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Questions tagged [rockets]

Questions regarding the boosters or thrusters used to propel man-made objects.

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How is this engine put together? [duplicate]

I'm going through How to DESIGN, BUILD and TEST SMALL LIQUID-FUEL ROCKET ENGINES and am confused how their sample engine is physically built together. This is a picture of their assembly where the ...
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How to create a new reactant Ammonium Dinitramide NH4[N(NO2)] in NASA CEA?

Ammonium Dinitramide(ADN) is a compound used as a green propellant for spacecraft propulsion applications. ADN-blends like LMP103S and FLP-106 are currently under development. However, performing a ...
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0answers
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Why are hexa airfoils used on rockets despite having more drag that diamond airfoils?

I was doing a study on airfoils shape for a rocket. I tested the diamond and the hexagonal airfoil with Missile DatCom, RasAero and the Shock Expansion theory and from my results it seems like the ...
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Falcon 9 Landing Speed

I wanted to know what the fastest speed is that a Falcon 9 can land at and thus the max force the landing legs can withstand. I assumed the mass when landed is 26,000 kg (I once heard that somewhere). ...
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2answers
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Highest stage count that are used one right after the other?

Two questions inspired this question: Highest stage counts in actual launchers? Answer: Saturn V six stages to the Moon Does a high staging number have diminishing returns? Is there a way to address ...
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0answers
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Could a fat rocket be used on Mars?

Since Mars' atmosphere is around 2% the density of Earth's then could a much wider rocket achieve orbit? Could the rocket be in the shape of a capsule or an optimal shape for reentry on Earth?
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0answers
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Cooling jacket calculation issue [duplicate]

I'm going through How to Design, Build, and Test Small Liquid-Fuel Rocket Engines. The reference explains how to calculate the water flow gap for the cooling jacket that surrounds the combustion ...
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1answer
44 views

Globally extensive overview of rocket startup companies

Is there any known report, website or other source from where one can get a comprehensive overview of almost all startup companies related to space rockets or hardware that's dedicated to space ...
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0answers
51 views

Reducing the aerodynamic drag of multi-engined rockets: aft wake area

Have there ever been thoughts of reducing the aerodynamic drag that results from the empty space between rocket engines? More precisely, this extremely low-pressure area sucks up ambient air and ...
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1answer
1k views

What exactly is the purpose of connection links strapped between the rocket and the launch pad

I am curious on what are those multiple connection cables latched between the rocket and launch pad. What exactly is the purpose of it, I am aware that one should be for filling up the fuel. But ...
5
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2answers
144 views

Issue with units for a rocket nozzle throat area problem

I'm working through How to Design, Build, and Test Small Liquid-Fuel Rocket Engines. The guide explains calculating a rocket nozzle throat area using Eq. (7): $$A_t = \frac{w_t}{P_t} \sqrt{\frac{R ...
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1answer
89 views

How do you determine what the temperature will be in the combustion chamber of a rocket engine?

I am guessing it is dependent on the fuel and oxidiser and the chamber pressure but is there an equation that would calculate the chamber temperature?
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1answer
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Weight Flow Rate

I read in the book INTRODUCTION TO ROCKET SCIENCE AND ENGINEERING by T.S.T that Rocket Engineers design how big the throat of the nozzle should be based on the Weight Flow Rate. So my question is HOW?
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3answers
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Why is that max-Q doesn't occur in transonic regime?

Is there any reason why the maximum dynamic pressure should not occur in the transonic regime. It is clear from this answer that the max-Q for various rockets occur outside the transonic region Do ...
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2answers
243 views

Cheapest rocket to go to space?

Have you ever heard of the old movie Salvage? The TV movie, “Salvage,” aired on January 20, 1979. The film begins with Harry successfully bidding for a vintage bi-plane and then reselling it in pieces ...
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1answer
73 views

Can a first stage be a booster?

Wikipedia defines booster as"A booster rocket (or engine) is either the first stage of a multistage launch vehicle, or else a shorter-burning rocket used in parallel with longer-burning sustainer ...
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1answer
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Ballistic missile typical trajectory - along which path is it supposed to travel between Russia, China and US?

Today I was puzzled when my son was holding a school globe asking me to show with my finger a trajectory of a (nuclear) ballistic missile flying from US to China and Russia and vice versa (from Russia ...
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1answer
1k views

What is that strange light ball appearing during launch of Russian Burevestnik nuclear-powered cruised missile?

In this video of the Russian Burevestnik rocket launch (uses nuclear power) 1) What is that light spot moving backwards (contrary to the rocket trajectory, backwards towards the launch fixtures): Is ...
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1answer
94 views

What launch vehicle will be used for Exomars rover Rosalind Franklin?

I know that for TGO/Schiaparelli, Proton was used, but I don't know what will be for Rosalind Franklin.
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1answer
146 views

Advantage of full-flow staged combustion vs conventional staged combustion engine

Referring to the question in this thread. What is the advantage of full-flow staged combustion (FFSC) vs conventional staged combustion rocket engine? In FFSC we feed the full volume of fuel and ...
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2answers
8k views

What are these things fired away from a ballistic missile at launch?

Here is a youtube video of the start of a Russian Topol-M ballistic missile. A lot of little strange things are fired away from the rocket body when the rocket is half-way from its transport-launch ...
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2answers
152 views

Is presssuized gas absent in a turbopump-driven rocket engines?

For RL-10 rocket engines, are the propellent pumps able to provide the propellent without a source of pressurant gas?
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1answer
65 views

How does the chamber pressure affect the performance of a Rocket Engine?

I am under the assumption that higher chamber pressure results in increase in exhaust velocity. Is this true?
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4answers
302 views

How to measure thrust of experimental ion engine

I have a science project about how different propellants affect the thrust of an Ion engine so I have 2 questions: 1 How can I measure the thrust of a diy ion engine ( technique or tool that I need ...
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0answers
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How do international students attend the SA Cup sounding rocket competition?

How do the international students carry the rocket along with propellants to this competition, if Airport Authority does not allow flammable substances?
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1answer
89 views

How is the exit velocity of the flow in a sounding rocket nozzle?

How is the exit velocity of the flow in a sounding rocket nozzle? Is it subsonic or supersonic? Is a de Laval nozzle required for sounding rockets? Bonus Question: What about Model Rockets?
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Payload fairing separation- Event based or time based?

Refer the answer for this question How strong and "hot" is the wind on the payload after the fairing is deployed at ~110km? It is clear that the fairings are separated when the free ...
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0answers
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Spin of the sounding rocket [duplicate]

I saw a video of a sounding rocket, where the rocket`s outer body was spinning very fast. Why does that happen?
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2answers
94 views

Do air augmented rocket give increased thrust over simple rockets from the very starting of the engine?

Augmented rockets increase thrust (about twice) by mixing the exhaust of a rocket with ambient air in order to accelerate a greater mass of gas at a lower speed. Is the effectivness of this system ...
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0answers
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Why does the PSLV first stage's exhaust plume turn to bluish at high altitude?

After few seconds, post liftoff(anywhere between 60s and 90s), the exhaust plume of PSLV turns into a bluish colour. This is quite evident in night launches than day launches(obviously because the ...
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1answer
133 views

Why does the exhaust plume apprear to be throbbing?

Here is a cropped video of the space shuttle exhaust. There appears to be some throbbing/oscillatory behaviour to the exhaust plume. It is often visible along with an intensity changes/fluctuation ...
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0answers
241 views

Why isn't stainless steel used for rocket engines?

Most people have probably heard by now that Elon is changing Starship to a complete stainless steel build. Anyways, it got me thinking, why isn't stainless steel ever used for rocket engines (nozzle, ...
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1answer
198 views

Who were the major manufacturers of the Apollo 11 rocket?

Organizing an exhibition around photographs from the 1969 launch and wanted to invite manufacturers.
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1answer
110 views

What determines rocket height/width?

I was wondering what determines the height/width ratio of a rocket? What are factors that influence the choice between a tall skinny rocket like Falcon 9 or a wider shorter (in ratio) like Ariane 5 or ...
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1answer
162 views

Why rockets are not tossed up before launch [duplicate]

Ok, I understand the nature of my question but anyway why the rockets are not tossed up before launch. It could introduce a huge handicap for a rocket in terms of reduced distance it has to travel, ...
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1answer
116 views

Using weather patterns as a primary criteria, would South America be an ideal place to launch rockets?

I was looking at a map of historic hurricane travel the other day and noticed that South America doesn't really get them. Florida gets a lot of hurricanes. Texas gets them too. It also occurred to me ...
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3answers
183 views

Use of different fuels for stages of Saturn V

Why were different fuels used for different stages of Saturn V? I read that the first stage used kerosene (RP-1) and LOX combination, but liquid hydrogen and LOX for the second and third stages. With ...
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0answers
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Why does the Delta 4 Heavy look burned? [duplicate]

When I was looking at pictures of the Delta 4 Heavy rocket, I noticed that closer to the engines, the rocket looks black instead of the orange color it has right after launch. It looks burned to me. ...
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2answers
132 views

Why are exhaust nozzles in space shaped the way they are? [duplicate]

Why are nozzles in space shaped like a cone and not like a tube ensuring all the exhaust is directed strait?
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0answers
49 views

How to reach a target apoapsis with a gravity turn?

Ok, here I go. I have as a project to simulate the launch of a payload by a rocket into polar orbit. Since original question was too big, let's get it into separate parts. First of all, trajectory ...
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1answer
168 views

Was New Horizons launched on a copper rocket?

Screenshots below are from Brian May's new music video Brian May - New Horizons (Ultima Thule Mix) [Official Music Video] The beginning shows the launch of a rocket. I can't tell for sure if this is ...
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5answers
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Could rockets launched from the ground use wings in the stages?

Could a slower or smaller rocket take advantage of lift if all the stages had wings? Could the stages reduce splashdown impact forces by using a spinning seedpod-like design (as shown in the image ...
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3answers
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Why is SpaceX not creating its own launch vehicle for small satellites?

With a (predicted) $5.5 Billion dollar market, why isn't SpaceX trying to build its own 'mini launch vehicles'? With the brand and the technology they have, they can easily capture a huge chunk of the ...
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1answer
88 views

Can I able to use RP 1 and LOX in metal tin small size rockets? Is that possible? [closed]

I love rockets. Planning to build a tin rocket but not with water and air pressure. I would like to build a small metal tin rocket using fuel as RP 1 and oxidizer as LOX. I know this is too hazardous ...
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1answer
104 views

Is a Kármán Rocket Possible? [duplicate]

Why are the rockets not razor sharp, skinnier and taper off at both ends farther to cut through air better? Would making a rocket more aerodynamic allow it to be more efficient flying as a "Kármán ...
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0answers
109 views

What is the best fuel for bottle rocket? [closed]

I want to modify my firework bottle rocket to fly a mile high. What will be the best fuel for this? Could fuel used in space rockets be scaled down to work in a large bottle rocket?
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2answers
145 views

What causes those curtain-like hot and cool spots in the 2nd stage nozzle of this Electron ELaNa 19 launch?

Here is a GIF that I made of the recent Electron Launch from frame grabs in the Rocket Lab video ELaNa 19 Launch - 12/16/2018 It is about 4M, so it won't fit in SE's normal image import. Frames are ...
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0answers
36 views

Conditions and sensors that can be used for parachute deployment?

I'm looking for an explanation on ideal conditions/considered factors when a parachute is deployed (particularly in large competition rockets). Also what sensors should be used to measure these ...
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1answer
138 views

How much propellant is needed for a 1G continuous trip to the moon?

I've seen some calculations of the energy requirements of 1G propulsion, which are obviously huge, but at least theoretically achievable...but what about propellant? Somebody check my math, but it ...
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1answer
88 views

Is there enough energy in a rocket nozzle for fission?

How much more energy does the rocket exhaust atom have to have to be before fission can occur to create more thrust? Which exhaust byproduct atom would be the easiest to split? I understand in ...