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Questions tagged [luna]

The Luna programme was a series of robotic spacecraft missions sent to the Moon by the Soviet Union between 1959 and 1976.

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What did Luna 3's illuminator illuminate and why did it need a cover?

This comment below this answer to How was it possible for the Apollo 11 to film and take pictures with such radiation? links to the svengrahn.pp.se post Luna 3 - the first view of the moon's far side. ...
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How did Luna 3's pivoting antennas and ribbon antennas work?

This comment below this answer to How was it possible for the Apollo 11 to film and take pictures with such radiation? links to the svengrahn.pp.se post Luna 3 - the first view of the moon's far side. ...
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Was US film used in Luna 3?

This site claims that the USSR's Luna 3 probe, the first to photograph the far side of the moon, used special radiation and temperature hardened film taken from downed US spy balloons. Is this true? ...
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Where in space did Luna 2 release its sodium?

Wikipedia's Luna 2 says: ...the spacecraft released a sodium gas cloud so the spacecraft's movement could be visually observed. NASA's NSSDCA/COSPAR ID: 1959-014A says: On 13 September the ...
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How did the Luna spacecraft collect samples of the moon and containerize them for return to Earth?

The Wikipedia page Sample-return mission and this answer list Luna 16, 20 and 24 missions as each bringing back of the order of 100 grams of lunar material to Earth, but their Wikipedia pages don't ...
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Trajectory information for Ranger, Luna, and other early Lunar explorers

Is there a location where I can get remotely reliable information on the trajectories for the old Ranger, Luna, and other lunar explorers? I'm especially interested in the ones that flew by the Moon ...
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How did the Russians get moon rocks?

I've read somewhere that the Russians have moon rocks. How did they get them?
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Would Luna 15 have been visible to any of the members of the Apollo 11 crew?

According to Wikipedia, Luna 15 crashed a few hours before Eagle lifted off from the moon, and since it crashed North-east of the landing site, it must have overflown them. Would any of the crew have ...
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Were the Apollo 11 astronauts aware of any parts of the Luna 15 mission?

I just learned today about the Luna 15 mission which was a Soviet attempt to land an unmanned probe on the moon which coincided with the successful Apollo 11 mission. Were the Apollo 11 astronauts ...
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Why were early Soviet spacecraft spherical?

Sputnik's ball shape is instantly recognizable to most of us: I was looking at the Wikipedia page for Luna 1, and saw it was also a ball-shaped spacecraft: Why do these spacecraft have a spherical ...