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Questions tagged [regulatory]

Questions concerning governmental regulation of activities in space and aerospace.

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What are the implications of claiming space heritage if you don't have it?

What would be the legal implications if a Company have claimed they have Spaceflight heritage for it's products, but the heritage was for the previous Company, which the owner shut it for legal ...
Goldenastronaut's user avatar
4 votes
1 answer
229 views

How do space launch providers calculate how many millipeople a rocket launch could kill?

I was intrigued by this post which states... To get a license you have to show that your launch will kill no more than ~1 milliperson, which usually means not flying close to population centers. I ...
phil1008's user avatar
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4 votes
1 answer
496 views

How does SpaceX get through regulatory issues so quickly?

"Regulatory" isn't the right word, but I don't know what is. For example, SpaceX seemed to be able to prove to NASA's satisfaction that they were sufficiently safe to use for crewed launches ...
fectin's user avatar
  • 1,019
14 votes
2 answers
3k views

Which regulatory agency (if any) is in charge of investigating civilian rocket anomalies?

Yesterday Blue Origin's New Shephard had an anomaly during launch. Happens around 1:22:58 in this video The accident happened around 29,000ft and the capsule fired its ...
Machavity's user avatar
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1 vote
1 answer
116 views

Project Pluto asks: "Should high-flying space junk be better tracked? Perhaps by an 'official' agency of some sort?" What would it take to implement?

The identity of the object that will hit the Moon in early March is still uncertain. Some of the story is in Why did we think that the object was gonna hit the Moon March 4th 2022? Who's been ...
uhoh's user avatar
  • 149k
1 vote
0 answers
98 views

What exactly is Part 450 and how will it "streamline the regulatory process for companies requesting both launch and spacecraft reentry licenses"?

CNBC's Astra shares drop 14% after rocket launch attempt aborted and postponed says: Notably, for this launch Astra received the first Federal Aviation Administration license under Part 450 – a new ...
uhoh's user avatar
  • 149k
1 vote
1 answer
245 views

Frequency/Spectrum regulation document for laser communication

For RF we have the frequency allocation table, where the RF spectrum is regulated. Optical has big bandwidth, there is a lot of frequency space. How do we regulate optical spectrum? I didnt find any ...
Adil.Kolenko's user avatar
4 votes
1 answer
526 views

Would it be legal for a company to build a base on Luna?

Are there any laws governing the legality of construction on Luna? If there are, who's responsible for enforcing them? At least vaguely related: moon structure ownership
DJG's user avatar
  • 804
1 vote
0 answers
65 views

Who is the State of Registry for ALL the SpaceBEE satellites?

SpaceBEEs are tiny satellites engineered and exploited by the company Swarm Technologies. In 2018, it made headlines by sending 4 experimental satellites on a ride-share of the Indian rocket PSLV, ...
Ng Ph's user avatar
  • 2,734
3 votes
1 answer
129 views

Which Launching State HASN'T breached its obligations under the 1976 Registration Convention?

(the wording of my question above is voluntarily provocative, but the actual question below may be even more) The context: The 1976 Registration Convention is part of a set of Treaties that ...
Ng Ph's user avatar
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4 votes
1 answer
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Does Article VI of the Outer Space Treaty apply to a Launching State?

The following question was asked and answered 3 years ago: might ISRO’s launch of Swarm’s satellites in 2018 be at least a technical violation of the Outer Space Treaty? Recall that the launch in ...
Ng Ph's user avatar
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9 votes
1 answer
402 views

If Country A's rocket hits an incorrectly declared satellite of Country B, which institution can arbitrate the dispute? Under which international law?

The related recent question Which institution regulates rocket launches of all countries? was closed as it is considered as already answered 7 years ago. I would like to submit the following scenario ...
Ng Ph's user avatar
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1 vote
0 answers
62 views

Which institution regulates rocket launches of all countries? [duplicate]

Which institution regulates the rocket launches of all countries? Meaning, suppose a country wants to launch a rocket, where do they have to report it before the actual launch and how far ahead? ...
jrp's user avatar
  • 439
1 vote
1 answer
137 views

Does NEPA currently categorically exempt satellite systems? Is there any legal basis to Viasat's request for the FCC to consider light pollution?

Space News' Viasat asks FCC to halt Starlink launches while it seeks court ruling says: Viasat formally asked the Federal Communications Commission to stay an April 27 license modification that ...
uhoh's user avatar
  • 149k
5 votes
0 answers
291 views

Did the EU successfully ban hydrazine? What about French Guiana?

Hobbes' answer to Is the EU really banning “toxic propellants” in 2020? How is that going to work? includes Yes, the EU is aiming to end the use of hydrazine by ~2020. This has been in motion since ...
uhoh's user avatar
  • 149k
12 votes
2 answers
709 views

Who owns space junk?

Who owns space junk? There are several old satellites and rocket (second stage?) that get pushed to an orbit where they won't bother anything. Are these technically still owned by anyone (company or ...
Rodo's user avatar
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28 votes
3 answers
7k views

Did the FAA license the Ingenuity helicopter to fly on Mars?

This answer to Why is Rocketlab working with a Federal Aviation Administration to investigate an early 2nd stage engine shutdown? says The Federal Aviation Administration is the United States' ...
uhoh's user avatar
  • 149k
6 votes
2 answers
400 views

Why is Rocketlab working with a Federal Aviation Administration to investigate an early 2nd stage engine shutdown?

Rocketlab's just-posted Rocket Lab Experiences Anomaly During Launch begins: Auckland, New Zealand. May 16, 2021: Following a successful lift-off, first stage burn, and stage separation, Rocket Lab ...
uhoh's user avatar
  • 149k
3 votes
1 answer
526 views

When were Shuttle crew absolutely required to have their seat belts fastened and their tray tables in their full upright position?

@OrganicMarble's comment says: Rhea Seddon describes in her bio standing and walking around in the shuttle middeck in the early part of entry when g's were low. "...I had this funny sensation of ...
uhoh's user avatar
  • 149k
5 votes
1 answer
434 views

Regulations for cubesats designed to survive reentry and be retrieved?

I'm currently thinking about the potential of manufacturing certain items (ZBLAN, Semiconductors, Organs, Drugs, etc.) in LEO and I want to know whether it would be possible/legal to design a cubesat ...
Vijay Shanmugam's user avatar
17 votes
3 answers
6k views

Why do Space X starship launches need permission from the FAA?

For Flight #7 slated for 02-Feb-2021, Wikipedia's SpaceX Starship; Testing Program says: SpaceX attempted to fly SN9 on 28 and 29 of January 2021, but failed to receive permission from the FAA. (164, ...
Peter Rock's user avatar
20 votes
4 answers
7k views

Why isn't SpaceX's Starship "trial and error" development strategy an open source project?

Some large community of space enthusiasts is working hard on simulating or extrapolating data on the SpaceX Starship. But this data isn't publicly available. So why don't they release it as an open ...
user avatar
2 votes
0 answers
98 views

JAXA/NASA astronauts on a Shuttle mission; was it like dual citizenship/joint appointment or did one agency take precedent?

Professor and former astronaut Takao Doi does many things, including being a Space Shuttle mission specialist, an amateur astronomer and discoverer of two supernovae 2002gw IN NGC 922 and Supernova ...
uhoh's user avatar
  • 149k
3 votes
2 answers
136 views

Can satellites really be launched within hours with RocketLab?

Watching the Rocket Lab - In Focus Launch 10/28/2020 video linked below, there is a section at 12:50: The ability to deploy new satellites to precise orbits in a ...
zabop's user avatar
  • 686
11 votes
2 answers
3k views

Is there such a thing as a "rocket license" in the US?

I heard in a video that a 15 year old got their rocket license before getting driving license. The video does not explain further; but what I'd like to know is: *In the US, is there any such a thing ...
KASHIKAA S's user avatar
8 votes
1 answer
361 views

If Elon Musk wanted to bring back some Martian soil, would US permission be required?

A scenario occurred to me recently where the Chinese space program decided to go all-in on Mars sample return, and their schedule was such that it would happen before the NASA/ESA mission was ...
uhoh's user avatar
  • 149k
10 votes
3 answers
1k views

What precautions are planned to prevent samples returned from Mars crashing and releasing organisms into Earth's environment?

Bias disclaimer: I think that returning samples from Mars to Earth at a point in time where we also suspect there is a chance that there is microbial life on Mars is ill-advised and arrogant. We are ...
uhoh's user avatar
  • 149k
7 votes
0 answers
116 views

Do deployments of multiple cubesats generally obey proposed guidelines such as 20 seconds or more between deployments at 5 m/s or faster?

This answer to What can be done in future mass-cubesat deploys to make them “less irksome” to orbital space debris experts? links to Space Traffic Safety: A New Self-Governance Approach for the ...
uhoh's user avatar
  • 149k
4 votes
0 answers
244 views

Do SpaceX and other US-based launch companies get "ITAR waivers" for live-broadcasting processed telemetry data?

The 17-Feb-2016 answer to Is the Falcon 9 launch/landing telemetry data available for visualisation purposes? explains that access to telemetry data is controlled by ITAR and/or other regulations, but ...
uhoh's user avatar
  • 149k
1 vote
2 answers
322 views

What is "TFR" in the context of operating a marine radar on top of a "water tower" at a launch site?

This answer to What is this propellor-like object on top of the SpaceX Hopper? includes the following: FCC filing: Space Exploration Technologies Corp. 0459-EX-CN-2020: ...d) List any natural ...
uhoh's user avatar
  • 149k
1 vote
0 answers
85 views

Space Situational Awareness: What Key Issues were identified (in an Evolving Landscape)?

The recent House Science, Space, and Technology Committee Hearing: Space Situational Awareness: Key Issues in an Evolving Landscape lasted about 90 minutes, the video is included below and there are ...
uhoh's user avatar
  • 149k
8 votes
1 answer
333 views

Are the SpaceBEEs still "illegal" or did they eventually receive approval to operate?

This answer to Might ISRO's 2018-004 launch be at least a technical violation of the Outer Space Treaty by India? clarifies some of the actions taken against Swarm Technologies for launching some ...
uhoh's user avatar
  • 149k
4 votes
1 answer
342 views

Has FCC jurisdiction for all the world for SpaceX's Starlink position?

These days, you can read in the news that SpaceX requested FCC for permission to change the orbit of the Starlink satellites already in orbit. Now... from my understanding, the Starlink satellites ...
danidemi's user avatar
  • 141
10 votes
1 answer
266 views

Are RTG-powered spacecraft restricted to only some launch vehicles? [duplicate]

This answer by PearsonArtPhoto mentions for spacecraft powered by an RTG there's "only a single rocket that can launch them (Atlas rockets)". Of course that probably doesn't apply to non-US launches, ...
TooTea's user avatar
  • 1,765
12 votes
2 answers
774 views

How did Conrad let Bean drive Apollo 12? Did anyone get in trouble?

In the NPR News item and podcast It's Been 50 Years Since Apollo 12 Landed On The Moon reporter Geoff Brumfiel says: The trip back went smoothly. Conrad let Bean drive the spaceship a little bit, ...
uhoh's user avatar
  • 149k
2 votes
1 answer
198 views

Regulation in space, debris and end of life considerations

Is it time to 'loosely' regulate space exploration? With the boom thanks to the CubeSat revolution, the number of space objects is increasing rapidly. With almost minimal debris or end of life ...
ASRI_306's user avatar
  • 465
4 votes
0 answers
92 views

Does the FAA have anything to do with landing on the Moon specifically?

The Motley Fool's Space Investors, Rejoice! There May Be Something Worth Mining on the Moon begins with: It's been four years now since Bigelow Aerospace filed its application with the Federal ...
uhoh's user avatar
  • 149k
9 votes
1 answer
387 views

Most recent launch of a nuclear reactor, and current barriers to launching the next one?

The question What happened to Kilopower generators? about Kilopower nuclear reactors got me thinking. Answer(s) to How many nuclear fission reactors have been launched into space? How many are still ...
uhoh's user avatar
  • 149k
5 votes
2 answers
173 views

The fine prints of launching a satellite

I have read about the space law, international and legal responsibility of the companies and countries involved and I must say it is complex, not to say scary. I can't imagine the lawyers' costs prior ...
Thomas's user avatar
  • 231
8 votes
1 answer
4k views

How low is VLEO? (FCC's newest approval for SpaceX)

Engaget's SpaceX gets FCC approval to deploy thousands more internet satellites says SpaceX's plan to build a global, high-speed wireless internet network using satellites has taken another step ...
uhoh's user avatar
  • 149k
4 votes
1 answer
68 views

What are the regulatory steps to be taken by a private aerospace company in India to launch a satellite?

The idea is to launch a satellite with ISRO or any other foreign launch service provider like SpaceX. The satellite in question is a simple CubeSat for basic remote sensing.
user2628110's user avatar
7 votes
2 answers
2k views

Why does the NOAA require a permit to be issued to stream images of the earth?

While reading this question, I was interested to learn that the NOAA requires a permit for any entity to film the earth from space. Is there any reason why such a policy is in place? Note: This ...
dalearn's user avatar
  • 173
2 votes
0 answers
84 views

Who approves satellite launches, and what prevents anyone from just launching one from a legal standpoint? [duplicate]

What regulatory process does one have to go through to get a satellite launch approved, and what, if anything, keeps satellites from different countries from colliding with each other?
Alpha Bravo's user avatar
13 votes
3 answers
923 views

Might ISRO's 2018-004 launch be at least a technical violation of the Outer Space Treaty by India?

The IEEE News article FCC Accuses Stealthy Startup of Launching Rogue Satellites as well as the question What checks are supposed to be carried out to prevent illegal satellite launches? address the ...
uhoh's user avatar
  • 149k
6 votes
1 answer
724 views

Are SpaceBEEs actually hard to track?

The IEEE News article FCC Accuses Stealthy Startup of Launching Rogue Satellites focuses mostly on the intrigue addressed in the question What checks are supposed to be carried out to prevent illegal ...
uhoh's user avatar
  • 149k
6 votes
1 answer
1k views

What does it mean when a software is called open-source for US-release only?

I saw this answer about MarsGRAM, and when I clicked on the NASA software link to read about it I saw at the bottom of the page a blurb for EarthGRAM 2010, an atmospheric model for Earth with likely ...
uhoh's user avatar
  • 149k
2 votes
1 answer
165 views

What "regulatory purposes" would limit a launch test of a new vehicle to 50,000 feet?

The Art Technica article Vector has completed the first successful flight test of its new micro rocket says: Vector Space Systems successfully launched a full-scale model of its Vector-R rocket on ...
uhoh's user avatar
  • 149k
-6 votes
2 answers
1k views

What regulations, agreements, or other forces can help mitigate "PrankSats"? [closed]

comment: I've used a somewhat innocuous abstraction of 'pranks in space' below, but there's no end to the trouble that could be caused and the increasing ease with which a state (nation or otherwise) ...
uhoh's user avatar
  • 149k
11 votes
1 answer
616 views

How does ITAR affect SpaceX's display of the Orbcomm first stage outside their headquarters?

There was a time, where people touring the SLC-40 facility were not allowed to take pictures of the engine end of the first stage for ITAR reasons. It appears that has relaxed since I have seen lots ...
geoffc's user avatar
  • 79.9k
17 votes
1 answer
2k views

What does it mean for a launcher to be 'nuclear-certified'?

This article says NASA has booked a nuclear-certified Atlas 5 for the launch of the Mars 2020 rover, and says this: currently, Atlas 5 is the only launch vehicle that holds a NASA certification ...
kim holder's user avatar
  • 21.4k