Questions tagged [oxygen]

Questions regarding consumption and production of oxygen

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1answer
64 views

Could we intentionally contaminate another celestial body with life to start producing oxygen?

My question is simple, could we "nuke" a planet with life to create an atmosphere over time? I was seeing a documentary about Jupiter's moon, Europa, and how it could have hydro thermal ...
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102 views

How is CO₂ scrubbed from the air in a space vessel?

Within a space vessel such as the ISS for example, how do the astronauts regulate the level of CO₂ they are breathing and how is the air scrubbed exactly?
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Experience of breathing regular air vs. Nitrox vs pure oxygen at 4.3 psi?

Has any astronaut/cosmonaut described a difference in the feeling of breathing pure oxygen at 4.3 psi in a spacesuit compared breathing regular air at sea level or even to Nitrox used in the Neutral ...
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Did the Space Shuttle crew have to worry about monatomic oxygen?

Comments below this answer tell us that the Space Shuttle always remained in Earth's atmosphere. When it visited the Hubble Space Telescope or the ISS or Mir it was still in the thermosphere and ...
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How does it feel to breathe 100% oxygen at low pressure?

Some space suits are designed to provide an atmosphere of 100% oxygen but at a reduced air pressure about 20% that of sea level. Is breathing in such a suit uncomfortable? It seems like having such a ...
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1answer
103 views

What about recycling used lithium hydroxide on the Moon?

Lithium hydroxide was used to remove exhaled carbon dioxide from breathing gas during the Apollo mission. Is there any research done how to recycle used lithium hydroxide on the Moon? Separating the ...
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2answers
166 views

How is it proposed to extract oxygen from lunar regolith?

Futurism's news item NASA Pumps Funding into Startup That Says It Can Harvest Oxygen From Lunar Regolith says: NASA just awarded substantial funding to Pioneer Astronautics, a company that claims it ...
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What effects did the different air pressure and air composition in certain spacecraft have on astronauts?

The Mercury and Gemini spacecraft, and in space the Apollo spacecraft, didn't pressurize their cockpits to 1 atm with Earth-like atmospheric composition; instead, they used pure oxygen at much lower ...
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How are cryogenic fuels and oxidizers generated and procured?

I understand hydrogen can be generated from steam-methane reforming or from electrolysis of water and then cooled to liquid through a series of cryogenic coolers. For steam reforming, the hydrogen ...
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How much energy would be needed to liquify 1 gram of atmospheric oxygen on Mars?

I've been told I have no Moxie but I still need oxygen to live on Mars. I see that Mars' atmosphere is 0.14% oxygen and my sad moxiless self wants some. I want to make a low power refrigerator to ...
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How many square meters of solar panel to power a MOXIE-like oxygen source per person?

If I wanted to live in a box on Mars to write my screenplay about living in a box on Mars, how many square meters of solar panels would I need to power a MOXIE-like CO2-to-O2 converter in order to ...
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140 views

What was pressure and temperature of LM oxygen tanks?

After analysing comments in related question How cryogenic oxygen was heated up for CM cabin repressurization? It appears that LM had oxygen stored as either gas or supercritical fluid but not at ...
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How cryogenic oxygen was heated up for CM cabin repressurization?

In related question How was temperature and humidity maintained inside the Apollo mission capsules? the basic concept of conditioning Apollo mission capsules environment is described. After ...
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Algae Bioreactor for O2 and CO2 (and food?) - Any data on required size and power requirements?

I believe that the requirements for a single persons $\require{mhchem}\ce{O2}$/$\ce{CO2}$ balance run somewhere in the region of $8m^2$ of algae, which would seem to be possible in a single $\approx ...
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Why would oxygen be stored as a super critical fluid?

Organic Marble just answered a question about Apollo 13 in terms of the storage of Oxygen, and posted some fascinating stuff, including the fact that Oxygen was stored as a super-critical fluid. I ...
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What does “stirring tanks” mean?

The Apollo 13 disaster occurred right when the "oxygen tanks were stirred". What does that mean? What benefits does it give? What would happen if they didn't stir the tanks?
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What is the best oxidizer? [duplicate]

I was wondering if there is a more efficient alternative to plain o2? Also, I know this is adding another question, but could you make a functioning rocket with ozone(O3) as an oxidizer(if it is ...
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176 views

Could the sulfuric acid in the atmosphere of Venus be heated enough by concentrated sunlight to create water and oxygen?

The atmospheric pressure and temperature at about 50 to 60 km above the surface of Venus is nearly the same as that of the Earth, making its upper atmosphere the most Earth-like area in the Solar ...
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How long were the Apollo astronauts allowed to breathe 100% oxygen at 1 atmosphere continuously?

This answer explains that from the time they suited up "in the Suit Lab before launch" until the time the capsule started depressurizing during ascent, the Apollo astronauts were breathing 100% oxygen ...
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164 views

In principle, could the oxygen tanks of an 'air breathing' rocket, be filled during ascent?

(Thinking of SABRE and it's heat exchanger). As I understand it, Skylon would take off with full oxygen tanks. Putting aside engineering difficulties, is there a thermodynamic reason why a hybrid ...
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266 views

What would it feel like for an astronaut if his/her spacesuit ran out of air?

I’m curious what it would feel like if an astronaut’s spacesuit ran out of air while they were on mars, vs taking the suit off? inspired this question
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Conditions on Titan under which human breath can be set to fire

Motivated by the question Titan vs Mars for colonization, I wonder what exactly happens if human exhalation products are released into Titanian atmosphere and, say, a spark igniter happens to be ...
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How does SpaceX plan to obtain Oxygen in Mars?

In the ISS they obtain Oxygen from water through electrolysis. I guess this could be possible in Mars if they land near a large water source. NASA in the other hand, it's working for ways to obtain ...
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Pressurized Organic Oxygen Pods

Human waste could be used in a hydroponics facility to grow algae in space or Mars in pressurized tanks, and the photosynthesis can be used to convert CO2 to breathable oxygen. A carbon dioxide ...
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Can carbon dioxide be distilled from a Helium/Oxygen atmosphere by using natural refrigeration?

A simple air compressor compress carbon dioxide/water saturated helium/oxygen air in a tank to liquefy water from the air by pressure. Abstract the water, then refrigerate the carbon dioxide/helium/...
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Iron powder reaction in chlorate candle [closed]

When a sodium chlorate candle is ignighted, the iron powder is burned to allow the oxygen to be released with the reaction 2NaClO3 → 2NaCl + 3O2 The iron powder is not included in this equation, and ...
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401 views

What would happen if an astronaut walked on mars without a spacesuit i.e. wearing just earth clothes? [duplicate]

Which will happen first: Would she die due to lack of oxygen/suffocation or due to lack of pressure/boiling bodily fluids?
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Martian Carbon Dioxide Turbine Oxygen Generator

How much solid Carbon Dioxide can be collected in a container with the top of the container level with the ground during a Martian Winter? Side Question: What do you call a generator that runs on the ...
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What is the advantage of using Helium over Nitrogen when used for pressurising LOx?

In this Twitter post of the plumbing line diagram(left half) by LauncherSpace, one can notice that Helium is used for pressurising LOx while Nitrogen is used for pressurising Kerosene. Why the ...
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790 views

How feasible is it to grow algae on Mars to use as food, plastic and oxygen production?

I am currently researching the idea of growing spirulina algae on Mars for as a renewable source of oxygen, food and material. So the question arises: How feasible would it be to grow spirulina in an ...
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Safety of carbon fiber oxygen tanks

It seems that there has been controversy as to how safe carbon fiber can be for LOX tanks. In early tests, materials were found to be too ready to combust. This has been a stumbling block for ...
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Does LOx stay as liquid when entering combustion chamber?

Given the heat from combustion and increased temperature, would the LOx still be in liquid form after emanating from the injector? Or will it instantly transform into gas? Are injectors cooled using ...
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188 views

Free o2 on mars?

I think that the new mars rover in 2020 will make oxygen, from thin mars air. I think Mar's atmosphere is 90% CO2. Carbon Dioxide is C + O2. O2 = Oxygen, so can't we separate carbon dioxide - oxygen? ...
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Do rockets deplete the oxygen on earth?

When we use our rockets in space, are we using up a fraction of the finite oxygen here on earth? I'm assuming that it's a negligible amount at our current rate of space travel, but could this ...
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467 views

Manufacturing H2 and O2 rocket fuel components?

I'm curious as to the typical manufacturing (or gathering) methodology of H2 and O2 used in modern rockets for fuel and oxidizer. It would seem that the most straightforward process would seem to be ...
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Is oxygen present in the sun? [closed]

If there is no oxygen in the sun, then how is it burning? My question may be weird but I need a realistic answer for that.
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Why is the surface of Mars oxidized?

Before 2.5 to 2Gya, Earth's surface was a chemically reducing environment (evidence includes reduced forms of iron, sulfur, and uranium in rocks before that time). It is believed to have become ...
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201 views

In-situ oxygen on Mars - what is MOXIE and SpaceX' ITS relation?

Reading through in-situ methods to manufacture oxygen on Mars, I see the following assets: in future, 100x scale of MOXIE would produce up to two kilograms of oxygen per hour https://en.wikipedia.org/...
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Balancing oxygen and food production

For a self-sustaining base on Mars (or elsewhere)... I've read and been told that growing enough plants to eat would produce too much oxygen, but there are many in-depth designs for self-sustaining ...
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Is atmospheric skimming for propellant feasible?

A recent comment in a discussion of satellite refueling mentioned the possiblity of a spacecraft dipping into the atmosphere from LEO to obtain oxygen. Similarly, the science fiction RPG Traveller ...
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Can a machine process and run on $CO_2$ and $H_2O$ for an $O_2$ by product?

On Mars studies have shown that carbon dioxide solidifies to dry ice at the poles. During the winter months can electrolysis be applied to collected and then contained liquid $CO_2$ to replenish ...
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Iron Oxidation Mechanism on Mars

My question relates more to the possibilities of life on Mars than to mining mineral deposits. QUESTION: Is it possible to have oxidized iron in the quantities that we see on Mars with only available ...
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Has solidifying liquid propellant been considered for space exploration?

Liquid hydrogen is $0.071 g/cm^3$ Solid hydrogen is $0.086 g/cm^3$ Since denser fuel is desirable, has solid hydrogen been considered for use in space exploration? I suspect the very low ...
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Can the ISS's NORS tanks be used to recharge spacesuit or spacecraft oxygen supplies?

In this answer I said: In an emergency a pressurized tank of oxygen gas can be an immediate source of oxygen to pressurize the station, and (possibly) other thinks such as tanks for suits. But for ...
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Isn't electrolysis of water less efficient for a space craft than pressurized oxygen tanks?

Isn't electrolysis of water less efficient for a spacecraft than pressurized oxygen tanks? The ISS uses electrolysis but to do this you have to send water to space which weighs more than oxygen and ...
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Will Mars ever become breathable for humans?

There are some proposed methods like extracting oxygen from ice in polar caps getting it from the CO2 found in Mars' atmosphere or ... But let's say we finally find a feasible method to produce ...
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Supply of liquid oxygen (LOX) maintained on the ISS? Kept cold using “space”, or refrigerator?

One can transport and store oxygen more efficiently (volume and weight of tank) if it is liquid under the order of 1 atmosphere. Liquid oxygen (LOX) is kept cryogenic in insulated tanks for short ...
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Could the Moon be terraformed by outgassing its oxygen?

The majority of the Moon's mass is oxygen. With energy it could chemically be liberated from its silicon et cetera compounds and be turned into oxygen gas. Given its low gravity, lack of magnetosphere ...
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How to produce oxygen out of Venusian atmosphere's carbon dioxide?

What are the possible methods of in-situ extraction of oxygen from the atmosphere of Venus, which is mostly carbon dioxide?
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Oxygen toxicity vs Apollo mission preparation

In the article on Apollo command module design, I read: The cabin atmosphere at launch was changed to 60% oxygen and 40% nitrogen at sea-level pressure: 14.7 psi (10.1 N/cm2). During ascent the cabin ...