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Questions tagged [oxygen]

Questions regarding consumption and production of oxygen

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Conditions on Titan under which human breath can be set to fire

Motivated by the question Titan vs Mars for colonization, I wonder what exactly happens if human exhalation products are released into Titanian atmosphere and, say, a spark igniter happens to be ...
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How does SpaceX plan to obtain Oxygen in Mars?

In the ISS they obtain Oxygen from water through electrolysis. I guess this could be possible in Mars if they land near a large water source. NASA in the other hand, it's working for ways to obtain ...
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Pressurized Organic Oxygen Pods

Human waste could be used in a hydroponics facility to grow algae in space or Mars in pressurized tanks, and the photosynthesis can be used to convert CO2 to breathable oxygen. A carbon dioxide ...
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Can carbon dioxide be distilled from a Helium/Oxygen atmosphere by using natural refrigeration?

A simple air compressor compress carbon dioxide/water saturated helium/oxygen air in a tank to liquefy water from the air by pressure. Abstract the water, then refrigerate the carbon dioxide/helium/...
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Iron powder reaction in chlorate candle [closed]

When a sodium chlorate candle is ignighted, the iron powder is burned to allow the oxygen to be released with the reaction 2NaClO3 → 2NaCl + 3O2 The iron powder is not included in this equation, and ...
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What would happen if an astronaut walked on mars without a spacesuit i.e. wearing just earth clothes? [duplicate]

Which will happen first: Would she die due to lack of oxygen/suffocation or due to lack of pressure/boiling bodily fluids?
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Martian Carbon Dioxide Turbine Oxygen Generator

How much solid Carbon Dioxide can be collected in a container with the top of the container level with the ground during a Martian Winter? Side Question: What do you call a generator that runs on the ...
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What is the advantage of using Helium over Nitrogen when used for pressurising LOx?

In this Twitter post of the plumbing line diagram(left half) by LauncherSpace, one can notice that Helium is used for pressurising LOx while Nitrogen is used for pressurising Kerosene. Why the ...
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How feasible is it to grow algae on Mars to use as food, plastic and oxygen production?

I am currently researching the idea of growing spirulina algae on Mars for as a renewable source of oxygen, food and material. So the question arises: How feasible would it be to grow spirulina in an ...
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Safety of carbon fiber oxygen tanks

It seems that there has been controversy as to how safe carbon fiber can be for LOX tanks. In early tests, materials were found to be too ready to combust. This has been a stumbling block for ...
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Does LOx stay as liquid when entering combustion chamber?

Given the heat from combustion and increased temperature, would the LOx still be in liquid form after emanating from the injector? Or will it instantly transform into gas? Are injectors cooled using ...
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Free o2 on mars?

I think that the new mars rover in 2020 will make oxygen, from thin mars air. I think Mar's atmosphere is 90% CO2. Carbon Dioxide is C + O2. O2 = Oxygen, so can't we separate carbon dioxide - oxygen? ...
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Do rockets deplete the oxygen on earth?

When we use our rockets in space, are we using up a fraction of the finite oxygen here on earth? I'm assuming that it's a negligible amount at our current rate of space travel, but could this ...
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Manufacturing H2 and O2 rocket fuel components?

I'm curious as to the typical manufacturing (or gathering) methodology of H2 and O2 used in modern rockets for fuel and oxidizer. It would seem that the most straightforward process would seem to be ...
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Is oxygen present in the sun? [closed]

If there is no oxygen in the sun, then how is it burning? My question may be weird but I need a realistic answer for that.
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Why is the surface of Mars oxidized?

Before 2.5 to 2Gya, Earth's surface was a chemically reducing environment (evidence includes reduced forms of iron, sulfur, and uranium in rocks before that time). It is believed to have become ...
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In-situ oxygen on Mars - what is MOXIE and SpaceX' ITS relation?

Reading through in-situ methods to manufacture oxygen on Mars, I see the following assets: in future, 100x scale of MOXIE would produce up to two kilograms of oxygen per hour https://en.wikipedia.org/...
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Balancing oxygen and food production

For a self-sustaining base on Mars (or elsewhere)... I've read and been told that growing enough plants to eat would produce too much oxygen, but there are many in-depth designs for self-sustaining ...
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Is atmospheric skimming for propellant feasible?

A recent comment in a discussion of satellite refueling mentioned the possiblity of a spacecraft dipping into the atmosphere from LEO to obtain oxygen. Similarly, the science fiction RPG Traveller ...
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Can a machine process and run on $CO_2$ and $H_2O$ for an $O_2$ by product?

On Mars studies have shown that carbon dioxide solidifies to dry ice at the poles. During the winter months can electrolysis be applied to collected and then contained liquid $CO_2$ to replenish ...
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Iron Oxidation Mechanism on Mars

My question relates more to the possibilities of life on Mars than to mining mineral deposits. QUESTION: Is it possible to have oxidized iron in the quantities that we see on Mars with only available ...
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Has solidifying liquid propellant been considered for space exploration?

Liquid hydrogen is $0.071 g/cm^3$ Solid hydrogen is $0.086 g/cm^3$ Since denser fuel is desirable, has solid hydrogen been considered for use in space exploration? I suspect the very low ...
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Can the ISS's NORS tanks be used to recharge spacesuit or spacecraft oxygen supplies?

In this answer I said: In an emergency a pressurized tank of oxygen gas can be an immediate source of oxygen to pressurize the station, and (possibly) other thinks such as tanks for suits. But for ...
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Isn't electrolysis of water less efficient for a space craft than pressurized oxygen tanks?

Isn't electrolysis of water less efficient for a spacecraft than pressurized oxygen tanks? The ISS uses electrolysis but to do this you have to send water to space which weighs more than oxygen and ...
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Will Mars ever become breathable for humans?

There are some proposed methods like extracting oxygen from ice in polar caps getting it from the CO2 found in Mars' atmosphere or ... But let's say we finally find a feasible method to produce ...
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Supply of liquid oxygen (LOX) maintained on the ISS? Kept cold using “space”, or refrigerator?

One can transport and store oxygen more efficiently (volume and weight of tank) if it is liquid under the order of 1 atmosphere. Liquid oxygen (LOX) is kept cryogenic in insulated tanks for short ...
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Could the Moon be terraformed by outgassing its oxygen?

The majority of the Moon's mass is oxygen. With energy it could chemically be liberated from its silicon et cetera compounds and be turned into oxygen gas. Given its low gravity, lack of magnetosphere ...
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How to produce oxygen out of Venusian atmosphere's carbon dioxide?

What are the possible methods of in-situ extraction of oxygen from the atmosphere of Venus, which is mostly carbon dioxide?
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Oxygen toxicity vs Apollo mission preparation

In the article on Apollo command module design, I read: The cabin atmosphere at launch was changed to 60% oxygen and 40% nitrogen at sea-level pressure: 14.7 psi (10.1 N/cm2). During ascent the ...
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Decision Factors for using 100% $ O_2 $ cabin atmosphere in early US space program

What are the reasons for deciding to use a 100% $ O_2 $ cabin atmosphere in the early US space programme? Was danger of nitrogen narcossis a factor? Did all missions prior to Apollo 1 use a 100% $ ...
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What is required to produce rocket quality methane fuel and oxygen from Mars' atmosphere?

Turning $\require{mhchem}\ce{CO2}$ and some hydrogen into $\ce{O2}$ and $\ce{CH4}$ seems pretty straightforward and has been known since early chemistry in the 19th century. But what about the quality,...
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Why is the EMU space suit pressurized to 4.3 psi specifically?

Wikipedia claims that space suits that use pure oxygen are pressurized to 4.7 psi, instead of 3.0 psi, to account for carbon dioxide and water vapor pressure as per the alveolar gas equation (although ...
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Does an Oxygen regeneration system as depicted in the Martian exist in real-life?

There are some resource questions posed by the book and film The Martian: How much oxygen can you take with you? How much $CO_2$ can be recycled back into oxygen? How much energy would you need for ...
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How do they conduct electrolysis in zero gravity?

I'm building an electrolysis cell myself, and got to wondering. On Earth, there is a significant force pushing bubbles of hydrogen and oxygen upward, so your electrodes still contact mainly water. ...
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Is the Hybrid sulfur cycle a good way of making hydrogen and oxygen on Venus?

Assuming we collect Sulfuric acid from Venus clouds using some sort of airship, what would be the best way of turning this into hydrogen and oxygen? I came across something called the Hybrid sulfur ...
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Can machines which manufacture oxygen using co2 conversion be created on Mars?

It appears that the best way to produce oxygen on Mars is using reverse fuel cells to extract oxygen from the co2 in the atmosphere. However any machine we sent there would eventually wear out. Does ...
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Where can I breathe for free? [closed]

There ain't no such thing as a free lunch was often a plot point in the works of Robert Heinlein, particularly in regards to air. We know that Air in International Space Station comes at price, in ...
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What are the odds of finding a lifeless planet with breathable air?

As I understand it, our current breathable atmosphere on Earth is the result of early lifeforms transforming huge amounts of CO2 into O2. Before early life, even Earth's atmosphere wasn't livable for ...
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Function of the RL10 Oxygen Turbopump's Splined Shaft End

The oxygen turbopump in the RL10 upper stage engine has been openly discussed by NASA for some decades now, in publications like SP-8107. On page 8 of this document is a drawing of this turbopump. The ...
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What level of oxygen in a planetary atmosphere would be indicative of life?

Astronomical spectroscopy can be used to determine the chemical composition of far away bodies. In the related question Can we detect atmosphere on exoplanets? we learned that even now we are studying ...
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How much oxygen and hydrogen are in the soil of Mars?

Current knowledge suggests there is plentiful water ice at the Martian poles. The same knowledge says it gets cold enough at the poles for carbon dioxide to freeze out of the air. If creating a ...
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Oxygen for manned missions

What are some techniques/ways to provide enough oxygen for some manned mission that would last, say, years? edited I mean some arbitrary mission departing from earth to infinity and beyond... No ...
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Can PLSS in atmosphere use enriched oxygen?

Does Mars space suit have to be pressurized? makes it pretty clear the atmospheric pressure on Mars is a miniscule fraction of Earth's own. In it's turn Wikipedia writes to say that the atmosphere ...
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Oxygen self-supply by plants

Plants produce oxygen, we know. This might make plants useful in the supply system of possible colonies on other planets or moons. But how efficient they are? Which is the maximum amount of oxygens ...
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Are there enough oxygen molecules in space that they could be compressed into breathable oxygen?

There is stuff floating around in space - everything from asteroids to planets to molecules. I was thinking - would it be possible to harvest stray oxygen molecules, compress them, and get breathable ...