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Questions tagged [iss]

Questions about the International Space Station, a habitable man-made low Earth orbit satellite whose first component was launched in 1998 and used to conduct experiments for a wide variety of research fields in a microgravity environment.

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What physical proof that astronauts can live on the space station [duplicate]

I have never seen more than 15 seconds of continuous video of somebody in a weightless state inside of the space station. The vomit comet, an airplane that can fly a hyperbolic dive to recreate ...
2
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1answer
104 views

When reading “the writing on the wall” in the ISS, which way is up?

This answer to the question Is there really no difference between up and down in ISS? says: ISS does have a sort of 'up and down', deliberately created as part of the design. All the modules ...
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What's the shiny triangular feature on this Progress vehicle?

Picture from here What's the shiny, slightly curved triangular plate with rails above it? A larger version, cropped from here, thanks to a comment by ohsin.
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1answer
191 views

Why do the ISS' Thermal Rotary Radiators need to tilt?

This answer shows the first image below of a vintage view of the ISS. Only one of each triplet of thermal radiators is extended from each TRRJ. The ISS' solar panels articulate to modulate the ...
2
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1answer
49 views

Heat balance of the ISS: breakdown?

Is there available breakdown of the heat balance of the International Space Station? In particular: How much heat is produced? by direct warming by sun by warming of solar panels (heat for the ...
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1answer
2k views

What are these stacked panels on the ISS in this image?

I found this image of the ISS in a folder on my computer. I don't know the exact source but a reverse image search shows it in many different websites. Unfortunately I can't pin down a date. What are ...
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3answers
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How do astronauts keep their devices dry?

In these videos astronauts are drinking and playing with water. We can see water droplets floating away to the surroundings. Do these droplets affect the machines in any way? What do astronauts do to ...
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0answers
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How are the payload limits of robot arms on the space station determined?

I have just been wondering how the payload limits for the arms on the ISS were determined. Any back of the napkin calculations to explain these? In that vein, I could not find any information on the ...
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Was water ever taken outside a spacecraft?

Has an astronaut (or cosmonaut) taken water out of a spacecraft to see if it boils or freezes?
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87 views

Would a space station be able to watch a world wide cataclysm and how long would the crew be able to survive for? [closed]

I know there is other questions with similar concerns about there being any protocols in pace if the crew of space station were to witness a world wide cataclysm and the survivability of the crew if ...
21
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2answers
385 views

Is the cupola, on the inside of the ISS, cold or warm to the touch?

Does the temperature of the surface of the cupola vary when the ISS is in Earth's shadow, compared to when it is on day side of the Earth? Is it cold to the touch when the ISS in the shadow?
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Which country borders are visible from space?

You can see the borders of North Korea with China and South Korea at night from the ISS since unlike their neighbours, they have almost no light. That got me thinking, which other country borders (of ...
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1answer
2k views

What is a brake handle on the ISS crew equipment carts?

Outside the International Space Station, there is a device called a brake handle on the crew equipment carts. I couldn't imagine that device, what is it and what is it for? I found it in the book of ...
2
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1answer
96 views

How does SpaceX's Dragon get to the ISS?

How does SpaceX's Dragon capsule get to the ISS? Does Dragon use the onboard Draco thrusters in order to raise its orbit to the station or does the second stage of the Falcon 9 perform the majority of ...
3
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0answers
61 views

Is the ISS in danger of the outer radiation belt?

Is the ISS in danger of the outer radiation belt? I know that the ISS is in the low earth orbit and that it briefly passes through the base of the outer RB, but it is actually in danger? How does the ...
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0answers
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ISS reboost cost

The most updated data available at spaceflight.nasa.gov show that on day 361 there was a reboost: IMPULSIVE TIG (GMT) M50 DVx(FPS) LVLH DVx(FPS) DVmag(FPS) IMPULSIVE TIG (MET) M50 DVy(...
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Can I text on my cell phone from the ISS to Earth?

We know from Can we detect the cell phone, satellite phone, or walkie talkie of someone walking on Mars from Earth? that cell phone signals on Mars are potentially observable on Earth. I am not an ...
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1answer
67 views

How Is The Quest Joint Airlock Operated?

I have searched and searched and cant seem to find any media whatsoever that explains or outlines exactly how the airlock is operated. What exactly is the process you go through to open it, do you ...
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1answer
84 views

What's the largest screen for watching videos on the ISS?

There are many laptops on the ISS, for controlling non-critical things and for personal use during free time. Even at least one iPad. Are these the largest screens available? If the crew wants to ...
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1answer
126 views

How often has the ISS's orbit been propulsive lowered intentionally?

The question Which engine worked the hardest to keep the ISS in orbit? laments the tireless efforts to keep the ISS from falling from the sky by regularly executing propulsive orbit-raising maneuvers. ...
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74 views

Which engine worked the hardest to keep the ISS in orbit?

The ISS has spent two decades fighting drag caused by its large size and huge solar panels pushing through the tail-end of Earth's atmosphere only a few hundred kilometers above its surface. Question:...
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1answer
110 views

How long could a spacecraft be attached to ISS?

I've recently noticed how the "Design life, when docked to Space Station" parameter, varies across some of the modern spacecraft that are capable of docking to ISS these days: H-II Transfer Vehicle - ...
2
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1answer
570 views

Where is the hole now? (ISS/Soyuz spacecraft hole)

Gizmodo's Report: ISS Hole Drilled From the Inside, Cosmonaut Says has made me realize I've lost track of the hole. It was in the part of a Soyuz spacecraft docked to the ISS wouldn't contain the crew ...
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1answer
132 views

What's up with the “Apollo” computer on the ISS? How is it being used?

There's a high performance computer on the ISS (HP "Apollo" HPC). How is it being used? Is it there just to check the hardware in the low/modest radiation environment of the variety found in LEO with ...
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2answers
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With six spacecraft currently docked at the ISS, how could Santa (or anyone else) deliver presents?

This ISS tweet says: Three days after launching from Florida the @SpaceX #Dragon cargo craft was installed to the Harmony module at 10:36 a.m. EST. There are now six spaceships parked at the ...
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2answers
137 views

How many capsules have visited the ISS more than once?

How many capsules have visited the ISS more than once? Just that. But if the number is very small, then their IDs or any commemorative markings they might have would be a bonus.
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2answers
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What is the delay of the YT live stream for ISS?

On YT, we can see a live stream from ISS. What is the delay here (given you have a modern high speed internet access)?
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1answer
47 views

What optical design is used by the GEDI's receiving telescope and how is the secondary held in place?

GEDI is a sophisticated LIDAR instrument now on its way to the ISS. Once installed, it will use powerful laser pulses (10 mJ, 242 Hz) from several lasers to map height in 3D, collecting multiple ...
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0answers
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How will Robotic Refueling Mission-3's liquid methane tank remain full for six months without any boil off?

Space.com's Lasers, Crystals and 36,000 Worms Will Ride a SpaceX Dragon to Space Station says: To fly on those journeys, astronauts might have to someday harvest fuel from the surface of the moon ...
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1answer
213 views

Why was there a miniature bread on the ISS?

In the NASA images and video library there is a image of a miniature bread floating in ISS node 1 (expedition 34 in 2013). Unfortunately I wasn't able to find any information on the experiment or ...
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1answer
87 views

Were shuttle and ISS spacewalks always done with two astronauts?

Even if only one astronaut is needed for an EVA, it makes sense to have a second suited up and outside in case of an emergency. Was there ever any exception to this number (e.g. 1 or 3) for the space ...
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63 views

Has the monthly average skin temp of the ISS increased during its years in orbit?

Is there a source of monthly average sun-side maximum temperatures during its (ISS) years in orbit?
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1answer
52 views

Is microgravity “known to” increase bacteria's tendency to acquire foreign genetic material and become metal & antibiotic-resistant?

The RT article Mutant superbugs menace future space station expeditions – NASA ends with: Microgravity is known to increase a bacterium's tendency to acquire foreign genetic material and to become ...
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Iron powder reaction in chlorate candle [closed]

When a sodium chlorate candle is ignighted, the iron powder is burned to allow the oxygen to be released with the reaction 2NaClO3 → 2NaCl + 3O2 The iron powder is not included in this equation, and ...
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2answers
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What is this huge, red, blinking light structure on Earth seen from the ISS in this video?

The video ESA video Progress launch timelapse seen from space is of course striking for many reasons. However there is a strange, blinking light structure on Earth that's quite puzzling! I've added ...
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1answer
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ISS Destiny Module inner wall: thickness set by internal atmospheric pressure or by mass density needed for meteor shielding?

In their 2006 paper Christiansen et al. describe the "stuffed Whipple shield" wall of the ISS's Destiny Module. The outer skin, the Whipple shield's "bumper" layer, is a thin layer of aluminum (alloy ...
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1answer
74 views

Is there an inventory of what is on the ISS?

I saw this tweet, and thought it was kind of funny. The ISS doesn't seem very big, so to find something like that seemed a little unusual to me. Mostly because it seems like there would be someone ...
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1answer
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What are the causes of these episodes of faster than average altitude loss by the ISS?

@Cristiano's question No reboosts for the ISS shows the plot below. I don't have the original source. I've added some annotations including four arrows to indicate what looks like short periods (a day ...
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1answer
180 views

No reboosts for the ISS

The graph shows the ISS semi-major axis. EDIT: the blue plot represents the ISS mean radius vector minus 6371 km (just to show an approximate altitude), which is equivalent to the sami-major axis (I ...
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Can I freshen my clothes on the ISS with a clothes line?

There are a number of questions about washing clothes on the ISS, the short answer is that they do NOT wash them. Nudism in space: Why wear clothes anyway? Washing clothes in space: are there any ...
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Are there any pictures of Iridium flares from the ISS?

As the title states, are there any pictures of Iridium flares from the ISS? Related: How much longer will we be able to see Iridium satellite flares?
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How many ships are ready to launch? [duplicate]

In the wake of the Russian launch failure to send more astronauts to the ISS, it got me thinking. How many "ready to fly" ships are there? And, if an accident were to happen and the current ISS crew ...
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0answers
159 views

How do you replace an ISS window assembly on orbit?

The eoPortal document Cupola Observation Module of the ISS found in @Dragongeek's answer to What are the two orange tabs stuck on opposite edges of each window of the ISS cupola? has some interesting ...
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1answer
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What are the two orange tabs stuck on opposite edges of each window of the ISS cupola?

The YouTube video ONE OF THE MOST DETAILED ISS TOUR!!! is cited in several Q&A here, and shows a tour and explanation of the ISS by astronaut Steven Swanson. Today I noticed between ...
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Data and information security aboard the ISS in terms of public photos?

I was looking through a couple posts that had on-board pictures of the ISS and noticed something almost immediately: They have information (which could be sensitive) shown on the laptops: While ...
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0answers
58 views

Can astronauts on an EVA communicate directly with ground stations?

Can astronauts/cosmonauts performing spacewalks at the International Space Station communicate directly with radio stations on the ground (even if only as a back-up)? Or do they need to relay their ...
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1answer
55 views

How does the HTV Small Return Capsule get used?

The HTV Small Return Capsule (HSRC) is on the HTV-7 mission to the ISS. It is a sample return, small capsule, shaped as you would expect, like a small Apollo/Orion/Dragon shape. It is shipped up ...
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What is a four-orbit rendezvous? [duplicate]

In a book I'm reading, there is a sentence like this: However, such a long rendezvous is cramped, uncomfortable and not the most efficient use of time for astronauts or Mission Control, and so ...
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1answer
63 views

How are cameras arranged and used to monitor activities outside the ISS?

Questions like Does the ISS have zenith-facing windows? and also Does the ISS have any ability to detect or sense unexpected/unscheduled objects in close proximity? have also been asked about ways to ...
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1answer
178 views

What if an ISS astronaut refused to leave the space station? [duplicate]

When a mission to the ISS ends and the astronauts/cosmonauts shall leave the ISS with the Soyuz/Dragon spacecraft, what if an astronaut refuses to enter the Soyuz? What if he/she wants to remain on ...