Questions tagged [electronics]

Can refer to both electrical devices and electrical power sources for said devices (batteries, generators, etc) on spacecraft or launch vehicles. Use in conjunction with a specific spacecraft or vehicle tag.

Filter by
Sorted by
Tagged with
6
votes
0answers
85 views

Are the Electronic Tools used in the ISS and in the NBL same or different?

Most of the time, we see astronauts carrying electronic tools like power drills during an EVA. They undergo training in the Neutral Buoyancy Lab (NBL) for the same. Are the electronic tools used in ...
4
votes
0answers
146 views

Which type of Power Plug do we use on the ISS?

The following map shows the different types of power plugs and sockets used by countries all over the world: The International Space Station (ISS) is a joint project between five participating space ...
1
vote
2answers
239 views

What form of Electric Current Powers Spacecrafts - Alternating Current (AC) or Direct Current (DC)?

Almost all spacecrafts launched by humanity consist of electrical components which require electricity to run. Usually, spacecrafts are either powered by a Solar Panel or using Radioisotope ...
9
votes
1answer
126 views

How are differences in electrical potential between docking (or berthing) vehicles mitigated?

Different vehicles can have several hundred or even several thousand volts difference between their baseline electrical potentials. How do they ensure that upon first contact, there isn't a massive ...
27
votes
3answers
7k views

How are astronauts in the ISS protected from electric shock?

On Earth, most of the electrical appliances having exposed metal parts, such as electric iron, are grounded, to protect the user from electric shock when an uninsulated-wire accidentally comes into ...
0
votes
1answer
81 views

How does Deep Space Network's DSS-14 transmit radar and receive it at (almost) the same time? (monostatic radar)

@Hobbes' concise yet thorough answer to the question What are monostatic radar observations, and how will Deep Space Network's DSS-13 be used to observe asteroid 1999 WK4's flyby of Earth? tells us ...
4
votes
1answer
103 views

How are electrical connectors on the ISS protected from humidity and contaminants?

Early concepts of Apollo had a single computer that was to be unplugged and moved between the CM and LM. This idea was soon abandoned because of contaminant buildup in the connectors: Electrical ...
6
votes
1answer
276 views

What are the ISS's eight “power channels”? How do they work?

c|net's NASA troubleshoots mysterious ISS power issue links to the NASA Blog post Crew Waits for Dragon Mission While Teams Troubleshoot Power Issue which says: Monday morning, teams identified an ...
14
votes
1answer
2k views

How does electrical safety system work on ISS?

Is there any possibility that the power consumption is greater than power supply on ISS? What happens (or potentially would happen) if we plug too many electric devices so that ISS couldn't handle it? ...
11
votes
2answers
2k views

Why latest Landsat satellites have solar panel on only one side?

It is normal for satellites to have solar panels on both sides of the body. But Landsat satellites, from Landsat 4, seems to have the solar panel on only one side. Are there any specific advantages ...
4
votes
1answer
166 views

Is it possible to protect a Cubesat's electronics from 100g of acceleration?

I am currently researching the feasibility of setting up a coilgun that launches Cubesats for a paper. 1 cubesat per launch total payload mass <100kg.
2
votes
1answer
89 views

Function and nature of the RHC/LCH pair of cables to New Horizons's dish antenna secondary mirror?

Spaceflight 101's New Horizons Spacecraft Overview is full of interesting information and shows this RF Comm System Block Diagram. The thin (red) lines to the dish antenna area are coaxial cables and ...
3
votes
1answer
279 views

How much wax is on the Moon? (Lunar Roving Vehicles)

I found the Cody's Lab videos from Scott Manley's video as described in this answer. Browsing through I learned from the first 30 seconds of Hot Wax Bottle? that the phase change of wax was used on ...
2
votes
0answers
177 views

Did any of Voyagers' receivers' front ends take advantage of the “cold of space” to lower noise?

Most of the Voyagers' electronics are kept warm by electrical heaters powered by their RTG's, and presumably protected by some amount of insulation from the "cold of space" which means loss of heat ...
1
vote
2answers
92 views

How did Syncom-3 achieve eight stages of frequency doubling? I only see seven in the block diagram

@BlueCoder's nice answer to Syncom-3 was the first geostationary satellite. Anyone know of a description of the onboard electronics? mentions that the the master oscillator was doubled eight times to ...
2
votes
1answer
83 views

Syncom-3 was the first geostationary satellite. Anyone know of a description of the onboard electronics?

I am interested in any description of the electronics on Syncom-3, the first geostationary satellite. I've been able to find quite a bit of general information. There was a pair of 2 Watt TWTs and ...
10
votes
1answer
2k views

Soyuz MS spacecraft battery voltage?

This wikipedia page contains a sentence: A fifth 906V battery with 155 Ampere-hour capacity was added to support the increased energy consumption from the improved electronics. 906 V seems very ...
3
votes
3answers
256 views

Is there anything like a standard for maximum temperature for mission-critical electronics in spacecraft?

In addition to radiation, acceleration, and vibration, a launch vehicle can encounter excursions in temperature, and critical electronics for guidance and control should probably be resistant to ...
0
votes
1answer
46 views

The details about space probes and everything thats on-board and what controls them/tells them what to do? [closed]

I just was really curious about all the different electronics and everything that has to do with space probes and I couldn't find just one site telling me everything I wanted to know so if someone ...
3
votes
0answers
99 views

How would the antenna on a spacecraft in GEO be provided an electrical ground?

I would like to understand better what specifications or guidelines address the electrical grounding/Earthing a parabolic reflector Antenna in GEO to minimize the potential difference with respect to ...
7
votes
1answer
594 views

Why was the ISS' DC vacuum cleaner replaced with an AC version? Are there “wall sockets” throughout the ISS where it's plugged in?

The question Why did Apollo spacecraft use both AC and DC equipment? Still used in present and future designs? and especially the answer there reminded me of something I'd seen in the YouTube video ...
0
votes
2answers
140 views

Shock absorbing alternator possible for a rover?

Could replacing a Rovers struts (maybe a faster one that uses shock dampers in the future) with magnets similar to a shack flashlight but more heavier duty work well for recouping energy from movement ...
3
votes
3answers
243 views

Are the mountains of Venus of any help for us to explore the surface?

The circular orbit and small axial tilt results in no seasons, coupled with the well-known strong greenhouse that makes nights just as hot as days. As pressure gets lower by height, so does ...
12
votes
2answers
2k views

Earthing system in space?

On Earth, we have a good reason to deploy electric devices with an "Earthing system": this helps to avoid dangerous leak currents on surfaces. Now how is this solved on a spacecraft?
5
votes
1answer
493 views

What type of electrical wiring provides the longest life in space?

It sound like standard electrical wire as you would use in earth bound transportation would have a significantly shorter life in the vacuum of space. (See related Do plasticizers evaporate in space?) ...
20
votes
1answer
1k views

Why did Apollo spacecraft use both AC and DC equipment? Still used in present and future designs?

Why did the Apollo spacecraft use both DC and AC power, requiring heavy inverters? Was it impractical to design everything to run on DC power only? Why? Are both AC and DC power still used in present ...
2
votes
2answers
503 views

When was the last normal electron tube (valve) for electrical circuitry launched into space?

The answer to my question The first transistors in space: Germanium or Silicon? What about LEO? actually addressed both the first Germanium and Silicon transistor. So now I've gotta ask about ...
1
vote
1answer
672 views

The first transistors in space: Germanium or Silicon? What about in orbit?

Certain people (me) will have hours of fun in the Transistor Museum website. Who can resist stuff like this: Historic Germanium Transistors; General Transistor/General Instrument (5MB pdf)? I found ...
7
votes
1answer
176 views

Is a spacecraft able to measure it's current electric charge in some way? [duplicate]

In this question, there is discussion of charge buildup on a spacecraft. Is it possible for a spacecraft to measure its own charge?
4
votes
3answers
322 views

Is there a space-certification procedure used by commercial spacecraft manufactures for electronic components?

For electronic components at the level of say electrolytic capacitors, ethernet connectors connectors, and possibly in the future fiber optic connectors/electrical signal interfaces are there well ...
4
votes
2answers
383 views

Kepler has 16 GB of memory. Is this DRAM?

I'm writing a book chapter about Kepler, both the man and the spacecraft. I can't find much about the computer system and memory. In particular, I'd like to know if the 16 GB memory is DRAM, since I ...
1
vote
2answers
788 views

If electronics are magnetic, how do they work in space? [closed]

Only earth has north/south poles. This is not found in space. How can electronics work outside our earth?
5
votes
6answers
2k views

Do electronics and mechanical components work in a vacuum or require a sealed controlled atmosphere?

I'm curious about the electronics and other instruments on Voyager and similar spacecraft. Are the electronic components kept in open vacuum or in a sealed atmosphere? I imagine cooling gets tricky ...
4
votes
1answer
237 views

If Juno will experience lower levels of radiation than Galileo did why it will fail so much faster?

In the section about Orbit and Environment the Wikipedia article about the Juno spacecraft says: In comparison, Juno will receive much lower levels of radiation than the Galileo orbiter at its ...
2
votes
2answers
663 views

how and why is image processing used on spacecrafts?

Electronics engineer here trying to dive into aviation and aerospace engineering. I was wondering which (advanced) image processing techniques are being used in satellites nowadays. And which purposes ...
1
vote
1answer
157 views

Magnetic Memory to Mars?

There seems to be (perhaps these?) a probe headed to Mars that has incorporated Magnetic Memory (MRAM) as an integral part of the mission. Is this a PR gimmick, or is MRAM actually the best ...
3
votes
0answers
386 views

What level of radiation protection do electronics on the ISS or in LEO need?

The harsh radiation environment in space requires that electronics on spacecraft be "radiation hardened." However, the radiation environment in LEO is not as intense as say a spacecraft traveling ...
1
vote
0answers
56 views

What is the best introduction for those studying Single Event Upsets in spacecraft? [closed]

What is the best introduction for those interested in studying Single Event Effects, Upsets, and Latchups. I'm mainly interested in introductions for Electrical and Computer Engineers and designing ...
5
votes
2answers
718 views

Based on which aspects should the on-board computer microcontroller of a CubeSat be chosen?

I think most of the CubeSats have an ARM Cortex-M microcontroller. Like, e.g. CubeComputer or NanoMind. Why are the Cortex-M the most frequently used microcontrollers for On-Board Computers (OBC)? ...
11
votes
2answers
536 views

Sparking/arcing distance between two spacecraft?

What is the distance two spacecraft will spark/arc at in SSO? Eg if one has just launched and one has been there a long time (eg a 10-20kV worst case voltage difference). I think Paschen's Law is the ...
22
votes
9answers
7k views

Can you really use Arduino for a small spacecraft?

A group of Russian geeks intends to shoot a small vehicle to the moon, which is supposed to photograph the places of the Apollo landings. This will be the ultimate proof that people actually visited ...
3
votes
1answer
221 views

LV Telemetry links on the launch pad

Are electronic telemetry and control links (of TT&C - telemetry, tracking and control) to the launch vehicle incorporated into the launch pad umbilical lines and handed off at launch, or is it all ...
9
votes
2answers
340 views

What mitigation procedures are in place in space systems to prevent whisker growth?

It has been found (from missions like the Long Duration Exposure Facility, LDEF) that some metals, especially tin and cadmium in solders, used in space-electronics assemblies, form crystal whiskers ...
5
votes
1answer
778 views

For space-qualified electronic components, what is an “SCD”?

In terms of engineering documentation for space-qualified electronic components, what is an "SCD"? See, for example, page 6 of this document. Is an SCD a common document and does it apply to other (...
11
votes
1answer
713 views

How to test the impact of radiation on cubesat's electronics?

Is there a difference between the effect of different ionizing wavelengths on electronics? Can a medical accelerator be used for simulation of conditions a cubesat will be exposed to? If not what ...
3
votes
1answer
213 views

How common is resin/epoxy sealing of space-faring equipment nowadays?

In the olden days most of space-faring electronics would be embedded in resin. Hey, that's where the term "embedded software" comes from! That came with a number of advantages like pressure-proofing ...
16
votes
1answer
6k views

Operating system of New Horizons spacecraft

I've been doing some searching and I can find some technical details about the flight computer of the New Horizons spacecraft. What I've found is: It has a Mongoose-V 32-bit CPU (a radiation hardened ...
2
votes
2answers
215 views

Is it possible to make an Internet of Things device that works locally on Mars?

I know this is a weird question. I can't find a radiation hardened microcontroller (μC) that does Bluetooth Low Energy or even WiFi. Is there any reason this would not work on Mars, if a radiation ...
5
votes
1answer
597 views

Is the entire skin of a launch vehicle its electrical reference?

I'm thinking, specifically, of the Falcon 9, where I read from their specs that the entire structure is coated with an ESD-conductive paint. I was also under the impression that the launch vehicle's ...
10
votes
2answers
2k views

Why is 28 V a common nominal spacecraft bus voltage?

28 VDC is a super-common spacecraft bus voltage, and the linked article claims (unsourced) this has aircraft heritage. So is this a true claim and if so why was 28 V an aircraft standard? And ...