Questions tagged [data-transmission]

Questions regarding transfer of data from spacecraft and probes

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To what extent could JWST continue to be useful after the propellant runs out?

I see a similar question answered, but this is perhaps more specific. There's a lot of description about the James Web Space Telescope (JWST) operation during its planned mission. But I gather JWST ...
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How does a 22 dBi X-band "patch" antenna get so much gain and how well behaved is its high-gain radiation pattern?

@NgPh's answer to How will the LICIACube cubesat transmit DART impact images back to Earth? What kind of antenna and radio will it use? quotes LICIACube on DART mission: an asteroid impact captured by ...
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Is it possible for LEO satellites to detect a usable signal from regular mobile phones on the ground?

Background Recently I came across a company called ASTS that claims they will be able to launch LEO satellites with the capability to talk with regular mobile phones. I initially wrote their claims ...
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1 vote
1 answer
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Just how raw is the rawest signal data that the Deep Space Network routinely records for safety reasons?

When we watch videos of some Spacecraft landing there's a big screen with real-time plots of the data coming from the Deep Space Network's antennas. Presumably the information is recorded in fairly ...
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How will NEO Surveyor manage 82 gigabits/day of data? How will it process it, what fraction will be sent to Earth and how it compares to TESS & GAIA?

Wikipedia says says: NEO Surveyorformerly called Near-Earth Object Camera (NEOCam), then NEO Surveillance Mission, is a planned space-based infrared telescope designed to survey the Solar System for ...
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If the Voyagers' lowest playback speed is 7200 bits per second, how can it transmit to Earth at only 160 bps?

How to calculate data rate of Voyager 1? mention's Voyager's data rate is currently 160 bits per second, and clicking on a recent entry in the Voyager DSN Tracking Schedule on the Voyager Mission ...
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2 votes
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Did the Voyager spacecraft use a Golay, a Reed-Solomon and/or a Hamming code for data transmission encoding for error correction? (Need clarification)

The now-famous answer to How is stacking oranges in 24 dimensions related to receiving and decoding signals from the Voyagers? is worth stopping now here and going back and reading first. Okay welcome ...
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5 votes
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What Voyager spacecraft hardware performed transmitted data coding in such a complicated way? Did ground decoding use “a big monster filling a rack”?

The now-famous answer to How is stacking oranges in 24 dimensions related to receiving and decoding signals from the Voyagers? is worth stopping now here and going back and reading first. Okay welcome ...
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63 votes
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How is stacking oranges in 24 dimensions related to receiving and decoding signals from the Voyagers?

I was listening to Sphere Packing Solved in Higher Dimensions; A Ukrainian mathematician has solved the centuries-old sphere-packing problem in dimensions eight and 24. and reading the transcript ...
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SpaceX live broadcast of booster & boat's eye view of the GPS III Space Vehicle 5 were both uninterrupted; have they make some upgrades to the system?

This answer to Why does the video feed always fail during Falcon 9 landings? shows that SpaceX seems to be "getting better at" or "less shy about" broadcasting continuous live ...
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Transmission and Receiving Rate of a X-Band Antenna

What would be a typical transmission and reception rate range for a X-Band Low Gain Antenna for say 300Km from an orbiter? I figured a High Gain Antenna would be difficult to use since it requires ...
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4 votes
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Is New Horizons' transmission of data from the Arrokoth flyby completed?

I have followed the news on the New Horizons web page for years, searched the web several times, the last time just before asking: There seems to be no information available whether all data from the ...
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What "advanced computer capable of faster processing and data compression" is the S. S. Katherine Johnson carrying? (Cygnus NG-15)

CBS News; says: The primary goal of the Cygnus mission is to deliver science equipment and supplies for on-going research utilizing the microgravity environment aboard the space station. One ...
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How did images taken by Perseverance's landing stage reach Earth despite its crash landing?

During Perseverance's powered descent, cameras aboard the descent stage recorded Perseverance's deployment using its Sky Crane. After rover touchdown, the descent stage flew away until it ran out of ...
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3 votes
1 answer
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Does the Juno spacecraft have an "open signal, by design"?

The click-bate title'd Space News article China quietly used NASA’s Jupiter probe to test its deep space network contains the quoted material below. Everybody listens to everybody else's spacecraft's ...
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Why is the James Webb Space Telescope's data storage space so small?

In a previous question, I learned that the JWST's solid state recorder (SSR) can hold at least 58.8 Gbytes of recorded science data. Which each day requires two, 4 hour downlinks with earth to empty ...
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S-Band transceiver schematics [closed]

I'm working on a cubesat, and I want to communicate in the S-Band, arround 2.4GHz. And I'm searching for schematics of a transceiver example with arround 35 dBm of output power. If any have a .pdf, ....
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1 vote
1 answer
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Trying to understand if or how operating a rover on Mars from Earth could work

If you used something like google maps to create a 360° Topographical map of an area on Mars could you use it to create a virtual simulated reality similarly to how you would manipulate google maps ...
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6 votes
2 answers
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Will Perseverance's landing be live streamed?

I know that the launch will be live streamed, but I am interested in the landing. Is there a plan to make it possible for the general public to get access to landing video as soon as mission control? ...
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Would a long-term network of relay satellites but worthwhile for interplanetary communication? [duplicate]

Communication rates with probes in the outer solar systems are extremely low (Voyager is ~160 bps), because of the inverse square law and the extreme distances involved. Achieving these rates ...
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7 votes
2 answers
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Curiosity / MRO UHF connection and weak signal modulation

In the case of MRO and Curiosity communications via UHF, an active feedback system was implemented in which Curiosity monitored the quality/SNR of the connection and commanded Curiosity to increase / ...
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8 votes
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What are the general properties and specs for JWST's onboard data and image processing capabilities?

Answers and comments on What is the data storage capabilities onboard the James Webb Telescope? which reference the James Webb Space Telescope User Documentation item JWST Solid State Recorder mention ...
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What are the data storage capabilities onboard the James Webb Telescope?

If something were to happen that would cause the James Webb Telescope to be unable to downlink its data to earth, how long could it continue collecting observations before it would run out of storage ...
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Antenna required to reach titan

There are two 12U cubesats, one in Earth orbit and one in orbit around Titan. They have a transmit power of 700 W (for short periods) and have identical antennas. What diameter and what type of ...
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1 vote
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What are the data mining platform does Space agencies such as Nasa or SpaceX use?

What are the data mining platform does Space agencies such as Nasa or SpaceX use? Just a few would be helpful. This is for data mining and data analysis purpose. In general, i was looking something ...
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4 votes
2 answers
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What was the first use of analog to digital conversion in a satellite?

This answer to Do the Voyager probes transmit analogue or digital data? states that the Voyagers sent only digital data. This is no doubt mostly because analog data was digitized and store digitally ...
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Do the Voyager probes transmit analogue or digital data?

When the Voyager probes take a picture or record other data, do they digitize it on board and send a digital signal to earth (i.e. zeros and ones) or do they transmit an analogue signal (like old-...
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6 votes
1 answer
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Will the Mars 2020 rover be able to record high-framerate video of its helicopter?

According to this answer, there have been no instances of video recorded from beyond lunar orbit. Mostly, this makes sense as rovers and spacecraft are served just as well with pictures and nothing ...
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3 votes
1 answer
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Transmission of video and audio signals

I know this is a silly question.In july,2019 NASA's insight captured sound by wind gusts.Here is a link of video that shows the movement of robotic arms and sound of wind on mars. ...
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4 votes
1 answer
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Is contact with Pioneer 7 or 8 still possible?

Pioneer 6 to 9 are a series of scientific probes launched 1965-1968 that orbit the Sun at about 0.75 to 1.2 AU. Would it still be possible to contact Pioneer 7 or 8? This question asks a similar ...
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11 votes
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Were the Apollo broadcasts recorded locally on the LM?

I've previously asked about how the recordings from the Apollo missions were originally recorded, and then transcribed; but I forgot about the video as well! It's well known that for some of the ...
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3 votes
1 answer
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Tradeoffs to consider for OBDH system design for a Multi-Spectral Imager payload? (Enceladus Mission)

I am having a problem with designing the On Board Data Handling (OBDH) system for our MSI (Multi-Spectral Imager) payload. Our payload will be detached from Orbiter and it will take photos (for ...
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1 vote
1 answer
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Long, low mass data transfer wire options

does anyone have any suggestions for wired communications over long distances on the Lunar surface? The maximum length would need to be around 1km. Distributors like Gore and Axon make great ...
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1 vote
3 answers
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Does it make sense to invest money on space investigation? [closed]

I recently saw this picture - drawn by the excellent Spanish cartoonist 'El roto' Translated (please, don't hesitate to edit the question if you find a better translation) They looked for signals ...
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5 votes
2 answers
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When scientific and engineering data are sent from space probes, are the signals repeated to minimize transmission error?

I would think that this would be the case. In any one transmission there will be a systematic error due to the fundamentals of the transmitter / receiver. Is there also a transient or stochastic error ...
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22 votes
1 answer
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What exactly turned on the light indicating Apollo 8 was starting to fall towards the Moon?

@PearsonArtPhoto's answer links to the page Apollo 8, 21 – 28 December 1968 by Hamish Lindsay at honeysucklecreek.net from where I have quoted below. Question: What exactly turned on the light ...
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14 votes
1 answer
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Opportunity's last tau was 10.8; what does that mean and how is tau defined and measured?

@ahiijny added a direct link to the Sol 5110-5114 MER B Downlink Report. These are the final days that signals were received from Opportunity. The message "Tau Value is NOT a Typographical Error" ...
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7 votes
1 answer
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How was the Moon's first telescope used? (Apollo 16)

From Gizmodo's There's Poop on the Moon list of things left on the moon: This gold-plated telescope that was the first tool used to make astronomical observations from the surface of another ...
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7 votes
6 answers
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Hijacked space data, notable instances of recovering images or other goodies from someone else's space mission?

These are images taken by a Chinese cubesat in lunar orbit, taken again by a Dutch radio telescope. The original of this GIF was tweeted here and I've reconstructed it because I don't know how to ...
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17 votes
1 answer
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What is carrier lock and bit lock?

I'm not sure if this question belongs here or in Amateur Radio, but during the acquisition of signal from New Horizons on New Year's Day, I heard the controllers call out "carrier lock", "symbol lock",...
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Displaying NMEA data in text console [closed]

I'm using an ublox EVK M8T and I'm trying to make a script that displays in text console in real time the data from NMEA and also the time marker from when an event happens. Is there a possibility to ...
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3 votes
1 answer
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How will the Parker Solar Probe's data transmission keep up with data gathering?

The NASA article Preparing for Discovery With NASA's Parker Solar Probe says that we are now receiving data from the probe's first pass, but also that we will not receive all of the first pass's data ...
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2 votes
2 answers
261 views

How did Russian Scientist analyse the data from Sputnik 1?

I could not find any information about the process of extracting and interpreting data from Sputnik 1, or the involvement of computers in the data analysis of that information. Does anyone have info ...
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1 answer
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Why not a "live" visual connection with Curiosity on Mars all the time?

Note: Got the idea for this question by @uhoh's question: "Has anything close to video ("live" or otherwise) been shot in space from beyond the Moon ? To have the "feeling" of a "live" connection ...
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10 votes
2 answers
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What does a NASA employee see on their monitor when a robot lands on Mars?

I have seen that many NASA employees (see the picture) were present in the control room when InSight landed on Mars on November 26, 2018. What I did not see is what exactly those people saw on their ...
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4 votes
1 answer
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How could a transmission be relayed wirelessly from the bottom of Europa ocean to Earth?

Answers to Do you need a “wire” on a Europa submarine to phone home? are generally yes, but a wire is cumbersome and dramatically limits range, If a rover was sent to the bottom of Europa's Ocean ...
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9 votes
3 answers
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Will there be live HD television from Mars with the Mars 2020 mission?

Is it known if live HD television from Mars would be possible with the Mars 2020 rover mission and if an extra channel would be possible just for relaying HD TV to make live broadcasts possible ? ...
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26 votes
4 answers
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Does the International Space Station get TV?

For obvious reasons the ISS cannot get cable TV. Can the ISS get the new digital air TV or satellite TV using an issued dish and receiver like a house? How would that be done compared to how it is ...
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4 votes
1 answer
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MarCo, Polo? Any further news, or images, or transmissions from the MarCo deep space cubesats?

Edit: Two more months have gone by since I posted this question. Can there still be no news? Nothing for the two MarCo cubesats to take photos of; not even each other? While InSight is still "...
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11 votes
1 answer
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Why is New Horizons' data transmission speed so slow compared to Voyager?

New Horizons was said to be able to communicate at ~1kbit/s at Pluto and 38kbit/s at Jupiter. Communication with the spacecraft is via X band. The craft had a communication rate of 38 kbit/s at ...
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