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Questions tagged [delta-v]

Literal meaning is "change in velocity". The quantity has utility in rocketry as measure of the change in velocity that a reaction engine must produce to move into a given trajectory. The rocket equation establishes that the mass ratio of payload to initial mass is an exponential function of delta-v divided by the propellant velocity.

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Delta-V to accelerate to/decelerate from .5c

I have a reasonably good understanding of delta-V (from playing KSP). However, I don't have a great understanding of how it works once you start running into the limitations of physics. I know that ...
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Is there a list of space exploration mission ordered by “size”?

While playing KSP I came to realize how how counter-intuitive distances in space exploration are. Just because a planet is closer doesn't mean it's easier to get to. For example, I used to think ...
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Does launching to interplanetary space from LEO require the least delta-v?

Based on this chart from wikipedia, (I do not know if I am reading it correctly) This all assumes LEO-Eq LEO to C3/0=3.22 LEO to GEO to C3/0=3.9+1.3=5.2 LEO to EML-1 to C3/0=3.77+0.14=3.91 LEO to ...
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Delta-v to move from GEO to GEO

To move a satellite in geostationary orbit, 166°55′E, to the antipode, 13° 4' 3.2" W, what delta-V would be needed for this to be accomplished? As for time constraints, I do not know what are the ...
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Have there been any correlations between rocket size and the delta V it achieves

Have there been any studies that discuss the delta V of the vehicle and compare it to the altitude of operation, or compare it across launchers. If not, what kind of criteria, would one look for ...
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Is there an absolute limit to single stage ∆V when tank mass is a fixed faction of propellant mass?

Many space exploration fans are familiar with the rocket equation [https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tsiolkovsky_rocket_equation] $$\Delta V = V_{e} \times ln\frac{M_0}{M_F}$$ where $V_e$ is the exhaust ...
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What would it cost to bring a 1 gram payload to the CMBR rest frame (i.e. Δv 368 km/s ?)

Suppose we wanted to do a very small experiment in (or very close to) the Cosmic Microwave Background Radiation rest frame, which we are travelling at 368 ± 2 km/s relative to. Without considering the ...
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How much Delta-V would be required to escape the Gravitational Influence of the Earth without entering orbit?

As impractical as it sounds (and it's definitely impractical) I was wondering what the Delta-V required to leave Earth's influence would look like if we launched "just straight up" into the Earths ...
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What is the delta-V equivalent to cross the Kármán line in vertical (suborbital) flight?

...or, well, for a typical example - how much delta-V does New Shepard carry? For orbital launches, there's the ~1km/s estimate to overcome drag and gravitational losses on orbital launches; 8km/s of ...
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How to calculate the delta-v necessary for a suborbital “transfer” of ice from Mars' pole to equator?

I have a big chunk of water ice that needs to go from (say) one of Mars's poles to its equator. Neglecting the atmosphere, how would you calculate the delta-v necessary for this trajectory, and what ...
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How can I calculate the $\Delta V$

I'm learning about Astrodynamics, and I would like to ask how can I calculate the $\Delta V$ for an interplanetary mission. I used a website for the porkchop plots (http://sdg.aero.upm.es/index.php/...
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How does the delta v for leaving Earth orbit change in different directions from the Earth?

Inspired by this answer on How to intuitively explain that reaching geostationary orbits consume more Delta V than escape orbits?, which states Move to the edge of the Hill sphere, sit at Earth-...
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How to intuitively explain that reaching geostationary orbits consume more Delta V than escape orbits?

Studying again orbital maneuvers, I found the following plotting the cost of a Hohmman transfer between coplanar circular orbits (black line), in terms of $\Delta V$ against the orbit ratio $r_f/r_i$. ...
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How does the delta V to reach and orbit L4 and L5 compare to entering orbit around the Moon?

The L4 and L5 Lagrange points, 60 degrees in front of and behind the Moon in its orbit around Earth, orbit at the same speed as the Moon. But when a spacecraft flies to the Moon, the gravity of the ...
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Budgeting delta-v for atmospheric drag when orbit is elliptical?

I'm trying to calculate the delta-V budget to maintain a generic elliptical orbit. Looking at the atmospheric drag losses I can only find equations that calculate delta-V loss for circular orbits. ...
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How can the delta-V be calculated depending on the launch altitude above sea level?

If we assume that we have a given launcher that is able to produce a $\Delta v$ of 10km/s at sea level takeoff, and is able to reach an LEO of 200km above sea level, what LEO altitude would that ...
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How to calculate if a co-location intercept is possible in a ballistic counter-battery scenario

Let us presume that we have a scenario with ballistic objects. As an example, one object $m_1$ is launched at time $t_0$ from Earth Location $a$ towards Earth Location $b$, both of which are in the ...
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Why do delta-v and delta-v both use the same term?

As noted in this Wikipedia article, delta-v, used in spacecraft flight dynamics, is a measure of the impulse that is needed to perform a maneuver. However, in general physics (a much longer standing ...
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What is a High Energy Transfer Orbit and what are some examples of their usage?

In a question about the 6-hour Soyuz / ISS transfer the concept of a High Energy Transfer orbit is discussed. I've heard of Low Energy Transfer Orbits before, which are commonly used on extended ...
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Reducing transfer time between Mars and Saturn

How would I estimate the transfer time between Mars and Saturn if I have more Delta-V than necessary for a Hohmann transfer?
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Amount of aerobraking to minimize Delta-V

Say a spacecraft is arriving at Saturn, can aerobrake arbitrarily, and wishes to arrive at Hyperion. How much should it aerobrake (i.e. what should the SMA be after aerocapture) to minimize the Delta-...
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Delta-V between Titan and other Saturnian moons

Does anyone have a table of the delta-V between Titan escape and other moons of Saturn? If not, could someone provide figures for Hyperion, Phoebe, Iapetus, and Enceladus? Or, more simply, what is the ...
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Inclination change maneuver [duplicate]

I'm making a spacecraft maneuver from one orbit to another. Firstly, I'm going to change the inclination, therefore, moving to a coplanar orbit. Where is it better to change the inclination, in ...
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Lambert's problem solution: optimal transfer time

I'm solving the Lambert's problem, and already have written a program, which solves the BVP using Shooting method and computes ...
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The delta V required for given cordinates intersection on given time

The spacecraft is on a LEO orbit with known keplerian elements. The equation of motion for spacecraft is also known. I have to intersect (just intersect!) the given coordinates $X$, $Y$, $Z$ on near, ...
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Is bypassing LEO more efficient when launching to Venus or Mars?

According to the table in the Wikipedia article on Hohmann transfer orbits, when traveling to Venus or Mars, the Δv to enter a Hohmann transfer orbit from Earth's orbit is less than the Δv from LEO: ...
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Are ion thruster trajectories classified as brachistochrones?

Usually, when performing trajectory optimizations for chemical rockets, the limiting factor is the $\Delta v$ budget. That means velocity change is the optimization factor, with things like transfer ...
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Was an elliptical orbit considered for the CSM when planning the Apollo moon landing missions?

The Apollo moon landing missions used a Lunar Orbit Rendezvous (LRO) approach where the Command Service Module would be in a low lunar orbit (LLO) while the Lunar Module would land on the moon. This ...
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Moon orbit station-keeping delta-V budget

I am looking for examples of station-keeping delta-V budgets from lunar orbiters to verify the results of an orbital-perturbations programm that I wrote for my master thesis. Any indication on where ...
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Are transfers between two orbits commutative?

Are the propellant mass and transfer time from orbit A to orbit B the same as from orbit B to orbit A, considering low-thrust propulsion? That is, in the case of dealing with Keplerian orbit ...
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Is the ideal transfer between two arbitrary planar orbits always a bi-tangential ellipse?

I was reading Hollister David's short paper on bi-tangential transfers. The example he uses is a transfer between a planar circular and an elliptical orbit. I am wondering: Is an ideal, that is, the ...
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Dragon 2 Propellant Capacity

According to its wikipedia article, the Dragon 2 is powered by 8 SuperDraco engines. And according to the SuperDraco's article, each one of them can store up to 1,388kg of propellant at an Isp of 240s....
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How much delta v does it take to get to the Sun-Earth Lagrange 3 point?

How much delta v does it take to get to the Sun-Earth Lagrange 3 point? Also, Would higher delta-v allow a craft to get there much quicker? Would two hohmann transfer orbits be the most efficient ...
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How can the delta-V to a specific altitude in Earth orbit be calculated?

I've seen charts and tables, etc., that list the delta-V to Low Earth Orbit as 9.3-10 km/s. But LEO could be anywhere below 2000 km. So how do I calculate the delta-V to reach a specific altitude in ...
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What is the distance of the Sun-Jupiter L4 and L5 points relative to Jupiter?

What is the distance between Jupiter and the L4 and L5 points of the Sun-Jupiter system? I need it to attempt to calculate the $\Delta v$ needed to reach Jupiter from there.
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How can delta-v and aerobraking as shown in this chart be explained?

The following diagram was included in Rikki-Tiki-Tavis' answer to this fine question of a few hours ago. I am hoping somebody can explain some of the questions I have about this data. It shouldn't ...
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Is there a non brute-force algorithm for finding the combination of rocket components to maximize delta-v for a certain launch mass?

Let's say we want to build a rocket that has the maximum amount of delta-v in deep space, but its launch mass has to be less than some number. We have a finite list of rocket components that can be ...
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Could a Mars return mission go directly back to the ISS?

I was reading a FAQ on Mars missions when I came across the following snippet: NASA does have the rocket technology to get humans to Mars. However, current technology is not advanced enough to get ...
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Is this a correct understanding of Tsiolkovsky's rocket equation?

When I graph the rocket equation, substituting arbitrary values for v(exhaust) and m1, so m0 because m1 - m0, the graph implies that increasing propellant mass past a certain point does not increase ...
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Can a miniature Saturn V get to the moon and back?

If the Saturn V rocket along with its Apollo spacecraft was miniaturized, for example to 1/72 scale so it was five feet tall, could it still perform a moon landing like the Apollo missions and get ...
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Transfer between elliptical orbits

For circular orbits the most efficient transfer is achieved with a hohmann transfer or a bi-elliptic transfer. But what is the most efficient way to transfer between elliptical orbits? I assume in ...
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Do any current ICBM's have the delta-V to target the sun?

Based on an XKCD comic, XKCD 1626 which has the image: Do any of the active duty ICBM's have the ability to actually target the Sun? Considering that the R-7 booster that is the basis used by Soyuz/...
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Saving delta-v by splitting plane changing manoeuvre?

When I was calculating what delta-v was required to transfer between two orbits of radius 1 and 2, with a relative inclination of 20 degrees, I found, as expected, that it was best to combine the ...
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Delta-V to Low Mars Orbit

I'm making a Mars probe in Kerbal Space Program Real Solar System, and I have 13 km/s of Delta-V in the lifter itself. I have a cryogenic second stage with a KVD-1 engine, it has 7.36 km/s of Delta-V, ...
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How could a 90 m/s delta-v be enough to commit the space shuttle to landing?

Wikipedia claims (although with no citation) that in order to make the space shuttle land, an initial powered delta-v of 322 km/h was applied in orbit, retrograde to the shuttle's orbit. 322 km/h is ...
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How is “payload to LEO” estimated for a launcher?

Payload to LEO is commonly used as the bottom line of what a launcher can accomplish. But it must depend on factors which are not launcher specific, such as launch location and orbital characteristics....
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Why did Voyager 2's velocity drop far below escape velocity before the first gravity assist?

As per @kasperd's comment on another question. Looking at the graph below, it appears that Voyager 2 started at just over escape velocity of the solar system. Just before the Jupiter flyby, it was ...
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How does a lander get from orbit to the ground?

I've played a lot of Kerbal Space Program and always wondered: When in orbit around a body without an atmosphere, which trajectory does a lander take to approach and land using minimum delta-v, ...
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How much harder is it to land on the Moon away from the equator and the poles?

If a ship enters orbit around the Moon's equator, any place on the equator is equally accessible and doesn't take long to get to. The ship passes over the same strip of land with each orbit. Equally, ...
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Descending into any orbit: Which requires less delta-v, a wide one, or a narrow-elliptic one?

If a vessel is to enter an orbit around some body (approaching from the "outside" fast), and can choose between a very high circular orbit and a very elongated elliptical orbit of the same apoapsis, ...