Stack Exchange Network

Stack Exchange network consists of 174 Q&A communities including Stack Overflow, the largest, most trusted online community for developers to learn, share their knowledge, and build their careers.

Visit Stack Exchange

Questions tagged [iss]

Questions about the International Space Station, a habitable man-made low Earth orbit satellite whose first component was launched in 1998 and used to conduct experiments for a wide variety of research fields in a microgravity environment.

-6
votes
0answers
38 views

What physical proof that astronauts can live on the space station [duplicate]

I have never seen more than 15 seconds of continuous video of somebody in a weightless state inside of the space station. The vomit comet, an airplane that can fly a hyperbolic dive to recreate ...
2
votes
1answer
104 views

When reading “the writing on the wall” in the ISS, which way is up?

This answer to the question Is there really no difference between up and down in ISS? says: ISS does have a sort of 'up and down', deliberately created as part of the design. All the modules ...
7
votes
0answers
136 views

What's the shiny triangular feature on this Progress vehicle?

Picture from here What's the shiny, slightly curved triangular plate with rails above it? A larger version, cropped from here, thanks to a comment by ohsin.
3
votes
1answer
191 views

Why do the ISS' Thermal Rotary Radiators need to tilt?

This answer shows the first image below of a vintage view of the ISS. Only one of each triplet of thermal radiators is extended from each TRRJ. The ISS' solar panels articulate to modulate the ...
2
votes
1answer
49 views

Heat balance of the ISS: breakdown?

Is there available breakdown of the heat balance of the International Space Station? In particular: How much heat is produced? by direct warming by sun by warming of solar panels (heat for the ...
10
votes
1answer
2k views

What are these stacked panels on the ISS in this image?

I found this image of the ISS in a folder on my computer. I don't know the exact source but a reverse image search shows it in many different websites. Unfortunately I can't pin down a date. What are ...
15
votes
3answers
7k views

How do astronauts keep their devices dry?

In these videos astronauts are drinking and playing with water. We can see water droplets floating away to the surroundings. Do these droplets affect the machines in any way? What do astronauts do to ...
5
votes
1answer
169 views

Fluid loading protocol, what's it and what's it for

In the book Endurance: A year in space, a lifetime discovery, there is a paragraph as follows: Then I hear Terry’s voice, breaking in midsentence, as if he were here with me: “. . . pills for the ...
5
votes
2answers
243 views

When astronauts or cosmonauts get seated in the spacecraft, are they actually sitting up or lying down?

This might be more of a physics question. If it is, I'll post it in the physics site. If the spacecraft is vertical, wouldn't the astronauts be seated in a lying position so that the G forces do not ...
3
votes
1answer
258 views

Have astronauts gotten sick on EVA?

In lots of science fiction, people have EVA suits which automatically preform First Aid or administer temporary medical help (such as painkiller injections) so that they can get themselves to a safe, ...
21
votes
6answers
8k views

Was water ever taken outside a spacecraft?

Has an astronaut (or cosmonaut) taken water out of a spacecraft to see if it boils or freezes?
5
votes
0answers
68 views

How are the payload limits of robot arms on the space station determined?

I have just been wondering how the payload limits for the arms on the ISS were determined. Any back of the napkin calculations to explain these? In that vein, I could not find any information on the ...
2
votes
0answers
87 views

Would a space station be able to watch a world wide cataclysm and how long would the crew be able to survive for? [closed]

I know there is other questions with similar concerns about there being any protocols in pace if the crew of space station were to witness a world wide cataclysm and the survivability of the crew if ...
7
votes
2answers
5k views

How much does a cordless screwdriver for space cost?

I wonder how much a cordless space screwdriver costs and what its mass would be? I guess it would be a lithium-ion screwdriver, like on Earth, but would it have other specifications? Does anybody ...
36
votes
1answer
22k views

How often does ISS require re-boosting to higher orbit?

I know that ISS, being in low Earth orbit, requires regular boosts. But I can't seem to find information on how often does this happen. Is it done during each resupply mission, only during some of ...
9
votes
2answers
3k views

How feasible would it be to move the ISS to the surface of the Moon to recycle its components in future?

I see it as an awful waste of energy in not only creating the International Space Station (ISS) components, but also in getting them into space to only decommission the station by letting it fall back ...
5
votes
0answers
239 views

How well can the ISS attitude control system detect periods of astronaut activity?

The question Why doesn't ISS start to spin if people walk inside? is a good one partly because it has attracted several good, informative answers. One of them is particularly intriguing because it ...
60
votes
9answers
11k views

Which country borders are visible from space?

You can see the borders of North Korea with China and South Korea at night from the ISS since unlike their neighbours, they have almost no light. That got me thinking, which other country borders (of ...
21
votes
2answers
385 views

Is the cupola, on the inside of the ISS, cold or warm to the touch?

Does the temperature of the surface of the cupola vary when the ISS is in Earth's shadow, compared to when it is on day side of the Earth? Is it cold to the touch when the ISS in the shadow?
4
votes
1answer
244 views

ISS Repair/Maintenance Tools

Are the tools like the driver and the bolts on the ISS magnetized to prevent losing them when doing repair/maintenance? Is there a special way to prevent it other than magnets?
39
votes
4answers
9k views

Are there any weapons in space?

We can break this down into two categories: For internal security purposes, does the ISS have any type of weapon on board? For global security purposes, are there any orbiting weapons (that we know ...
10
votes
1answer
2k views

What is a brake handle on the ISS crew equipment carts?

Outside the International Space Station, there is a device called a brake handle on the crew equipment carts. I couldn't imagine that device, what is it and what is it for? I found it in the book of ...
2
votes
1answer
96 views

How does SpaceX's Dragon get to the ISS?

How does SpaceX's Dragon capsule get to the ISS? Does Dragon use the onboard Draco thrusters in order to raise its orbit to the station or does the second stage of the Falcon 9 perform the majority of ...
23
votes
2answers
20k views

Air temperature and humidity inside the ISS

The International Space Station being an artificial habitat for humans; it seems reasonable to assume the air temperature, and humidity levels are maintained at well-defined levels. What are the air ...
3
votes
0answers
61 views

Is the ISS in danger of the outer radiation belt?

Is the ISS in danger of the outer radiation belt? I know that the ISS is in the low earth orbit and that it briefly passes through the base of the outer RB, but it is actually in danger? How does the ...
2
votes
0answers
54 views

ISS reboost cost

The most updated data available at spaceflight.nasa.gov show that on day 361 there was a reboost: IMPULSIVE TIG (GMT) M50 DVx(FPS) LVLH DVx(FPS) DVmag(FPS) IMPULSIVE TIG (MET) M50 DVy(...
15
votes
5answers
3k views

Can I text on my cell phone from the ISS to Earth?

We know from Can we detect the cell phone, satellite phone, or walkie talkie of someone walking on Mars from Earth? that cell phone signals on Mars are potentially observable on Earth. I am not an ...
2
votes
1answer
67 views

How Is The Quest Joint Airlock Operated?

I have searched and searched and cant seem to find any media whatsoever that explains or outlines exactly how the airlock is operated. What exactly is the process you go through to open it, do you ...
1
vote
1answer
126 views

How often has the ISS's orbit been propulsive lowered intentionally?

The question Which engine worked the hardest to keep the ISS in orbit? laments the tireless efforts to keep the ISS from falling from the sky by regularly executing propulsive orbit-raising maneuvers. ...
2
votes
1answer
84 views

What's the largest screen for watching videos on the ISS?

There are many laptops on the ISS, for controlling non-critical things and for personal use during free time. Even at least one iPad. Are these the largest screens available? If the crew wants to ...
2
votes
1answer
570 views

Where is the hole now? (ISS/Soyuz spacecraft hole)

Gizmodo's Report: ISS Hole Drilled From the Inside, Cosmonaut Says has made me realize I've lost track of the hole. It was in the part of a Soyuz spacecraft docked to the ISS wouldn't contain the crew ...
5
votes
0answers
74 views

Which engine worked the hardest to keep the ISS in orbit?

The ISS has spent two decades fighting drag caused by its large size and huge solar panels pushing through the tail-end of Earth's atmosphere only a few hundred kilometers above its surface. Question:...
1
vote
1answer
110 views

How long could a spacecraft be attached to ISS?

I've recently noticed how the "Design life, when docked to Space Station" parameter, varies across some of the modern spacecraft that are capable of docking to ISS these days: H-II Transfer Vehicle - ...
1
vote
1answer
132 views

What's up with the “Apollo” computer on the ISS? How is it being used?

There's a high performance computer on the ISS (HP "Apollo" HPC). How is it being used? Is it there just to check the hardware in the low/modest radiation environment of the variety found in LEO with ...
20
votes
2answers
11k views

How long would ISS stay in orbit if it didn't get reboosts?

Apparently ISS is so close to Earth's atmosphere that it requires periodical boosts to stay in orbit. If the station were completely abandoned and it wouldn't get the boosts anymore, how long would it ...
1
vote
2answers
135 views

What is the delay of the YT live stream for ISS?

On YT, we can see a live stream from ISS. What is the delay here (given you have a modern high speed internet access)?
15
votes
1answer
42k views

How long does it take to get to ISS?

The ISS is in orbit about 250 miles high, the students in this related question get 62 miles in less than a minute. This NASA Press release indicates the The Soyuz TMA-13M launch on May 2014 has a 6 ...
7
votes
2answers
331 views

With six spacecraft currently docked at the ISS, how could Santa (or anyone else) deliver presents?

This ISS tweet says: Three days after launching from Florida the @SpaceX #Dragon cargo craft was installed to the Harmony module at 10:36 a.m. EST. There are now six spaceships parked at the ...
5
votes
2answers
137 views

How many capsules have visited the ISS more than once?

How many capsules have visited the ISS more than once? Just that. But if the number is very small, then their IDs or any commemorative markings they might have would be a bonus.
1
vote
1answer
47 views

What optical design is used by the GEDI's receiving telescope and how is the secondary held in place?

GEDI is a sophisticated LIDAR instrument now on its way to the ISS. Once installed, it will use powerful laser pulses (10 mJ, 242 Hz) from several lasers to map height in 3D, collecting multiple ...
11
votes
2answers
215 views

How does the sabatier system reduce water shipments to the ISS?

So I thought I'd answered my own question (How close is the ISS to a closed system?), but I just realized there's a missing piece. This is the chemical equation for how hydrogen, oxygen, and carbon ...
9
votes
1answer
213 views

Why was there a miniature bread on the ISS?

In the NASA images and video library there is a image of a miniature bread floating in ISS node 1 (expedition 34 in 2013). Unfortunately I wasn't able to find any information on the experiment or ...
4
votes
0answers
90 views

How will Robotic Refueling Mission-3's liquid methane tank remain full for six months without any boil off?

Space.com's Lasers, Crystals and 36,000 Worms Will Ride a SpaceX Dragon to Space Station says: To fly on those journeys, astronauts might have to someday harvest fuel from the surface of the moon ...
3
votes
1answer
87 views

Were shuttle and ISS spacewalks always done with two astronauts?

Even if only one astronaut is needed for an EVA, it makes sense to have a second suited up and outside in case of an emergency. Was there ever any exception to this number (e.g. 1 or 3) for the space ...
3
votes
1answer
112 views

ISS Destiny Module inner wall: thickness set by internal atmospheric pressure or by mass density needed for meteor shielding?

In their 2006 paper Christiansen et al. describe the "stuffed Whipple shield" wall of the ISS's Destiny Module. The outer skin, the Whipple shield's "bumper" layer, is a thin layer of aluminum (alloy ...
4
votes
0answers
63 views

Has the monthly average skin temp of the ISS increased during its years in orbit?

Is there a source of monthly average sun-side maximum temperatures during its (ISS) years in orbit?
7
votes
2answers
386 views

What is this huge, red, blinking light structure on Earth seen from the ISS in this video?

The video ESA video Progress launch timelapse seen from space is of course striking for many reasons. However there is a strange, blinking light structure on Earth that's quite puzzling! I've added ...
4
votes
1answer
921 views

Difference in communication delay on ISS

What cause the difference in communication delay, about 11 seconds in this video: and apparently almost no delay on this one: ...
2
votes
1answer
52 views

Is microgravity “known to” increase bacteria's tendency to acquire foreign genetic material and become metal & antibiotic-resistant?

The RT article Mutant superbugs menace future space station expeditions – NASA ends with: Microgravity is known to increase a bacterium's tendency to acquire foreign genetic material and to become ...
1
vote
0answers
39 views

Iron powder reaction in chlorate candle [closed]

When a sodium chlorate candle is ignighted, the iron powder is burned to allow the oxygen to be released with the reaction 2NaClO3 → 2NaCl + 3O2 The iron powder is not included in this equation, and ...