Questions tagged [exoplanet]

Questions regarding planets outside of Earth's solar system.

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1answer
80 views

What radio signals have NASA transmitted to outside our solar system?

What radio signal have NASA transmitted to outside our solar system and what did they contain?
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1answer
189 views

Why are all possibly habitable exoplanets higher mass than Earth?

I have been writing a scifi book in which I wanted to include real stars and planets as locations. It was simple enough to find a chart on Wikipedia that lists possibly habitable exoplanets, but I ...
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Are there any modern studies for how to colonize an exoplant involving interstellar travel?

As in the title, are there any modern studies for how to colonize an exoplanet involving manned interstellar travel? By this I mean an academic peer reviewed study. However, it doesn't have to be ...
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1answer
193 views

What is the most accepted explanation to the Fermi paradox by the scientific community? [closed]

If there is no "most accepted" explanation, then what would be the most scientifically probabilistic explanation to the Fermi paradox? The Fermi paradox, named after Italian-American physicist ...
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What fraction of stellar systems could/can Kepler and TESS search for planets?

Since Kepler and TESS search for exoplanets by their transit in front of their host stars, they can only find planets around stars whose ecliptic plane is nearly edge-on as seen from Earth. (Ref 1 &...
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Which of the upcoming space missions has the greatest chance of proving the existence of life on exoplanets?

Confirming the existence of life on other distant planets would be one of the greatest discoveries in our history. I believe that many space enthusiasts would love this to happen in the coming decades....
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2answers
319 views

Could the James Webb Space Telescope detect chlorophyll on a exoplanet?

Say there's an exoplanet identical to Earth 20 light years away, and also assume it orbits at an angle so that it transits its star when seen from our solar system. Would the JWST be able to detect ...
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1answer
112 views

Is it possible to force atmosphere onto a non atmospheric planet?

If you had some way of injecting large masses of gas into a small planets gravitational field, would it form an atmosphere? You would have to pump it at an extreme rate but would it still work if the ...
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59 views

Alternatives to an ozone layer

Our home planet earth has low concentration of ozone in its atmosphere, protecting it from UV radiation, could Exoplanets share the same method but have a different gas in the atmosphere which has a ...
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73 views

What is the state of the art of exosolar planet imaging in 2019?

I have seen this question from 2013 asking if it's possible to take pictures of extrasolar planets. But I am wondering if anything has changed since then. Have we taken higher quality images of other ...
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1answer
93 views

Why a polar orbit for TWINKLE?

TWINKLE will use a 0.45 meter telescope to record spectra of stars transited by their exoplanets. By looking at tiny changes in the spectrum as the planet's atmosphere moves in front of the star, they ...
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If humans move to different solar systems will they eventually evolve into different species? [closed]

I once read an argument against space settlement in a newspaper that said that if humans move to different systems eventually they will evolve into different species, or their cultures and beliefs ...
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How actively is Deep Learning being used in exoplanet identification? [closed]

Papers, like this one from Google, show that Deep Learning and Machine Learning are effective in detecting exoplanets from luminosity data provided by telescopes like TESS or Kepler. These models ...
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1answer
886 views

How to calculate density of unknown planet?

Having approached an unknown planet, a spaceship went in a low circular orbit. Would astronauts be able to determine the average density of the planets using only a watch
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413 views

Can we make super-massive Telescopes to image exoplanets?

This question has already been partly addressed here: When will we have the technology to directly observe an exoplanet with significant clarity? However, my question is focused more on the ...
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1answer
876 views

What is the origin of Black knight satellite? [closed]

Is it true that an extraterrestrial satellite orbits earth in retrograde? If the Black knight exists, can we presume that it is placed there by aliens who are technologically more advanced than ...
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2answers
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Are images of exoplanets' surfaces technically possible?

While already even taking an image of an extra solar planet sounds like science fiction to me, is it technically possible by what we know now to take also more detailed images of extraterrestrial ...
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1answer
60 views

can we estimate the number of habitable planets within a specified distance from Earth?

For the purposes of this question, I will define "habitable" as: rocky composition like Earth about the same surface gravity as Earth (about 1 G) orbiting a relatively quiet star, like our Sun far ...
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Why would Kepler rotate towards Earth to transfer data?

A question from here: "Why would Kepler rotate towards Earth instead of having an antenna always directed to Earth"?
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718 views

Could a 21 meter space telescope detect the nearest exoplanets?

For reference, Hubble's mirror is 2.4 meters wide, the upcoming James Webb's 6.5 meters, and the proposed ATLAST 8 or 16 meters. Let's assume a mirror nearly ten times Hubble's size, 21 meters, is ...
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502 views

Can there be an atmosphere in a cave on an atmosphere-less planet?

I am making an exoplanet for a game and was wondering whether a planet without an atmosphere (or at least with a very weak atmosphere) could support caves that do have an atmosphere, or whether the ...
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The physics behind the Starshade

The Starshade is a space telescope with a large occulter that can fly off and block the light of a star so its telescope can picture the surrounding exoplanets: I ...
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173 views

Are there orbits for a starshade and a telescope to stay linear to an interstellar object?

Does there exist two orbits synchronized so that a telescope in one would line up with a star shade in the other on a line pointing to a certain star? And this during a period of time relevant for ...
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594 views

Could a terrestrial planet with a hydrogen atmosphere be habitable?

Many exoplanets, even small ones, have densities so low that it indicates that they have hydrogen atmospheres. Is a hydrogen gas atmosphere of a terrestrial planet somehow detrimental to biology as we ...
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1answer
227 views

Smallest planet where human type life could evolve and survive?

Most exoplanets making the news are larger than Earth. I wonder about the smaller worlds, how small is too small? Reword to keep the question narrow enough to be answerable. When the Earth was ...
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When will we be able to conclusively confirm or disprove Bode's law?

I am reading Heinlein's Time for the Stars(1956) and some of the characters are very excited about confirming Bode's law. The formula suggests that, extending outward, each planet would be ...
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Why is TRAPPIST-1f considered habitable?

The TRAPPIST-1f is in the TRAPPIST-1 system discovered recently with seven planets. Three of them are said to be in the habitable zone. But the data says that the average temperature on the TRAPPIST-...
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Resonances and the seven sisters recently discovered

In reference to the discovery of seven planets around Trappist-1, I'm just wondering if any of these planets are in an orbital resonance and if that is the case, what the implications for habitability ...
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What are the chances of life on 7 Earth-like exoplanets discovered by NASA? [closed]

NASA has announced the discovery of 7 Earth-like exoplanets 13 hours ago. What are the chances of life there? Is it possible to see the ground of these planets from here? How far are they?
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A Jupiter-sized star?

TRAPPIST-1 is described as "Jupiter-sized" (comparable radius), although at 8% of the Sun's mass, must be on the order of 100x greater (Jupiter : Sun is about 1 : 1000). This seems paradoxical and ...
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Exoplanet(s) that share orbit?

Has Kepler (or any other survey) found an exoplanet with a similar orbit as another exoplanet around the same star? The current IAU definition of a planet requires that "a planet has cleared its ...
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Would an interstellar exoplanet telescope make sense?

Since the transit method of detecting exoplanets requires perfect alignment of orbits, would a Kepler-type telescope yield more exoplanet detections if sent out of our solar system even to relatively ...
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1answer
111 views

The gases of technology [closed]

Ask around and find out what gases, vapors, and/or fumes, in the atmosphere are the result of advanced technology. Then use a spectroscopy to look for those compounds in the atmospheres of earth like ...
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498 views

Could a rogue planet's moons harbor life?

Because stars kill stuff with radiation, flares, etc, then die taking planets with them, might it not be easier for living things to live on a rogue planet's moon? Say you had a rogue Jupiter-like ...
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1answer
184 views

For one way missions to any planet is it planned to pay astronauts? [closed]

As one way missions astronauts would never come back (because it's a real one way mission with a many years trip), is it planed to pay them or giving them enough hardware, tools, food is their salary ?...
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117 views

What exoplanet atmospheres might support life beside our nitrogen and oxygen atmosphere? [closed]

What exoplanet atmospheres might support life beside our nitrogen and oxygen atmosphere? Related question: Could an exoplanet atmosphere be very similar to our own, but contain some component toxic ...
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1answer
152 views

What is the potential limit extraterrestrial life can survive and under what factors?

A lot of material about extraterrestrial life seems to suggest that life essentially cannot survive in environments with more radiation beyond what's on Earth. For example, when red dwarfs planets are ...
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681 views

Which of the planets could we detect today from just the movements of the sun?

Assume that despite our current level of space exploration and technology, we have somehow missed the existence of the other planets in our solar system. We have developed various methods of ...
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3answers
1k views

Are exoplanets in the habitable zone suitable for human colonization?

If they found the those planets in the habitable zone, are they planning ahead for human settlement of them?
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4k views

How do we determine and estimate the age of exoplanets like Kepler-452b?

Scientists recently discovered an exoplanet named Kepler-452b which they state is "is 6 billion years old". How did they determine this age? How could we possibly predict the age of any exoplanet? ...
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444 views

How could I find a potentially habitable exoplanet in same direction as Kepler-186f?

I am working on a story where a spaceship is on a mission to colonize the exoplanet Kepler-186f. However, after hitting of small meteor, they need to find a closer candidate for the new colony. I want ...
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Technology for unmanned spacecraft to exoplanets

I am interested in the possibility of sending unmanned reconnaisance spacecraft to study exoplanets, especially Earth-like ones with the ultimate goal of detecting alien life. Certainly earth-based ...
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367 views

Is there a system for choosing the Prime Meridian on a given body/world?

According to the answer to this question, the 0° longitude of the Moon is that which points toward Earth. On Earth it goes through Greenwich (although I was amused to hear that the French disagreed), ...
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Have we found another earthlike planet?

Space Colonization has become a popular trend in Sci-Fi movies. It would be a thrilling experience if we could travel from planet to planet. Have we found another earth-like planet close enough for ...
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5answers
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What level of oxygen in a planetary atmosphere would be indicative of life?

Astronomical spectroscopy can be used to determine the chemical composition of far away bodies. In the related question Can we detect atmosphere on exoplanets? we learned that even now we are studying ...
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If Saturn or Jupiter were in Earth's orbit, would any of their moons be habitable for humans?

The majority of exoplanets found so far are comparable in size to Jupiter or Saturn. Which, as we know, are problematic for human habitation. But their moons have a lot of potential. Some of these ...
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How big is Earth's sphere of broadcast influence?

The question Interstellar eavesdropping points out that we have been broadcasting to space for a long time, currently we are approaching a century. This means every star system in within 100 light ...
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What are the benefits of tides? Should we look for them on exoplanets? [closed]

If there had been no lunar tides on Earth, would life have been less likely or evolved less? If tides benefited life, how so? The anthropic principle resolves the rarity of Earth's features that are ...
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441 views

Can we detect atmosphere on exoplanets?

We are finding new planets in other solar systems all the time. Some of them are in a habitable zone of their sun. Are we able to detect the atmosphere of any exoplanet? Is there any atmospheric ...
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474 views

NASA just announced 715 new exoplanets were discovered, what do we know about them?

I have been trying to find information on how far away these new exoplanets are from Sol. Does anybody have a map or a table that shows their distance to us in light years. There only seem to be 100 ...