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Questions tagged [mars]

Questions about the science or exploration of the planet Mars.

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How does the contest for naming ExoMars work?

ESA is holding a contest to collect suggestions for a proper name for what is currently referred to as the ExoMars rover mission to Mars (mission page). Apparently, Rovy McRoverface and Marsy ...
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Why not a landing platform with solar cells on the Mars 2020 rover for the helicopter scout?

In May 2018 the Mars Helicopter Scout (MHS) was approved to fly on the Mars 2020 mission. Author: NASA/JPL-Caltec. It's a solar powered helicopter drone with a mass of 1.8 kg and a coaxial rotor ...
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Transportation on the Mars I Air

Due to the thin atmosphere generating lift on Mars is difficult at a lower speed, Flying is hard until aircraft go supersonic and then it becomes difficult to control(Ref.). The landing would not be ...
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Transportation on the Mars I Underground

Mars has dust storm which can affect the transportation on the ground then the underground transport system seems better than on ground transport. An underground loop transport system which is under ...
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613 views

Elliptical orbits transformed to “equivalent” circular orbit

I'm trying to transform Mars' elliptical orbit into its circular "equivalent". I understand that if the semi-major axis is used as the radius, and the mean angular rate and period are kept the same, ...
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241 views

Could a shuttle be built for Mars?

Mars does have an atmosphere, but is there enough atmosphere to glide, shed speed and land if there was a runway? What would this require from the shuttle, in terms of aerodynamics?
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Is there evidence of a general trend among scientists regarding the terraforming of Mars? [closed]

I was wondering if there is a general trend or inclination of the scientific community about actually terraforming Mars, i.e. if scientists are for or against this move (again, general trend - ...
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167 views

Expected differences between concrete prepared on the ISS and matched samples prepared on Earth?

The Spaceflight Now article Cygnus arrives at station with CubeSats, quantum physics experiment describes experiments that will be done on the ISS mixing small samples of either cement or concrete (I ...
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Differences in NASA long term human space exploration since 1989?

I'm doing some research in to the various NASA long term programs for human space exploration, and I'm having a really hard time figuring out how they are really different. It seems that since the "90 ...
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Differences in the design of a commercial Moon rover and a commercial Mars rover?

News in May, 2018: Spaceflight Now NASA cancels lunar rover, shifts focus to commercial moon landers Washington Post Stunning scientists, NASA’s only moon rover just got canceled Space.com NASA Kills ...
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Is the “Mars blue dune” actually blue? And what makes it so?

NASA recently released an image of a blue dune on Mars. The accompanying story seems to suggest to me that it is a false color image - some property of that part of the image is detected and rendered ...
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Is it a waste of time and resources to colonize Mars? [closed]

To a large extent we have good confidence that Mars used to be a very wet world with a thick atmosphere. Now it's clearly very dry and the atmosphere is extremely thin. So if we colonize Mars with the ...
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A way to go to Mars and come back

I have only 6 months of knowledge about rocket science but I was wondering why can't we do the following to go to Mars and come back to Earth: We can have enough fuel in a rocket at maximum to just go ...
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Why is the northeastern region of Syrtis Major Planum a selected landing site for the Mars 2020 mission?

Image below: One of the 3 selected landing sites, on the left side of Jezero crater, which is also selected ! A workshop for the Mars 2020 Rover mission was held in February 2017 that selected 3 ...
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Could “peak Apollo levels” of support have gotten NASA astronauts to Mars in the 1980's?

In an "alternate universe" where NASA continued to receive a mandate, funding and public support at say peak Apollo levels, could another ten or twenty years have gotten boots on Mars, with astronauts ...
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What are the technologies that can identify, validate, and quantify water-rich locations on Mars?

As the discussion progresses from the likelihood that there is water on Mars through yes, near the poles, now to to Is there really a frozen lake near the equator on Mars? and There's a lot of ...
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Is Seasonal Affective Disorder a concern for Mars colonists?

We're all discussing effects of Martian sunlight exposure on structures, plants, solar panels, but I don't think I've seen any discussion of its effect on humans. There's a number of effects of ...
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How does one get the exact location of imaged features on the surface of Mars?

The image above is from the article "Evidence from the Mars Express High Resolution Stereo Camera for a frozen sea close to Mars' equator". It shows 3 flooded or partially flooded craters 4.8, 2.3 ...
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Would it be feasible to use natural light to grow plants on Mars?

Would we need to use natural lighting to grow crops on Mars instead of just going with artificial LED lights? What are the pros and cons of using natural lighting, and do you think that a future Mars ...
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92 views

Why are the gaps in MRO global images of mars so irregular and sometimes filled in?

Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) images of Earth snow nice, regular repeating gaps in longitude where the viewing angle is too far for a given pass. But the large GIF shown in ...
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98 views

Would landing on mars during a storm considerably increase atmospheric drag?

Any chance we could harvest all those dust particles for an significant improvement in aero-breaking capabilities or would it destroy most heat-shields?
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How many memory banks does Opportunity have?

Sparked by the comments to this answer, how many memory banks does Opportunity have? I'm specially interested in the flash memory but any other info is also welcome. According to this JPL press ...
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1answer
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What was NASA's “Hack” to improve Opportunity's memory in 2015? Did it help?

The transcript of the 2015 NPR podcast NASA Hopes A Hack Will Overcome Mars Rover's Memory Gap says: You know how it goes - you're getting a little older, your memory starts to go, you forget where ...
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Is there really a frozen lake near the equator on Mars?

Figure 1. Views of plate-like terrain on Mars, and pack-ice on Earth. From the paper linked below. a, Part of an HRSC image of Mars from orbit 32, with a resolution of 13.7 m per pixel, centred at ...
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187 views

Why would bringing samples from Mars back to Earth be a “civilization-level changing capability”?

The Space News article NASA continues Mars sample return mission studies Among those planned missions is Mars sample return, a multi-mission architecture that involves collecting samples of Martian ...
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How to use this Google Mars viewer to find this Martian landslide event?

This NASA/University of Arizona HiRise tweet shows this interesting image of a meteor impact crater that triggered a landslide (or maybe a "dust-slide") on Mars. The tweet links to this University of ...
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Venus vs Mars for colonization

Why is Mars getting so much attention vs Venus, which to me seems like a much more attractive option, in regards to habitability. I've read that the upper atmosphere of Venus has the most Earth-like ...
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3answers
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How to calculate the delta-v necessary for a suborbital “transfer” of ice from Mars' pole to equator?

I have a big chunk of water ice that needs to go from (say) one of Mars's poles to its equator. Neglecting the atmosphere, how would you calculate the delta-v necessary for this trajectory, and what ...
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Is there any economical way to move the water from the Martian poles to the people?

update: Water at the poles has some more recent news: Science: 03-August-2018 Radar evidence of subglacial liquid water on Mars EarthSky.org: 28-Sept-2018 Pink lagoon provides clues to possible Mars ...
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274 views

Rock flipping operation

After the recent announcement of complex organics being found on Mars within the curiosity rover's meager 5cm drill depth, I had an idea about artificially increasing it: Is curiosity rover's arm ...
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179 views

Significance of methane on Mars

Considering the audience of this site, many of you are likely aware that NASA has found methane on Mars. I've heard many people saying that this indicates that life is significantly more likely to ...
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What exactly are the recent observations of organics on Mars? What's the data?

There is news of organic molecules on Mars, an event in the press. What exactly are the measurements? I've heard something about atmospheric methane, is this determined from some absorption peaks in ...
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Where are we in the current effort to make mars habitable? [closed]

I feel like this should be a massive effort put forth by all countries. As a civilization, our population is growing at a break-neck rate. Not only would it be a fail-safe should something happen to ...
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183 views

Could a spacecraft be put into such an orbit that it would alternately slingshot around Mars and the Earth?

I was wondering if a spacecraft could be put into such an orbit that it would alternately slingshot around Mars and the Earth. This way it it would be making a continuous trip from Earth to Mars and ...
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What is the science behind the variation of Mars' effective sky temperature with latitude and longitude? Why the “hot spot”?

After reading this interesting answer to the question How cold is the Martian sky at night? Or the day for that matter? I found that Mars Global Reference Atmospheric Model 2001 Version (Mars-GRAM ...
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188 views

Methane on Mars - Can we locate the source?

I know that Methane has been detected on Mars, however there seems to be a lack of specific information about the location and concentration of the Methane. Would it be possible to pinpoint the source ...
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Is Mars' gravity strong enough to hold a human-breathable atmosphere?

If we ever try to make Mars outdoors habitable, won't the air just keep flying off into the outer space because of low gravity?
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Inspiration Mars Foundation Mission to mars Current Status?

According to the Wikipedia article Inspiration Mars Foundation: Their website became defunct by late 2015 but it is archived by the Internet Archive. The Foundation's future plans are unclear. ...
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BFR ticket cost

Has anyone paid SpaceX for a trip to Mars on the BFR? If so, how much did they pay?
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How much does pressure on Mars change with weather?

A great answer about the Mars atmosphere and water triple point shows there is a region on Mars where clean liquid water slightly above 0°C can exist on the surface. I still wonder, though, how ...
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Is Mid-Air Deployment of the Mars Helicopter Feasible?

According to a recent news announcement1, NASA is going to send a small helicopter to Mars for testing purposes. Future landers could carry more of these future rotorcraft [that might] act as ...
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Is there a feasible power supply for a scaled up Mars helicopter

Multiple press sources (eg this one) are reporting the planned experimental helicopter on Mars 2020, which is really cool. It seems this vehicle will only be able to fly for 90 seconds or so on its ...
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Shock absorbing alternator possible for a rover?

Could replacing a Rovers struts (maybe a faster one that uses shock dampers in the future) with magnets similar to a shack flashlight but more heavier duty work well for recouping energy from movement ...
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Why was the “Presidential Panorama of Mars” called presidential?

From The Astronomy Picture of the Day for 2000 May 14 : Explanation: Scroll right to unfold one of the great panoramas ever taken on the surface of Mars. For best viewing, click and hold the right ...
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How long will ISRU process take on Mars to refill the SpaceX ship there?

Here was clarified how but not how long: How will the SpaceX ITS return from Mars? Because, for that time in case everybody wants to return you need to support survival on Mars (the ship is stated ...
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What will shooting stars look like on Mars?

I'm wondering what the martian night sky will be like. Since the atmosphere is so much less dense than that of Earth's, will we see shooting stars in the same way? Or will they tend to burn up much ...
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147 views

Moment of Inertia of a planet

Radio Doppler measurements were taken with Viking and twenty years later with Mars Pathfinder, and in each case the axis of rotation of Mars was calculated. By combining this data the core size was ...
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Can mars have solar panals [duplicate]

Can Mars have Solar Panels? I need to know Please
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How is InSight's temperature probe deployment location chosen?

On NASA's InSight Mars lander a temperature probe nicknamed "Mole" is designed to hammer itself 5 meters into the ground and measure the temperature of the martian regolith at different depths with ...
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What is the Austrian Space Forum doing in Oman?

I was looking through CNN's clickbait photo compilation Instant vacation: The world's best travel photos of 2018 and came upon the following image and caption. What is the Austrian Space Forum, and ...