Questions tagged [imaging]

Questions regarding visual impressions of objects or instruments used to capture visual impressions.

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Are Longjiang 1 and 2 the only spacecraft to image the far side of the Moon in a single frame with detail?

The image below, found in Was this the first-ever photo of a full moon very close to lunar new year? (and used here also) where it was credited to New photo of Lunar farside and Earth was taken by the ...
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Why are the poles of the Moon in Google Earth so different from other regions?

I am well aware of the fact that the poles of the Moon are different from the rest of the regions in many ways. But in Google Earth's Moon, the poles are so different from what we would see if we were ...
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Could the bright spot on the image captured by Curiosity have been caused by a data transmit or storage failure?

The image above, one of a total of 21 images shot over a 4 minutes span, was captured by Curiosity on June 16,2019 or sol 2438 on Mars. Only in this image a bright spot shows up, while the next and ...
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Why would thermal imaging be used to locate the Chandrayaan-2 lander?

Tweets and news suggest that Chandrayaan-2 lander may have been located, using thermal imaging by the Chandrayaan-2 orbiter. Space.com: India Just Found Its Lost Vikram Lander on the Moon, Still No ...
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Solar system sized telescope and resolving details of the M87 black hole

In this video Katie Bouman mentions that an earth sized telescope needs to be used for getting images like the M87 Black Hole: Stellar distances are estimated using ...
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Where exactly on Mars was Curiosity when this image was taken?

The BGR article NASA’s Curiosity rover saw something flash on Mars, and people are freaking out is one of many nearly identical clickbait articles about a recent image that contains a bright spot. ...
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Separating fact from fiction, how to get from this radar image to this GIF?

The NBC News article Mile-wide asteroid and its tiny moon to zoom past Earth this weekend; Dubbed 1999 KW4, the "binary" space rock will skim past our planet harmlessly at a distance of 3 million ...
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Why was the image sensor design for Juno so… odd? [duplicate]

I attended the North Eastern Astronomy Forum this year and one of the speakers was mentioning that JunoCam will not be working because of the angle of the spacecraft. He was giving a lecture on what ...
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Have optical zoom systems been used in space exploration?

Here, 'optical zoom' means an optical system that changes magnification (angle subtended per pixel). It would not mean for example switching from one camera to another on Hubble, or changing to ...
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What angular resolution is expected during New Horizon's flyby of Ultima Thule?

Ultima Thule is thought to be about 20 miles (30 km) across. However, I can't seem to find any information about approach distance or typical image resolution of New Horizons in regards to this second ...
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Examples of gamma ray or X-ray imaging of small planets, moons, or asteroids, or at least how to calculate intensity thereof?

Have any spatially resolved measurements of gamma rays or X-rays from medium and small solar system bodies been collected from space? These might be planets, moons, or asteroids for example, but ...
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How good are Lucy's cameras? Improvements since New Horizons?

In the question Where is Lucy going? (asteroid mission) I've asked for more clarification on the trajectory of the Lucy mission's trajectory. I believe that Lucy will simply do a close fly-by of each ...
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How did Skylab's electrographic camera work?

This answer links to history.nasa.gov's SP-404 Skylab's Astronomy and Space Sciences. In what looks like chapter 2, page 14 there is mention of Skylab's electrographic camera, shown below. In the ...
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Technical challenges to improving resolution of lunar orbit imaging by using solar UV light?

@Uwe's question and answer seem to illustrate that the resolution of surface-imaging spacecraft orbiting around the Moon has not dramatically improved over the decades, and that this is pretty-much ...
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Which one of these (if any) is the Moon? What are the rest?

I frequently see the Moon in SpaceX videos, "I suspect" the frequency is higher than random, but can't prove it (yet!) I found the SpaceX video Falling Back to Earth | HD Footage From Space (also ...
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What causes Hyabusa-2's close-up images of Ryugu to be dark in the corners?

The NYTimes' article Hayabusa2 Prepares to Drop Rovers on Asteroid Ryugu says Sept. 19 Rock Hoppers Hayabusa2 is preparing to deploy two small rovers this week, each about 7 inches wide. Ryugu’...
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How can we see RemoveDebris capturing a satellite with a net?

The BBC's RemoveDebris: UK satellite nets 'space junk' says: The aptly named RemoveDebris satellite took a video of its net experiment. The short sequence shows a small, shoebox-sized object ...
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What causes these cross-shaped artifacts in TESS' first images?

TESS has a group of four wide field cameras each with four large CCD imagers that will collect photometric data at a relatively high cadence, and therefore generate a ton of data. above: "TESS (...
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Comparison of Lunar Orbiters image resolution after 4 decades?

The Lunar Orbiters, LO were launched 1966 and 1967. The Lunar Reconnaissance Orbiter, LRO was launched more than 40 years later in 2009. This paper has some information about the narrow angle camera ...
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This image of the Space Shuttle is truly beautiful, but is it real?

I saw this image in the Infobae article La NASA probará un paracaídas para posar naves espaciales en Marte ("NASA will test a parachute to place spaceships on Mars"). The image looks plausible to me, ...
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Better source for the 1967 photograph of Surveyor-1 by Lunar Orbiter-3?

In 1969 Apollo-12 Lunar Module pilot Alan L. Bean photographed Apollo 12 Commander Charles "Pete" Conrad Jr. standing next to Surveyor-3 because despite all of NASA's technological innovation that had ...
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How does one get Context Camera (CTX) images from Mars with certain identification numbers?

According to Wikipedia the Context Camera(CTX) on board of the Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter had already mapped 50% of Mars by Februari 2010. Should it not have to be possible to get access to all these ...
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What is happening in this photo of a glowing plume behind STS-70 and how was it taken?

A recent tweet by @NASASpaceflight about STS-70 deployment of TDRS-G (TDRS-7) says: STS-70 - Shuttle Discovery - Launched 13 July 1995 from KSC 39B. Terence T. Henricks commanded her 21st ...
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How was “toolbag-sat” imaged in space? (from Scott Manley's video)

In Scott Manley's video Could An Astronaut Throw Something From Orbit To Earth? at about 02:00 he includes a sequence of images that shows the famous tool bag that ...
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MarCo, Polo? Any further news, or images, or transmissions from the MarCo deep space cubesats?

Edit: Two more months have gone by since I posted this question. Can there still be no news? Nothing for the two MarCo cubesats to take photos of; not even each other? While InSight is still "under ...
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How does a spacecraft like Worldview-3 manage 29 different spectral bands? One giant filter wheel, or…?

@Jack's answer mentions 29 separate spectral bands for the Worldview-3 satellite, and that these are implemented using filters. Is there one giant 29+ position filter wheel incorporated into a single ...
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Why are the gaps in MRO global images of mars so irregular and sometimes filled in?

Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) images of Earth snow nice, regular repeating gaps in longitude where the viewing angle is too far for a given pass. But the large GIF shown in ...
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What are these bright streaks in MODIS Earth images? Why are they shaped this way?

The Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) aboard the Aqua (EOS PM-1) satellite generates images of most of the Earth each day, though there are small gaps near the equator where the ...
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What is synthetic tracking, and why would a 35 cm Earth imager be 10-30x better than Pan-STARRS or LSST for interstellar asteroid discovery?

The ArXiv preprint Technical Note: Asteroid Detection Demonstration from SkySat-3 B612 Data using Synthetic Tracking is an interesting read! The abstract says: We report results from analyzing the ...
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How to use this Google Mars viewer to find this Martian landslide event?

This NASA/University of Arizona HiRise tweet shows this interesting image of a meteor impact crater that triggered a landslide (or maybe a "dust-slide") on Mars. The tweet links to this University of ...
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Hovering Carbonite! Why do these satellite videos of Earth appear to be made from a geostationary location?

The BBC News article UK satellite makes HD colour movies of Earth has led me to a series of YouTube videos as well recorded by the Carbonite-2 spacecraft built by Surrey Satellite Technology to be ...
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What information exactly was necessary to determine and announce this “debris causing event”?

A 1:53 PM - 19 Jul 2016 tweet from the twitter account @18SPCS said: 19 Jul: JSpOC ID’d debris causing event related to @DigitalGlobe WorldView-2; 8 debris pieces but WV2 confirmed operational &...
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Stripe of high def imagery on Google Moon

When messing around with Google Earth's Moon and Mars features I noticed that the lunar imagery used is mostly homogeneous except for a large stripe across its' surface. See Image: This "stripe" also ...
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How does DigitalGlobe plan to re-image a specific area “as frequently as every 20 to 30 minutes”?

The Spaceflight Now article DigitalGlobe books two launches with SpaceX for Earth-imaging fleet goes beyond describing the two launches to talk about DigitalGlobe's future plans. Fitted with ...
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Are these images from Planet Labs? Are the images publicly available?

While the narrator is very enthusiastic, I can't quite figure out if these are images from Planet Labs' Dove satellites, and if the general public can also access this data. In the NPR news article ...
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How do Tom & Jerry (CANYVAL-X) measure their alignment with a distance source accurately?

According to the Spaceflight 101 article CANYVAL-X – Tom & Jerry: CANYVAL-X is a two-satellite CubeSat mission aiming to demonstrate a Vision Alignment System that could enable a virtual ...
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Black-and-white camera images on GOES-S launch

During todays launch of ULA's GOES-S, the public NASA TV coverage showed the rocket during its ascent, filmed from earth. Sometimes, the image changed to a more coarse grained black and white image, ...
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Color-correcting photos on Mars so that things look like they would on Earth - is it a big correction?

The message at the end of the very cool new NASA JPL video Curiosity at Martian Scenic Overlook says To aid geologists, colors in the image are white balanced so rocks appear the same color as the ...
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How can ICEYE-X1 capture 2D high resolution SAR images in “tens of seconds”?

The PRNewsWire release First ICEYE-X1 Radar Image from Space Published says: The full image transmitted to the ground from ICEYE-X1 exceeded 1.2GB of raw data and spans an area of roughly 80 x 40 ...
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Can image-stacking allow this 0.25 m satellite telescope achieve 0.65m resolution?

The BBC News item UK satellite to make movies from space describes this newly deployed satellite: caption: Artwork: Manufacturer SSTL calls it Carbonite-2, but Earth-i refers to the satellite as ...
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Has any lander or rover (besides Huygens) used a flood-light for photography?

I've asked about the flood-light that apparently was included on the Huygens lander in the question Did the Huygens lander have a flood-light for photography? Was it used?. Have there been any other ...
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Did the Huygens lander have a flood-light for photography? Was it used?

According to this cool answer the Huygens lander on Saturn's moon Titan had a flood light to aid in photography of the surface because of the very low ambient light levels due to the 9.5x farther ...
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What is the line in this picture?

I'm curious about this picture taken from Osiris-Rex. There is a faint vertical line nearly the width of Earth going from the top to the bottom of the image. What is it? Does it have something to do ...
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The physics behind the Starshade

The Starshade is a space telescope with a large occulter that can fly off and block the light of a star so its telescope can picture the surrounding exoplanets: I ...
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Why the thermal imaging of Mercury's surface requires a telescope on a jet flying through an eclipse?

The NASA News Feature Chasing the Total Solar Eclipse from NASA’s WB-57F Jets describes two telescope-equipped NASA jets that will fly fast enough to spend about 7 minutes in the Umbra (totality) of ...
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Parallel orbits around the Earth - effectively?

edit: For the purposes of this exercise, one could consider using three or four identical spacecraft, and using the "best two out of three (or four)" for interferometry at any given moment. In 1994, ...
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Is this the first photo of Jupiter's ring(s) from deep space?

The BBC news article Juno peers below Jupiter's clouds includes several very interesting images from the Juno spacecraft. The one below is a photo of Jupiter's faint ring. The article says: One ...
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How could the recently explained “glints” seen by DSCOVR appear so compact considering the finite size of the sun?

The discussion section of the very recent, on-line-available Terrestrial glint seen from deep space: oriented ice crystals detected from the Lagrangian point Alexander Marshak, Tamás Várnai and ...
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Are there ANY verified satellite images of visible light coherent backscattering from Earth?

Coherent backscattering is an optical phenomenon which is a bit complicated and as far as I know is pretty difficult to demonstrate in visible white light images. Image below from here. According to ...
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When was stereoscopic photography first used intentionally on solar system body?

I have stumbled across the fascinating page Photogrammetric Analysis Of Apollo 11 Imagery: New camera-station map with improved locations at the following website: https://www.hq.nasa.gov/alsj/a11/...