Questions tagged [lunar-orbit]

The tag has no usage guidance.

Filter by
Sorted by
Tagged with
3
votes
1answer
139 views

Would it be possible to Boost ISS to L1 or Lunar Orbit?

NASA and Russia plan to retire the ISS before 2030, and to launch a new lunar outpost to lunar orbit. This output could then be a gateway to future mission to Mars or the outer solar system. My ...
2
votes
0answers
45 views

Does Surrey Satellite's Pathfinder lunar communications relay have customers lined up, or is it “If you build it, they will come”?

After about 24:00 in the BBC podcast Do We Need More Space Stations? BBC reporter Marnie Chesterton talks with Charles Cranston, the project manager for lunar ...
7
votes
2answers
414 views

What's the record for the fastest trip to the Moon?

The line "Therefore the USSR sent detailed instructions to Jodrell Bank how to find their second lunar probe, Luna 2, that was launched on 12 September 1959 and hit the moon the next day." from ...
7
votes
1answer
265 views

Why don't SpaceIL's Beresheet spacecraft and Moon orbits line up?

The question Tracking SpaceIL Beresheet Moon lander links to some data files that are from the site: http://live.spaceil.com (also linked here): Raw data: http://live.spaceil.com/data/data_s1....
2
votes
1answer
145 views

How would one calculate the Lunar liftoff thrust required for a spacecraft?

I used the thrust to weight ratio of 2.12 to determine the thrust my spacecraft needs for a lunar liftoff, Apollo Lunar Ascent Stage Thrust to Weight Ratio. Is this a proper way of determining and ...
1
vote
1answer
102 views

Orion Exploration Mission-1; clarification and additional trajectory information?

This September 2017 video NASA | Exploration Mission-1 – Pushing Farther Into Deep Space is over a year old. I found some aspects interesting and wonder if more details about this trajectory are now ...
2
votes
0answers
40 views

Direct transfers to inclined lunar orbits?

I'm trying to find examples of direct earth–moon trajectories ending in inclined low lunar orbits. I've found a few classes, such as those with plane changes between SOI encounter and capture ...
8
votes
2answers
320 views

Will Chang'e-4 really take a month to “get to the Moon”? With what trajectory?

The Verge's This weekend, China embarks on a historic mission to land on the far side of the Moon says (near the end): We know that the mission is set to launch on top of one of China’s Long March ...
0
votes
1answer
185 views

What are the “Boeing Lunar Orbiter spacecraft” from the 1960s? Why is “Boeing” in the name?

An October 2013 article in SpaceRef.com The New Race for the Moon says: Although LRO data remains unrestricted there is other evidence that NASA is worried about such data transfer to China. ...
2
votes
3answers
128 views

Technical challenges to improving resolution of lunar orbit imaging by using solar UV light?

@Uwe's question and answer seem to illustrate that the resolution of surface-imaging spacecraft orbiting around the Moon has not dramatically improved over the decades, and that this is pretty-much ...
2
votes
2answers
200 views

Why Spacex Lunar Mission date postponed?

Previously SpaceX Lunar mission date was 2022, but it is mentioned in the wiki that it is no earlier than 2023. Why the date has been postponed?
6
votes
1answer
111 views

Comparison of Lunar Orbiters image resolution after 4 decades?

The Lunar Orbiters, LO were launched 1966 and 1967. The Lunar Reconnaissance Orbiter, LRO was launched more than 40 years later in 2009. This paper has some information about the narrow angle camera ...
2
votes
1answer
137 views

Better source for the 1967 photograph of Surveyor-1 by Lunar Orbiter-3?

In 1969 Apollo-12 Lunar Module pilot Alan L. Bean photographed Apollo 12 Commander Charles "Pete" Conrad Jr. standing next to Surveyor-3 because despite all of NASA's technological innovation that had ...
5
votes
1answer
127 views

How to develop a photographic film in lunar orbit?

The Lunar Orbiter program was very successful in mapping the surface of the Moon. Images were taken on a 70 mm film, developed in a semidry process, and then scanned by a photomultiplier for ...
4
votes
1answer
471 views

For an Apollo Lunar Module Ascent Stage launch, what is the optimal profile of $\beta$ (or $\gamma$) vs time?

When Apollo astronauts departed the lunar surface in the Lunar Module's Ascent Stage, it appeared to rise vertically ($\beta$ = 0) for ~10 seconds and then begin the "tipover" (videos of Apollo 15, 16 ...
3
votes
0answers
195 views

What would be needed for ISS to function in lunar orbit?

Not only the Chinese are rather unimpressed by the concept of "Lunar Gateway", which is summed up as a much smaller ISS in the Moon orbit. It made me wonder - wouldn't it be better to move ISS into ...
3
votes
2answers
115 views

What is the official universal time system of Mars?

According to standing global treaty organizations specifications, 'What is the official universal time system of Mars?'
19
votes
2answers
2k views

Going from LEO to lunar using only low-thrust ion propulsion - can it be done?

@SF.'s question What are the parameters of the new Iodine electrical rocket engine developed by RSC Energia? links to the short RT article 'Ten times cheaper': Russian space company testing iodine ...
5
votes
1answer
550 views

Why is Queqiao's dish antenna so big? (Chang'e-4 relay satellite) Largest ever on/near the Moon?

Source: Chinese language blogpost The NASA Spaceflight article Queqiao relay satellite launched ahead of Chang’e-4 lunar mission describes the communications relay satellite that will be used to ...
5
votes
2answers
369 views

Lunar Ascent Module Off-Center Thrust

I was recently told that for parts of the Lunar Module's ascent from the surface of the Moon to its rendezvous in orbit, its thrust vector was not in line with its center of gravity, and actually ...
2
votes
0answers
171 views

Is there a “dusk-dawn” sun-synchronous lunar orbit? [duplicate]

Is it possible to have a Lunar "dusk-dawn" Sun-synchronous orbit, where a spacecraft can always be exposed to sunlight 24x7 over the terminator line?
10
votes
1answer
12k views

What is a near rectilinear halo orbit?

A proposed option for the lunar orbit of a Lunar Orbital Platform-Gateway (formerly known as Deep Space Gateway) is a near rectilinear halo orbit, or NRHO. This excellent answer discusses the ...
7
votes
1answer
4k views

Why is a near rectilinear halo orbit proposed for LOP-G (formerly known as Deep Space Gateway?)

Why is a near rectilinear halo orbit a good place for a Lunar Orbital Platform-Gateway (formerly known as Deep Space Gateway)? Are there specific logistical and orbital-mechanical advantages over ...
8
votes
0answers
138 views

How much delta v is required to keep a low Lunar orbital station stable?

I'm interested in studying where in Lunar orbit a station could be deployed. Due to mascons, Lunar orbits below about 200km will eventually decay according to this answer. Presumably, if the goal of ...
4
votes
1answer
718 views

How does Exploration Mission 1 orbit differ from Apollo-era free-return? How far from Earth (and Moon) does it go?

I'm having trouble understanding the current orbit planned for NASA's Space Launch System's Exploration Mission 1. Is it possible to explain how the planned orbit works and what the maximum distance ...
2
votes
3answers
360 views

What does it (actually) mean when spacecraft are “intentionally crashed” on the moon?

This List of Artificial Objects on the Moon lists 21 objects as "intentionally crashed". Because of the moon's lumpy gravity due to sub-surface mass concentrations most low lunar orbits will be fairly ...