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Questions tagged [iss]

Questions about the International Space Station, a habitable man-made low Earth orbit satellite whose first component was launched in 1998 and used to conduct experiments for a wide variety of research fields in a microgravity environment.

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21
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1answer
1k views

What are the reasons Soyuz's lifespan in orbit is limited?

Following the recent Soyuz failure news, I found out that the currently docked Soyuz expires in the foreseeable future, leaving the crew with no means to return back to Earth. What are the reasons ...
3
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1answer
57 views

Where can I find detailed information on spacewalks?

I am looking for detailed (as detailed as possible) information on the various space walks carried out on ISS. If I can get minute-by-minute steps taken, which bolts were turned, which wires were ...
6
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3answers
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How would the International Space Station be maintained unmanned?

Russia's lunch to the ISS failed and the crew may have to leave it unmanned. How would the ISS run without a crew? Could some one else take it over or squat in it? https://www.npr.org/2018/10/11/...
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1answer
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Is this a photo of today's Soyuz anomaly happening in flight seen from the ISS? What are the little dots?

ISS Exp. 57 Cmdr. and ESA Astronaut Alexander Gerst's Tweet today says: Glad our friends are fine. Thanks to the rescue force of >1000 SAR professionals! Today showed again what an amazing vehicle ...
19
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2answers
5k views

What eliminates the velocity when occupants return from ISS to earth, and how much?

The ISS has an orbital velocity of ~28000 km/h; the velocity $v$ relative to the landing site of the descent module is probably even higher than that most of the time. Once the occupants have landed, ...
8
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1answer
229 views

Can crewed rocket programs be accelerated in light of the Soyuz failure?

This morning a crewed Soyuz booster failed, causing the crew to return to Earth, as the capsule was not in orbit yet. With this being the second failure of a Soyuz rocket in two years (a Dec 2016 ...
31
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8answers
12k views

How can I, a high school student in Bucharest, go on to become an ISS astronaut?

I study at a High School in Bucharest, and I want to know what kind of education or subjects I need so that I can work in an International Space Station and stay there for 6 months. In the high ...
1
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1answer
362 views

Will SpX-DM1 (Crew Dragon demo mission) carry any useful cargo (supplies)?

To adequately simulate crew transport, the Dragon 2 should at least carry mass simulators of mass equivalent to that of the astronauts. Will it? Will it be dummies or some useful cargo? Would be a ...
25
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4answers
10k views

Does the International Space Station get TV?

For obvious reasons the ISS cannot get cable TV. Can the ISS get the new digital air TV or satellite TV using an issued dish and receiver like a house? How would that be done compared to how it is ...
8
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1answer
241 views

How is the docking hatch on the Progress/ATV opened?

Normally during the Progress or ATV hatch opening procedure the crew inside the ISS turn a handle to unseal the SSVP drogue cover which they then pull inward, revealing the Progress docking probe and ...
2
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1answer
173 views

Do astronauts have to use sunscreen?

Of course the space suits can block most part of the radiation, but do the astronauts need to use sunscreen to protect their faces from the radiation passing thought the helmet or passing through the ...
1
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1answer
204 views

How does this ISS vision-testing instrument work? What exactly is being measured, and how?

This tweet by Surrey Satellite engineer Enguerran Petitfils says Astronaut Serena Auñón-Chancellor Examines Her Eyes via NASA https://ift.tt/2NmEt6k What is this device exactly, how does it work,...
54
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3answers
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This image of the Space Shuttle is truly beautiful, but is it real?

I saw this image in the Infobae article La NASA probará un paracaídas para posar naves espaciales en Marte ("NASA will test a parachute to place spaceships on Mars"). The image looks plausible to me, ...
2
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1answer
147 views

Is this window zenith-facing? (ISS docked Soyuz) If so, how directly?

Pursuant to the question Does the ISS have zenith-facing windows? to which the conclusion (in my opinion) is that there may be a window that provides an oblique view that might include the zenith if ...
5
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0answers
193 views

How many leaks have been fixed on the ISS, roughly?

Leaks come in all sizes. Very small ones might be ignored or remain undetected, slightly faster ones might be identified and dispositioned; if they are slow and going to remain stable, they might not ...
8
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1answer
279 views

What is the big hole next to the 2mm hole that caused the 2018-08-30 Soyuz MS-09 / ISS leak?

The small hole in this picture is being reported as the cause of the ISS leak. What is the large hole next to it on the perpendicular surface? The one that appears to have been drilled by an amatuer ...
7
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2answers
602 views

What are these antenna-like structures seen in Oleg Artemyev twitter video?

Russian Cosmonaut Oleg Artemyev's Sept 3, 2018 tweet has a narrated video of Earth from the ISS, at the time over the Nile river. The video is also in YouTube (below). At the bottom of the screen, ...
10
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2answers
572 views

How does automated docking work and why isn't it used more often?

It seems on every flight to the ISS for either people or just cargo, there is always a big deal over manual docking, lots of back and forth over comms, pinpointing the right spot, slowing down in a ...
24
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4answers
4k views

How could the 2018-08-30 Soyuz MS-09 / ISS leak be so slow?

The leak reportedly led the ISS to lose 0.8 millibars of air pressure per hour, which is both big considering what was at stake and low for a 2-mm hole when the outside is near to complete vacuum. Am ...
6
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0answers
768 views

Did NASA “publish”, then “delete” this and other photos of the ISS leak?

A tweet by @NASASpaceflight (Chris B - NSF, "Managing Editor of NASASpaceFlight.com" says: ISS Leak summary: First thought was MMOD strike. Then NASA released pics. Lots of people: "Hmmm,...
2
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0answers
145 views

How far/much time could an appendage extend outside of the ISS before succumbing to severe damage?

I was reading the question asked here in regards the Alexander Gerst's patching of a small (5mm) hole with his thumb temporarily. This got me wondering, if his thumb was only fine because the majority ...
16
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2answers
952 views

Was Alexander Gerst the first man to have bare skin exposed to the vacuum of space and live?

On August 30, 2018, a hole was found in the Soyuz Orbital Module on the ISS. Astronaut Alexander Gerst initially plugged it with his thumb, meaning a part of his bare skin touched space. I can't find ...
7
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2answers
345 views

Is telerobotic surgery logistically feasible in orbit?

A recent comment said telerobotic surgery might be used in space, a follow up comment said that multiple minute light delays would complicate it. But I wonder if just the fact that being in orbit, ...
31
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1answer
10k views

Do Astronauts have their appendix removed?

A recenct article on the BBC news got me wondering about Astronauts in the ISS. technically they are fewer miles from the closest hospital, but the transportation is bit more complex. Imagine that ...
5
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1answer
398 views

What is astronaut Alexander Gerst signaling with this K-shaped hand signal?

In this AP/WISN news item Air leak at International Space Station temporarily plugged by a thumb they show a file photo of German astronaut Alexander Gerst at the Baikonur cosmodrome, making what ...
26
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3answers
2k views

August 30th 2018 Soyuz leak, any dangers for re-entry?

On August 30th 2018, Soyuz MS-09 had a leak that was fixed by the ISS crew (source). Does the leak/fix have any consequences on using the Soyuz for returning to Earth? Would the fix hold the stress ...
5
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1answer
349 views

Is there, or has there ever been anything remotely like an electron microscope in space?

I'm guessing Cmdr Hadfield's tweet is only showing an old file photo, but electron microscopes can be quite handy and complement optical microscopes, at high or even low magnification as shown here. ...
9
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3answers
3k views

I'm not sure if what I've seen is the ISS or not

Can the ISS be seen clearly with the naked eye at dawn? I think that it passed over my location, and I barely saw the 4 solar "wings" as well, but I'm not sure of the last part, because people say ...
2
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0answers
68 views

Would a lower LEO ISS orbit really have a shorter eclipse duration than a higher one?

This comment says Lower orbit also mean shorter ones; for observations (one of the ISS missions) it is an advantage. It also have shorter night times (ie smaller batteries).. and the likely ...
5
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1answer
300 views

Does the ISS still “need” to be at around 400 km?

The video Why is the International Space Station 400 km above the Earth? first mentions that there are fairly hard limits at 300 km (due to imminence of reentry) and 700 km (loss of protection from ...
8
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1answer
424 views

Does ISS get a surplus of oxygen or water?

[overhauling the question to get rid of misconceptions, which were irrelevant anyway] In the balance of input/output of the system ISS is, I spotted something that looks like build-up of stockpile of ...
5
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5answers
270 views

Are there any examples of a reduced-gravity sporting event or match being played in space?

I created the reduced-gravity-sports tag because I see it as both technically/scientifically interesting, and likely to be really big in the future. So now I'd like to ask: *Are there any examples ...
3
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0answers
269 views

Why did the Chinese put the Tiangong-2 so high?

The most obvious answer is that they don’t want to deorbit the station shortly, but why? Some calculations with the TLEs and SGP4 show the following Tiangong-2 / ISS close encounters: ...
4
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1answer
170 views

International Space Station consumables shelf life duration

Most of ISS crew consumables are designed for a long store period. I couldn't find any info - what are shelf life durations for the consumables? What are typical shelf life in ISS storage for: ...
2
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1answer
120 views

Will Astrobee be the second time that an autonomous, mobile robot will use ROS in space?

The question ROS is running on the Robonaut, but is the Robonaut running on the ISS (post 2015)? asks about Robot Operating System or ROS. In the Art Technica video Talking Space and Robots with NASA'...
4
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1answer
170 views

How will Icarus aboard the ISS track bird migration?

The question Is it possible to see animals from space? has several answers, and they are all based on optical imaging. In this answer I describe and show images from the First count of individual ...
10
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1answer
238 views

What psychological issues do astronauts experience during spaceflight that are caused by spaceflight?

What psychological problems or issues do astronauts experience during spaceflight, that are caused by microgravity, background "white noise" or other unusual environments that astronauts in space are ...
21
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5answers
4k views

Music played in space

Besides the Curiosity rovers's rendition of Happy Birthday and Chris Hadfields guitar playing aboard the ISS, is there a list of music played in space live (robots playing music counts too)? Note: ...
3
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0answers
82 views

What are the chances that the ISS transits the moon as seen from your house (or headquarters)?

In this answer I tried to do a simple probablistic estimate on the distribution of the ISS's ground track passes over Earth's equator. Recently there is a photo of the ISS passing over SpaceX ...
9
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1answer
264 views

How does the ISS Transit Finder website get the position of the ISS so accurately?

The recent Petapixel article How to Shoot the ISS Flying Across the Face of the Moon gives a lot of detailed, helpful advice for photographing transits of the ISS across the disk of the Moon. For ...
9
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2answers
630 views

Information on ISS orbit?

Does anyone know the ascending node and periapsis for the ISS? This is for a MATLAB script. I cannot find it on the internet and figured that this would be a good place to ask.
5
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1answer
372 views

Fluid loading protocol, what's it and what's it for

In the book Endurance: A year in space, a lifetime discovery, there is a paragraph as follows: Then I hear Terry’s voice, breaking in midsentence, as if he were here with me: “. . . pills for the ...
3
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0answers
191 views

What would be needed for ISS to function in lunar orbit?

Not only the Chinese are rather unimpressed by the concept of "Lunar Gateway", which is summed up as a much smaller ISS in the Moon orbit. It made me wonder - wouldn't it be better to move ISS into ...
2
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1answer
122 views

Are the cubesats deployed from the ISS always directed “nadir and retrograde”?

@Tristan's answer to What are the orbital mechanical consideration behind hand-launched nanosatellites from the ISS? includes: If you launch nadir and retrograde, you will put the object into a ...
12
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1answer
330 views

Fish in space: what were the results?

I've been interested in the Japanese experiment on the ISS involving raising fish in space, but in all my reading the results seem a bit ambiguous/conflicting (depending on source). What are the ...
4
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1answer
165 views

Was anything special done for the Cygnus OA-9 launch to give it so much extra fuel?

The Cygnus OA-9 mission has had plenty of extra fuel to burn! While docked at the ISS, it burned for a while to raise the ISS' orbit. This may have been more of a demonstration and token altitude ...
2
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1answer
273 views

Is this ISS artwork old but accurate? Was there a radiator that looked like this once?

Along with today's NPR.org news article NASA Needs Backup Plan To Maintain U.S. Presence At Space Station, Watchdog Says there is a big of ISS artwork of the ISS. The caption says: International ...
6
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1answer
119 views

Is there internal diagram of Zvezda or information about the internal size of Zvezda?

I found a diagram of Zvezda showing the external features, but I can't find one showing the internal features. Does an easily obtainable diagram exist?
12
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1answer
264 views

How is Dragon-v2 prepared for being docked for months at ISS?

The Dragon spacecraft is being certified for manned spaceflight. If it's to replace Soyuz, though, it will have to serve as an escape pod for the crew. The current delivery missions are proving its ...
2
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1answer
204 views

What is the ESA Grip experiment, and why does it require Alexander Gerst to be strapped into it?

The text of this 14-June-2018 astronews.com tweet translated into English via google says: IMAGE OF THE DAY: Today's picture of the day shows the German ESA ...