Questions tagged [low-earth-orbit]

Questions regarding Low Earth Orbit or LEO, which refers to orbits at an altitude between approximately 160 kilometers / 99 miles and 2,000 kilometers / 1,200 miles.

Filter by
Sorted by
Tagged with
-7
votes
0answers
47 views

Pure solid-fuel rocket to LEO

Here's a little question, is there any rocket that reached LEO using only solid fuel? For example, a 2-stage rocket that sent a cubesat to LEO. Has anyone tried this before? And if the answer is no, ...
2
votes
0answers
61 views

Conceptual reusable orbital launch engine prototype for nanosatellites [closed]

I have realised that the process in which we go to space is highly inefficient and we should create a hypersonic spaceplane which take offs and goes to low earth orbit to release nanosatelite and ...
4
votes
4answers
2k views

Payload capacity of a rocket

Why does a rocket have far more payload capacity when placing an object in LEO compared to when it's placing the object in farther orbits, like on the Moon? If a rocket has sufficient thrust to take ...
-2
votes
0answers
29 views

Coverage,look angles

If I am aware of the inclination,altitude,orbit period and approx velocity of a LEO satellite orbiting earth,how do I find the latitude and longitude of its sub-satellite points on the earth/globe. ...
3
votes
0answers
90 views

Has a totally eclipsed Sun been photographed from low Earth orbit?

I'm hoping to get a sense of how much of the corona can be seen during an eclipse of the sun from outside of Earth's atmosphere. Have any photographs been taken in the visible part of the spectrum, ...
2
votes
1answer
31 views

IMLEO orbit height

Initial Mass in Low Earth Orbit is a well defined cost metric for space missions [1]. However, this is somewhat subjective since it depends on the orbit height. My guess is that there is a ...
18
votes
2answers
4k views

What is the name of the area on Earth which can be observed from a satellite?

The following image shows Earth and the trajectory of the ISS. A green line indicates which part of the earth can be observed from the ISS simultaneously. What is the name of this line or this area?
2
votes
0answers
144 views

How did three 1.2 meter spheres and a Xe+ plasma contactor keep the Shuttle “grounded”? What did they look like?

Statement of relevance This answer to Highest DC voltage ever intentionally produced in space? mentions particle beam experiments done from the Space Shuttle while it flew through Earth's atmosphere ...
2
votes
0answers
44 views

Problems with spaceflight high voltage

What problem exists if the surface of the satellite is at a high positive potential in LEO? What is the maximum voltage it could withstand? is there any document about it?
1
vote
1answer
86 views

Is an electric fuel tug from LEO to moon orbit economically feasible?

Does it make economical sense to use an electricaly powered fuel tug to supply a moon landing program with fuel? I am imagining an architecture of launching a 25t payload of mostly fuel into LEO which ...
1
vote
0answers
137 views

How many (presumably friendly) lasers are being shot at us from space?

A comment below @A.Rumlin's answer to Is there any spacecraft that is ping-able? links to a Facebook page (in Russian) which shows an astrophotographer's photograph of stars plus a big green flare ...
2
votes
2answers
113 views

Does the Newton-Rhapson solution to Kepler's equation diverge?

I have the following simple solution to the Kepler's equation which uses newton-rhapson iterative technique. I have read various papers about the initial guess and divergence near an eccentricty of 1, ...
12
votes
2answers
2k views

Why use a Mars orbital Earth return vehicle for sample return?

NASA's plan is to use two separate missions to bring home the drill core samples that the Perseverance rover will take. The samples will in plan be picked up by a landed mission and launched to Mars ...
1
vote
1answer
122 views

Error in Propagating equatorial orbit using GMAT

I propagated an orbit with semi-major axis of 7000km and the rest of the keplerian orbital elements 0 on GMAT. Since the orbit is circular and in the Equatorial plane, it should not change over time. ...
4
votes
1answer
120 views

Why can't I just use dot product angles to get satellite vision of a point on Earth?

Right now I'm using MATLAB and can easily get the ECEF coordinates of the satellite and the point on the Earth. Since ECEF is cartesian, why can't I just rearrange: $$ r_{es}\cdot r_{ps} = \|r_{es}\| ...
2
votes
1answer
60 views

Solar wind density in LEO

Does anyone know where I can find real (not approximate) solar wind data in LEO? I am particularly interested in the density and current of electrons
2
votes
0answers
52 views

Are spacecraft put into Earth orbit frequently equipped with small thrusters to separate their orbits from their co-orbiting rocket bodies?

Brandon Rhodes' retweet says I’ve recently followed @TSKelso as a fun way to keep up with the surprising volume of rocket launches these days, and the new http://celestrak.com viewer shown here is ...
1
vote
0answers
51 views

Most efficient (computationally) orbit propagation for simplified J2 effects

I am looking into modeling large scale constellation (hundreds of satellites) and there coverage over earth given a defined conical FOV. The simplified process is a user defines: Constellation (...
5
votes
2answers
142 views

Is the use of whipple shields on satellites common?

How common is the use of whipple shields or of any micro-meteor and debris shields in general for satellites in low earth orbit , I couldn't find any relevant statistics on the internet, a rough ...
1
vote
0answers
89 views

Was the ISS closer to Baja California or California when this ISS press event started? When exactly did it start?

The NASA video Expedition 63 Inflight with New York Times, Fox News, and USA Today - July 7, 2020 begins with NASA astronaut and Expedition 63 commander Christopher Cassidy discussing with an ...
2
votes
0answers
33 views

Why will it take a couple of weeks to complete CRYOSAT 2's orbit raising of a few hundred meters?

The BBC's Esa and Nasa line up satellites to measure Antarctic sea-ice says: Authorisation was given on Tuesday for Europe's Cryosat-2 spacecraft to raise its orbit by just under one kilometre. This ...
0
votes
1answer
75 views

Why are ICESAT-2 and CRYOSAT 2 both at inclinations of almost exactly 92 degrees?

The BBC's Esa and Nasa line up satellites to measure Antarctic sea-ice says: Authorisation was given on Tuesday for Europe's Cryosat-2 spacecraft to raise its orbit by just under one kilometre. This ...
1
vote
0answers
38 views

HDEV Goodbye Video- similar projects planned?

I just found that nice "Goodbye HDEV" video on the Columbus-Eye-Projekt-Webpage. (http://columbuseye.rub.de/) Seems like the HDEV-housing is already burned during re-entry. Does anyone know ...
2
votes
0answers
69 views

What does a typical delta-v budget look like for a LEO satellite?

In terms of launch, initial orbit correction, stationkeeping, deorbiting, etc. for a typical 100-200 kg LEO satellite? Is there any source online with specifications for non-private Earth-orbiting ...
3
votes
1answer
178 views

Is SLS capable of launching the core stage into LEO?

After watching the Hazegrayart video If Rockets were Transparent I realized that I didn't really have a clear idea what the Space Launch System (SLS) is capable of doing. Question: Is SLS capable of ...
1
vote
2answers
63 views

position of an emitter on ground from space

Could anyone throw some light on what is the minimum number of satellites that I require to find the location of a RF emitter on earth from a LEO orbit satellite constellation having a single receiver ...
2
votes
1answer
78 views

What speed variation would there be in a realistic LEO orbit at a nominal height of 200 km?

So in a previous question, How much variation in orbit altitude is caused by gravitational variation, in LEO? we established that an LEO orbit of ~200 km would actually change altitude by up to +/-20 ...
9
votes
2answers
178 views

How much variation in orbit altitude is caused by gravitational variation, in LEO?

Imagine a hypothetical spacecraft in LEO, at 200km. Ignore air resistance for a moment. It's actual height will vary, due to both gravitational anomalies and the shape of the Earth. Do we know ...
2
votes
0answers
38 views

List of supply chain partners in oneweb satellite production line at Florida? [closed]

I have listed couple of partners for onewebsatellites supply chain. 1) Sol Aero- Solar panels 2) Sodern - Star Trackers 3) ALTIUS - Grappling fixture for deoribiting 4) New Space systems - ...
9
votes
2answers
967 views

Aborting a de-orbit maneuver

I was contemplating on how a de-orbit may be abandoned post completion of the orbit burn, say, from LEO. A situation in which this might be necessary would be detecting a breach in the heat shield ...
4
votes
2answers
111 views

How do large thermonuclear explosions on the ground affect satellites in LEO?

High altitude nuclear explosions will completely render electronic devices on the ground useless (unless protected, with lead coating for example). How are satellites affected by such explosions? ...
1
vote
0answers
133 views

Launch options for a hobbyist cubesat builder who's not rich? [closed]

For a while now I've been waning to launch a satellite into space, making the satellite should be simple enough, I have some experience with Arduino and coding in general. but what I don't have is any ...
1
vote
0answers
56 views

Angles only Orbit Determination for LEO satellites

I have a script that uses the Gauss method for Prilimanry Orbit determination of satellites using 3 sets of ra-dec and the corresponding LST (adapted from the MatLab example given in the appendix of ...
5
votes
1answer
164 views

How to calculate the lowest possible altitude a satellite can orbit at due to aerodynamic heating if provided with a sufficient propulsion system?

If a satellite is equipped with a propulsion system which is enough for compensating the local drag and maintaining the orbit, then aerodynamic heating would be the limiting factor for attaining the ...
3
votes
2answers
598 views

Rocket to launch 8 cubesat to LEO at an equidistant distance

I am working on a project, which consists of the launch of 8 cubesat 1U to LEO (Low Earth Orbit) and I started working on the launch part, the idea of ​​the project is to be as cheap as possible, the ...
1
vote
3answers
342 views

Could a horseshoe magnet help a satellite stay in orbit?

If a horseshoe magnet was attached to a satellite orbiting the Earth, would the interaction of the Earth's magnetic field and the horseshoe magnet's magnetic field result in the magnet being propelled ...
1
vote
0answers
69 views

What is the most efficient way to go to Titan? [closed]

With ionic motors? or chemical engines? liquid propellant (LH2) or gas? What is the most compact way to make the trip? in the smallest possible rocket, for example the SS-520-5 is a 2-stage rocket, 11....
3
votes
1answer
98 views

Was there a spacecraft that was clearly the first to be put in a polar orbit?

Was there a first spacecraft put in a polar orbit? It might not be clear if it's too hard to say what high inclination orbit is or is not polar, for example if 91 satellites were launched in 0, 1, 2.....
4
votes
1answer
192 views

What are the orbits of all Starlink satellites launched?

Latest batch of SpaceX Starlink satellites went into elliptical orbit. Using all available data (launch times, release times, applications by SpaceX etc), what are the orbits of all current 300 ...
3
votes
2answers
188 views

Why do orbits in the Iridium constellation have an inclination of 86.4°?

Wikipedia's Iridium_satellite constellation; In-orbit spares says that Iridium satellites have an inclination of 86.4°: Significant orbital inclination changes are normally very fuel-intensive, but ...
1
vote
1answer
192 views

Fastest time to Sun Earth L2 (or L1)?

Of all the past, present or planned probes to SE-L2 (or L1*) which has or will take the shortest amount of time to arrive from leaving low earth orbit, or from passing that location if the probe doesn'...
2
votes
1answer
468 views

What does “MSR” represent in the context of this predicted satellite conjunction?

In a series of four tweets starting with this one (found in 2 satellites will narrowly avoid colliding at 32,800 mph over Pittsburgh on Wednesday) 1/ We are monitoring a close approach event ...
24
votes
1answer
5k views

How did two satellites end up in almost the same orbit except moving in opposite directions?

In a series of four tweets starting with this one (found in 2 satellites will narrowly avoid colliding at 32,800 mph over Pittsburgh on Wednesday) 1/ We are monitoring a close approach event ...
2
votes
1answer
82 views

Fast Methods for analyzing large scale Walker constellations

I have been doing some research and with the growing scale of large number of small sats and I am trying to see if there has been work done to study the coverage capability for these constellations. ...
5
votes
0answers
88 views

What was the first unplanned “over-the-air” software update of a spacecraft?

From time-to-time spacecraft have had to be rebooted, in one case Voyager 2 mutinied and had to be reprogrammed and in another Opportunity had it's memory "hacked". As far as I know, deep space ...
1
vote
0answers
57 views

Would a vantablack coating on the starlink satellites cause overheating problems? [duplicate]

I'm an amateur astronomer and have recently being hearing space x catching alot of flack for the amount of reflection the satellites would cause. While I believe that program is more important than my ...
3
votes
1answer
167 views

How exactly does atomic oxygen cause problems for spacecraft in VLEO?

In very low Earth orbit there are (at least) two problems; aerodynamic drag, and atomic oxygen (O rather than O2). Drag can be compensated with a low thrust from an ion engine. Question: But what ...
-2
votes
1answer
114 views

Issue with SGP4 modelling from scratch in MATLAB

I am trying to develop the code from this source , this research paper and from this too as same as bibliography of that aforementioned source. So, here as you can see at page 14, they have defined ...
1
vote
2answers
374 views

What are the calculations for gas transport to the Moon with a pipeline?

This paper, acquired from this question about tethers on the Moon, describes LADDER, a mission to deploy a Lunar Space Elevator (LSE). The space tether, made of Zylon fiber, would be 264,000 km long,...
1
vote
1answer
123 views

Point Ahead Angle Calculation between LEO-GEO Satellite (ISL Scenario)

So, I have got two reference TLE from 2 different Satellite in LEO-GEO, which are as follows: (1st TLE for LEO, 2nd TLE for GEO) ...

1
2 3 4 5
7