Questions tagged [eva]

Extra-Vehicular Activity (EVA, or sometimes called "spacewalking") involves donning a space suit and leaving whatever vehicle you are in. Common reasons are repairing or maintaining said vehicle, but can include exploring the space or celestial object near your vehicle.

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What was the “5 minute EVA”? What was the shortest-duration EVA ever?

A comment to this answer makes the claim humans are so impaired in space that their ability to repair anything is ridiculously low (hours of preparation and debriefing even for a five-minute EVA, and ...
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What EVA activities were planned for STS-80?

On 29 November 1996, during the STS-80 mission, a planned EVA by Tammy Jernigan and Tom Jones had to be abandoned because the astronauts were unable to open the outer airlock hatch. A second EVA later ...
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Is there anything preventing an astronaut from opening their helmet and exposing themself to the vacuum of space?

Say an astronaut had some sort of psychotic break during a spacewalk, is there any mechanism or failsafe that would prevent the astronaut from opening their helmet and exposing themself to the vacuum ...
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ISS Repair/Maintenance Tools

Are the tools like the driver and the bolts on the ISS magnetized to prevent losing them when doing repair/maintenance? Is there a special way to prevent it other than magnets?
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Earth’s Orbit speed and apparent motion question

Earth travels around the Sun at 67,000 mph. Hypothetically if it was possible to be in Space in a ship or Space walk and be at a complete stop and stationary outside of Earth’s orbit and not affected ...
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Current and near-future space suit odor reduction technology

Fox News' Bill Nye says Mars colonies won't happen: 'Are you guys high?' gives some highlights of science educator Bill Nye (The Science Guy)'s thoughts on Mars, moving there, living in artificial ...
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Can space suit gloves hear, feel, or otherwise sense information through augmentation? Will they?

@mdouglasbibbey's answer describes a situation where it was impossible to "hear" = feel important information while working on Hubble during an EVA, including haptic feedback when a quick ...
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What dangers are astronauts exposed to when facing the sun?

In this live stream, we have an astronaut facing the sun (we've seen his hands actually): I thought people doing an EVA should avoid the sun at all cost, but here he's facing it. From what kind of ...
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What are the “25 bespoke tools (that) had to be developed” to install a new coolant system for the Alpha Magnetic Spectrometer (AMS)?

The 2020 Jan/Feb issue of the CERN Courier has an astronaut on its front cover and on the next page From the Editor begins: It’s not often that CERN Courier has the opportunity to feature an ...
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Are there really “Dead End” signs on the outside of the International Space Station?

This question currently links to the NASA video Expedition 63 Inflight interview with Yahoo Finance KPRC TV - July 24, 2020 at 07:46 where a few seconds later ...
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Why do astronauts wear heels?

I was reading another question on the site when I noticed the EVA suit sports heels. Why do they put heels on space suits? (cropped detailed view)
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Specifications on ISS EVA suit cameras

The suits that astronauts use to preform EVA's on the ISS have some sort of "TV camera" with which they stream analog video back to the ISS and then back to Earth so that we can see it on ...
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A Parmitano ‘maneuver’

Referring to the 2013 incident when Italian astronaut Luca Parmitano suffered a leak in his EVA suit causing water to build up dangerously around his face. By the time he was approaching the airlock, ...
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Can a free falling astronaut change his spin and orientation?

Imagine that an astronaut during an EVA is cut loose from the space station and falls away from it in a tumbling way. Without any foreign object or air to interact with, could he stop tumbling and ...
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Plans for HUD in next-generation spacesuits

A HUD (Head Up Display) allows a computer to display information directly into a user's line of sight and thus allows them to interface with that computer without needing to look at a tablet or ...
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Do any spacesuit designs (including prototypes, conceptual, etc) use radiators rather than open-loop cooling?

Answers to: How have space suits dissipated the heat removed from astronauts? explain how USA suits currently use open-loop cooling and do not answer this question! Typically, space suits must ...
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Can astronauts on an EVA communicate directly with ground stations?

Can astronauts/cosmonauts performing spacewalks at the International Space Station communicate directly with radio stations on the ground (even if only as a back-up)? Or do they need to relay their ...
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Can an astronaut have a private communication during a spacewalk?

In this NASA page it describes an astronaut remaining in contact during an EVA. While inside these pressurized suits, it's essential that they (the astronauts) remain in constant communication ...
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Did Ed White, on his Gemini 4 spacewalk, have to release pressure from his suit to reenter the capsule?

I'm reading the book Das kleines Handbuch für angehende Raumfahrer ("The Little Handbook for Budding Space Travelers") by the Doctors Bergita and Urs Ganse. I generally like it. They got a few little ...
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Can we create a vacuum inside an EVA suit when the outside is pressurized, will it implode?

EVA suits are specially designed spacecrafts for astronauts during spacewalks. I can say for sure, it can handle the following cases of pressurization of the system: Pressurized inside, but vacuum ...
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What sounds do astronauts hear inside their helmets during an EVA?

Besides the communications over the headsets, do astronauts hear any other sounds inside their helmets? Do they hear their own breath? Are there any mechanical sounds audible? Does the circulating ...
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Is it possible to create an overridable inflatable airlock seal?

If the information I obtained is correct, inflatable airlocks are sealed by the air pressure and cannot be unlocked unless the pressure is lowered(correct me if I'm wrong). Additionally, airlocks ...
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Could moon ice be used to fuel a steam powered jetpack for EVA in space or high altitude exploration on the moon?

For long term moon operations, would it be practical to have a jetpack that used steam as a source for EVA on the moon surface and above it in orbit? I imagine a scenario where lunar ice deposits ...
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Could a pressure suit be used for a short emergency EVA?

What if a docking accident leaves the spacecraft depressurized and unable to re-pressurize. The hatch may be jammed/ punctured or a window blown. In such a scenario, the astronauts would have their ...
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If you fell into a crater on the moon in your spacesuit and no jetpack, is there a way to use low gravity to get out of the hole?

If you fell down a crater or hole on the moon, is there a way to exploit microfravity/low gravity to get to the top? Lets say your survived a fall into Aristarchus crater on the moon with a slow slide ...
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How much of a drag is it, orbiting the Earth in a space suit?

An astronaut in a spacesuit travels around the Earth at the same altitude as the ISS. Let's say the astronaut leads the ISS by 1000 meters along the same orbit. After one orbit, how much velocity has ...
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Are there other “glow in the dark” Luminex wire and light-emitting patch designs for the Z-2 or any other space suit?

The prototype Z-2 space suit has different light-emitting patches to make it easier to identify specific crew members during a spacewalk. NASA has released these three designs. image source image ...
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In layman's terms, how hot will the skin of a spacecraft become, 144 million miles from the Sun?

Ok, last week I asked how hot would a piece of metal become at a distance from Earth to Mars facing the Sun. Thank you for all the nice replies, but I do not have much math knowledge. So let me ...
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How badly would commodity handheld power tools, with cheap “duct tape” modifications, work in (EVA) space?

Popular articles about the handheld power tools used on EVA by astronauts usually focus substantially on how much specialized engineering goes into making these tools. And there definitely are a lot ...
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What was the source of the fluid in Luca Parmitano's suit?

There has been a lot of press (example) and commentary about the near drowning in space of Italian astronaut Luca Parmitano on July 16, 2013. We have a question Would the blast clearing technique ...
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How smart is an EMU (…spacesuit)?

What level of circuitry is built into the US EVA spacesuit (EMU)? What is the sophistication of control algorithms used? (PID, discrete logic, $H_\infty$?) Rationale: re-reading Andy Weir's book.
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What are “applied moments of inertia” in the context of STS-61B's EASE/ACCESS?

This answer links to https://history.nasa.gov/spacesuits.pdf which shows the image below. (fyi Wikipedia's STS-61 is not to be confused with STS-61A, STS-61B or STS-61C, see answers to Why so many STS-...
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Can astronauts in currently planned pressure suits survive a cabin which cannot be repressurized?

Imagine the Crew Dragon (or Stariner or Orion) has just achieved orbit. Due to a manufacturing flaw or a meteor, the window suddenly blows out. All 6 of the crew manages to get their suit visor's ...
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SpaceX Crew Dragon depressurization for emergency EVA

As far as I know, the Crew Dragon does not have an airlock. Therefore, if astronauts inside needed to go outside for some reason, they'd need to suit up, depressurize the cabin, and then they'd be ...
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Does the speed of ISS slow down at the time of a spacewalk or does it become stationary?

The International Space Station (ISS) is orbiting at nearly 7.66 km/s. At such high speeds, how do astronauts perform tasks outside the ISS? Or is it all relative like astronauts are having same speed ...
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How to estimate which astronaut ends up furthest from the ISS after one orbit?

Three astronauts; Goofus, Gallant and Zippy the Pinhead play a game. All three take their cold gas thruster-powered jet packs and quickly move 100 meters away from the ISS. For some reason after ...
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What is the farthest that a “human satellite” has been from their spacecraft?

There are several news items about the recent passing of astronaut Bruce McCandless II, and they generally refer to his work developing, and then using the Manned Maneuvering Unit (MMU). BBC: Bruce ...
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Are deep-space EVAs part of the Artemis plan?

During Apollos 15, 16, and 17, the first deep-space EVAs were performed to retrieve film canisters from the exterior of the vehicle while in translunar space on the way home, producing what is, ...
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Why are crew EVA cuff checklists wrapped in Kapton tape?

As seen in this image below, the cuff checklists have Kapton tape wrapped around their edges. What is the reason for this?
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Are the EVA suits used in the ISS and in the NBL same or different?

Are the space suits used in the International Space Station (ISS) and in the Neutral Buoyancy Lab (NBL) same or different? They look similar, but they are used in two different media - one in a vacuum ...
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Are the Electronic Tools used in the ISS and in the NBL same or different?

Most of the time, we see astronauts carrying electronic tools like power drills during an EVA. They undergo training in the Neutral Buoyancy Lab (NBL) for the same. Are the electronic tools used in ...
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Who put their spacesuit boots on the wrong feet?

Was just reading Mike Massimino's memoir Spaceman and came across this fascinating line: Another time a spacewalker - and this is a true story - accidentally put his right boot on his left foot ...
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What are the Advantages of having a Double-pane Space Helmet?

In the following image of Exploration Extravehicular Mobility Unit (xEMU) or Artemis Generation Space Suit, it can be seen the helmet contains double-pane of glass (inside the black rectangle) What ...
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What is the fastest time for donning a space suit?

We have the question Time to prepare for EVA out of ISS that has a good and complete answer about the hours to days long process to prepare for an EVA from the ISS. My question is just about getting ...
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Does reflected sunlight from the ISS prevent astronauts from seeing the stars during an EVA?

I'm assuming during an EVA when an astronaut is facing the station reflected sunlight reduces an astronaut's dark adapted vision to the point they can no longer see the stars until either the station ...
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How do EVA suits manage water excretion?

This answer immediately sparked the question in my mind of how space suits manage water excretion from the person wearing them. I am aware that the astronauts had to wear diapers since one may need to ...
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What is this spacecraft tethered to another spacecraft in LEO (vintage)

In the really nice video Brian Eno on Apollo at 03:40 there is (possibly Apollo-era but not necessarily Apollo) footage of a spacecraft tethered to another ...
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What first aid options do astronauts have during an EVA?

If an astronaut gets unconscious or ill I suppose the colleague will help her to the airlock. But are there any other measures that could be taken already outdoors? Do they have duct tape to seal a ...
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Are there any plans for handling people floating away during an EVA?

An EVA carries the risk that objects and people may become detached from the ship/structure and drift away from it. In the case of objects they might become a hazard or their loss might be a problem, ...
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How did Apollo 15's depressurization work?

Artwork depicting the EVA in question, NASA, via wikimedia.org On the way back an EVA was performed, and since there wasn't an airlock, the Command Module was depressurized. Was this feature only ...