Questions tagged [mir]

The Mir space station was launched by the Soviet Union/Russians and eventually was a complex of many modules.

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Were Hasselblad cameras used in space after the Apollo mission?

Analog Hasselblad cameras with photochemical film were used extensively during the Apollo mission to the Moon. Were they used later for Spacelab, Space Shuttle and Mir or ISS?
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What is this thing on the right of the frame in this photograph? (STS-71)

What is this (blurred) thing that can be seen to the right of the frame in this photograph? (some versions crop it out) It is a photograph taken from Soyuz TM-21 of Mir and STS-71 Atlantis docked in ...
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Was the teletype machine on MIR the first printer in space? Is there a photo, and what frequencies were used?

Seeing the video KK5IM 2021 Shack Tour spotted in The Ham Shack lead me to What paper size do they use on the International Space Station? which begins: We know they have at least one printer on the ...
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What is this long truss associated with Mir?

Google translations: From roscosmos.ru Flight from station to station (Перелет со станции на станцию) 35 years ago, on February 20, 1986, the first module of the Mir orbital complex was launched into ...
uhoh's user avatar
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What is a gravity gradient?

The statement: 'For most of that day, Mir remained in a "gravity gradient," (sic) which basically means that the most massive part of Mir naturally pointed toward Earth.' is in https://...
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Why did the Mir space station need someone to look after it at all times?

Why did the Mir space station need someone to look after it at all times? "But Krikalev and the other cosmonaut on board quickly decided that, for them, the option was off the table. The two had ...
Matthew Christopher Bartsh's user avatar
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Did or do space station engineers need to worry about angular momentum stored in circulating fluids?

One of the ISS' main uses is to provide a long duration microgravity environment for a wide variety of experiments. For some experiments residual acceleration needs to be much smaller than average. ...
uhoh's user avatar
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Was TORU really used on Salyut space stations

Digging a little bit in history of russian space technology, I stumbled over some inconsistencies regarding the TORU system. TORU (rus. Телеоператорный Режим Управления - Teleoperated Mode of (...
Fruchtzwerg's user avatar
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When did astronauts/cosmonauts start cleaning and vacuuming space stations?

Astronauts and cosmonauts on the ISS vacuum the station every week, making sure not to miss any spot. When was this practice put in place? What other cleaning practices were used before that? The ...
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Did astronauts and cosmonauts headed to the Mir space station go into quarantine before launch?

Humans headed to the ISS go into quarantine for 2 weeks before launch, and if they have medical problems during that time the backup crew takes over. Was this procedure also applied when going to the ...
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How did the atmospheres of Soyuz, Shuttle, Mir, and ISS compare?

Soyuz and the Space Shuttle each docked with Mir and the International Space Station. When docked, the crew vehicle and station each share a common atmosphere for the crew to breathe. However, how ...
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How was APAS-89 chosen for Buran and Kristall?

SSVP, a probe-and-drogue docking system, is the main docking system used by the Soviet/Russian space program. Ever since the first Salyut 1 mission, only three Soyuz spacecraft, Soyuz 16, Soyuz 19, ...
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How did the Mir crew recover from the power outage following collision with Progress 34?

There are several accounts about how and why the collision between Mir and Progress 34 happened and that it ended in Mir being completely dark and silent: "'For the first time I experienced a ...
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How did Sergei Krikalev get (or build) the drum he is shown playing here?

In this answer @horsh shows an image of Russian cosmonaut Sergei Krikalev playing what might be an improvised drum, together with cosmonaut Sergey Volkov on guitar, aboard Mir in 1989. Is it possible ...
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Where did Soyuz and Progress dock with Mir?

I'm piecing together a chronological timeline of Mir station including manned and unmanned visits to the ship, time of docking and undocking, and location of docking. My question is around the ...
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Why was Space Shuttle Atlantis selected for Mir docking so frequently?

In this answer @RussellBorogove discussed the frequency of dockings of each space shuttle with the Mir space station. I've summarized those frequencies, total number of missions flown, and year of ...
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Did all of the Space Shuttles dock with multiple space stations or crewed spacecraft?

For example, the Space Shuttle Endeavour did dock with both MIR (bringing apple seeds) and the ISS. Did all of the shuttles dock with more than one space station and/or crewed spacecraft? above: ...
uhoh's user avatar
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Was a commercial (ad) balloon satellite ever deployed?

I remember hearing a story from some two decades ago, about a publicity stunt by one of the two - can't remember which - Pepsi or Coca-Cola. The action was allegedly deployment of a gigantic balloon ...
SF.'s user avatar
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How many people have returned to Earth in a different type of vehicle than the one that launched them into space?

Recently we had the 15 year anniversary of Expedition 1 of the ISS. That particular crew launched in a Soyuz (TM-31) and returned on a Space Shuttle (Discovery, STS-102), which I found a remarkable ...
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Has any (additional) debris from Mir de-orbiting been found?

After reading the answers from this question and reading the excellent article here that goes through the de-orbiting in detail, I wondered if any debris had been found after it plunged into the ocean?...
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When Mir's attitude control computer failed, why did the station immediately start rotating?

Re-reading Linenger's Off the Planet and encountered a question from long ago that I never had found an answer to. During Mir's troubled old age, the attitude control computer would fail frequently. ...
Organic Marble's user avatar
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Why were these spacewalks so short?

I got lost down the wiki hole and ended up reading a page on Sergei Avdeyev when I noticed that he has 2 very short spacewalks listed: MIR EO-20 – 8 December 1995 – 0 hours, 37 minutes MIR EO-...
David says Reinstate Monica's user avatar
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Tracking of Mir space station backwards in time?

Is there a site with the tracking information for the old space station Mir? Or some place with the data location tracking information still available? Maybe even a site with orbital mechanics ...
andemening's user avatar
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386 views

What was being manufactured on Salyut and Mir?

Last weekend I attended a prelection at Polish Aviation Museum, on modern trends in aviation. The lecturer talked quite a bit of history too, and Soviet achievements were in as much focus as the ...
SF.'s user avatar
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What is the longest time that a mammal has spent in microgravity?

The ISS has had crew since the year 2000. Do the health issues with microgravity keep compounding, or do they stabilize after a few years and maybe even diminish? I suppose the animal needs to be a ...
LocalFluff's user avatar
2 votes
1 answer
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What are the tradeoffs of docking multiple small launches in orbit vs a single heavy launch?

What are the benefits of having a heavy lift launch vehicle, compared to using several smaller launches and assemble the spacecraft in orbit? There must've been more than a hundred successful ...
LocalFluff's user avatar
16 votes
4 answers
661 views

What lessons in Space Station design have come out of the ISS?

The Soviets/Russian had a lot of station experience (Salyut, Almaz, Mir, and then ISS) that was used to build better and better stations. The US did Skylab and Shuttle/Spacelab/SpaceHab, and learned ...
geoffc's user avatar
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When a new module is added to the ISS, do they still do the "Shake" test?

I recall reading, that when Mir would get a new module added, after it was docked, a cosmonaut would stand in, feet on one wall, hands on the other, and try to shake it, to ensure the docking seal was ...
geoffc's user avatar
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On Mir, Zarya, or Zvezda, do docking ports consume space inside the module?

I have been asking about why Zarya, Zvezda have the number of docking ports they have, and whether more will be needed. This got me thinking about what the inside of the docking module looks like. ...
geoffc's user avatar
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8 votes
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On Mir, did they ever move a Soyuz at the front end, to a side docking port using Lyappa?

On Mir, the docking module was at the front end of the station. It technically had 6 ports (one was used to connect to Mir itself, so 5 exposed). In general the docking node had one active port ...
geoffc's user avatar
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