Questions tagged [iss]

Questions about the International Space Station, a habitable man-made low Earth orbit satellite whose first component was launched in 1998 and used to conduct experiments for a wide variety of research fields in a microgravity environment.

Filter by
Sorted by
Tagged with
28
votes
1answer
24k views

How is the unwanted cold welding prevented in space?

Metallic surfaces touching in the vacuum can stick to each other and fuse. This is known as the "cold welding" and it seems to be a possible issue in space if it happens where it should not. It was ...
27
votes
4answers
10k views

If the ISS had an emergency, how long would it take to get a rocket to it?

If there was an urgent need to launch a rocket to the ISS, how long would it take to have a rocket ready to launch? I am trying to understand what factors take up the time to prepare for a rocket ...
27
votes
3answers
7k views

How are astronauts in the ISS protected from electric shock?

On Earth, most of the electrical appliances having exposed metal parts, such as electric iron, are grounded, to protect the user from electric shock when an uninsulated-wire accidentally comes into ...
27
votes
4answers
17k views

What time zone is used on ISS to define a day?

What time zone is used on ISS to define when a day starts? Is it the same as mission control? Do Russian cosmonauts use a different time zone respect to European and American astronauts?
27
votes
1answer
4k views

ISS nuts and bolts; Metric, SAE or both?

The International Space Station (ISS) is a joint construction of many countries around the world. Most of whom use the metric system for measuring including sizing of bolts, nuts and fasteners. ...
26
votes
3answers
2k views

August 30th 2018 Soyuz leak, any dangers for re-entry?

On August 30th 2018, Soyuz MS-09 had a leak that was fixed by the ISS crew (source). Does the leak/fix have any consequences on using the Soyuz for returning to Earth? Would the fix hold the stress ...
26
votes
3answers
6k views

Can the US Part of ISS survive independent of the Russian?

A new story came out today about Russia potentially preventing the US from using the ISS. One of the claims made was: "The Russian segment [of ISS] can exist independently from the American one. The U....
25
votes
4answers
10k views

Does the International Space Station get TV?

For obvious reasons the ISS cannot get cable TV. Can the ISS get the new digital air TV or satellite TV using an issued dish and receiver like a house? How would that be done compared to how it is ...
25
votes
4answers
12k views

How exactly will the ISS die in 2025?

According to: ”Moreover, the ISS end of life might come in 2025, and assuming you need a few years to graduate, more to get a degree, work experience, get hired, do the training... The ISS might ...
25
votes
2answers
3k views

What is the function of this (apparently) fixed dish on the ISS?

I saw this image in Popular Science, one of the example photos from the book by astronaut/photographer/astrophotographer(?) Donald Pettit. It's beautiful and impressive not only from a color/...
25
votes
2answers
3k views

New Year's Celebration on the ISS

When/what time zone do astronauts aboard the ISS celebrate the new year? Bonus: How many NYE's can astronauts aboard the ISS celebrate, counting only when the new year starts in the time zone they'...
25
votes
2answers
3k views

Why did Salyut 7 freeze over, while ISS requires massive cooling system?

The cosmonauts from Soyuz T-13 mission "wore winter garb, including fur-lined hats, as they entered the station." "Frost covered the walls and apparatus. " Essentially, the heat balance of Salyut 7 ...
24
votes
4answers
11k views

Why has the ISS not been left unmanned?

I found this question, and I was wondering why the ISS is constantly manned (Except for some hours during particular situations). Is that a technical problem? Is it to guarantee safety? Or just ...
24
votes
4answers
5k views

How could the 2018-08-30 Soyuz MS-09 / ISS leak be so slow?

The leak reportedly led the ISS to lose 0.8 millibars of air pressure per hour, which is both big considering what was at stake and low for a 2-mm hole when the outside is near to complete vacuum. Am ...
24
votes
3answers
9k views

What is the difference between docking and berthing on the ISS?

People often talk about docking and berthing. They both seem to be connecting a spacecraft to the ISS, yet seem to be very different. Why?
24
votes
4answers
9k views

Why does the ISS track appear to be sinusoidal?

Okay, time for a stupid question, but it keeps me up at night trying to figure it out. The ISS 'route' appears on paper as such: I am imagining it has to do with a combination of its orbit and the ...
24
votes
4answers
6k views

How quickly could a space agency get to the ISS in case of an emergency?

Here's the situation: The ISS suffered from some kind of catastrophic failure. The crew is unharmed, but the nature of the failure includes: The destruction of any present vehicles capable of ...
24
votes
3answers
5k views

How hard do you have to throw something off the ISS to make it deorbit?

During Expedition 41 Reid Wiseman and Alexander Gerst replaced a failed pump on the outside of the ISS. I am guessing they took the broken pump back inside the ISS and returned it to earth in one of ...
24
votes
2answers
4k views

How long does it take to get from a spacewalk to being inside the ISS and out of your suit in an emergency?

I just saw a show that featured an incident in which an astronaut on a spacewalk to install the Canada 2 arm on the ISS was temporarily blinded by contaminated water inside his helmet. His colleague ...
24
votes
2answers
6k views

What is the purpose of the rotating dish antenna on the ISS

I just saw some footage of the ISS in which a dish antenna could be seen, constantly rotating. The dish looked more-or-less parabolic, meaning that it is presumably sending/receiving along a fairly ...
24
votes
1answer
30k views

What kind of laptops do ISS astronauts use?

In many videos of the ISS, you can see tethered laptops all over the place. Presumably these are heavily customised for space. What kinds of customisation do they need? Are they off-the-shelf laptops ...
24
votes
3answers
2k views

How often are ISS computers (MDMs) replaced?

The electronic "heart" of the International Space Station are the Multiplexers-Demultiplexers (MDMs) located within & outside the pressurized modules. How often are they replaced? (An ideal ...
24
votes
0answers
8k views

Why is artificial gravity not included on space stations? [duplicate]

I'm wondering why artificial gravity is not included on the ISS, or on the currently planned OPSEK. There are long-term health effects of weightlessness, which would be avoided, using artificial ...
23
votes
2answers
4k views

Would it have been any more difficult to build the space station without the space shuttle?

I know that the Space Shuttle delivered a lot of modules and supplies to the International Space Station, but I also know that other rockets were just as capable of performing the task at that time ...
23
votes
2answers
8k views

Are all rockets sent to ISS blessed by a priest?

When the last batch of astronauts were sent to ISS, I read that the crew and rocket were blessed by a priest. Was this a one-time thing, or is it standard?
23
votes
1answer
4k views

Why does the ISS cupola have Interior Protective Sliding Windows

As shown in the center right part of the picture, the International Space Station cupola has an interior sliding window frame, maybe detachable, such as cameras among other instrumentation. Note that ...
23
votes
2answers
24k views

Air temperature and humidity inside the ISS

The International Space Station being an artificial habitat for humans; it seems reasonable to assume the air temperature, and humidity levels are maintained at well-defined levels. What are the air ...
22
votes
3answers
24k views

Why does the International Space Station have a downward facing light?

I really enjoy watching the International Space Station fly over head. I subscribe to alerts so I know when it is in my area during the night time. I wouldn't be able to see it if it weren't for the ...
22
votes
6answers
4k views

Music played in space

Besides the Curiosity rovers's rendition of Happy Birthday and Chris Hadfields guitar playing aboard the ISS, is there a list of music played in space live (robots playing music counts too)? Note: ...
22
votes
2answers
5k views

How did Soyuz MS-04 reach the ISS in only 6 hours?

The Wikipedia Article on Soyuz MS-04 says: It is the first of the Soyuz MS series to rendezvous with the Station in approximately 6 hours, instead of the 2 day orbital rendezvous used for the ...
22
votes
2answers
2k views

Will a Dragon v2 ever bring 7 astronauts to the ISS?

The Dragon v2 has 7 seats whereas the Soyuz only has 3. But the Soyuz uses all 3 seats for astronauts/cosmonauts to bring to the ISS. I suspect that Dragon v2 will bring 3-4 people to the ISS in one ...
22
votes
1answer
3k views

Why is there a pregnancy test kit on the ISS?

A comment by Organic Marble on the question Is it possible to get pregnant through natural means in space? includes a link to PREGNANCY TEST (ISS MED/3A - ALL/FIN) which seems to indicate there is a ...
22
votes
3answers
1k views

Is any space station planned to be put in orbit in decade 2014-2024?

ISS will be closed by 2020. Are there any other space stations planned to be put in orbit in decade 2014-2024 that have really chances to be built?
22
votes
1answer
1k views

What are the reasons Soyuz's lifespan in orbit is limited?

Following the recent Soyuz failure news, I found out that the currently docked Soyuz expires in the foreseeable future, leaving the crew with no means to return back to Earth. What are the reasons ...
22
votes
2answers
569 views

Is the cupola, on the inside of the ISS, cold or warm to the touch?

Does the temperature of the surface of the cupola vary when the ISS is in Earth's shadow, compared to when it is on day side of the Earth? Is it cold to the touch when the ISS in the shadow?
21
votes
6answers
11k views

Is it safe to see the ISS with the naked eye?

As far as I understand, when we view the ISS, it is because the sun rays get reflected from the solar panels of the ISS and reach us at the appropriate angle. So that would be equivalent to viewing ...
21
votes
2answers
12k views

Why aren't the 'bedrooms' aboard the ISS also the escape pods?

If ISS was designed this way, couldn't the astronauts have a quick escape if the ISS is destroyed (severe meteor shower, re-entry, uncontrollable fire, explosive decompression, etc.) while they are ...
21
votes
6answers
8k views

Was water ever taken outside a spacecraft?

Has an astronaut (or cosmonaut) taken water out of a spacecraft to see if it boils or freezes?
21
votes
1answer
4k views

What are these green text/line displays shown during the livestream of Crew Dragon's approach to dock with the ISS?

During the livestream of Crew Dragon's approach to docking, at 6:24 a laptop display is shown with lots of green text and a camera view of the International Space Station. What's going on?
21
votes
4answers
7k views

Why doesn't the ISS start to spin if people walk inside?

I have read that prior to launch all people and tools are fastened down to prevent a rocket from losing the balance. Why doesn't the ISS begin to spin as astronauts are walking inside of it? Or is ...
21
votes
2answers
15k views

How long would ISS stay in orbit if it didn't get reboosts?

Apparently ISS is so close to Earth's atmosphere that it requires periodical boosts to stay in orbit. If the station were completely abandoned and it wouldn't get the boosts anymore, how long would it ...
21
votes
2answers
3k views

Why did Soyuz TMA-18M take two days to reach the ISS?

Typically, a Soyuz crew vehicle takes 4 orbits to reach the ISS, but the Soyuz TMA-18M took 34 orbits or 2 days to reach it. Why is there so much variation from typical missions?
21
votes
2answers
2k views

How are EVA's in LEO affected by being at the night side of Earth?

Orbital periods in LEO are quite short, about 92 minutes for the ISS. So every other almost 46 minutes it is in Earth's shadow. Not only is it then out of direct sunlight, I suppose that the night ...
21
votes
1answer
3k views

How are hair and beard lengths maintained in space?

From the question What are the regulations governing (against) beards in space? we know that hair and beard length are not regulated on the ISS. For the most part pictures indicate both men and women ...
21
votes
2answers
6k views

How many times were there thirteen people inside the ISS? Is it hard on the station?

I just saw this photo in @SF.'s answer It is ISS023-E-023513 STS-131 and Expedition 23. The full caption is below. Are there really 13 people on the ISS at one time? Is STS-131 the only shuttle ...
21
votes
3answers
822 views

Does long-term residence on the ISS affect eyesight?

Life on a space station is very confined. For months on end, astronauts are kept in a structure that's about the size of a football field on the outside and much smaller on the inside. The nearest ...
21
votes
1answer
4k views

How is the International Space Station protected against orbital debris?

ISS is at an altitude of about 400 km (approximately). But there will be some of space debris at that altitude (since some of the space debris orbits decay over time). So the debris has a probability ...
21
votes
2answers
2k views

What is the procedure if communication with the ISS is lost for an extended period?

Between ground control and the ISS there is the occasional short communications loss which they are obviously able to deal with, but is there a procedure to follow if the communication is lost for ...
20
votes
6answers
5k views

Do windows in space stations, the space shuttle, other spacecraft have practical usage?

As we know, cars need a front window because drivers need to see the road to control the car, but how about the windows in space shuttles? As far as I know, the orbits of ISS or other space devices ...
20
votes
2answers
3k views

How do the Starlink satellites shine?

As we can see the Starlink satellites with the naked eye as they pass by. I was wondering about what makes them visible. Do they have large mirrors that reflect the sunlight making them look as if ...

1
2
3 4 5
17