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Questions tagged [mars]

Questions about the science or exploration of the planet Mars.

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Is a ballistic blimp entry possible on this way?

Could the entry of Mars with balloons work by inflating to equalize with the atmospheric air pressure, while establishing buoyancy before meeting the ground? Would a balloon pop if dropped from space?...
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1answer
211 views

Fastest orbit transfer constrained by maximum g-force magnitude

Let's consider an imaginary constant 1g rocket from Earth to Mars. What is the fastest possible trajectory? Intuitively it seems that the fastest travel time is achieved with the "radial" trajectory (...
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Would high altitude native populations make better astronauts for a Mars mission?

High altitude populations in Tibet, the Andes, and Ethiopia have genetic adaptations that allow them to better handle low oxygen levels. They are also used to colder and drier climates. And lastly ...
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118 views

Fuel vs food on the trip to Mars?

How much food for each person is need and fuel per various engine to go to Mars on the current 9-month trip there then 3 months on Mars and the 9 months back? Can time be saved on the trip to and from ...
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Could aluminum undergo a thermite reaction with Martian dust?

From what I understand, Martian dust is primarily composed of iron oxide, which is one ingredient for a thermite reaction. If heated to the proper temperature, would aluminum (possibly powdered) react ...
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1answer
161 views

What type of software is used to make radiation shielding simulations for use in Space or Mars?

Hopefully this is relevant to the board and doesn't get deleted. Quick background: In Thailand. Grad student, mechanical engineering, with very limited knowledge regarding nuclear or space radiations. ...
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3answers
168 views

Instead of approaching Mars from behind can we approach Mars from the front of its orbital path? [closed]

Nine months is what google maps said to get to Mars. I would like to know if fuel was no expense how long could we get to Mars other than the method below? Is the 9 months and the method just what our ...
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4answers
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What payload was expected for the 2018 Mars Dragon flight (“Red Dragon”)

SpaceX has long been planning to use Dragon capsules to carry objects anywhere in the Solar System. They have officially announced a 2018 launch to Mars. Specifically, the launch window is April-May ...
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181 views

If we can reduce travel time to Mars below the Hohmann standard, would we still use the same launch window?

If we can reduce the travel time to Mars below the Hohmann transfer orbit's typical 258 days, would we still use the usual Hohmann launch window or delay launch accordingly? For example, if we ...
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2answers
324 views

How does InSight measure wind speed?

According to this answer the weather at the InSight lander can now be seen online at https://mars.nasa.gov/insight/weather/ This includes the wind speed and I believe the direction (if that's what ...
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2answers
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Could a cubesat propel itself to Mars?

I wrote the answer below to the question Could a cubesat be propelled to the moon? before realizing that it said Moon and I'd written it for Mars, so I've cloned that question and moved the answer ...
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Can we use a rail gun on the moon to launch stuff directly to mars?

Quite a bit has been written about railguns launching stuff to the earth. But has any work been done on using the moon as a pit stop between the earth and mars.
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Why is Beresheet doing a only a one-way trip?

Why is the SpaceIL Lunar Lander doing a one-way trip? Is that a common project to do nowadays, to send landers to Mars and the Moon without returning them?
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Speed needed for the ship to escape Mars, on The Martian movie

Based on the two speeds and altitudes that are presented in the movie: "The Martian" which are respectively 741 m / s and 1350m, 850 m / s and 1843 m I would like to prove with calculations whether or ...
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1answer
382 views

Martian Carbon Dioxide Turbine Oxygen Generator

How much solid Carbon Dioxide can be collected in a container with the top of the container level with the ground during a Martian Winter? Side Question: What do you call a generator that runs on the ...
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Brushing clean a Mars lander's solar panels

A comment by SF. regarding the InSight Mars lander caught my attention: I really, really wonder why they didn't just include a small compartment with a duster brush grippable by the robotic arm. ...
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Dimensions of the Curiosity Rover?

Does anyone know where I can find more detailed dimensions of the Mars Curiosity rover? For example, what are various dimensions of the boogie rocker system? Or the dimensions of the main body ...
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109 views

3D Puzzler; why are InSight's two RISE horns pointed slightly south of east, and north of west?

@karthikeyan's excellent answer links to The Rotation and Interior Structure Experiment on the InSight Mission to Mars (Folkner, W.M., Dehant, V., Le Maistre, S. et al. Space Sci Rev (2018) 214: 100. ...
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1answer
186 views

Could Mars ocean still be there?

So it’s pretty much agreed that Mars was once a wet planet, and most of the water was lost to space. However, I am unable to see why that is necessarily the case primarily for the same reason that ...
6
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1answer
142 views

Have the rovers on Mars encountered anything unrecognizable to geologists?

We have quite a few rovers trundling around Mars. Just from reading the popular news, I get the impression that everything encountered so far (minerals, rocks, strata, formations, structures, etc.) ...
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1answer
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What is VBB recentering (InSight lander's Very Broad Band seismic pendulums)?

From the Planetary Society Blogpost InSight Update, sols 25-42: Seismometer sensors working! Tricky setup and cable management on Mars This is an animated GIF: It's fairly subtle, you may not notice ...
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Could an Apollo mission be possible if Moon would be Earth like?

I suspect that actual technology results in the apparently paradoxical situation that is easier to visit the moon rather than a comfortable planet able to sustain life. I am obviously supposing the ...
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Why would Mars' sky appear blue at dawn and dusk, but red during the middle of the day (reverse of Earth)?

After reading the really interesting question and discussion Terrestrial Exoplanet Skies – I've Built a Visual Sky Chart. Is it Accurate? I was reminded that in this video at ...
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2answers
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Do current plans for people going to Mars by SpaceX depend only on consumables loaded from Earth?

Do current plans for people going to Mars by SpaceX depend only on consumables loaded from Earth or do they also include obtaining some materials from Mars fairly soon after arrival? Does the plan ...
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Mars Pictures Taken By MOM

I was looking for pictures of Mars taken by spacecrafts and came across this news article of MOM taking its first pictures, however there no images in the news article. Can anybody please tell me ...
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How unreachable are Jupiter's moons from Mars with the technology developed for going to Mars?

Jupiter's moons in their closest point to Mars (when Jupiter is closest to the sun) are like 7 times the distance between Earth and Mars, and in a return journey they will farther away. Is there any ...
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1answer
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Would it be possible to reach Mars using the same fuel-saving method SpaceIL's Beresheet is using?

A few minutes before SpaceIL's Beresheet spacecraft was launched into space, Israeli prime minister Netanyahu congratulated SpaceIL and all those involved and said: "We are already waiting for you to ...
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1answer
116 views

Does Mars have a known “prevailing wind” direction?

Venus has a general retrograde wind direction, and a few days of measurements from the InSight lander so far suggest steady winds from the north-west, but are there any measurements that indicate Mars ...
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Will the duration of traveling to Ceres using the same tech developed for going to Mars be proportional to the distance to go to Mars or not?

I've read somewhere (I don't have right now the source and I don't know if it's trustworthy) that something that would take a significant amount of time for going to Mars would be the acceleration and ...
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3answers
206 views

Is making gold mining in Mars profitable truly unlikely?

I was reading about Elon Musk believing space mining being unprofitable due to mining and transportation costs. Now I dont know about mining costs , but if Elon Musk says a person could go to Mars for ...
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1answer
169 views

How does SpaceX plan to obtain Oxygen in Mars?

In the ISS they obtain Oxygen from water through electrolysis. I guess this could be possible in Mars if they land near a large water source. NASA in the other hand, it's working for ways to obtain ...
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The problem of low level nuclear waste on Mars

How is it planned to handle low level nuclear waste on Mars produced by the use of Kilowpower reactors? Nothing is mentioned in the Wikipedia article about the resulting waste or spent fuel.
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Would the destruction of Deimos have any lasting geological impact on Mars?

This question is inspired by events in the science fiction series: The Expanse. To summarize, Deimos is blown up in a retaliatory strike. One character laments about how she would feel if Earth's ...
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1answer
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Which are the reasons for wanting to have a colony in Mars first than in the Moon?

As far as I understand, (correct me if I'm wrong) one of the reasons for wanting a colony in Mars is for the possibility in the future of having a space port where rockets could leave the planet ...
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Microphone on Mars

To the best of my knowledge, a microphone has never been sent to Mars. Why is that? We take pictures of Mars, why not sound recordings?
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566 views

Is it appropriate to use the term “geology” for Martian studies?

Jargons like geology, geophysics, geothermal has its origin in and has strong connections with Earth. Other jargons like the closet point and farthest point of an orbit to a heavenly body get ...
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83 views

Purifying perchlorate in Mars surface soil

It's known that there's a lot of perchlorate contained in Mars' surface soil. But could we take the toxic part out and make it become plantable? How to do it?
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1answer
579 views

Second powerful Falcon Heavy for Mars, most powerful Saturn V for Moon?

The Apollo spacecraft, launched by Saturn V, the most powerful rocket ever build, could only take 3 man to the Moon. But how can SpaceX's Falcon Heavy, second to Saturn, take seven crew to Mars on a ...
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1answer
273 views

Electricity for magnetic shield at Mars L1 Lagrange point

NASA says that it can build a magnetic dipole shield at the Mars L1 Lagrange Point, but how do they support the electricity?
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How can I find a daily record of the temperature on Mars?

Does any probe or lander track the temperature on Mars, and is this data published anywhere? I recall the MGS used to issue a "Martian Weather Report", but it has ceased operating.
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How small must an asteroid be to burn entirely in the martian atmosphere?

The Martian atmosphere is thinner and the magnetic field isn't present. I wonder how many asteroids fall and if at least the small ones can burn in the atmosphere before reaching the soil. Thanks in ...
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Pictures from Mars

How is it that NASA receives broadcasts from 300 million miles away but Sprint needs to install transmitters every 500ft for 5G wireless?
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Do Curiosity's reported measurements of Mars' surface gravity (~3.717 m/s^2) include centrifugal effects?

In this answer I discuss the first results in the 47th Lunar and Planetary Science Conference (2016) conference paper First Gravity Traverse on the Martian Surface from the Curiosity Rover and a more ...
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1answer
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Can the top soil of the Mars be transformed to be arable, and how to do it?

Can Mars top soil be transformed to be arable, and how to do it? It may be planted in the isolated space.
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How does the Curiosity rover survive dust storms on Mars?

According to the answers to this question, a dust storm on Mars can last for many days. Dust is a serious problem for mechanical joints if they use lubrication, because it may stick to the lubricant ...
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1answer
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Can it be realistic to build a artificial magnetic field around Mars? [duplicate]

I was wondering how realistic it is to build an artificial magnetic field around Mars using electromagnetism. So my question is; what kind of current would be needed in a loop around Mars' equator to ...
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1answer
83 views

What would the full hypothetical Mars terraforming roadmap look like?

Most of all the articles about Mars terraforming focuses on warming the atmosphere. 2nd most popular topic as far as I know is the magnetic field that Mars lacks. Some other sources speak about toxic ...
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Fate of human-made objects on mars

Now that Opportunity is dead, and since there are ideas for future human missions to Mars, I wonder if there is a project to collect all our rovers and landers or at least label as historical sites ...
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Is there any chance that Opportunity might still recover from the dust storm?

So, with today's announcement, Opportunity was basically declared dead When the dust storm originally engulfed Opportunity last year, mission scientists were hopeful that they might yet recover the ...
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Transparent radiation shielding for martian surface bases

One idea that's often floated when discussing ways of constructing martian habitats is that of "doming" over small craters or valleys and pressurizing the whole area. This would have several ...