Questions tagged [photography]

Questions on taking images in space or of spacecraft.

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Biggest periscope camera that could fit inside a Starlink satellite; how thick are they?

If all Starlink satellites had phone tier cameras & simple scopes, could images processed by their super-resolution imaging network be competitive? is a cool question and to integrate a reasonable ...
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If all Starlink satellites had phone tier cameras & simple scopes, could images processed by their super-resolution imaging network be competitive?

I was wondering; if all Starlink satellites had high-end cellphone quality cameras modules on simple telescopes, could the resulting images be combined and processed in such a way that a super-...
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Rock arches on the moon?

The large rock in the centre right position (cut off by the image's right edge) of this photo seems to include the left part of a (small) natural arch: Is this indeed a rock arch? Are complete ...
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What is MAHLI's theoretical or expected best optical resolution? How was it defined? Was it verified on Mars?

The block quote in this answer to Has Curiosity ever taken a good hard look at the dirt covering its top surface? Can it? Have individual particles been sized? says that at a focus distance of 2.5 ...
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Was the Lunar Topographic Camera ever used?

From the APOLLO EXPERIENCE REPORT - PHOTOGRAPHIC EQUIPMENT AND OPERATIONS DURING MANNED SPACE-FLIGHT PROGRAMS NASA TN D-69 However, more detailed photography was required to evaluate the ...
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Just how preferable are afternoons for flying Ingenuity? Why?

JPL tweet links to mars.nasa.gov's Flying on Mars Is Getting Harder and Harder which explains that seasonal changes are lowering the density of the local atmosphere, presumably due to warmer seasonal ...
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How are astronauts aboard the Tiangong space station keeping busy?

Per Wikipedia's Tiangong space station viewed today: Days in orbit: 3 months, 15 days (13 August 2021) Days occupied: 1 month, 27 days (13 August 2021) Currently it is just the single core ...
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Has opalescence ever been observed on any solar system body besides Earth? Or at least from a sample from one?

New method for exoplanet detection based on iridescence? in Astronomy SE asks about observations of exoplanets, but here I'm asking about our own solar system bodies. Question: Has opalescence ever ...
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Has iridescence ever been observed on any solar system body besides Earth? Or at least from a sample from one?

New method for exoplanet detection based on iridescence? in Astronomy SE asks about observations of exoplanets, but here I'm asking about our own solar system bodies. Question: Has iridescence ever ...
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Zebulon Scoville "looked up at the video monitors and saw all the ice and thruster firings." Exactly what ice did Scoville see? Why ice? Where?

Gizmodo's The ISS Backflipped Out of Control After Russian Module Misfired, New Details Reveal quotes Zebulon Scoville, the NASA flight director in charge at the time: “And so at first I was like, ‘...
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How (the heck) can thrusters alone stabilize New Horizons well enough to take high magnification 30 second long exposures in order to see +21 m objs?

Wikipedia's Long Range Reconnaissance Imager says that LORRI is a: ...telescope aboard the New Horizons spacecraft for imaging. LORRI has been used to image Jupiter, its moons, Pluto and its moons, ...
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Why shadows of the blades on Ingenuity navcam photos looks brighter than shadows of the legs?

Consider this photo from the Ingenuity navcam on the first (?) flight: You can see that the shadows of the blades seem brighter than the shadows of the legs. It's especially noticeable when they ...
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What image compression algorithm did the Voyagers use?

Recently, Reed-Solomon error correction codes were discussed: How is stacking oranges in 24 dimensions related to receiving and decoding signals from the Voyagers? Whilst the craft were between ...
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Viking 1 - Cydonia Face on Mars Photograph Multitudinal Black Dots

The "Face on Mars" photograph taken by Viking 1 in 1976 of the Cydonia region on Mars has multitudinal similar sized small dots in a seemingly random pattern all over it. Are all those dots ...
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Puzzler; what can we learn about the distance and direction of Earth from this cool SpaceX-tweeted image of Earth and a vacuum nozzle?

The 18-June-2021 Spacex-tweeted below says: View from Falcon 9's second stage Merlin Vacuum engine There is information out there about the approximate exit diameter and length of the nozzle and ...
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Did JUNO adjust it's orbit in order to fly over Clyde's spot again?

Phys.org's Juno returns to 'Clyde's Spot' on Jupiter says: The feature is informally named for amateur astronomer Clyde Foster of Centurion, South Africa, who discovered it in 2020 using his own 14-...
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Were photographs or optical measurements of orbital craft from the ground ever used during early crewed spaceflight missions?

The lengthy and interesting blogpost Baker-Nunn Camera, Island Lagoon on Colin Mackellar's Honeysuckle Creek website includes a photo of "Gemini 10 (with John Young and Mike Collins onboard) and ...
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Why does the sky of Mars appear blue in this video of pictures sent back by the Chinese rover?

Is there any explanation for the blue sky of Mars shown in this video of photos transmitted by the Chinese rover? Zhurong Rover is driving on Mars sending back new images (Chinese Tianwen-1 mission) -...
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Has Curiosity ever taken a good hard look at the dirt covering its top surface? Can it? Have individual particles been sized?

A reasonable answer to any one of the three enumerated parts gets the bounty! I added some dirty pictures of Curiosity to Curiosity is still dirty! after August 9, 2018 (Sol 2137), and in this March ...
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Where is the uncropped version of this cool Ingenuity navigation camera GIF?

Ingenuity's Shadow During Third Flight shows the GIF below which is made from cropped bits from several downward-looking images from Ingenuity's navigation camera, stretched so that the ground is ...
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How did Ingenuity get such a sharp image of the shadow of its own high-speed helicopter blades?

On the NASA released self-picture of Ingenuity, shot while hovering over Mars' surface the shadow of Ingenuity with its blades is very clean. The rotational speed of the blades is said to be around ...
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Has an astronaut ever gone into a docked capsule to take a photo out one of its windows?

A discussion below this answer to Did anybody on the ISS photograph this partial eclipse? How long did it last? How did they safely photograph it? has me wondering if astronauts can ever see "up&...
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Did anybody on the ISS photograph this partial eclipse? How long did it last? How did they safely photograph it?

Thanks to @gerrit's comment I have "irrefutable photographic circumstantial evidence" that the ISS (probably) passed through the penumbra of a partial solar eclipse. I know this is true ...
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Has Hubble ever focused on something close enough that it had to move away from being focused at infinity?

Hubble wouldn't have to change focus for Pranksat to work because Pranksat is cleverly designed to present a virtual image with a focus at infinity. But if the diffraction-limited Hubble wanted to ...
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Did the MarCo cubesats photograph each other or the Centaur stage from which they were deployed?

The screenshot below is an artists rendering of two MarCo cubesats and a Centaur upper stage moving together in space. I'm wondering if either of the MarCos photographed the other or the upper stage ...
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What's causing this stippling effect in photos from Perseverance's down-look camera?

I was taking a look at some of the raw Mars 2020 images and downloaded a few of them. For some of the photos from the down-look camera, if you zoom into them, there's a stippling/grid pattern in the ...
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Has a satellite or spacraft orbiting the Moon or Mars been spotted from the surface of that body?

In reading this question (Lowest possible lunar orbit and has any spacecraft achieved it?), it prompts the question if any orbiting satellite/spacecraft around the Moon or Mars (the only heavenly ...
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Why did MRO have to "both pitch upward and roll hard to the left" to point exactly at Perseverance during the entry, descent and landing phase?

The HiRise camera on the Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter snapped a beautiful photo of Perseverance falling through the Martian atmosphere hanging from its parachute. This photo is the latest entry in this ...
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Can the NASA Ingenuity Copter record video with its camera?

I'm wondering whether the Ingenuity Helicopter on Mars as part of the Perseverance rover can record moving video in addition to still images, and if the video can then be sent back to Earth.
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How well could the New Horizons spacecraft localize itself in space in 3D using parallax?

NASA’s New Horizons Conducts the First Interstellar Parallax Experiment was exciting news, the spacecraft's computer, communication and camera all continue to work in the Kuiper belt due to rigorous ...
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Geolocalizing photographs on astronomical bodies

In Are pictures taken from ISS geolocalized? I was considering photos taken on the Moon by astronauts. How can I determine a photographer's position and lens direction? And further, since there isn't ...
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Are pictures taken from ISS geolocalized?

I guess my question is "naive". I get from https://images-api.nasa.gov some pictures of Earth from ISS without any description (just the mission number) or pictures of crewmembers. Taken ...
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Besides the video game and Nine Inch Nails box set, what is HALO-IV? How does it relate to the testing of ICBM interceptors?

Near the end of the Raytheon Technologies YouTube video Missile Defense Agency completes unprecedented homeland defense test can be seen what looks to me like thermal infrared footage of a ship-...
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Lot 345 of Christie's "Voyage To Another World" auction supposedly has the only photo of Armstrong on the Moon, but isn't this one also?

Christie's press release Christie's Voyage to Another World: The Victor Martrin-Malburet Photograph Collection includes the following: Lot 345, The only photograph of Neil Armstrong on the Moon, July ...
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Has a totally eclipsed Sun been photographed from low Earth orbit?

I'm hoping to get a sense of how much of the corona can be seen during an eclipse of the sun from outside of Earth's atmosphere. Have any photographs been taken in the visible part of the spectrum, ...
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Was a "spare LORRI" camera available to take matching image on Earth the same time New Horizons took the parallax image from the Kuiper belt?

It doesn't have to be the source of the "Earth" image used to demonstrate parallax, I only want to know if a spare, prototype, or reference LORRI camera system was potentially available for ...
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Earth’s Orbit speed and apparent motion question

Earth travels around the Sun at 67,000 mph. Hypothetically if it was possible to be in Space in a ship or Space walk and be at a complete stop and stationary outside of Earth’s orbit and not affected ...
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Significance of Venus surface photos

Out of curiosity, I started looking for photos of Venus surface taken by various Russian probes. There is a nice collection here: http://mentallandscape.com/C_CatalogVenus.htm Not being a geologist, I ...
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What is the highest resolution camera on a Mars orbiter?

The GeoEye-1 satellite has the high resolution imaging system and is able to collect images with a ground resolution of 0.41 meters (16 inches) How about Mars then? From all the Mars orbiter's cameras,...
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Were these Apollo 14 and 15 recovery images taken (by a Navy frogman) using an underwater camera?

These images were taken after the flotation collar was mounted and inflated by the frogmen. Also the raft was inflated. The divers jumped off a helicopter before, no rescue ship was present. Camera ...
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Which shuttle mission is this video from?

At 12 minutes and 19 seconds into the NASA video Space Shuttle Documentary (Narrated by William Shatner), there’s a really neat video of a space shuttle lighting up the clouds from underneath and then ...
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How did the TIROS video tape recorders record and playback images rather than audio; how were the signals modulated?

(At least) one answer to How were video tape recorders adapted to work in orbit in 1962? argues that the recorder should not be called a "video" tape recorder because the record/playback ...
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When was the first successful photograph of an orbital spacecraft from Earth taken?

Early artificial satellites were tracked by radio and visually by amateurs, scientists and military personnel for various reasons including fun and improving the understanding of orbital dynamics ...
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Who zoomed the video camera in and out when David Scott dropped the feather and hammer on the Moon?

This answer to Have optical zoom systems been used in space exploration? explains that there were video cameras on the Moon that could zoom. In the video below someone (or something) is zooming the ...
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How can stellar images be "subtracted" from a sequence of exposures? (difference imaging)

The press release UH ATLAS telescope discovers first-of-its-kind asteroid from the Institute of Astronomy at the University of Hawaii shows an image of an "active asteroid" among a field of stars. ...
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Lunar surface illumination levels

I am trying to determine the lunar surface near or far side daytime illumination levels in Lux or foot-candles but there seems to be no directly measured values available. I did find this information ...
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How will Mars 2020 rover Perseverance's selfie skills compare to Curiosity's? Will it have any additional selfie-related capabilities?

The design of the Mars 2020 rover Perseverance benefits from years of operational experience with Curiosity. While 2020's instrument suite differs in several ways it looks remarkably similar to ...
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Which Viking-1 orbiter photo is this? When was it taken and what part of Mars is shown?

This answer to Are there any photos of the Martian terminator from low Mars orbit? includes (without credit) what looks like an oft-repeated photo of Mars. A comment written from reverse image ...
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Are there any photos of the Martian terminator from low Mars orbit?

This photo of Earth was taken from the ISS, an altitude of 211 nautical miles. This photo of Mars was taken 71,000 kilometers above Mars (about 10 Mars diameters away). Are there any images of the ...
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Why doesn't MAHLI get to be in Curiosity selfies?

note: Answer(s) to Why is a corner of InSight's selfie cropped like this? don't address this question about Curiosity for several reasons: It doesn't even answer that question properly. Insight is ...