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Questions tagged [lox]

LOX (liquid oxygen) is pure oxygen kept at a temperature at which oxygen is a liquid, between approximately 54.4 K and 90.2 K (corresponding to -219 °C to -183 °C, or -362 °F to -297 °F). LOX can be used as an oxidizer in liquid-fuel rocket engines.

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Loading the LOX into Falcon 9 V1.1 and Falcon 9 Full Thrust

It is clear from the spaceflight101.com that there is difference in Launch sequences of Falcon 9 FT and Falcon 9 V1.1. Clearly, Spacex has found a way to load the tank in 30 minutes (falcon 9 FT) as ...
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Air-launching an Electron-like LOX-based rocket from a plane; technical challenges?

@GremlinWranger's answer and comments to the question Is it coincidence that the Electron has very similar dimensions to the Pegasus? motivates my asking for the technical challenges to air-launching ...
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Pressurization line (Helium to LOX tank line) chilling while pressurizing LOX tank

I have read that in rockets and launch vehicles Helium is used for the pressurization of propellant tanks. What temperature Helium is stored at? If Helium is stored at room temperature then while ...
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How do they know how much liquid propellant is in a rocket just before launch?

In this answer I wrote: In other words, a few tons here or there could depend on something as simple as the weather, or trying to squeeze a little extra propellant in for a given mission with a ...
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What is the blue/red flare at the Delta IV Heavy launchpad

I was watching the (eventually scrubbed) launch of Delta IV Heavy with the Parker Solar Probe. I noticed a fairly large blue/red flare near the launch pad. I'm guessing it's LH/LOX, but I thought ...
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Why doesn't carbon fiber overwrapping in LOX catch fire? (watch this video first)

Sir Martyn Poliakoff, also CBE FRS and his team produce a fascinating series of Periodic Videos. In this one they team up with Smarter Every Day's Destin Sandlin to do high speed video of a piece of ...
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How do rockets keep their fuel in a liquid state?

What are some of the measures engineers would take to ensure that the LOX and other similar fuels are kept below their boiling point during flight?
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Liquid fuel / Oxygen proportions

A question ive been thinking about: If an engine works of a liquid propellant(Hydrogen in this case) and LOX, is there a specific proportion required for the two chemicals to burn completely? If so ...
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In-situ oxygen on Mars - what is MOXIE and SpaceX' ITS relation?

Reading through in-situ methods to manufacture oxygen on Mars, I see the following assets: in future, 100x scale of MOXIE would produce up to two kilograms of oxygen per hour https://en.wikipedia.org/...
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What about recycling the helium used for sub-cooling the LOX in the tank of a rocket before launch?

Helium is a rare and expensive noble gas. When it is loaded into a rocket to be used after launch, it is not possible to recycle it. But the helium used for sub-cooling the LOX before launch (see ...
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Why would sub-cooled LOX tanks need to “topped-off” until the last minute or so?

Here is my understanding, let me know if I've got it right or wrong: Until recently, most cryogenic propellants were at or close to their boiling points. Each unit of heat leaking into the tank would ...
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Could super-cold LOX be used in every rocket engine?

Super-cold LOX gives advantages in performance for a rocket. But it isn't used in all rockets. SpaceX's Merlin 1D rocket engine uses super-cold LOX. Also NK-33 use sub-cooled LOX. Could super-cold LOX ...
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Can SLS use subcooled LOX?

The SpaceX Falcon 9 FT is using subcooled liquid oxygen. I understand that LOX gets significantly denser at lower temperatures so more propellant can be filled in the rocket's tank. Can NASA SLS RS-...
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Final conclusion/description of the cause of the SpaceX Sept. 1, 2016 anomaly?

I've just read the phys.org new item which summarizes the conclusions by SpaceX about the cause of the September 1st 2016 anomaly. I'm citing quotes in the news item which come from a SpaceX ...
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Filling of LOX tanks - 'cryogenic geyser cycling'

This article about the 2016 Sept 1 Falcon 9 explosion mention 'cryogenic geyser cycling' in reference to the filling of the LOX tanks as though it were a particular method of filling tanks. In ...
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How (actually) do sub-cooled propellants reduce cavitation within turbo pumps and make feed easier?

Starting at about 32:38: "We sub-cool the oxygen and methane to densify it, so compared to... propellants normally used close to their boiling point in most rockets, in our case we actually load ...
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Is the “cryogenic helium” system in recent discussions actually LHe for cryopumping?

I am wondering if the "cryogenic helium" system discussed in articles about the 1-Sept-2016 SpaceX Falcon 9 anomaly (see this answer for a good summary to date) is not actually related to the high ...
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Is this explanation for the SpaceX 1-Sept-2016 anomaly plausible?

Question: Is this explanation for the SpaceX 1-Sept-2016 anomaly plausible? Or most of it at least (sans LHe)? In the recent New Atlas article SpaceX fingers helium as cause of Falcon 9 rocket ...
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Problems compressing the helium tanks inside the F9 2nd stage LOX tank at the last minute?

A recent "Anomaly Update" dated September 23, 1:00pm EDT by SpaceX, includes the sentence: "At this stage of the investigation, preliminary review of the data ...
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How can the elements involved in loading a LOX tank be involved in an explosion?

Since SpaceX has isolated the AMOS-6 Falcon 9 pad explosion to the upper stage LOX tank during fueling, it seems useful to consider in general terms what was happening at the time and what materials ...
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Have reliable, restartable LH2/LOX engines ever existed? - ever used? [duplicate]

I just wrote the following paragraph as an edit to this answer: Using LH2 for regular burns to maintain ISS altitude would require a whole new set of engines that may not yet exist anywhere. While ...
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Supply of liquid oxygen (LOX) maintained on the ISS? Kept cold using “space”, or refrigerator?

One can transport and store oxygen more efficiently (volume and weight of tank) if it is liquid under the order of 1 atmosphere. Liquid oxygen (LOX) is kept cryogenic in insulated tanks for short ...
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Is the Paramagnetism of Liquid Oxygen Ever Considered in Engine or Tank Design?

NOTE: I'm asking if this material property is ever considered. I'm not asking "do you think it should be considered". I'm pretty sure someone has considered it, and I am hoping to track down some ...
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Are cryo tanks heavier than normal tanks (on a per surface area basis)?

From my related question, it turns out cryo tanks are not double-walled for insulation purposes. So now I will continue along a similar line and ask, aren't cryo tanks heavier than normal tanks on a ...
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A cryo tank within another cryo tank…is it a sound engineering concept?

Here's the idea: A large spherical LH2 tank is placed inside a spherical LOX tank. The reason I thought of this is so the inner tank doesn't need to be insulated. It doesn't need to be a double-...