-plated telescope that was the first tool used to make astronomical observations from the surface of another ...
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Hijacked space data, notable instances of recovering images or other goodies from someone else's space mission?

The original of this GIF was tweeted here and I've reconstructed it because I don't know how to post it here (How to show this particular tweeted (GIF?) in a question? - trouble downloading). These ...
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What is carrier lock and bit lock?

I'm not sure if this question belongs here or in Amateur Radio, but during the acquisition of signal from New Horizons on New Year's Day, I heard the controllers call out "carrier lock", "symbol lock",...
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Displaying NMEA data in text console [closed]

I'm using an ublox EVK M8T and I'm trying to make a script that displays in text console in real time the data from NMEA and also the time marker from when an event happens. Is there a possibility to ...
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How will the Parker Solar Probe's data transmission keep up with data gathering?

The NASA article Preparing for Discovery With NASA's Parker Solar Probe says that we are now receiving data from the probe's first pass, but also that we will not receive all of the first pass's data ...
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How did Russian Scientist analyse the data from Sputnik 1?

I could not find any information about the process of extracting and interpreting data from Sputnik 1, or the involvement of computers in the data analysis of that information. Does anyone have info ...
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Why not a “live” visual connection with Curiosity on Mars all the time?

Note: Got the idea for this question by @uhoh's question: "Has anything close to video ("live" or otherwise) been shot in space from beyond the Moon ? To have the "feeling" of a "live" connection ...
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What does a NASA employee see on their monitor when a robot lands on Mars?

I have seen that many NASA employees (see the picture) were present in the control room when InSight landed on Mars on November 26, 2018. What I did not see is what exactly those people saw on their ...
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How could a transmission be relayed wirelessly from the bottom of Europa ocean to Earth?

Answers to Do you need a “wire” on a Europa submarine to phone home? are generally yes, but a wire is cumbersome and dramatically limits range, If a rover was sent to the bottom of Europa's Ocean ...
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Will there be live HD television from Mars with the Mars 2020 mission?

Is it known if live HD television from Mars would be possible with the Mars 2020 rover mission and if an extra channel would be possible just for relaying HD TV to make live broadcasts possible ? ...
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Does the International Space Station get TV?

For obvious reasons the ISS cannot get cable TV. Can the ISS get the new digital air TV or satellite TV using an issued dish and receiver like a house? How would that be done compared to how it is ...
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MarCo, Polo? Any further news, or images, or transmissions from the MarCo deep space cubesats?

Edit: Two more months have gone by since I posted this question. Can there still be no news? Nothing for the two MarCo cubesats to take photos of; not even each other? While InSight is still "under ...
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Why is New Horizons' data transmission speed so slow compared to Voyager?

New Horizons was said to be able to communicate at ~1kbit/s at Pluto and 38kbit/s at Jupiter. Communication with the spacecraft is via X band. The craft had a communication rate of 38 kbit/s at ...
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How does Curiosity know how to point and move it's high gain antenna in real time?

The Curiosity rover has a compact X-band high-gain antenna (HGA) that allows for low data rate communication directly with Earth, but is used mostly for higher data rates to spacecraft orbiting Mars, ...
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Has TDRS-13 officially graduated from “TDRS school” (entered into service)?

According to Wikipedia: TDRS-M, to be renamed TDRS-13 upon entry into service, is an American communications satellite operated by NASA as part of the Tracking and Data Relay Satellite System. The ...
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Does the TDRS user segment ever provide network functionality beyond being “customers”?

Celestrak's NORAD Two-Line Element Sets Current Data TLE page has many pre-defined categories for quick access for groups of spacecraft that share similar characteristics. I clicked on the ...
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Does variable distance to Mars affect data transmission rates?

There distance between Earth and Mars varies between 50 - 400 million kilometers because of their orbits. Does this affect data transmission noticeably? I'd naively expect you could transmit 8x faster ...
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Have deep-space spacecraft always used some form of spread-spectrum for data downlink?

tl;dr: Question: Have deep-space spacecraft always use some form of spread-spectrum for data downlink? note: I'm looking for some insight into why, and any possible exceptions, not just a "yes" or "...
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Is it possible to extend high speed data transmission with lasers to the distance Earth to Mars?

Data transmission using an optical laser between ground station and a GEO satellite may offer very high data rates, up to 1.8 GBit/s for instance. But what about a transmission from Earth to Mars ...
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How to calculate data rate of Voyager 1?

I've read the following passage in the answer to the Quora question How can Voyager send a signal strong enough for us to receive, in spite of its enormous distance from us? And how can it have the ...
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What exactly is the interaction that blocked Juno's data downlink near solar conjunction?

According to Space.com's article Juno Phones Home: Jupiter Probe Reconnects with Earth After 8th Flyby, Juno's recent close flyby of Jupiter and data collection happened while Jupiter was too close to ...
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What approximate bitrate is required for interplanetary spacecraft GNC?

What is a rough estimate for the bitrate needed for GNC (guidance, navigation, and control) of an interplanetary spacecraft from Earth? I know it varies a great deal from case to case, but I want an ...
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How do those little dish antennas sticking out of the HST track their target independent of telescope pointing?

Almost all the photos I see of the HST show the two small dish antennas at the ends of the two long, opposing booms with the "top" one pointed straight ahead at 12-o'clock, and the "bottom" one at 3-o'...
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Can we talk to Pioneer 6?

My question is relatively simple in the essence that it takes few words to ask, but scientifically may be a nightmare. In 2000, the Goldstone Deep Space Communications Complex sent a message to ...
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Earth-Mars Radio Blackout: Is it possible to define an extended solar radius to solve this as a geometric problem?

Solar atmosphere causes difficulties in communication during opposition (when Mars is almost behind the sun w.r.t. Earth). The question is: is it possible to define an extended radius for the sun, ...
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Were the previous Mars landers configured to transmit beacons or data during descent?

The ExoMars Entry, Descent and Landing Demonstrator Module (EDM) Schiaparelli was configured to broadcast a UHF beacon throughout the entry, descent and landing phases using multiple transmitters and ...
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Was the time of Schiaparelli's landing chosen specifically so the Giant Meter Wave Radiotelescope could listen?

The ESA blog post Listening to an Alien Landing describes the plan to monitor a UHF beacon transmitted by Schiaparelli during it's upcoming descent and landing on Mars (2016-10-19 about 14:45 UT). The ...
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Why was Kepler's orbit chosen to continue to drift away from Earth?

The Kepler telescope was launched from Earth on March 7 2009 and placed in an independent orbit around the Sun, with a semimajor axis of 1.0132 AU, period of 372.53 days, and an eccentricity of 0.036 ...
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Why does there appear to be a 180-degree stereo microphone array outside the ISS?

I was watching a feed on the latest footage of Hurricane Matthew as seen from the ISS just now, relayed from NASA TV. Suddenly, I spotted something poking out of the ISS hull in the footage that ...
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Current maximum bandwidth between Mars and Earth?

What is the current maximum bandwidth between Mars and Earth (at their closest), accounting for any satellite/prober/orbiter that is either at Mars or already launched and en route? So far I've found ...
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1answer
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How do Mars rovers synchronize with NASA scientists?

If sending data on earth from mars takes e.g 10 min then how do NASA scientists manage to synchronize stuff with Mars rovers ? Suppose if something goes wrong and it is required to control or guide a ...
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Why are there times when the ISS can transmit audio, but not video?

I am watching the live stream of today(9/1/16)'s spacewalk. The ISS entered a position in space where the video feed was lost, but they are still able to broadcast the audio conversations between the ...
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Do you need a “wire” on a Europa submarine to phone home?

In regards to Europa, what are the limitations regarding current data transmission technology. Say we were to have an orbiter circling Jupiter, a lander on the surface of Europa and a "swimmer" [...
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What is the advantage of QPSK over FSK or ASK for satellite data transmission?

I am wondering what are the big advantages and disadvantages using QPSK, FSK,and ASK in satellite communication. In our project, which is in phase 3, are we supposed to work with QPSK modulation for ...
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Calculate communications window for LEO

I am designing a communication system for a small satellite. One of the major constraints is the duration of communication between the satellite and the ground station. I did link budget calculations ...
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Will Red Dragon experience a “Communications Blackout” during SRP?

In the recently proposed entry of Red Dragon into the Mars atmosphere, the supersonic retro-propulsion (or SRP, roughly: slowing down using thrusters while still moving against the atmosphere at ...
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Why has the Earth's motion carried it out of view of Pioneer 11's antenna?

According to The Pioneer Missions, my emphasis, The Pioneer 11 Mission ended on 30 September 1995, when the last transmission from the spacecraft was received. There have been no communications ...
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Are there any publicly available real-time data stream containing measurements outside Earth?

Analyzing data coming from outside Earth (such as the temperature around Curiosity on Mars, or the radiation level on geosynchronous orbit around Earth, etc.) might be an interesting task and/or hobby ...
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LV Telemetry links on the launch pad

Are electronic telemetry and control links (of TT&C - telemetry, tracking and control) to the launch vehicle incorporated into the launch pad umbilical lines and handed off at launch, or is it all ...
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How do rockets stream live video during launches?

Several times when I followed a space launch being broadcasted in the internet, they also included live video from the launch vehicle itself. Such as this ESA ATV launch. Now I don't know if this ...
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How far can SETI's ear listen?

With the current infrastructure available to SETI, how distant would it be feasible to pick up routine radio communications and noise from a planet emitting radio with identical power and signal ...
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676 views

Satellites in orbit which transmit data available to public?

There are websites that present home projects where people have successfully received weather satellite imagery from NOAA satellites (such as this one). I would like to know if there are other ...
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Why have there been no new New Horizons images in the last few weeks?

As I write this, the latest image in the NASA's New Horizon's image gallery is this spectacular photo showing Pluto's atmosphere: The full web page for the image is here. That image was posted ...
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Efficiency of communications between spacecraft and control center

In space vehicle control and fault recovery, how it works is that a big brother copy is on the ground and being fed with most recent data from spacecraft, the little brother. This ground one is an ...
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Where are the pictures during the time the pictures are sent from space to home?

Obviously the pics aren't floating around, but how can I explain this to a 10 year old?
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Do astronauts get Netflix on ISS?

I've been wondering about the internet connection on the ISS, and how it's used. We were talking in chat about astronauts personal belongings and free time, and it made me wonder about how they use ...
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Why are space probes / satellites data rates so low? [duplicate]

The New Horizon's data transfer rate is only about 2kbps right now. At its peak the rate was 38kbps. Why is this transfer rate so slow? Is this due to using radio waves, limitations in the data relay, ...