Questions tagged [geostationary]

Questions about orbits whose position in the sky remains the same for a stationary observer on the primary body.

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5
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1answer
207 views

Are all or some geostationary satellites tidally locked to the Earth?

Satellites in geostationary orbit always remain above the same location on the Earth's surface, at an altitude of 35,786 kilometres (22,236 miles) above the equator. But I wonder whether they're also ...
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190 views

How have the 'gift' transponders on ISRO's GSAT-9 been used by other countries?

edit: It's been seven months. close to two years close to two years and seven months over three years now, have any of the 'gift' transponders been used or at least tested yet by the gift recipient ...
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1answer
73 views

Inclination Maneuver of GEO Satellite

I have performed inclination maneuver for GEO satellite at ascending or descending node. The inclination of the satellite is 0.05 deg. Then I performed the maneuver so the inclination change to 0....
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2answers
69 views

Stable and Unstable point for GEO satellite

For GEO satellite, 24h period, it has four equilibrium points (two stable point and two unstable point). At the equilibrium point, the transverse acceleration is zero, so semimajor axis changes slowly....
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1answer
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How could RCA Satcom III have been completely lost? (Or was it?)

This answer to What “missing satellite” was part of the story of CNN's debut? quotes the 1981 UPI Article The RCA Satcom III-R commercial communications satellite, designed to... as follows: The ...
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1answer
110 views

Analytical treatment of relative positions between satellites?

I have been searching the internet for estimation of relative position between two satellites. However, all sources seem to be pointing to methods used for proximity operations, where the math ...
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4answers
4k views

Is it possible to stand still in space?

I am wondering to know if it's possible to stand still (no movement at all with respect to the Sun) in space. Can it be possible? I am thinking that when we move upwards from Earth's surface an ...
4
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1answer
235 views

Statites - Are they possible in anything but theory?

In this question someone mentioned the idea of a Statite, a satellite which is stationary above a planet without being in orbit, usually in an orientation which is not possible with an orbit. It seems ...
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47 views

Any commercial communication satellite in GEO Orbit that supports 25 KW Power?

As I understand, EchosTAR-11, built by Space systems Loral, was the first 20KW Commercial satellite. (Reference: Recent Successful satellite systems- Visions for future by D.K.Sachdev).
5
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248 views

Station Keeping East-West Maneuver

A GEO satellite spends 14 days in longitude deadband (+/-0.067 deg). At the 14th day, I want to perform an east-west maneuver. But I am uncertain what time I should perform the maneuver at the 14th ...
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Why do these satellite antennas look so weird? (strangely shaped with little white dots…)

The NASA Spaceflight article Arianespace press onward with dual-passenger Ariane 5 launch shows a photo of Intelsat 39 during testing. The dish reflectors are strangely shaped: rather than being ...
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North-South Satellite Manuever

I am doing North-South manuever for GEO satellite. My purpose is to reduce the inclination. My initial inclination is 0.07 deg, and my target inclination is 0.0002 deg. I have tried the maneuver in ...
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1answer
120 views

What GEO relay satellite will the ISS use for end-to-end optical communication with a ground station?

This LEMNOS page on NASA's Explorations and Space Communications site says: The Integrated Laser Communication Relay Demonstration (LCRD) Low-Earth Orbit (LEO) User Modem and Amplifier Terminal (...
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Why aren't space telescopes put in GEO?

I don't know of any space telescope that has been placed in geosynchronous orbit among the communication satellites. I wonder why not? In GEO, a space telescope could use a single stationary radio ...
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1answer
87 views

Why would a mission choose a geosynchronous orbit over a geostationary orbit?

I was going to ask "Are there any missions where a geosynchronous orbit is advantageous over a geostationary orbit?" The TL;DR answer to this question (Are there any satellites in geosynchronous but ...
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921 views

Why does Himawari-8 have problems with the Sun from 19th February to 19th April?

This weather site uses provides meteorological imaging from the Himawari-8 Earth observing satellite in GEO. https://www.cwb.gov.tw/eng/ The web site contains the following item: ...
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1answer
64 views

Inclination and latitude of GEO satellite

My satellite inclination is almost zero, but the latitude that I got was almost 0.1. In my mind, the latitude is should be near zero when the inclination is zero, but as I explain above, I got ...
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77 views

STK SGP4 for Geostationary Satellite

I am using SGP4 propagator in STK to propagate my GEO satellite. SGP4 need TLE as an input. In TLE, I found the inclination of my satellite is 0.048. But the inclination result of SGP4 is 0.15. The ...
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443 views

What is meant by “a high-energy geostationary orbit”? (SpaceX Arabsat 6A)

The Teslarati article SpaceX’s April 7th Falcon Heavy launch a step toward new commercial markets says: While there is some inherent uncertainty surrounding the (once again) fairly new rocket, ...
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Is the risk of explosion-induced damage to operational spacecraft in GEO actually reduced substantially by raising Spaceway-1 by 300 km?

Engadget: DirecTV satellite is at risk of explosion due to battery issues Space News: DirecTV fears explosion risk from satellite with damaged battery say that the spacecraft must move 300 km above ...
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26 views

Is there a tool for modeling what power requirements different satellite modules have?

Reading about FADsat made me think of this because it does exactly that. Maybe a better question is does anyone know of a tool like FADsat?
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How do stable equilibrium points work in GEO? If all geosynchronous spacecraft suddenly lost stationkeeping, would most “fall into” one or the other?

The (currently unanswered) question Quantitatively, how deep are the stable equilibrium points in GEO? How much delta-v to move from one to the other? (also see comments at Delta-v to move from GEO to ...
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Launch system to get a 75,000 kg object to geostationary orbit?

Is there any current launch system that could get a 75,000 kg object to geostationary orbit? If not, am I correct in assuming the Saturn V could have gotten such an object there?
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What was the first unplanned “over-the-air” software update of a spacecraft?

From time-to-time spacecraft have had to be rebooted, in one case Voyager 2 mutinied and had to be reprogrammed and in another Opportunity had it's memory "hacked". As far as I know, deep space ...
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Name for geostationary orbit around another planet

A geostationary orbit is a circular orbit in Earth's equatorial plane whose rotation period matches that of the Earth. The "geo" in "geostationary" means Earth, so is there another term to designate ...
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Longitude deadband of geostasionary satellite

I try to count longitude deadband of geostationary satellite (0.1 degree). But I still confused, where should the longitude I have to start? In the picture, should I start the longitude from the far ...
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58 views

Is TEMPO firmly planned to be launched?

The Tropospheric Emissions: Monitoring POllution (TEMPO) instrument (see Smithsonian Institute, EO Portal, or WMO Oscar) is supposed to measure air pollution over North America from a geostationary ...
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2answers
222 views

Most fuel-efficient deorbit from geostationary

Say a spacecraft in geostationary orbit needs to be deorbited (not very common, but bear with me). How does one decide when and how long should the retrograde burns be, in order to have started with ...
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1answer
102 views

Inclination maneuvers for GEO satellites

I was wondering about the orbital location to perform inclination nulling maneuvers for GEO satellites. I know from basic astrodynamics that the best place to perform inclination correction is at ...
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1answer
82 views

How does the “eccentricity-inclination vector separation” technique work for colocated GEO satellites?

This answer to How are co-located satellites positioned relative to each other? links to the paywalled paper Separation of Geostationary Satellites with Eccentricity and Inclination Vector with the ...
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171 views

How are co-located satellites positioned relative to each other?

I'm trying to learn about co-located GEO satellites. When I first heard about them, coming from a planetary orbital mechanics background, the first thing I pictured was based on the epicyclic ...
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1answer
92 views

Point Ahead Angle Calculation between LEO-GEO Satellite (ISL Scenario)

So, I have got two reference TLE from 2 different Satellite in LEO-GEO, which are as follows: (1st TLE for LEO, 2nd TLE for GEO) ...
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Are there any CubeSats that have been launched into Geostationary (GEO/GSO) or Geostationary Transfer Orbit (GTO)?

There is one mission by GSFC/NASA - Shields-1 to be launched into GTO. Apart from that I couldn't find any other mission to GTO/GEO. It would be of great help if there is any information on this.
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1answer
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SGP4 on Systems Tool Kit (STK); how to check if SDP4 deep space correction is implemented?

I am doing orbit propagation for a geostationary satellite which requires the deep space corrections of SDP4. See my previous question SGP 4 for Geostationary Satellite. I am using SGP4 on STK, but, ...
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1answer
93 views

SGP 4 for Geostationary Satellite

I have read some sources that say that SGP4 is for satellite which have orbital period less than 225 minutes. For orbital period more than 225 minutes, we should use SDP4 instead. I need a ...
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3answers
222 views

Are geostationary orbits impacted by changes to earths magnetic field?

Would geostationary satellites be pushed to different orbits by changes in the magnetic filed or even more so by shifting poles or even a reversal?
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Small payload to Low Earth Orbit

I was wondering if it is possible to send a small payload to LEO or somewhere above 200 km (130 miles) if you are not a rocket scientist? By small payload I mean under 1 kg (Solid State Drive, GPS, ...
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1answer
1k views

Could an areostationary satellite help locate asteroids?

Could NASA put an artificial radar telescope satellite in geosyncronous orbit around Mars to help locate dangerous asteroids on a trajectory that would place them on a path to strike Earth?
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Are there any satellites in geosynchronous but not geostationary orbits?

I know there are a lot of geostationary satellites out there, but I'm wondering - are there any geosynchronous satellites that are not geostationary (ie - have a notable inclination to their orbit)?
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1answer
650 views

Are there cubesats in GEO?

This answer to the question How often do reaction wheels require desaturation, normally? says: One practical example I know of is for a 6U in GEO that is always sun pointed, there's a thruster ...
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How often are satellites in GEO moved to follow customer demand?

The BBC News article Inmarsat lays big satellite order with Airbus says: The firm is buying three new spacecraft to augment its Global Xpress system, which provides connectivity to on-the-move and ...
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1answer
107 views

Getting from LEO to a station in geostationary orbit and docking with it using a Hohmann transfer?

How long would it take for a spacecraft with a mass of 30,000 kg, to go from LEO to reach and match the speed of a space station in geostationary orbit so it could dock with the station, using a ...
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3k views

What is the maximum mass of a satellite that can be placed in GEO?

What is the maximum mass of a satellite that can be placed in GEO? Or can satellites of any mass be placed in GEO?
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1answer
171 views

ECEF to LLA Test Numbers

i have a list of GEO x,y,x coordinates and using Justin Mooney's R Script to convert to latitude, longitude, altitude(km). I'm looking for some test case numbers to verify Justin's xyz2lla function ...
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111 views

Can I transmit signals from a wristwatch to geostationary orbit?

In comments below this answer to the question Which satellites can hear emergency signals from Scott Kelley's watch? we are (or at least I am) trying to figure out definitively if a wristwatch can ...
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Determining GEO Orbital Slot from TLE

I'm trying to figure out the equation based on TLE data which orbital slot a GEO satellites occupies. I have the TLE data imported into R and I wish to know what satellites are in adjoining GEO ...
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1answer
288 views

What is typical lifetime of GTO rocket stages before reentry?

Most of geostationary satellites are launched at geostationary transfer orbit (GTO) first by rocket's upper stage. Than satellites separate and circularize the orbit by own propulsion. The upper ...
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1answer
483 views

What is OneWeb's constellation's “progressive pitch” and how does it avoid interference with Ku-band satellites in GEO everywhere on Earth?

The Wikipedia article section OneWeb satellite constellation; Design characteristics tells us: The satellites will operate in the Ku band, communicating in the microwave range of frequencies in the ...
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1answer
263 views

How do Inmarsat 5 F4's beams correspond to all of these antennas and feeds?

note: This is an old-style @uhoh question meaning that it is a bit on the long side. In this case I think it really needs to be since the question is a bit complex; I'm trying to understand how all ...
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1answer
250 views

How do you calculate the lat and lon of a point on the earth using azimuth and elevation seen from a geostationary satellite?

I am given the longitude of a geostationary satellite and a pointing vector from the satellite in the form of azimuth and elevation angles looking from the satellite towards the earth (where zero ...