Questions tagged [escape-velocity]

The speed needed to "break free" of the gravitational attraction of a body without spending more propellant.

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59
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5answers
8k views

How much bigger could Earth be, before rockets would't work?

hint: Apparently the Tsiolkovsky rocket equation does not actually say that you can launch a conventional rocket into orbit around an arbitrarily large and massive body. Question: "How much bigger ...
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4answers
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Why did Voyager 2's velocity drop far below escape velocity before the first gravity assist?

As per @kasperd's comment on another question. Looking at the graph below, it appears that Voyager 2 started at just over escape velocity of the solar system. Just before the Jupiter flyby, it was ...
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10answers
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Couldn't I escape Earth's gravity traveling only 1 mph (0.45 m/s)?

It is said that in order for an object or a projectile to leave Earth's gravitational pull, it must reach Earth's escape velocity, meaning reach a speed of 7 miles per second (~11 km per second). Well,...
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6answers
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Could a Human reach escape velocity by jumping from the surface of Ceres (a dwarf planet)?

According to this answer the surface gravity of Ceres is estimated to be only $0.27 m/s^2$. With a rotation period of 9 hours. The gravity seems light enough to overcome by leg muscle alone, and if ...
4
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4answers
778 views

How much Delta-V would be required to escape the Gravitational Influence of the Earth without entering orbit?

As impractical as it sounds (and it's definitely impractical) I was wondering what the Delta-V required to leave Earth's influence would look like if we launched "just straight up" into the Earths ...
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4answers
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Why not travel to Mars in 2 months?

Just to clarify... I've made some research and generally know what the case is, didn't mean to make the question sound stupid... :) I know there is a thing called Hohmann transfer orbit, named after ...
5
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1answer
408 views

Is space travel possible from a large planet? [duplicate]

I was playing with a rocket design simulator, and I noticed that if I set Earth's gravity to be much higher than it is today, it became impossible to design a rocket that could reach escape velocity. ...
3
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1answer
2k views

Apollo 11 mission report shows velocity well below escape velocity thousands of km on the way to the Moon

This is from the Apollo 11 mission report. It says the vehicle was going at 7.6 km/s when the CSM separated from the third stage. It was not in orbit at this point, it was thousands of KM from earth. ...
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10answers
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How many times do you have to circle the Earth to break orbit?

My science teacher asked us this, and nobody in my class knew. We guessed it would be three, but with no evidence. (Edit: The asker has not returned to clarify if they meant leaving the Earth-Moon ...
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3answers
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What is the most fuel efficient way out of the Solar System?

I understand with current technology we can't just fly a straight line out of the solar system but which way out would need the least fuel? Currently to navigate the solar system it is a dance ...
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1answer
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Largest radius sphere with Earth's surface gravity on which you could jump at escape velocity? Bigger than B612?

In the book Le Petit Prince by "French aristocrat, writer, poet, and pioneering aviator Antoine de Saint-Exupéry" the main character lives on an extremely tiny asteroid with the name B612. It is this "...
19
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1answer
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What is the escape-velocity for our galaxy?

What should be the escape velocity for our galaxy and can we calculate it? For instance, if we assume that we don't know the mass of our galaxy, you may consider it as small 'm'.
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Could a human jump off Mimas without return?

A similar question has already been asked on dwarf planet Ceres: Could a Human reach escape velocity by jumping from the surface of Ceres (a dwarf planet)? Ceres has 2.9% of Earth's gravity. Saturn's ...
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4answers
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Is non-evacuated tube maglev launch possible? [duplicate]

I heard about evacuated tube transportation technology and it's application to launch cargo or even shuttles to space. Example of such project would be StarTram. The fact that acceleration phase to ...
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3answers
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Has any human ever had the choice to leave Earth permanently?

Far beneath the ship / The world is mourning They don't realize / He's alive No one understands But Major Tom sees / "Now the light commands This is my home / I'm coming home." Peter ...
11
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2answers
477 views

Is there a theoretical limit to the size of launch vehicles?

Is there a limit to the size (mass, structural issues) of boosters that can be launched either to orbital or escape velocity? I am asking about such constraints as the required thrust to weight ratio ...
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3answers
611 views

Is it possible to launch picosatellite into orbit from railgun on high-altitude plane?

Is there some combination of a plane that flies high enough, with a railgun small enough to fit into the fuselage, and a satellite small and durable enough, to make this feasible?
4
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1answer
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Laniakea Delta-V and Escape Velocity

We live in the Laniakea supercluster. Galaxies including the Milky Way are being pulled toward the "Great Attractor" in its center. Two questions (note that the answer to one can be used to derive ...
4
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2answers
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How much thrust to launch a regulation size FIFA soccerball into orbit

How much thrust is necessary to launch a regulation size FIFA soccer ball into orbit around the Earth? Let us assume a size 5 which weighs between 420g and 450g. Remember, we will need thrust to ...
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3answers
966 views

How do we come up with the gravity assist (or slingshot) formula?

When you search up in google gravity assist formula, it comes up with the simplest version: Which means that: Final velocity = Initial velocity + 2 (velocity of the planet) Then if we do some more ...
6
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1answer
275 views

What factors determine how long a window of opportunity opens for an interplanetary hohmann transfer?

I know that one can determine the approximate wait time for a window of opportunity to open up for an interplanetary transfer based on the relative positions and velocities of the two planets in ...
3
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1answer
190 views

Could escape velocity be achieved in the atmosphere?

When rockets launch for orbit they travel up and the air thins respectively to the speed increasing. How fast can a rocket for travel at sea level before it would fail or the elevation would have to ...
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1answer
186 views

Has any human had the capability of leaving the Solar System?

Inspired by Has any human ever had the choice to leave Earth permanently? and the answers and comments there, has any human had the capability of leaving the Solar System? I'm thinking of Apollo ...
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3answers
241 views

How fast can an orbit exist in the solar system?

How fast is too fast to stay in orbit around any particular large body in the solar system?
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1answer
156 views

Astrophysics on “The Martian”

In the movie the martian what was the purpose of the hermes crew in blasting a part of the ship? Was that explosion on the front or back of the ship? After the explosion what happened to the speed ...
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2answers
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Would it be possible to go beyond Jupiter without making any slingshot?

It is said that we do not have such advanced technology in order to send a spacecraft out of the solar system. (Source: Everyone around) When a spacecraft is launched from Earth and aims to leave the ...
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1answer
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Neutrinos travel faster than the speed of light [closed]

If neutrinos travel faster than the speed of light does the calculation for the speed of light become obsolete. IE is there now a new formula for calculating speed/velocity through space/vacuum.