Questions tagged [mars]

Questions about the science or exploration of the planet Mars. See wiki for related tags.

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181 views

Are they building on mars or do they have a camp there? [closed]

They are making vehicles to go to mars with and they haven't gone yet. And it is said that they want to camp there and bring people and even have a space camp.
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What effects would the longer days on Mars have on humans?

Afaik, humans never tried to live according to shorter or longer days so the Martian astronauts might be the first humans from Earth that have to follow a different cycle. The Martian day (Sol) is ...
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Can any aspect of the brightness of Martian twilight be determined by Curiosity's photo of Earth?

Curiosity took this image of Earth on Jan. 31, 2014, 80 minutes after sunset. Stellarium has the Earth >15° above the horizon 80 minutes after sunset on that day. With Stellarium indicating the ...
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Are there any preliminary results from Mars lander InSight's RISE antennas?

@karthikeyan's excellent answer links to The Rotation and Interior Structure Experiment on the InSight Mission to Mars (Folkner, W.M., Dehant, V., Le Maistre, S. et al. Space Sci Rev (2018) 214: 100. ...
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What schedule do Curiosity operators follow so Mars Time does not negatively impact their performance and health?

In the Choosing Mars-Time: Analysis of the Mars Exploration Rover Experience paper (2004), the NASA Ames Human Factors group recommends that those working on the Mars Exploration Rover mission should ...
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Aldrin cycler mission to Mars in MATLAB [closed]

I am planning to do a mission project on Aldrin Cycler (Earth to Mars) in MATLAB. Can you please suggest me where to start. I tried reading few research paper related to this topic, any other advice?
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102 views

Locations of the terminator on Mars' surface on 1976-07-24T10:35:26Z?

How can I find points of latitude and longitude on Mars that fall on the terminator (day/night line) on a specific date, for example 1976-07-24T10:35:26Z as ...
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1answer
115 views

Which Viking-1 orbiter photo is this? When was it taken and what part of Mars is shown?

This answer to Are there any photos of the Martian terminator from low Mars orbit? includes (without credit) what looks like an oft-repeated photo of Mars. A comment written from reverse image ...
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Does lower gravity on Mars make it unsafe and unhealthy for humans?

I've been thinking about proposals to live on Mars. One idea is to create an artificial magnetic field to protect from solar radiation. Another idea is to warm the planet using solar mirrors. In the ...
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Are there any photos of the Martian terminator from low Mars orbit?

This photo of Earth was taken from the ISS, an altitude of 211 nautical miles. This photo of Mars was taken 71,000 kilometers above Mars (about 10 Mars diameters away). Are there any images of the ...
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What is the force of asteroids that hit Mars?

Below is a link to an article I was reading (Keeping in mind it was difficult for me to find any other articles of the kind) that talks about how often asteroids hit Mars. Unfortunately, it is very ...
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How bright is twilight on Mars compared to Earth?

The surprising answer to How much more quickly does night come on Mars compared to Earth? Will it be easier to see Mercury there? is "up to two hours(!)" "...indicating that Martian dust extends very ...
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How bright is the Martian landscape during the long (up to two hour) twilight?

The answer to the question "How much more quickly does night come on Mars compared to Earth? Will it be easier to see Mercury there?" says Martian twilight can last up to two hours. Has any lander ...
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1answer
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What was the effective magnification of the Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter's HiRISE camera to acquire the detailed image of Earth?

On October 3, 2007 NASA's Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter HiRISE camera acquired this image of the earth and the moon from Mars The oceans and clouds can be easily distinguished and "the west coast ...
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What is the day/night cycle at the north pole of Mars?

Here on Earth, we have polar nights and midnight suns at our planet's poles. In terms of Sols, what would the day/night cycle on Mars be for a colony situated at the north pole?
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What is the acceleration necessary for a Brachistochrone transfer from Earth to Mars?

With these orbital configurations, source-Bing leaving Earth on Aug 16, 2106 and arriving on Mars October 10,2106, what is the lowest continuously-applied acceleration that can make what is ...
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Could the Electron launch a cubesat to Mars

Could the Electron in combination with it's kickstage deliver any meaningful mass to Mars, ie; a 2kg cubesat or is it unable to reach the required velocities even with no payload. Rocketlab are ...
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What was the radius of Insight's disruption of Martian regolith?

A NASA animation depicts the Martian regolith being disturbed by the retrorockets of the Insight spacecraft while landing. Did NASA estimate the radius of the disruption, or was there any indication ...
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Would a manned spacecraft on a Mars mission need large windows?

I'm thinking of scenes like this from the film The Martian, where we see large picture windows in one of the modules in the Ares III. Wouldn't the windows look out onto either black space or the Sun ...
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Is this digitally created ESA image of a Mars landscape incorrect to what the human eye would see?

This ESA image below of Noctis Labyrithus was created with data obtained from the High-Resolution Stereo Camera (HRSC), onboard ESA’s Mars Express, seems to depict a time near either sunrise or sunset....
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How did Spirit and Opportunity identify ferric sulfate and jarosite on Mars?

In the short BBC video Spain's otherworldly red river, Ricardo Amils, a researcher in Spain's Astrobiology Center says the following (amateur transcription): Río Tinto is a peculiar place in our ...
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Did any lander or rover photograph the sun rising or setting during a Martian dust storm?

Mars Pathfinder photographed the setting sun, and University of Arizona Mars Pathfinder Imaging Team produced color corrected images (as they would appear to the human eye) like these This is a ...
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Could we use the atmospheres of planets like Mars or Jupiter to separate xenon from them to replenish the engines?

Could we use the atmospheres of planets like Mars or Jupiter to separate xenon from them to replenish the engines? I mean, touch the atmosphere of Mars and separate Argon and Xenon for ionic engines, ...
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When did Curiosity land in the Martian Darian calendar?

The New York Times' Why Mars Needs Leap Days, Too “I daresay there have been more different proposals for Mars calendars than there are different calendars for the Earth,” said Michael Allison, a ...
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Will astronauts on the way to mars do experiments like in orbital labs?

Astronauts on Mars-bound missions will be stuck in their spacecraft for months on end. I could find many articles on what psychological issues will have to be faced, how they may/will be faced, how ...
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How long would a plasma trail last during a lander's Mars atmospheric entry?

In this video of the Orion reenty, ᴴᴰ Full Onboard Re-entry into Earth’s Atmosphere ● New NASA Spacecraft, the plasma trail appears to last about 90 seconds. Screenshot from video Considering how ...
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1answer
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How to determine the distance between where Earth and Mars are two specific dates?

How would I find the solar-system-relative distance between where Earth would be on 2106/8/16 and where Mars would be on 2106/10/16, or any combination of dates. Image source-Bing Is there software ...
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What are the problems humans will face after migration to Mars [closed]

This was the question I was asked to check the research ability. Forgive me because I have just started this topic. What do you think could be the best answer? Background Once upon a time in the ...
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Gravel on Curiosity Rover?

I was looking at a visually impressive Panoramic 360 video derived from photographs taken by Curiosity Rover. I noticed something curious, what looks like small pieces of gravel scattered across the ...
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Is there any independent evaluation/report on the feasibility of SpaceX going to Mars by 2024?

According to Independent report concludes 2033 human Mars Mission is not feasible An independent report concluded that NASA has no chance of sending humans to Mars by 2033, with the earliest such ...
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Does the polygonal pattern on the floor of this “crater” on Mars mean that there's water ice below its surface?

This presentation of the Program of the Second MSL Landing Site Workshop shows an image of a "crater" near the equator that is 2.4 km wide and 750 meters deep ! On the Mars Image explorer you can ...
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Why will the NASA Mars drone helicopter use off the shelf batteries?

I read from this paper under section G. that the JPL Mars helicopter scout will use standard 18650 cells from Sony. I’m sure that a company like NASA has the capability of acquiring much more advanced ...
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Would wind shear or other atmospheric conditions delay a rocket launch FROM the surface of Mars?

On earth we have launch windows because of this and constant weather monitoring is needed right up until launch. Would this be required on a return trip from Mars given that the speed of the wind on ...
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Are there methods of lightning detection on Mars?

Teslarati's NASA’s next Mars rover will pave the way for humans includes the graphic below which is an artists conception of a dust storm on mars. It shows what looks like lightning or some kind of ...
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How much energy would be needed to liquify 1 gram of atmospheric oxygen on Mars?

I've been told I have no Moxie but I still need oxygen to live on Mars. I see that Mars' atmosphere is 0.14% oxygen and my sad moxiless self wants some. I want to make a low power refrigerator to ...
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Are Mars' atmospheric CO₂, O₂ and CO in equilibrium? Are sunlight or chemical reactions involved?

According to the NASA JPL video linked below the top five gases comprising the martian atmosphere include CO₂, O₂ and CO. Do the proportions reflect some chemical equilibrium? Are sunlight or chemical ...
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How many square meters of solar panel to power a MOXIE-like oxygen source per person?

If I wanted to live in a box on Mars to write my screenplay about living in a box on Mars, how many square meters of solar panels would I need to power a MOXIE-like CO2-to-O2 converter in order to ...
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1answer
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During the MSL (Curiosity) Mars atmosphere entry, when was the last time the Reaction Control System used?

I understand that the Mars Scientific Laboratory used its Reaction Control System during its entry into the planet's atmosphere. At what altitude was the RCS last used? "Seven Minutes of Terror" ...
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Could the NOMAD instrument on the TGO detect methane at night with sufficient reflected sunlight or artificial light?

Nadir and Occultation for MArs Discovery (NOMAD) is a 3-channel spectrometer on board the ExoMars Trace Gas Orbiter (TGO). Both the solar occultation (SO), and the limb nadir and occultation (LNO) ...
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How did the Curiosity rover on Mars manage to crack open a large area after drilling a hole?

The answer to this question has a link with this image, an animated GIF showing before and after views of a drill site on Mars. How did drilling at the site manage to disturb such a large area and ...
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1answer
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How much more quickly does night come on Mars compared to Earth? Will it be easier to see Mercury there?

This answer to Visible sky features from Mars got me thinking. On Earth it takes a while for the sky to get dark after sunset, which makes looking for Mercury a challenge because it follows the Sun ...
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Visible sky features from Mars

For the purpose of this theoretical question, please assume the following criteria: The person will remain on the planet for at least a few years allowing for Mars to complete an orbit. The person ...
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Are there any images of Curiosity during the sky crane operations?

This answer has a nice video of Curiosity's descent to MARS. The images come from the Mars Descent Imager (MARDI), which is mounted on the underside of the rover. Was there any camera mounted on the ...
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Will the Mars 2020 rover be able to record high-framerate video of its helicopter?

According to this answer, there have been no instances of video recorded from beyond lunar orbit. Mostly, this makes sense as rovers and spacecraft are served just as well with pictures and nothing ...
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Venus-Mars-Venus cycler?

Is it possible to create a cycler that can travel from Venus to Mars, then back to Venus? Using as little delta-V as possible. To expound a bit further, it would need to travel from Venus to Mars ...
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Terraforming Mars - Concentrating the Sun's energy on Mars using a lens to have the same effect as moving closer to the sun

I just read an earlier question about changing the orbit of Mars to be more earthlike. This was shot down because of the massive amounts of energy/time required. So, if the problem has to do with the ...
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Curiosity's drive wheel motors' manufacturer?

Although there are answers listed elsewhere on this site about the power requirements for the Curiosity Rover drive wheels, does anyone know what company provided those drive motors?
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Are the lines on the wheels of the Mars 2020 rover wavy? If so, why?

CNET's NASA narrows down Mars 2020 rover names: Hello, Fido? includes the image below. I'm not sure if the rover is moving and a rolling shutter was in use, or if the lines on the wheels are really ...
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What likely is the chemical composition of the thin piece of material on the surface of Mars on the image below?

Note: The MAHLI images below were acquired when both the two groups of white light LEDs and the ultraviolet LEDs were off. When looking for the damage on the wheels of Curiosity on the raw images i ...
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Could we wait for Mars to come to us?

This may be a stupid question but I didn't find much information online about it. The concept is simple, could we launch a vehicle into space from Earth, stop right on Mars trajectory and wait for the ...

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