Questions tagged [eva]

Extra-Vehicular Activity (EVA, or sometimes called "spacewalking") involves donning a space suit and leaving whatever vehicle you are in. Common reasons are repairing or maintaining said vehicle, but can include exploring the space or celestial object near your vehicle.

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86
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3answers
21k views

Could an Apollo astronaut stand up if they fell on the moon?

I was watching old Apollo footage and noted how astronauts on the moon had a very particular gait most likely due to the poor flexibility of the EVA suits, low gravity, and need for safety. I was ...
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How do astronauts on EVA deal with nose itching?

It must be absolutely torturous if your nose starts itching and you can't scratch it for several hours, when you're on EVA. How do astronauts deal with it? Are they undergoing a special training, or ...
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Why do astronauts wear heels?

I was reading another question on the site when I noticed the EVA suit sports heels. Why do they put heels on space suits? (cropped detailed view)
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How did the Apollo astronauts change film in their cameras?

Part of Apollo astronaut training was learning to be a pretty good photographer without a viewfinder. The Hasselblad 500EL Data Camera used magazines with 160 color/200 B&W exposures on 70mm film. ...
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The Loose Astronaut

A common point of drama in science fiction is the loss of a tether during a spacewalk threatening to (or actually causing) send an unlucky astronaut hurtling into space. In reality, is such a thing ...
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What sounds do astronauts hear inside their helmets during an EVA?

Besides the communications over the headsets, do astronauts hear any other sounds inside their helmets? Do they hear their own breath? Are there any mechanical sounds audible? Does the circulating ...
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What are the Advantages of having a Double-pane Space Helmet?

In the following image of Exploration Extravehicular Mobility Unit (xEMU) or Artemis Generation Space Suit, it can be seen the helmet contains double-pane of glass (inside the black rectangle) What ...
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Were cosmonauts equipped with poison pills?

It's frequently claimed without citation that Alexey Leonov carried a poison pill of some kind during his Voskhod 2 spacewalk mission, to commit suicide should he be unable to re-enter the spacecraft. ...
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Assuming a spacecraft is traveling in a constant rate and our Astronaut will exit it to a space walk, will she be “left behind” by the spacecraft?

Lets say our Spacecraft is traveling to a remote Galaxy at a constant speed of 1/X of the speed of light. A brave Astronaut is leaving the spacecraft to a space walk, while not being attached to the ...
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How do astronauts turn in space?

A recent question back in Physics asks whether there is a way for an astronaut to rotate when in microgravity and without touching anything else, while still conserving angular momentum. One way to ...
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How do EVA suits manage water excretion?

This answer immediately sparked the question in my mind of how space suits manage water excretion from the person wearing them. I am aware that the astronauts had to wear diapers since one may need to ...
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How long does it take to get from a spacewalk to being inside the ISS and out of your suit in an emergency?

I just saw a show that featured an incident in which an astronaut on a spacewalk to install the Canada 2 arm on the ISS was temporarily blinded by contaminated water inside his helmet. His colleague ...
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How are EVA's in LEO affected by being at the night side of Earth?

Orbital periods in LEO are quite short, about 92 minutes for the ISS. So every other almost 46 minutes it is in Earth's shadow. Not only is it then out of direct sunlight, I suppose that the night ...
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Would the blast clearing technique used in snorkeling work in an EVA situation?

Luca Parmitano wrote about his experience with water filling his helmet during EVA on the International Space Station. It's a harrowing account and he explains part of his thought process: I force ...
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How was the cosmonaut of the Soviet moon mission supposed to get back in the return vehicle?

In the Soviet Moon mission, for which the ill fated N-1 launcher was built, we know that the cosmonaut responsible for landing on the moon was to transfer from the equivalent of the command module to ...
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Is it possible for a human to walk on an asteroid?

"We’ll start by sending astronauts to an asteroid for the first time in history" (President Barack Obama on Space Exploration in the 21st Century".) With a very low gravity, an asteroid is not ...
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Why won't JWST deploy in LEO where it is potentially serviceable?

The James Webb Space Telescope will deploy (unfold mechanically) while on the way to L2. Couldn't it do so in LEO, where it is potentially serviceable? Starliner CST-100 and Dragon are planned to soon ...
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What was the “5 minute EVA”? What was the shortest-duration EVA ever?

A comment to this answer makes the claim humans are so impaired in space that their ability to repair anything is ridiculously low (hours of preparation and debriefing even for a five-minute EVA, and ...
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Are there any plans for handling people floating away during an EVA?

An EVA carries the risk that objects and people may become detached from the ship/structure and drift away from it. In the case of objects they might become a hazard or their loss might be a problem, ...
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What was the source of the fluid in Luca Parmitano's suit?

There has been a lot of press (example) and commentary about the near drowning in space of Italian astronaut Luca Parmitano on July 16, 2013. We have a question Would the blast clearing technique ...
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Why is the Sokol spacesuit considered inadequate for EVA?

According to the Wikipedia article on the Sokol spacesuit, The Sokol space suit (Russian: Cокол, Falcon) is a type of Russian space suit, worn by all who fly on the Soyuz spacecraft. It was ...
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Can astronauts inside ISS hear their crewmates doing EVAs?

I was just watching a video of two astronauts doing an EVA on ISS to install some things. As I saw how they moved around the outside of the ISS using handrails and other things to grab, I was ...
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Are the EVA suits used in the ISS and in the NBL same or different?

Are the space suits used in the International Space Station (ISS) and in the Neutral Buoyancy Lab (NBL) same or different? They look similar, but they are used in two different media - one in a vacuum ...
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Why is this astronaut placing a radar reflector?

In this video we can see an astronaut on the payload bay of the Space Shuttle, placing what looks like a radar reflector, during an EVA. The following image is a frame from the video in question: ...
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How did Apollo 15's depressurization work?

Artwork depicting the EVA in question, NASA, via wikimedia.org On the way back an EVA was performed, and since there wasn't an airlock, the Command Module was depressurized. Was this feature only ...
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Did Ed White, on his Gemini 4 spacewalk, have to release pressure from his suit to reenter the capsule?

I'm reading the book Das kleines Handbuch für angehende Raumfahrer ("The Little Handbook for Budding Space Travelers") by the Doctors Bergita and Urs Ganse. I generally like it. They got a few little ...
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Why did NASA discontinue use of the MMU?

One of the comments on this recent question touched on the use of the Manned Maneuvering Unit. It seemed like a good idea at the time: a system that would allow astronauts to do EVA without being ...
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Why couldn't Luca Parmitano just drink that water?

Of course, I am asking about the EVA incident where the Luca's spacesuit malfunctioned and his helmet filled up with water nearly drowning him. I'm really sorry, I am not assuming the mission centre ...
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Can modern EVA spacesuit be put on/taken off by single person, without assistance?

Watching TV streams of NASA spacewalks I note that at least one extra crew member helps two spacewalkers before their excursion and after it. Can modern EVA spacesuit be put on/taken off by single ...
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What level of protection is required for spacewalkers?

If you're going on a space walk, you need to be shielded from cosmic rays, temperature, and possibly other issues. What components of cosmic rays are dangerous? What sort of protection is used to ...
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What is the cause of discoloration along the edges of the Quest Joint Airlock thermal cover?

I've noticed this discoloration / stains / burn marks along the edges of the Quest Joint Airlock thermal cover on the hatch before, but they seem even more pronounced and contrasting with the cover's ...
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1answer
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Could future astronauts eat during EVAs?

One of the challenges that faced the Apollo moon landing crews, and particularly the longer-stay missions of the later flights, was going through a full 7 hours of extra-vehicular activity in a locked ...
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What are the consequences if an astronaut's helmet gets damaged during a spacewalk?

Note: This has become a frequently asked question. Some related situations which have been regarded as duplicates of this question include these: Leaving vehicle / going outside without spacesuit or ...
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What are the requirements differences between Escape Suit and EVA Suit?

I read up articles on both types - EVA suits meant for spacewalks, and Escape Suits used in launch and reentry - but other than bright orange color for ACES making it easy to find and the fact that ...
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Apollo command module space walk?

Could the Apollo astronauts have done an eva, from the Command Module, during the flight to or from the Moon?
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Could a harpoon-like gun be used by an astronaut to stop drifting away from a ship?

I saw the movie Gravity. Spoiler alert, hover with your mouse over the yellow bar below to reveal a part of the movie's plot: Why can't they have a gun kind-of thing with a string/rope? One end of ...
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How smart is an EMU (…spacesuit)?

What level of circuitry is built into the US EVA spacesuit (EMU)? What is the sophistication of control algorithms used? (PID, discrete logic, $H_\infty$?) Rationale: re-reading Andy Weir's book.
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How much protection do space EVA suits offer against radiation for the wearer?

How much protection do space EVA suits offer against radiation? Do they shield certain kinds of radiation more than others? Any idea how many sieverts an individual is exposed to wearing a space ...
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Time to prepare for EVA out of ISS

How much time is needed to an astronaut on ISS to prepare herself for an EVA? Is this time so much different from time needed during Apollo missions?
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What is the farthest that a “human satellite” has been from their spacecraft?

There are several news items about the recent passing of astronaut Bruce McCandless II, and they generally refer to his work developing, and then using the Manned Maneuvering Unit (MMU). BBC: Bruce ...
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With six spacecraft currently docked at the ISS, how could Santa (or anyone else) deliver presents?

This ISS tweet says: Three days after launching from Florida the @SpaceX #Dragon cargo craft was installed to the Harmony module at 10:36 a.m. EST. There are now six spaceships parked at the ...
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Spatial screwdriver

I watched the Kimbrough and Whitson's EVA on 01/06. And I'm wondering why astronauts use custom screwdriver and not the usual ones (like Makita or Dewalt, for example) ? Is it because of the battery ...
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Cost of an EVA on the ISS?

What does it cost for an astronaut to spend an hour outside the ISS, in terms of astronaut time mission preparation time ground support personnel space suit "rent" (?) Does this cost vary for a ...
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What is this spacecraft tethered to another spacecraft in LEO (vintage)

In the really nice video Brian Eno on Apollo at 03:40 there is (possibly Apollo-era but not necessarily Apollo) footage of a spacecraft tethered to another ...
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Apollo Suit sublimation coolers

Should there be a visible steam plume from the Apollo astronauts sublimation cooler in the lunar EVA videos?
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Zero gravity spacewalk above low Earth orbit?

There have been a lot of spacewalks in LEO and there have been moonwalks too. Voskhod, Gemini, Soyuz, Apollo, Skylab, Mir, Space Shuttle and ISS. But what about EVAs above LEO and below the orbit of ...
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1answer
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In space, how far from the nozzle is the exhaust from a space-craft capable of causing damage?

I suspect the question may be a trifle subjective; dependent upon the nature of the propulsion system, the energy levels, as also the nature of the object impinged The exhaust from a space-craft is ...
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1answer
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What is the biggest number of astronauts in EVA at the same time ever reached in space history?

At present days, it's common to have two astronauts/cosmonauts in EVA at the same time during ISS maintenance (or experiments or when expanding the station). But there was a time when three or more ...
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Can a free falling astronaut change his spin and orientation?

Imagine that an astronaut during an EVA is cut loose from the space station and falls away from it in a tumbling way. Without any foreign object or air to interact with, could he stop tumbling and ...
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Why did moon dust not cause problems on Apollo during the return flight from the Moon?

The Apollo Command Module and the LEM were built in clean rooms free of dust on earth and yet (knowing that they didn't have air locks on either module) the astronauts came in directly from the moon ...