Questions tagged [n-1]

The N1 was a heavy lift rocket intended to deliver payloads beyond low Earth orbit, acting as the Soviet counterpart to the NASA Saturn V rocket.

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What kept the Soviets from going to the Moon (before the US)?

I know that Saturn V's payload was 140 tons, about 20 times that of Soyuz. The Soviets did not have a functioning rocket with similar characteristics. But why? They had a head start in the space race ...
MWB's user avatar
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0 votes
1 answer
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Why didn’t the N1 use detachable boosters like the Soviet’s did on Soyuz?

Why did the N1 (to my inexperienced eye) have a massive rework? Soyuz, Vokshod, Vostok, Sputnik all showed that detachable side boosters worked. If side boosters work, why wouldn’t the N1 just had ...
Blue Skin and Glowing Red Eyes's user avatar
24 votes
4 answers
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What is SpaceX doing differently with Starship to avoid it exploding like the N1?

Both Starship and the N1 have more than 30 rocket engines. The N1 exploded after having a chain reaction from a failed engine. N1 rocket engines: Starship’s rocket engines: Unlike the N1, SpaceX has ...
The Rocket fan's user avatar
37 votes
4 answers
8k views

Why did the Soviet Union decide to use 30 small engines instead of a few large ones on the N1?

The N1 was a big disappointment after exploding on every single launch attempt. From what I have read, it seems like most of the attempts went wrong because one of the 30 engines exploded causing a ...
The Rocket fan's user avatar
5 votes
1 answer
419 views

Are there any N1 rockets (the Soviet answer to the Saturn V) still in existence?

Knowing the work that went into the Saturn V, being able to see the size of it in person at the Kennedy Space Center was almost a religious experience. I would love to be able to see an N1. Are there ...
John Greer's user avatar
33 votes
1 answer
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How did the U.S.S.R manage to rotate the N-1 from horizontal to vertical?

The title says it all - but I heard that NASA considered horizontal integration for the Saturn V couldn't be considered, as lifting the rocket to a vertical position would require an immense ...
Woodman's user avatar
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4 votes
1 answer
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Was launch pad 110R ever used again after being obliterated on 3 July 1969?

A few weeks before the Apollo 11 moon landing, the Soviets attempted the second unmanned launch of their own lunar launch vehicle, the N1. This occurred at pad 110R (also called 110/38) of the ...
DrSheldon's user avatar
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23 votes
4 answers
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Was the Soviet N1 really capable of sending 9.6 GB/s of telemetry?

On the Wikipedia page for Soviet N1, it says of the control system: The telemetry system relayed data back at an estimated rate of 9.6 gigabytes per second on 320,000 channels on 14 frequencies. ...
nexus_2006's user avatar
7 votes
2 answers
339 views

Did the N-1 have future plans, like the Apollo Applications Program?

The Saturn-V booster was only really used for two types of missions. Lunar Skylab (ASTP used a Saturn-1B booster) That is, heavy lift to lunar orbit, and heavy lift with a space craft. There ...
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31 votes
7 answers
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Why weren't Saturn V and the Soviet N-1 Moon rockets made larger in order to simplify Lunar missions?

During the Apollo missions the Lunar lander was separated, turned around and docked during flight. And the command module was left in Lunar orbit during the surface mission. The Soviets planned to ...
LocalFluff's user avatar
45 votes
1 answer
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Why do the Russians use these fence-like interstage fairings?

When we look at various Russian rockets we often see a metal structure looking like a kind of garden fence separating some stages. To my knowledge, only the R7 family (Vostok, Voshkod, Soyuz) and N1 ...
DarkDust's user avatar
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6 votes
1 answer
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What budgetary and technical impact did the N1 program's failure have on the Soviet Union's space program?

After the failure of the N1 program, what impact did this have on the budget for the space program of the Soviet Union? What technical impacts did it have? For example, did other missions suffer ...
Future Historian's user avatar
25 votes
2 answers
4k views

What caused the N1 to become a failure?

What were key factors that made the N1 the recipe for disaster it became for the USSR? Especially when the USSR was the Space King at the time?
Future Historian's user avatar
14 votes
5 answers
3k views

Other than then N-1 (30 engines) has there been a single stage of a rocket with more engines than a Falcon 9?

The Saturn V had 5 engines (F-1) on the first stage, five engines on the second stage (J-2). The N-1 had 30 engines on its first stage (NK-15). The Falcon 9 (1.0 and 1.1) have 9 Merlin 1 engines on ...
geoffc's user avatar
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11 votes
2 answers
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Quality vs. Quantity for Rocket Engines

I read a while ago about the famous Soviet N-1, called by some the most powerful rocket (in terms of thrust at liftoff) in history. It used an incredible 30 engines in its first stage. The American ...
HDE 226868's user avatar
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