Stack Exchange Network

Stack Exchange network consists of 174 Q&A communities including Stack Overflow, the largest, most trusted online community for developers to learn, share their knowledge, and build their careers.

Visit Stack Exchange

Questions tagged [launch-site]

Questions on launch complexes, spaceports or other locales for the launch of spacecraft.

2
votes
0answers
102 views

How far is Cape Canaveral from Kennedy Space Center, administratively and programmatically?

Answers to a similar-sounding question What is the difference between Cape Canaveral and Kennedy Space Center? deal mostly with history and geography. In the question Which has been the most ...
22
votes
4answers
5k views

Which has been the most gregarious rocket, launched from the most sites?

Which orbital launch vehicle has been "getting around" the most? Which rocket has put things in orbit from the largest number of different launch sites? For the purposes of this question, allow for ...
2
votes
0answers
72 views

How soon will LC-39A be at significant risk to storm-surge damage?

Rising sea levels due to thermal expansion due to global warming due to farting cattle and unicorns and of course also due to CO2 emissions caused by people has certainly caught the eye of the US ...
1
vote
1answer
116 views

What's the geometry of Ignition Overpressure Protection system protecting rocket launches?

During a rocket launch, both the rocket as well as the launch pad have to be protected. This is usually done by shooting enormous amounts of water somewhere 'at' the rocket engines. The then ...
5
votes
1answer
158 views

Would a Martian landing and take off require a flame trench/deflector?

Flame trenches/deflectors are essential for avoiding reflections of acoustic waves from damaging the rocket system while taking off. This is discussed in this YouTube video - Why doesn't the sound of ...
7
votes
2answers
215 views

What happens to rocket stages that land in the oceans, and how many are still there?

When a rocket stage is jettisoned into the ocean, does it typically sink? Assuming yes, how many rocket stages are now lying on the ocean floor? Are there, on the ocean floor, areas where there ...
5
votes
1answer
68 views

Where did the families of astronauts watch the launch?

Where did the families of American astronauts watch the launch from? I've heard the Saturn V Center and also the Launch Control Center. Maybe it was different for each launch? TIA
7
votes
1answer
296 views

Are there any dog-leg hot-spots? Where are dog-leg maneuvers used most frequently?

Dog-leg maneuvers are nicely explained in @JakeBlocker's excellent answer. If you go there now (and hopefully come back here) you can see a diagram of a dog-leg maneuver along with a comparison to an ...
-5
votes
4answers
126 views

Solar Powered Inflatable launch tower?

Could the weight of a launch tower or some of a space elevator be mitigated balloons? Similar to the children's air inflated jump houses could a tower be inflated of hydrogen/helium with different ...
2
votes
1answer
90 views

Deciding factors for launch site

While deciding the launch site layout, what parameters are considered? I understand that the various components like monitoring station, propellant storage tanks are kept at some safe distance. How ...
1
vote
0answers
25 views

Parker Solar Probe Launch - Burning Flame [duplicate]

When watching the live launch of the NASA Parker Solar Probe, I noticed that there was a burning flame near the launch site (bottom left in the image) My intuition tells me that it's hydrogen that's ...
11
votes
2answers
202 views

How does a water based acoustic suppression system work?

Now a days every rocket launch (except Russian or cliff hanging launch) happens using water acoustic suppression system. How does the water based acoustic suppression works? What is the water ...
7
votes
6answers
2k views

What benefits can be gained from launching below ground?

ICBMs are commonly launched from below ground. How much fuel could be saved if a missile is launched below ground instead of above? If the tube was deeper with modified launch by a separate chemical ...
1
vote
2answers
157 views

What prevents the use of electric engines to assist with spacecraft launches? (Launch Booster Supplement)

Much fuel is used to get rocket off the platform on the initial launch. Could electric turbine engines be used like booster rockets? Could an electric engine like a rail gun work similar in the way ...
12
votes
2answers
382 views

What orbital inclinations will be launched into from Scotland?

It has recently been announced that the A'Mhoine peninsula in Sutherland, Scotland will be host to the United Kingdom's first vertical launch site (assuming they can get anything done with just £30m ...
2
votes
0answers
124 views

Why put both Orbex and Rocket Labs on adjacent launch pads in Scotland?

I've just read Jonathan Amos' article in the BBC News Lift-off for Scotland: Sutherland to host first UK spaceport and there appears to be a lot of activity discussed in this article. From a "reserve ...
6
votes
1answer
115 views

What is the oldest functional Launch Complex?

Space Launch Complex 17 at Cape Canaveral was demolished today (July 12, 2018). It was first put into operation in 1957 and was last used in 2011. I was surprised to learn it was 60 years old. This ...
6
votes
2answers
169 views

Why did the Russians choose to locate their new spaceport at Vostochny?

I can understand why Russia would want a spaceport on their own territory. But when you look at where Vostochny is located, it looks like there are other, more southern, parts of Russia with their ...
13
votes
1answer
942 views

How does an array of concrete pillars protect a launch control bunker?

This answer explains that this regular grid of concrete posts at Baikonur LC-1 Gagarin's Start is designed to reduce damage to the launch control bunker beneath it in the event of a catastrophic ...
52
votes
4answers
10k views

“Pillars of Baikonur” What is the purpose of the hundreds of short, white posts near the Baikonur Cosmodrome launch pad?

The caption given in the third image included in the Space.com page Expedition 56: The Space Station Mission in Photos reads as follows: At the Baikonur Cosmodrome launch pad, remote-controlled ...
4
votes
0answers
124 views

During the launch of a rocket, how close are the nearest humans?

I've been wondering how close other people are to large rockets when they launch. launch complexes looks huge; are there people near the launch pad during a launch? If yes, how do they handle the ...
0
votes
0answers
55 views

Launch corridors

I was wondering where I could find a list of the launch azimuth ranges - i.e. the corridors - for the main launchpads worldwide (Baikonur, Kourou, KSC, ... as many as possible). Thank you in advance!
6
votes
0answers
266 views

Which launch was the first to use a dogleg maneuver?

Jake Blocker's excellent answer explains what a dogleg maneuver is, what it's for, what it looks like, and even what a real dog's leg looks like for comparison! A dogleg maneuver is done to change ...
2
votes
1answer
124 views

Does China have a “space coast”? Will it?

I noticed that the Chinese GEO communications satellite Apstar 6C was launched from the Xichang Satellite Launch Center in Sichuan, China. Saying this is far inland would be an understatement. ...
3
votes
1answer
161 views

First interplanetary launch from California, why the initial polar orbit? [duplicate]

The Phys.org article Bound for Mars—countdown to first interplanetary launch from California says: In the early morning hours of May 5, millions of Californians will have an opportunity to witness ...
3
votes
1answer
89 views

Why does the launchpad strongback outgas 60 secs before launch?

I was watching the live stream of the Iridium-5 / Space-X launch and they mentioned that the strongback would outgas a minute before launch. I assume it was to prevent the strongback from exploding ...
22
votes
2answers
3k views

Why does InSight plan to launch from Vandenberg

Why does the InSight Mars lander mission intend to launch from Vandenberg, which does not allow for prograde launches? Will it launch into polar or retrograde orbit? Why? It will do an interplanetary ...
4
votes
1answer
110 views

Why were some Launch Complex numbers skipped?

The Cape Caneveral Launch Complexes are numbered from 1 to 47, but curiously some numbers seem to have been skipped. The missing numbers are LC-7, LC-8, LC-23, LC-24, LC-27, LC-28, LC-33, LC-35, LC-38,...
8
votes
3answers
993 views

Where will SpaceX build and launch the BFR?

SpaceX are planning a new very heavy launch vehicle called BFR. Although the site of manufacture has not been finalised yet (as far as I know), everyone seems to assume it will be on the east coast. ...
2
votes
1answer
130 views

Identify this 1960's launch site and mission?

These are screen shots from a video of the Assignment Earth episode of Star Trek (TOS). It was filmed in January 1968. I would assume that the image shown on the screen is NASA file footage, and that ...
16
votes
1answer
310 views

What is Range maintenance?

As discussed in this question, there will be no launches from Cape Canaveral for several weeks during the summer of 2017 because Eastern Range is closed for maintenance. I assume it includes some work ...
20
votes
2answers
6k views

Why won't SpaceX launch a rocket for a month?

The last launch of a Falcon 9 (Intelsat 35e) took place on July 5, but the next launch of a falcon 9 (CRS-12) won't take place until August 10. Elon said that SpaceX still had 12 launches to go this ...
3
votes
2answers
520 views

Relation between Orbital Inclination and launch site?

Dear Friends, Is there any relation between inclination of injected orbit and the launch site ?
1
vote
1answer
144 views

Is there a significant difference between launching a polar orbit mission south from New Zealand versus launching it north?

The Channel News Asia article New Zealand launches into space race with 3D-printed rocket says: Ships and planes need re-routing every time a rocket is launched, which limits opportunities in ...
1
vote
1answer
413 views

Why is Rocket Lab's New Zealand launch site good for polar orbits?

The Channel News Asia article New Zealand launches into space race with 3D-printed rocket says: Ships and planes need re-routing every time a rocket is launched, which limits opportunities in ...
4
votes
2answers
1k views

How does one dogleg from Florida to a sun-synchronous orbit?

From NASA Spaceflight's article SpaceX Falcon 9 launches first NRO mission with NROL-76: The NROL-76 launch was not to be targeting a sun-synchronous orbit, typically used by the NRO’s optical ...
14
votes
1answer
434 views

How often are space launches substantially delayed by protests physically at the launch site?

Update: Following a one month loss of launch capability, from Spaceflight Now, April 25, 2017; Operations resume at European-run launch base in French Guiana: Protest leaders demanded more 3 ...
5
votes
1answer
277 views

Why did NASA take 39B vs 39A?

Since the 1960s, NASA used both Launchpad 39A and 39B. They seem fairly equal pads, but 39A is more "famous" for launching almost all Apollo spacecraft. Yet when NASA had a choice which one to lease ...
5
votes
1answer
500 views

What is happening to the rocket in this ISRO photo - what are these huge platforms?

The News Nation (India) article ISRO PSLV-C37 launch: Why it is crucial for India? Everything you should know about the 104 satellites mission includes this photo, with the caption "ISRO's biggest ...
10
votes
3answers
328 views

How could we make a fair comparison between space rockets regarding their payload mass in low Earth orbit and Earth escaping?

I was searching for comparisons between space rockets regarding their payload mass in low Earth orbit and Earth escaping. First one to see capability of the space booster (the first stages) and second ...
68
votes
7answers
14k views

Why is the American space program launch site based in Florida and not Texas?

In other words, why didn't NASA make their main space launch area in Texas? It has a point below the 30th parallel, which means that it is close enough to the equator. Why did NASA pick Florida?
12
votes
1answer
440 views

What dangers are on a launch pad after a successful launch?

I was looking at some pictures of launches (like this one) and started looking at the stairwells, doors, and other places people are intended to go. It got me wondering what kind of dangers exist on a ...
7
votes
1answer
194 views

Do different generations of Soyuz use different launchpad infrastructure?

The Soyuz family has many variants. Do any of them require different launchpad infrastructure? If multiple active variants require different infrastructure, how are the logistics of that handled? Do ...
11
votes
1answer
591 views

How long to repair the pad/tower after the SpaceX disaster?

Following the SpaceX disaster there is some obvious damage to the pad/tower. How long will it take to repair damage like that, and what kind of process/inspection is required before launches are ...
6
votes
1answer
123 views

What are the major expenses for a small spaceport?

I'm not looking for exact numbers, and I know that it will vary on a case by case basis, but I was thinking about the Kodiak Launch Complex lately: Last Launch: August 25th, 2014 2 Active Pads There ...
4
votes
3answers
375 views

Possible places for a launch complex in UK and continental Europe

Reading "Britain selects U.S., French, British teams to study spaceport feasibility" — I can imagine places in Europe for retrograde or polar launches, but are there places where standard LEO/...
13
votes
1answer
560 views

What are the rectangular wires around Atlas V launch site?

You can see those wires spanning between four towers directly around the rocket in the following screenshot (taken from this video). I assume they are some kind of antenna or for some kind of ...
15
votes
3answers
4k views

Are Armageddon's simultaneous shuttle launches feasible?

In Armageddon, two space shuttles launch from adjacent pads mere seconds after one another. This seems highly implausible for several reasons: Pressure, heat, vibration and debris from the first ...
9
votes
1answer
549 views

Do strongbacks/launch towers have to be repainted or refurbished after a launch?

Videos of rocket launches often show exhaust flames engulfing at least the upper parts of a launch tower or strongback. Do these towers need to be reconstructed or at least repainted after a launch? ...
5
votes
2answers
785 views

Are sirens (etc.) sounded before launches to warn wildlife?

This question is moderately inspired by this one, or at least the speculative answer "birds" that is ruled out on a second review of the video. Various animals have learned signals of severe ...