Questions tagged [iss]

Questions about the International Space Station, a habitable man-made low Earth orbit satellite whose first component was launched in 1998 and used to conduct experiments for a wide variety of research fields in a microgravity environment.

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17
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6answers
4k views

Can I text on my cell phone from the ISS to Earth?

We know from Can we detect the cell phone, satellite phone, or walkie talkie of someone walking on Mars from Earth? that cell phone signals on Mars are potentially observable on Earth. I am not an ...
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1answer
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On the ISS what is that frame with a criss-cross of rubber bands?

You can see below a picture of Steven Swanson doing a detailed tour of the ISS. I was wondering what is that frame with rubber bands on the right? It just seems to block access to the racks behind. ...
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What is astronaut Alexander Gerst signaling with this K-shaped hand signal?

In this AP/WISN news item Air leak at International Space Station temporarily plugged by a thumb they show a file photo of German astronaut Alexander Gerst at the Baikonur cosmodrome, making what ...
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Plans for HUD in next-generation spacesuits

A HUD (Head Up Display) allows a computer to display information directly into a user's line of sight and thus allows them to interface with that computer without needing to look at a tablet or ...
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Did CNSA astronaut Zhai Zhigang see the ISS during an EVA?

This answer to Has an astronaut ever seen another object in LEO pass by that wasn't mission-related? says: The encounter happened at longer distances ($\sim47\;km$) and the Shenzhou-7 is smaller than ...
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Duration of SpaceX Demo-2 mission

I've read that the duration of the current SpaceX demo mission to the ISS and back is highly variable. It was originally estimated they could be on-board the ISS from 1 to 4 months, and currently ...
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Was this printer shown the ISS in 2015 built specially to work in microgravity?

The question Printer on board of the ISS? was answered in the affirmative. This seems to be a printer with a special paper cassette on "top" to feed the paper, since gravity feed is not going to work. ...
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2answers
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What typically gets sent to the ISS?

I'm working on a project that aims to understand what is needed to live in space. I understand the basic concepts and vital items needed, but I'd love to see a direct example of what is already being ...
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1answer
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Did all of the Space Shuttles dock with multiple space stations or crewed spacecraft?

For example, the Space Shuttle Endeavour did dock with both MIR (bringing apple seeds) and the ISS. Did all of the shuttles dock with more than one space station and/or crewed spacecraft? above: ...
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What is it like for ISS astronauts to re-adjust to the Earth's gravity?

ISS expeditions last up to half a year, as long as a flight to or from Mars would last. Here I answered to a question dealing with the adaptation of Martian visitors from microgravity to Martian 0.38 ...
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643 views

Effects On ISS Orbital Mechanics Resulting From Added Mass Of Dragon Capsule Visit

Does the ISS require any type of orbital mechanics management once the Dragon capsule was confirmed with a positive airlock seal, and the mass of the spacecraft, 2 additional astronauts, and supplies ...
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1answer
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Can astronauts on an EVA communicate directly with ground stations?

Can astronauts/cosmonauts performing spacewalks at the International Space Station communicate directly with radio stations on the ground (even if only as a back-up)? Or do they need to relay their ...
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1answer
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How (the heck) do you replace a space station window in orbit?

The eoPortal document Cupola Observation Module of the ISS found in @Dragongeek's answer to What are the two orange tabs stuck on opposite edges of each window of the ISS cupola? has some interesting ...
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How, specifically, are ISS audio comm loops “privatized”? For example, in private medical conferences?

The paper International Space Station Medical Operations mentions Private medical conferences (PMCs) are conducted regularly and upon crew request with the ISS crew via private audio and video ...
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Do non-American space travellers train on Dragon capsule as well?

Soyuz is a spacecraft which still uses technologies from soviet era. The Dragon capsule is state of the art with its electronic upgrades. With Russia and US sharing the International Space Station ...
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What caused this bright light from the ground at night seen from the ISS?

The music video on the NASA Johnson YouTube channel The Sound (& Visions) of Silence shows images and video of Earth taken from the ISS by astronauts Sergey Ryazanskiy, Paolo Nespoli, and ...
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How do Space Ships dock themselves so flawlessly to the ISS?

Use of sensors and lasers seems obvious, but what all goes into the system that achieves this? What does the process entail? Example includes SpaceX's recent autonomous docking to ISS of Crew Dragon.
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Is there a realistic looking ISS scale model available somewhere?

I'm looking for a serious, realistic looking scale model of the International Space Station to build at home. Even better, if it would include some electronics. I'm open to free or commercial ...
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1answer
86 views

What happened during this shuttle simulation malfunction involving a failure of a shuttle arm joint while moving the JEF?

This author (cough) begins to relate the details of a particular training incident during simulations for STS-127. However, they very sadly have not finished the tale. Does anybody (cough cough) know ...
6
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1answer
142 views

Do crew movements or movement of other objects ever affect space or Earth observation experiments staged on the outside of ISS?

The ISS serves as a platform for both Earth and astronomical observational instrumentation. Do routine movements of the crew or other objects ever cause problems for these observations through ...
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1answer
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What is the specified procedure to follow if there is a fail to create an airtight seal during hard dock?

I was watching the docking process of Dragon to the ISS including both the "soft dock" process, which was then followed by the hard dock involving 2 sets of 6 locking mechanisms. I believe I'm ...
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Why is the Pressurized Mating Adapter slanted?

There are three of these on the ISS. One connects the Russian modules to the rest. One was used for docking the shuttles. One... kinda just sits there, with modules that were to be berthed canceled. (...
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1answer
208 views

How do we use Fire Extinguishers to Control Fire in the Space Station?

In this NASA Webpage for Fire Prevention in Space, it is given that If a fire were to occur on the ISS, the astronauts would become firemen and follow a three-step response system. First, they would ...
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Why does opening the Crew Dragon hatch take so long?

What procedures are followed during opening of the hatches of both ISS and Crew Dragon, and why does it take so long?
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1answer
271 views

What is this diagram shown during Dragon docking with the ISS?

While docking with the ISS, the live stream showed this diagram with a green line starting at the capsule and looping around the area of the ISS. It would sporadically change and loop around the ...
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Do astronauts on the ISS ever secure unpressurized cargo with an EVA to then be brought inside through an airlock?

Spacex's Dragon and JAXA's HTV are currently the only vehicles that can bring unpressurized cargo in addition to the pressurized one inside the vehicle. In the odd event that the ISS urgently needs ...
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212 views

Can you buy land (while) in space?

The question Can you buy land on the moon? does not ask about being on the Moon and purchasing land on Earth, so I thought I'd ask here instead. Can astronauts in space buy and sell property on Earth ...
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Do the ISS docking ports require maintenance?

Is it neccessary to maintain the docking ports of the ISS? Inspection, cleaning, lubrication, replacement of worn out parts like O-ring seals? Where are the seals, on both sides or only at the ...
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1answer
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Are there any differences in docking procedures between ISS and manned capsules vs. unmanned capsules?

The Russian Soyuz has an extensive history in docking with ISS with both manned and unmanned capsules. SpaceX just recently demonstrated manned-capsule docking with ISS with a history of unmanned ...
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1answer
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What is Crew Dragon approaching in this picture?

Crew Dragon (without a crew) just docked to the ISS for the first time last night. Most of the news reports on it are using the below photo. I thought it was supposed to dock to the Harmony module's ...
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What happened to the HDEV ISS Experiment? Is it over?

I've been checking on and off for a few weeks now and the offline logo seems to be always there. Is the program over? Is there another website that shows current views? Thanks for your time!
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Why aren't the ISS HDEV cameras left on at night?

When watching the ISS HD Earth Viewing Experiment, I realized that they turn the cameras off when the ISS enters night. How often are they turned off when its dark? How come they aren't left on?
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Does Russian mission control still use the callsign “Zarya”, and how did that not conflict with the ISS module?

The Wikipedia page for the Salyut space station claims Initially, the space stations were to be named Zarya, the Russian word for 'Dawn'. However, as the launch of the first station in the ...
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1answer
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H2 and CO2 ventilated outboard of the ISS, could become ice flakes in the extreme temperatures outside the ISS?

Outside the ISS in the orbital night, the temperature can reach -250 degrees Fahrenheit (-157 degrees Celsius). The ECLSS (Environmental Control System and Life Support System), more specifically the ...
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1answer
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What would happen if a mutiny occurred on the International Space Station?

Historically, mutiny has often occurred in close-quarter situations. While the International Space Station (ISS) is not a military operation, the term mutiny is often used to refer any sort of ...
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1answer
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Can the ISS boost maneuver engine be heard by the astronauts on board?

In the extremely cool demonstration video Demonstration of Acceleration Inside the International Space Station During a Reboost ISS Expedition 22 Commander Jeffry Williams says near the end at ...
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1answer
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ISS nuts and bolts; Metric, SAE or both?

The International Space Station (ISS) is a joint construction of many countries around the world. Most of whom use the metric system for measuring including sizing of bolts, nuts and fasteners. ...
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1answer
128 views

Why was the Sabatier system removed from the ISS USOS?

In 2010 a Sabatier system was added to the Regenerative ECLSS part of the US side of the International Space Station. This system created usable water from hydrogen and carbon dioxide waste gases. A ...
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1answer
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Where, physically speaking, are CO2, Hydrogen and Methane ventilated on the ISS

My question refers to the location of the Hoses (if I can call it that), which ventilate the by-product of water processing overboard (CO2, H and CH4). I found great sources on how the ISS ECLSS ...
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If the ISS had an emergency, how long would it take to get a rocket to it?

If there was an urgent need to launch a rocket to the ISS, how long would it take to have a rocket ready to launch? I am trying to understand what factors take up the time to prepare for a rocket ...
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Where will the fourth crew dragon astronaut sleep?

The ISS currently has a crew of 3, that was brought there on Expedition 63 by Soyuz MS-15. Crew dragon flights will bring 4 astronauts to the iss which means that the ISS will have a crew of 7 on ...
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How far apart are ISS launch windows?

Being on an eccentric orbit, I imagine the launch windows are instantaneous (which they are) and different for each launch site whether it be Baikonur, Cape, Tanegashima, or the ESA launch site. How ...
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1answer
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What exactly is “OMS2 Phase Angle”?

The vertical axis of this plot in this answer to How far apart are ISS launch windows? is labeled OMS2 Phase Angle (deg) and I don't know what that is. It's possible that OMS is related to things ...
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Why does the ISS occasionally operate with just 3 crew members?

There have many instances where the ISS only has 3 crew members, often for many weeks. This places significant strain on workload and productivity. Why isn't a new crew launched quicker?
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How many spacecraft can dock at the ISS at once?

With CST-100 looking likely to start flying (eventually) and Crew Dragon prepping for a human spaceflight, plus the existing Soyuz program I got to wondering how many craft could be docked at the ISS ...
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How are the silicon PV cells constructed in the ISS's solar panels? Are they as flexible as they appear here?

My understanding is that the ISS's solar panels are silicon and double sided to maximize bang-for-the-pound (average power per kilogram transported to orbit). See Are the ISS US Segment solar arrays ...
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1answer
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How were the ISS compartments attached and pressurized?

There is lots of easily accessed information online detailing in what order different ISS modules were added, and who built them. However, what's more difficult to find, possibly buried under the ...
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1answer
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ISS: Airlocks between pressurized modules?

The ISS has several airlocks. I was curious about whether interconnected pressurized modules (like Kibo and Harmony) had any airlocks between them in whatsoever. There are two reasons why I think ...
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2answers
174 views

Have astronauts seen Starlink trains?

Starlink satellites move in the same altitude region as the ISS (on their way up and eventually back down) and are particularly noticeable for weeks after deployment as "trains". Have one of these ...
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At what wavelengths and for what particle types have astronomical objects been imaged or at least directionally resolved from the ISS?

The ISS has an X-ray telescope called NICER and this answer in Astronomy SE (and links therein) explain that it was able to show that there are hot spots clustered near one pole of the pulsar PSR ...

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