Questions tagged [mars]

Questions about the science or exploration of the planet Mars. See wiki for related tags.

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59 views

What would be the most appropriate shape for a satellite going to mars?

What kind of shape would be best for a satellite studying mars?
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Has any rover dragged a magnet across martian soil to see what gets picked up? Any magnetic measurements of specific rocks or particles of any kind?

On Earth, amateur and sometimes professional scientists collect dust from the tops of buildings or mountians (see also) and separate it with a magnet to obtain meteoric material. Not all meteoric ...
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(Why) aren't there mission updates for Perseverance like there are for Curiosity?

Mission updates for the Mars Curiosity rover in the first months of the mission starting in August 2012 happened almost every day with detailed information about drive planning, the use of the ...
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101 views

Are the Perseverance rover's “drivers” working on Martian sols or Earth days right now?

Business Insider's What is it like to drive the Perseverance rover remotely? A NASA engineer explains the challenges of piloting the vehicle's journey across Mars. includes the following discussion of ...
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Identify this Mars helicopter prototype and when and where it was built and tested?

The new NASA video Things are really looking up (on Mars) is a short set of vignettes in anticipation of the Ingenuity helicopter's first tests on Mars. Below is a screenshot of a historical file ...
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What is inside Perseverance? Is the only scientific payload the bunch of instruments hanging from the arm?

Perseverance weighs about one ton, it is as big as a car. But what is inside the vehicle that weighs so much? Is the payload only the instruments hanging from the arm? Is all the remaining hardware (...
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How to calculate the solar irradiance (flux) on Mars. But,measurments are made at Earth orbit or at 1 AU

There are many satellites measuring the solar flux in EUV and X-ray at 1 AU (Ex: SDO, SOHO, etc). In the case of Mars: MAVEN looking sun in a small band of EUV and X-ray at Mars. Is there any approach,...
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Could a Mars rover reliably navigate using the local magnetic fields?

Mars does not have a global magnetic field which guides charged particles entering the atmosphere. Mars has multiple umbrella-shaped magnetic fields mainly in the Southern Hemisphere, which are ...
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What instruments and techniques measured Mars' atmospheric D/H ratio which suggests (all of) it's water didn't evaporate after all?

The Time article Mars Has Much More Water Than Previously Known—But There's a Catch says: The greater weight of deuterium causes it to behave differently in the Martian atmosphere. While free ...
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How to filter NASA MARS2020/Perseverance raw images by altitude and azimuth of mastcam?

This URL allows querying NASA RSS API for Perseverance raw images: https://mars.nasa.gov/rss/api/?feed=raw_images&category=mars2020&feedtype=json&page=0&num=50&order=sol+asc&...
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Why (the heck) did Tianwan-1 insert into a low inclination orbit then execute a plane change from 11.8 to 86.9 degrees?

eoPortal's Tianwen-1 (China's first Mars Exploration Mission) shows the following graphic, caption and link. It's often discussed that orbital plane changes are like certain table wines in that they ...
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In which Mars orbit, Mars Orbiters are rotating around Mars

Like Earthbound satellites are stationed in the polar orbit or Geosynchronous orbit. In which orbit related to Mars the Marsbound orbiters are stations?
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What is the origin of dark streaks on the surface of Mars in Tithonia Catena?

Several dark streaks originating (or ending) from dark spots on the surface of Mars can be seen in this picture. They are no longer than 200 meters, aligned longitudinally, and some of them seem ...
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Would Ingenuity's cameras be capable to spot and/or make close-ups of possible biosignatures?

Mars Helicopter Technology Demonstrator mentions on page 13/14 the sensors that Ingenuity carries, among them two cameras: Navigation (NAV) Camera. This is a global-shutter, nadir pointed grayscale ...
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How do the small radio receivers on space probes catch enough of a signal to communicate with us?

From Scientific American, March 2021: Optics. Traveling Photons. Joanna Thompson. Much of today's space communication relies on radio signals. But these diffract and broaden as they travel, as ...
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Mars - Ancient evidence of tectonic action [migrated]

Could Mars' ancient tectonic activity have ceased due to it's oceans having been composed of sulphuric acid which warmed up and evaporated due to the Theia event as ice chunks landed on it's surface. ...
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How will the future Mars Space Suit Helmet design protect Astronauts from Martian Radiation?

Mars Space Suit Helmet Visor's were mostly made up of polycarbonate [1], the same material used for EMU's visor for performing EVA in earth orbit. Meanwhile, Mars' radiation is 2.5x higher. How are we ...
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Sending Mars rover to the Moon

What would happen if a Mars rover (let it be Sojourner, Spirit, Opportunity, Curiosity or Perseverance) would be sent to the Moon instead of the Mars? Let's not deal with the landing and let's ...
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What are those plastic hoses on Perseverance used for?

I've been trying to find out what this plastic tube is for that got cut during descent. It's a single tube so as far as l can tell not a loop. It ends in the lower right corner of the body (in the ...
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How could we grow plants on mars? [duplicate]

I was wondering there are ways to grow plants on the planet Mars and what would be needed to help them grow etc. I know some key factors would be full spectrum bulbs and violet blue lights but there ...
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Difference between “mafic floor” and “olivine-bearing floor” in Jezero crater? (Perseverance landing site)

Figure 3: Main geologic units within Jezero crater shown on a basemap constructed from images from the High Resolution Imaging Science Experiment (HiRISE) camera onboard the Mars Reconnaissance ...
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Why Perseverance's landing ellipse straddled the cliffs in the river delta; why so ambivalent about the two different geologies?

The Perseverance landing site has now been named for Octavia E. Butler and from here there will be a meandering climb to get up on top of the "cliffs" that are in the delta. I think that ...
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Heating Perseverance components prior to deployment

How is the heat generated by the MMRTG distributed to the operational parts of Perseverance prior to deployment?
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Can you estimate the diameter of the marked small craters of Mars in the firsts HiRes pictures released by China?

I would like to know the diameters of the smallest craters that can be clearly distinguished inside the black circle (see the quite large size image below). Black-and-white picture of Mars taken by ...
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Wondering about materials [closed]

I am currently designing a Revit project on the planet Mars I was wondering what a wall on a base like structure need to consist of to protect its from the planet atmosphere. any thoughts ? regards, ...
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What does it take to upgrade a radio antenna to receive from the surface of Mars?

All the discussion about receiving transmissions from Mars rovers got me thinking, what determines the capability of a radio antenna, and what goes into adding the capability of listening to a Mars ...
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Feasibility of Liquid Water at Bottom of Valles Marieneris

Last night I was looking at NASA's equations for pressure and temperature of the atmosphere of Mars. P (in kiloPascals) = $0.699 \exp^{-0.00009 h}$ The Valles Marineris is 11 kilometers deep at it's ...
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Even small countries have a few ~30 m diameter parabolic antennas but nobody reported signals coming from the landers on Mars. How is it possible? [duplicate]

The parabolic antennas with diameters of ~30 meters are all over the world. Even small countries have them. However, nobody, except DSN or other entities controlled by the US government, has ever ...
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Is Perseverance unable to move?

The wheels show no sign of use, there are no wheel tracks in any of the raw images, and the where-is-the-rover page shows no movement from Sol 0. Why not?
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How long will the “Send Your Name to Mars” chips aboard the Mars Landers and Rovers last?

I'm talking about the Chips NASA has placed on Curiosity, InSight and Perseverance: You could enter you name on https://mars.nasa.gov/participate/send-your-name/future and NASA etched your name on ...
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What could be strong arguments against Ingenuity following Perseverance at a safe distance when the flight test program has been a success?

This answer to the question "How long could the Mars helicopter Ingenuity keep up with the Perseverance rover if it wanted to?" reasons that indeed it could for years ! But according to the ...
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Would Mars become habitable to life if the sun starts to expand into a red giant? [closed]

If the sun expands then the distance between the sun and mars would become shorter. Thus more heat would reach Mars and perhaps the polar icecaps would melt. Could this lead to a thicker atmosphere ...
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Does Tianwen-1 have a near-repeat ground track orbit in order to scan the same general area on each of its low altitude passes?

Though it's not as easy1 to get details on Chinese missions in English, it seems that Tianwen-1 is in a 12,000 x 256 km highly eccentric orbit around Mars, with its hi res cameras able to resolve 0.5 ...
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Did the Perseverance sky crane kick up more dust than expected?

The video of the Perseverance landing showed the rover descending into a cloud of dust kicked up by the landing rockets. This is not surprising, but I always had the understanding that one of the ...
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Why does the Perseverance landing site have three close bright dots in a line, with a perpendicular dark streak?

The February 27 Astronomy Picture of the Day has a picture of the Perseverance landing region taken by the Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter. The landing site itself has a distinctive look: The left image ...
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Perseverance landing and the skycrane [duplicate]

I have a question about the skycrane which helped Perseverance NASA landing. In the image below, why there is not something like fire at the mentioned exhausts (I don't know whether exhaust word is ...
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Download all Perseverance Raw Images

I want to make an archive of all the Raw Images Percy will make during her mission. I would love to have separate folders for each Sol. The plan is to run a script which then grabs the images from the ...
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How hard is it to receive direct signals from vehicles on the surface of Mars, and has anyone other than the DSN done so?

Almost all communication from vehicles on the surface of Mars is relayed by spacecraft in orbit around Mars. However vehicles on the surface do communicate directly with Earth. This communication, ...
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Will the HiRes camera of the Chinese orbiter be capable of seeing the shadows of the landers and rovers on Mars?

The question is like this: The Chinese Mars Orbiter has a HiRes camera on board and I want to know if it is powerful enough to see at least the shadows of the landers and rovers now on Mars. The high ...
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Why did the communication cable of the Perseverance rover make an angle so great with the other three cables? [closed]

How can you explain the weird position of the communication cable in the image below? The Perseverance about 20 meters above the surface of Mars. The communication cable, between the rover and its ...
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Ingenuity Test Stand and Stroboscopic lightning

The paper on Ingenuity talks about the test setup of ingenuity Associated metrology in the form of a force/torque sensor, a Vicon motion tracking system, stroboscopic lighting, a thermal camera, and ...
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How many spacecraft bounced like a ball on Mars? How many tried to?

The answer to Why a rover bounces after landing on Mars? is "the Mars Exploration Rovers" of which there were two. However, they might not be the only spacecraft to use bouncing like a ball ...
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With Ultra Safe Nuclear engines and hydrogen propellant, how far to Mars could you get and still be able to return to Earth in an emergency?

The NPR news item (audio + transcript) Could Nuclear Power Aid In Travel To Mars? contains the following: VISHAL PATEL: If you want to go to Mars, nuclear is a smart choice. BRUMFIEL: Vishal Patel is ...
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A mysterious flash of light on the surface of Mars while the Perseverance rover was landing. What can it be? [closed]

A mysterious light that lasted a fraction of a second appeared on the surface of Mars while the Perseverance rover was descending. What can its source be? See: Perseverance Rover’s Descent and ...
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What's causing this stippling effect in photos from Perseverance's down-look camera?

I was taking a look at some of the raw Mars 2020 images and downloaded a few of them. For some of the photos from the down-look camera, if you zoom into them, there's a stippling/grid pattern in the ...
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How to get MARS2020/Perseverance EDL trajectory data from spice kernels?

For MSL EDL it is available this answer: How to retrieve MSL EDL trajectory using Javascript and webgeocalc API? How can I adapt it to MARS2020/Perseverance?
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Horseshoe lakes on Mars?

Have any horseshoe lakes been found on Mars? Or have there been other signs of rivers persisting long enough to form altered channels? For the purposes of this question, I would exclude multiple ...
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1answer
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How is parachute cover during Mars EDL prevented from crashing onto parachute or lander upon parachute opening?

MARS2020/Perseverance footage of parachute opening shows that parachute cover ejected by the lander (together with other "things") followed same trajectory of parachute box, until parachute ...
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Are there any illustrations / animations which show how Ingenuity is stored on Perseverance & how to it is perpared for launch?

While I found some articles which provide some information on how the Ingenuity helicopter is stored on Perseverance (e.g here), I did not found any illustrations or animations which show more details....
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The Mars parachute opened against a black sky on Earth but a blue-magenta sky on Mars during Perseverance landing. How is it possible? [closed]

I have discovered two images (see below) and I do not find an explanation for the different color of the sky as seen from below the parachute just starting to deploy. The video with the test performed ...

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