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Questions tagged [insight]

Insight is a Mars lander that successfully touched down on Nov 26, 2018. Insight is going to study the interior (core) of Mars

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How are the most sensitive seismometers on Mars protected from the most powerful jackhammer on Mars just a few feet away?

In the image below we are supposed to be looking at the pretty clouds, but all I see is an incredibly sensitive set of seismometers sitting right next to a jackhammer that will slowly drive a metal ...
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What is VBB recentering (InSight lander's Very Broad Band seismic pendulums)?

From the Planetary Society Blogpost InSight Update, sols 25-42: Seismometer sensors working! Tricky setup and cable management on Mars This is an animated GIF: It's fairly subtle, you may not notice ...
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Does Mars have a known “prevailing wind” direction?

Venus has a general retrograde wind direction, and a few days of measurements from the InSight lander so far suggest steady winds from the north-west, but are there any measurements that indicate Mars ...
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How does InSight measure wind speed?

According to this answer the weather at the InSight lander can now be seen online at https://mars.nasa.gov/insight/weather/ This includes the wind speed and I believe the direction (if that's what ...
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What's the role of the chainmail and scale armor on InSight's WTS?

It's like taken directly from a medieval armor... The role of wind and thermal shield (WTS) deployed over the seismometer is in its name - protecting it from noise and thermal changes. This is fairly ...
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Will the Insight seismometer use the deployment of the Heat Flow and Physical Properties Probe as a known impact source for sounding purposes? [duplicate]

As the Heat Flow and Physical Properties Probe (HP3) hammers itself into the Martian soil, it will generate impacts of known intensity. I have not been able to find anything on https://mars.nasa.gov/...
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Just how sensitive is the Insight seismometer?

Various news articles reporting the deployment of the heat and wind shield over the Insight seismometer describe it as measuring "vibrations that have an amplitude comparable to the size of an atom." ...
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Is the prompt relay of landing telemetry by the MarCo cubesats to Earth really a “first”?

The MarCo cubesats travelled from Earth to Mars alongside InSight and relayed signals from InSight (UHF) to Earth (X-band) during it's descent and landing on the surface of Mars. The NPR podcast and ...
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Why doesn't InSight (seem to) have a wrist?

Source Cropped slightly from PIA22956-16.jpg
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What is InSight's one-sol energy budget like on a good day?

I am worried about InSight's solar panels getting covered in dust: Why do InSight's solar panels have tall vertical ridges between segments - will these trap dust? Help me to sleep better. What would ...
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What is being shown on these two seismometer images from Insight?

I'd like to preface this question with the fact that I know very little about seismology. On the Insight page with the most recently taken photos, I found two images with data on them, and very little ...
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Why is a corner of InSight's selfie cropped like this?

A couple days ago, InSight took a selfie from the surface of Mars: Image credit: NASA/JPL-Caltech Most articles about it note that the photo is a composite image, which you can figure out by looking ...
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Could InSight flip itself right-side-up?

If something crazy happened during landing, or if something crazy happens now, and InSight ends up flipping over, could it use its arm or other mechanism to right itself?
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Why do InSight's solar panels have tall vertical ridges between segments - will these trap dust?

The NASA JPL News item NASA's InSight Takes Its First Selfie provides a link to the high resolution image PIA22876. Below I've cropped out the West solar panel array, which shows surprisingly tall ...
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What are InSight's barometric and seismic digitization rates and frequency responses when it “listens to the wind”?

News of the "sound of the wind" on Mars is all over the internet today. If you read the fine print, it's really better described as rapid cadence barometric pressure measurements then sped up by a ...
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What is this retroreflector on the Mars InSight lander used for?

I saw an image of the ISight lander in this answer. I cropped the image from the much larger image PIA22540. What is this small optical retroreflector used for? Laser ranging from a Mars orbiter ...
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What is the meaning of this writing on the InSight lander, and why is some in Braille?

I spotted this image in this answer and a few things caught my eye. Both images are cropped from the much larger image PIA22540. First Braille in Space? On the left and right sides there is what ...
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Mars InSight mission. From dull to shiny copper in just 8 days?

In just 8 days, that hexagonal piece of equipment installed on the InSight lander changed its general appearance from dull to shiny copper (see image 1 and 2). How is it possible? Img. 1. Nov 26, ...
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How can I de-fisheye NASA InSight raw images?

NASA Insight (as other past and future missions) provide distorted images. Which site can I use to automatically fix such distortion, without downloading and processing each single image I am ...
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Have all of InSight's engines/thrusters been permanently disabled now that it has landed?

One aspect of InSight's condition that may be helpful to formulating an answer to the question Could InSight lift off and move somewhere else? is the current status of InSight's propulsion system. ...
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Is there a live feed from InSight anywhere?

OK so I know it's not "live" given the distances involved (so you can put your pedant hat away), but is there a feed where we can see the images & video from it more or less at the same time as ...
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Has the HP$^3$ on the Insight lander actually a probe to detect water and ice in the subsurface of Mars?

The Heat Flow and Physical Properties Package (HP$^3$) is a science instrument onboard the Insight lander that features a self-penetrating probe to determine how heat flows inside Mars. Nicknamed "the ...
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Why is the InSight ICC camera still dirty after the lens cover has been removed?

The two latest puctures from the ICC (Instrument Context Camera, a fixed camera under the InSight lander looking at the area of the deployable instruments will be placed) have had the lens cover ...
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Propellants used for different Mars landers [till 2018]

What propellants have been used by lander to land on Mars surface?
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Why are there no methane detectors with “the mole” of the Insight lander?

A possible geophysical source of methane on Mars could be ancient methane trapped in clathrate hydrates in the subsurface that may be released occasionally. In a not secured (!) article of ESA about ...
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How was the landing site decided to land InSight?

From this article The High-Resolution Imaging Science Experiment (HiRISE) camera on NASA's Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter plays an important role in evaluating candidate landing sites on Mars. HiRISE ...
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How much fuel is left in InSight?

InSight probably landed with some fuel margin. Unless it was vented/burned on landing (maybe not a bad idea considering potential leaks down the road), is there some left ? Do we know the ISP of ...
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Could InSight lift off and move somewhere else?

InSight used its built-in thrusters for the final stretch of the Entry, Descent and Landing, and the thrusters seem to still be attached. Would it have been at all possible for InSight to lift off ...
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Why is so much of InSight visible in this image?

It seems really strange to me that there is so little visible of the surface in this image, it mostly appears to be the deck of InSight. Why is so little visible?
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Is InSight capable of cleaning itself?

Previous Mars probes became helpless and unusable after their solar panels became covered in dust. Since InSight, unlike previous or other planned probes, is equipped with a long robotic arm, does it ...
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Why does the SEIS require a bellows type wind cover?

The Seismic Experiment for Interior Structure probe onboard the Insight lander is meant to measure subtle seismic events on Martian surface. In order to reduce the noise induced by wind, a protective ...
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Why are the two ICC images so different?

This may be a trivial question, but why did the amount of dirt on the ICC lens cover change so much between the two exposures? How much time elapsed between the two images? When will it be safe to ...
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Can Curiosity pay InSight a visit?

InSight landed “just” 600 kilometers from Curiosity’s landing site. Can Curiosity make its way there for a rendezvous? Are there any plans for this?
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How many sundials or sun compases are there on Mars?

According to https://www.seis-insight.eu/en/public-2/seis-instrument/rweb Sundial Around the handle is a small sundial, which enables geophysicists to estimate the azimuth— i.e. the ...
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Why does the Mars InSight Lander look wet like a cardboard box that came in contact with water? [closed]

NASA has just released a photo showing a part of the InSight Mars lander wet, like a cardboard box that came in contact with water (see the picture). What is that liquid? The Instrument Deployment ...
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Is it appropriate to use the term “geology” for Martian studies?

Jargons like geology, geophysics, geothermal has its origin in and has strong connections with Earth. Other jargons like the closet point and farthest point of an orbit to a heavenly body get ...
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Why are the heat sensor probes in HP3 probe spaced with reducing gap with depth?

The HP3 probe used for studying the geothermal features of Martian surface, hammers upto 5m deep and inserts a tether lined with heat sensor probes. This link shared earlier by @uhoh, is an ...
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Does Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter require “reprogramming” when handling communications for newer spacecraft or landers?

While I was going through the question What happens to Insight's parachute? I learned of the role of the Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter to provide reliable communication between other Mars spacecraft and/...
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Why was MarCO-B CubeSats flying away after InSight landed?

Farewell to Mars November 26, 2018 MarCO-B, one of the experimental Mars Cube One (MarCO) CubeSats, took this image of Mars from about 4,700 miles (6,000 kilometers) away during its flyby of ...
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How long was the trip from Earth to Mars for Insight?

How long was the trip from Earth to Mars for Insight from blastoff to landing?
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What is the history behind having peanuts in mission control during critical missions?

The InSight mission livestream showed a jar of peanuts with what appears to be the MarCO logo. Why is was this a significant shot in the livestream? Is there history behind this?
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What will become of the two cubesats deployed as part of the Insight mission?

So as part of the Insight mission, two Cubesats were also launched to relay data during landing (so data can be obtained if something goes wrong) What becomes of these satellites once their primary ...
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Why was it necessary to program InSight with an ability to land in dust storms?

If the entire event of EDL (Entry - Descent - Landing) is going to take only 7 minutes and if the command to begin could be signalled based on ground weather conditions, why was it necessary to take ...
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Could dusters be installed on solar panels on a mars lander? [duplicate]

I see on the interwebs that the lander Insight is about to land on Mars and the NASA PR describes the solar panels as producing 600-700W now and 200-300W when covered in dust. Is there any reason why ...
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Is the payload HP3, onboard the InSight a single use instrument?

InSight's HP3 probe is meant to drill deep into Martian soil. And the depth of reach is determined by whether there is a rocky layer underneath or not. If it's loose soil all the way down, merrier it ...
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What happens to Insight's parachute on Mars?

All of the animations I see show the heat shield detaching and falling to the ground, then Insight detaching and landing. There is no information about what happens with the upper part of the heat ...
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How was InSight's vertical seismometer (accelerometer) tested in Earth's stronger gravity?

The BBC article InSight Diary: The silence of space tells an interesting story and has an interesting audio recording of InSight's seismometer signals sped up to audio frequency, made while in ...
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Why is InSight's nylon parachute a “soft good”?

NBC News' Mars InSight's landing team leader is all 'nerves and excitement' ahead of risky touchdown includes a conversation with Rob Grover, "who leads the team in charge of InSight's landing at NASA'...
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Why didn't NASA use the “Sky Crane” method for landing the InSight mission on Mars?

The "Sky Crane" was able to land Curiosity on Mars which weighs about 900 kg. The InSight lander weighs about 358 kg. Why was a new landing method designed, instead of re-using all components of a ...
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3D Puzzler; why are InSight's two RISE horns pointed slightly south of east, and north of west?

@karthikeyan's excellent answer links to The Rotation and Interior Structure Experiment on the InSight Mission to Mars (Folkner, W.M., Dehant, V., Le Maistre, S. et al. Space Sci Rev (2018) 214: 100. ...