Questions tagged [orbit]

Questions regarding the mechanics or attributes of objects falling 'around' other objects, thereby orbiting them.

Filter by
Sorted by
Tagged with
2
votes
0answers
28 views

When will ISS return to approximately the same projected location on Earth's surface?

The ISS sailed over my country, Sri Lanka on the eve of yesterday (14th October), and there was some news coverage on the event. While the reporting wasn't particularly scientific or even factual (I'm ...
0
votes
1answer
37 views

How to deteremine the angle between Sun and 2 probes?

I have the orbital position and velocity and the orbital parameter of 2 spacecraft at LEO, how to define the angle between Sun - Probe 2 - Probe 1 in ECI frame (If you imagine at a point sun then ...
-1
votes
1answer
59 views

Issue with SGP4 modelling from scratch in MATLAB

I am trying to develop the code from this source , this research paper and from this too as same as bibliography of that aforementioned source. So, here as you can see at page 14, they have defined ...
1
vote
0answers
17 views

Velocity Vector Transformation for Point Ahead Angle and Doppler Shift Calculation for Inter-Satellite Link

So, I have the Radial and Tangential Velocity Vector (like in Figure 1) and also the Cartesian coordinate of 3D velocity vector. For reference, you can see in this link. Where, $o_{dot}$ vector matrix ...
0
votes
2answers
104 views

How does the orbit of the Voyager and New Horizons probes manage to get into interstellar space?

I understand that every probe launched has been launched into an orbit. The further you want to go into the solar system, the faster it needs to be moving. And everything orbits the sun until it finds ...
4
votes
2answers
166 views

What is the closest distance SpaceX's Tesla Roadster (Starman) will ever be to Mars?

Elon Musk's own personal Tesla Roadster launched on the Falcon Heavy in November 2018 and unfortunately overshot the orbit of Mars. This short animation shows the trajectory of SpaceX's Roadster. It ...
3
votes
2answers
141 views

When calculating the future orbit of an artificial Earth satellite, is the Moon's gravity significant or insignificant?

Imagine a mathematician is plotting the future orbit of a satellite to be launched and put in orbit around the Earth. When they are making their calculation, is the moon so far away and the ...
1
vote
2answers
103 views

Do satellites inject into a Hohmann transfer orbit in Low Earth Orbit or in Solar orbit?

Lets say we have a satellite wanting to go to Mars. Do satellites such as MAVEN inject into a Hohmann transfer orbit while in Earth's orbit, or do they go out of Earth's Sphere of Influence into solar ...
7
votes
1answer
155 views

Where in orbit was Michael Collins when the LM landed?

In the NPR podcast On Apollo 11 Anniversary, A Former Crew Member Reflects On The Lunar Trip Scott Simon interviews Michael Collins. Near the beginning is this exchange: SIMON: We asked the man who ...
12
votes
1answer
345 views

A spacecraft is travelling at X units per hour. But relative to what exactly? Does it depend on orbit? How?

If I am walking, the ground is stationary, and I move X units/hour relative to the ground. If I am in low-earth orbit, then I am still moving X units/hour relative to the ground, only its a much ...
4
votes
1answer
130 views

Can a Space Telescope orbit so it was always in the shadow of the Earth?

Imagine you have a space telescope that had temperature sensitive instruments. (Like the Spitzer Space Telescope). In order to maintain a cool temperature - you want it always to orbit in the shadow ...
4
votes
1answer
469 views

Why does the eccentricity vector equation always equal -1?

This is the eccentricity vector equation, $$e=\frac{1}{\mu}[(v^2-{\mu \over r})r-(r \cdot v)v]$$ $$e=|e|$$ Now this equation is written differently from many different sources but they essentially ...
2
votes
0answers
115 views

Orbiting clock visible with the naked eye

Does anyone remember from the 1980s or possibly early '90s in the UK news a (serious) story about contructing a huge orbiting clock so that people would be able to look up at the sky to read the time ...
1
vote
0answers
30 views

Tools for testing look angle generator?

I'm looking for a software test tool with a specific capability: Given the lat/long/altitude of a point on the ground and the az/el/range from that spot to a point in space, generate a TLE for a ...
7
votes
5answers
3k views

How could a satellite follow earth around the sun while staying outside of earth's orbit?

I'm wondering if its possible for a satellite to follow earth around the sun while staying outside of its orbit. I wondering for the sake of space based solar infrastructure or just something ...
3
votes
2answers
253 views

Why was the Energia’s payload capacity to lunar orbit greater than its payload capacity to geosynchronous orbit?

The Energia rocket, developed in the 1970s and 1980s to launch the Soviet Buran space shuttle, had the second-highest payload capacity (100 tonnes to LEO) of any rocket ever flown (and the highest-...
3
votes
1answer
117 views

Tiny orbital body detection

What technology would be required to detect a coconut-sized sphere in Earth orbit, at the average altitude of communications satellites?
2
votes
0answers
30 views

Special Case Constellation Analysis Approach: Walker Constellation with Circular (e = 0) orbit in LEO

I am familiar with the general approach to propagate orbits using orbital parameters, and how to account for basic J2 perturbations. I am looking to perform some analysis on large walker ...
1
vote
1answer
69 views

PIR application as a sun sensor

Is there any history or merit to using a PIR (Pyroelectric ("Passive") InfraRed Sensor) as a sun sensor for determining the attitude or position of a Satellite?
2
votes
0answers
109 views

Recalculate Orbital Elements after a ΔV

I would like to write a program able to simulate a keplerian orbite given an initial position and velocity (r0, v0) and able to manage accelerations in different directions. To simulate the orbit, I ...
0
votes
2answers
132 views

How many stages needed for a launch ? How to plan a launch

I am looking on how to find out how many stages are needed to reach a certain orbit. I come across equations to compute the height reach by a stage of a certain time. On the other hand I don't find ...
5
votes
1answer
746 views

How precise must a satellite's orbit be?

I was thinking about the question on solid upper-stages and my feeling that a liquid upper-stage would allow a more precise orbit. But... how precise does an orbit actually have to be? I guess I mean ...
5
votes
1answer
110 views

Reference to understand the notation of orbital charts

To address various orbital evolutions of spacecrafts, some particular orbital charts are taken into account. For example, the following is used to depict how a chaser reaches a target: The only thing ...
4
votes
1answer
88 views

How would off-apsis burn effect the angle and position of new apoapsis

Let's say you have an elliptical orbit, if you burn prograde at the periapsis, you extend the apoapsis by some factor(according to vis-viva equation). But if you burn prograde on somewhere during the ...
1
vote
1answer
108 views

On the dynamics of two connected objects located at different circular orbits

I'm just thinking about the qualitative and quantitative implications of a hypothetical orbital problem, but what I ended up does not make sense as it should. In particular, assume that two objects ...
28
votes
6answers
9k views

Do simulator games use a realistic trajectory to get into orbit?

In videogames (such as KSP or Spaceflight simulator) people put rockets in orbit with the following procedure: Turn on the engines and move vertically for a bit. Start a roll program to turn the ...
3
votes
4answers
173 views

Could we build a sunlight regulator to orbit the sun and help with global warming? [duplicate]

like less sunlight around the poles would be good. if we put it in orbit close to the sun we may not need it to be that large. we can keep it in good position with RF cavity thrusters and mini ...
2
votes
0answers
23 views

Where will BioSentinel be relative to Earth while running experiments?

The Space.com article In 2020, NASA Will Send Living Things to Deep Space for First Time Since Apollo describes (among other things) the BioSentinel spacecraft, and links to a NASA BioSentinel fact ...
0
votes
0answers
104 views

ECI to LVLH transformation [duplicate]

I am working on a transformation of ECI coordinates to LVLH (Local Vertical Local Horizontal) coordinates in order to calculate satellite maneuvers. Does anybody know how should I approach the problem?...
7
votes
2answers
1k views

Have any humans orbited the Earth in anything other than a prograde orbit?

As per the title, have any humans been launched into an orbit around the Earth which is anything other than prograde? E.g. retrograde or polar.
22
votes
3answers
4k views

Why use a retrograde orbit?

I've been looking around and saw on What is the highest inclination orbit ever attained from a Cape Canaveral launch? a question about launching into retrograde orbit. Of course, due to range safety ...
5
votes
1answer
67 views

Trouble deriving rectangular components of acceleration of satellite in orbit around Earth with J2 consideration

I am trying to derive the rectangular components of acceleration for a satellite in orbit, with Earth oblateness in consideration, in order to use the RK4 method to find the updated position and ...
6
votes
3answers
361 views

How much of a rocket's energy is used to achieve altitude vs horizontal velocity?

Given how it is significantly easier to achieve suborbital spaceflight, I was wondering about how a rocket spends its energy budget. If you magically could launch a rocket from 0 km/s but from an ...
3
votes
1answer
153 views

Have there been any spacecraft with an ecliptic Earth orbit?

Have any spacecraft (manned or unmanned) orbited the Earth in the same plane as the Sun? (Please read the question carefully. It is not an orbit centered around the Sun, nor an equatorial orbit.)
8
votes
1answer
841 views

How to calculate density of unknown planet?

Having approached an unknown planet, a spaceship went in a low circular orbit. Would astronauts be able to determine the average density of the planets using only a watch
2
votes
1answer
198 views

Argument of Perigee for a circular orbit

For a perfectly circular orbit (e=0), how is the argument of perigee defined?? Thanks.
4
votes
2answers
191 views

Where can I find examples of orbital state vectors?

I'm currently trying to write a program that can calculate orbital trajectories. The goal is to take any orbital state vector (position, velocity) and convert it into Keplerian orbital elements, or ...
2
votes
1answer
101 views

How would 2 spacecraft be launched to be in sync in opposite directions?

How would 1 spacecraft be launched to have a prograde orbit and the another be launched retrograde to have a mirrored orbital path around the sun or otherwise? Would the 2 spacecraft launch together ...
3
votes
0answers
70 views

What is the physics behind a rocket landing on a celestial body with an atmosphere?

I would like to know the different physics concept I would need to land a rocket being in orbit. I know the timing is important to leave it, how can one find this out ? Then how to compute the ...
2
votes
1answer
79 views

Is it possible to establish a synchronous lunar orbit without using Lagrange points? [closed]

I find this interesting, and so far haven't found anything in an internet search.
5
votes
0answers
68 views

Calculate Date of Spring Equinox, possibly using JPL's Horizons website?

I'm familiar with orbit ephemerides and the ways to use those to plot orbits and positions. However, in all the charts I find, I can't seem to find a way to determine when an equinox on another planet ...
1
vote
1answer
148 views

Astrophysics on “The Martian”

In the movie the martian what was the purpose of the hermes crew in blasting a part of the ship? Was that explosion on the front or back of the ship? After the explosion what happened to the speed ...
3
votes
0answers
99 views

Suggestion for software which allows orbit data generation under different conditions (such as J2, ATM drag etc)

I am an amateur astrophysics enthusiast trying to generate orbit data. What I want to achieve: I want to be able to generate orbits while only considering effects of (J2, J3, atm drag, solar ...
3
votes
1answer
84 views

How to calculate angle in elliptic orbit?

I would like calculate angle in elliptic orbit ZCP at any time, where: Z (position of periapsis), C (center of ellipse), P (current position of planet). I find topic, where is picture (in accepted ...
1
vote
0answers
129 views

Speed needed for the ship to escape Mars, on The Martian movie

Based on the two speeds and altitudes that are presented in the movie: "The Martian" which are respectively 741 m / s and 1350m, 850 m / s and 1843 m I would like to prove with calculations whether or ...
1
vote
0answers
33 views

Orbit class or library or functions [closed]

I am (like a hundred other people, like a thousand other people) trying to make a space flight simulator. I'm not a student. (That said, I found Orbit – space flight sim. It’s excellent.* You ...
6
votes
3answers
295 views

Are sun-synchronous orbits always North to South?

So someone told me that weather satellites orbit from north to south generally because that helps them to obtain a sun-synchronous orbit (his explanation for why this was true was too complicated for ...
4
votes
1answer
241 views

Are we changing Earth's rotation?

Can rockets launching change Earth's rotation, and can going into orbit do the same?
3
votes
1answer
70 views

Ellipse area section from foci

I am wondering how to calculate the area between the 2 red dots towards the bottom and in turn calculate the time elapsed between the right red dot and the green dot at apogee. I figure if I can find ...
2
votes
1answer
173 views

True Anomaly of Circular Orbit

How would you calculate the true anomaly of a circular orbit (e=0)? I'm trying to design an orbit for a mission on STK and so I'm not sure what the eccentric anomaly (in order to calculate true ...