Questions tagged [russia]

The country of Russia is what remains of the former Soviet Union (Of which Russia was a province/state). The Russian/Soviet space program has been quite expansive and capable over many decades. Currently it appears to be suffering from lack of funding leading to quality control issues at times.

Filter by
Sorted by
Tagged with
53
votes
4answers
13k views

“Pillars of Baikonur” What is the purpose of the hundreds of short, white posts near the Baikonur Cosmodrome launch pad?

The caption given in the third image included in the Space.com page Expedition 56: The Space Station Mission in Photos reads as follows: At the Baikonur Cosmodrome launch pad, remote-controlled ...
50
votes
1answer
12k views

How did the Russians get moon rocks?

I've read somewhere that the Russians have moon rocks. How did they get them?
25
votes
4answers
7k views

Is there any advantage in launching spacecraft from a high latitude, or why was Plesetsk built so far north?

For launching satellites or other spacecraft, there is a significant advantage in being close to the equator: angular momentum helps in gaining initial speed and one can launch into any inclination. ...
24
votes
1answer
3k views

When/where did the cosmonauts fight wolves?

When/where did the cosmonauts fight wolves? or was it bears? With a gun? Could someone provide a more complete story? One of comments on the article TidalWave linked in the Soyuz joysticks question ...
19
votes
1answer
4k views

Could the Soviets have rounded the Moon before Apollo? Why didn't they?

Neither the USSR nor Russia has ever sent a cosmonaut beyond low Earth orbit. In the 1960's it would've been very challenging for them to land a cosmonaut on the Moon, and their attempts were aborted. ...
18
votes
1answer
598 views

What technology could the Soviets have contributed to the Apollo program?

Spacedaily writes to say about President. Kennedy's Sept 20th 1963 address to the UN General Assembly "I include among these possibilities," he added, "a joint expedition to the Moon." Why, the ...
18
votes
2answers
592 views

Early high-inclination crewed flights

I noticed to my surprise today that the very early Soviet flights were to a very high inclination - all the Vostok flights were between 64.9° and 65°, and the Voskhod flights were at 64.7° and 64.8°. ...
17
votes
1answer
974 views

Is potable water in the American & Russian segments still stored separately?

This article writes to say An interesting fact is that the Russian and American segment water supplies can’t be mixed. The U.S. water uses iodine for bacteria control, while the Russian water uses ...
16
votes
3answers
1k views

The Russians recently tested a new launch trajectory that goes to the space station in about six hours. What allowed for the difference?

According to this article, Russia recently tested a new launch trajectory that shaved over 45 hours off their normal flight time. What allowed for this difference? Doesn't it seem like the shortest ...
16
votes
2answers
2k views

Why did Sputnik 1 have four antennas?

Sputnik was only launched a few hundred kilometers above Earth, and transmitted only a simple beeping signal. What was the purpose of having four antennas? Wouldn't one be powerful enough?
16
votes
1answer
9k views

Why is the Russian approach to the aerodynamics of their rockets different?

Russian rockets look like this: They flare them out at the bottom. With their newest rocket, the Proton, the flared shape is gone but the boosters still have caps that angle in towards the main ...
15
votes
1answer
598 views

Why are there advertisements in the Russian ISS flight control room?

I found a photograph of the Russian ISS flight control room: Source: NASA https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Russian_ISS_Flight_Control_Room.jpg Below the large screen are several ...
14
votes
1answer
2k views

Did USSR discontinue radio transmissions, relocate ships, to aid the US in response to Apollo 13?

In this article there is following statement by Dr. Ernst Stuhlinger: Let me only remind you of the recent near-tragedy of Apollo 13. When the time of the crucial reentry of the astronauts ...
14
votes
1answer
753 views

How is a Russian satellite's behavior “very abnormal”?

The BBC has a news article saying: "Mystery Russian satellite's behaviour raises alarm in US". But the article doesn't say how or why the behavior is "abnormal". And the linked transcript of Remarks ...
13
votes
2answers
2k views

What happens differently when ISS is inside this red boundary (Russia & Europe & …)?

The question Why are there advertisements in the Russian ISS flight control room? shows the image below. There is a large red boundary that looks like the boundary of the overlap of several circles ...
13
votes
1answer
1k views

Is the first Russian satellite still beeping?

The Russians were the first to launch a satellite into space - and it did one thing: beep. It would send out radio waves of nothing but beeps. Still, it was a huge technological achievement. My ...
13
votes
2answers
3k views

How similar are Soyuz and Progress?

Superficially the Soyuz and Progress spacecraft look very similar: (Soyuz TMA-7) (Progress M-52) So it would be easy to imagine that they share a common service module and/or orbital module. But ...
13
votes
1answer
1k views

Do American astronauts wear Sokol space suits when flying on a Soyuz?

The Wikipedia article on the Sokol space suit seems to suggest that all personel traveling on a Soyuz vehicle must wear a Russian made spacesuit: Each Soyuz crew member is provided with a made-to-...
13
votes
2answers
296 views

What was being manufactured on Salyut and Mir?

Last weekend I attended a prelection at Polish Aviation Museum, on modern trends in aviation. The lecturer talked quite a bit of history too, and Soviet achievements were in as much focus as the ...
13
votes
2answers
861 views

Is the Nudelman-Rikhter gun installed on Zvezda module?

By having a gun on board, one can conduct military kinds of experiments. Exploring armoring approaches for spacecraft, warning systems for the personnel, orbital ballistic studies for the multi-body ...
13
votes
1answer
1k views

Decoding Russian ISS telemetry

While the American segment of the ISS has data published on-line (http://spacestationlive.nasa.gov), the same cannot be said about the Russian segment. It is known that telemetry is transmitted to ...
12
votes
2answers
1k views

Are any of these Soyuz controls involved in separating the orbital module?

According to this Q & A, it's very likely that the Soyuz spacecraft's orbital module can be manually separated independent of other spacecraft operations. On this CollectSpace page, there's an ...
12
votes
2answers
855 views

Are the Russians planning to replace the Baikonur Cosmodrome?

For decades, the Baikonur Cosmodrome was the premier Soviet space launch site. Many historic launches took place there, and it earned its place in the history books. But then the Soviet Union fell ...
12
votes
1answer
2k views

Has USSR/Russia launched humans on any rocket not derived from R-7?

The Soviet Union's first crewed launch, Vostok 1, was on a Vostok booster, derived from the R-7 ICBM and Sputnik satellite launcher with an additional stage added. The Soyuz boosters used today by ...
12
votes
1answer
2k views

From which Apollo mission is this audio sample?

I found this page where Evgeny Molotov, former head of the Research institute of Space instruments, plays supposed intercepted communication of unknown Apollo mission. Can anyone identify from which ...
12
votes
1answer
427 views

Did Soviets/Russians perform any crewed (intentionally) suborbital flights?

Gagarin went directly to the orbit - the first manned flight was orbital. I don't know about any other Soviet or Russian spaceflights that wouldn't be orbital - except for some odd aborted launch or ...
11
votes
2answers
626 views

How do items from the Russian and Soviet space programs end up in private collections?

A member today posted this photo showing a complete instrument panel from a Soyuz TM capsule, and a globus instrument from a Voskhod capsule: Both items are in their private collection. Only 5 ...
11
votes
1answer
808 views

Did early Russian capsules really have “Human Inside” labels?

This comic claims that it was to prevent people panicking and attacking the crew. However, Vostok pilots were supposed to land separately from the capsule. Are there any photos supporting this claim? ...
10
votes
3answers
1k views

How did Lunokhod 1 become “lost” in 1971; in what ways did astronomers “look for it” after that?

The Smithsonian Magazine article Lost Soviet Reflector Found on the Moon says: There are actually five retroreflectors on the Moon: three placed by Apollo astronauts and two that sit atop Soviet ...
10
votes
1answer
407 views

Why do Astro/Cosmonauts refer to things as Russian or American?

I'm watching CSA videos, and have watched numerous documentaries before, and have noticed that both Astronauts and Cosmonauts alike aboard the ISS tend to refer to something as either Russian, or ...
10
votes
2answers
360 views

Does Russia still manufacture parts for their space program that would otherwise be obsolete?

The Russian space program is notable for continuing to use the same designs that have been successful for decades. For example, the Soyuz boosters and Soyuz crew vehicles in use today are still the ...
10
votes
1answer
325 views

Is this a photo of today's Soyuz anomaly happening in flight seen from the ISS? What are the little dots?

ISS Exp. 57 Cmdr. and ESA Astronaut Alexander Gerst's Tweet today says: Glad our friends are fine. Thanks to the rescue force of >1000 SAR professionals! Today showed again what an amazing vehicle ...
9
votes
1answer
932 views

What purpose do these red “horns” on the Soyuz 2-1B payload fairing serve?

When reading Soyuz 2-1B - Glonass-M Launch Updates on Spaceflight 101, I noticed an interesting photo showing these two red "horns" on the payload fairing (all photos courtesy of the Russian Ministry ...
9
votes
1answer
237 views

Have Mercury/Gemini/Apollo produced any unmanned descendants?

It is well known that Russian manned spacecrafts gave birth to multiple unmanned satellite projects (such as Bion spacecrafts, for example). Have Mercury/Gemini/Apollo spacecrafts or their direct ...
8
votes
4answers
2k views

Russian manned Moon landing capability today

Do Russians have means of launching a manned mission to the Moon? Do they have an engine with sufficient thrust and stability needed (RD-170 has bigger thrust than the F-1 engine, if I read the data ...
8
votes
1answer
582 views

How did Alexey Leonov bleed off the pressure in his space suit?

On the Voskhod 2 mission, cosmonaut Alexey Leonov performed a spacewalk which ran into issues when Lenov's spacesuit had some sort of pressure buildup. From the wiki - [Leonov] was forced to bleed ...
8
votes
1answer
465 views

What does Zvezda alone lack from being a capable space station?

A recent discussion on the ISS has raised some questions in my mind about Zvezda: Can the US Part of ISS survive independent of the Russian? What does Zvezda alone lack from being a capable space ...
8
votes
1answer
189 views

What are the options of a space enthusiast regarding visiting Plesetsk?

Last year I was in Murmansk and fell in love with the far north of Russia. I'm planning another trip somewhere towards Karelia, northern Ural or such... and being a space enthusiast I'm quite tempted ...
8
votes
1answer
291 views

What just happened? What does this satellite breakup announcement mean? What does it suggest?

I logged into Space-Track and immediately saw this message: The 18th Space Control Squadron has confirmed the breakup of SL-12 R/B(AUX MOTOR), #36407. The time of breakup was at approximately 0206z,...
8
votes
1answer
457 views

How will the RD-180 ban affect US space program?

RD-180 is a rocket engine produced by Russian NPO Energomash company. It is used in such US rockets as Atlas III and Atlas V. There are rumors, that Russia is considering to ban RD-180 export to US. ...
8
votes
1answer
107 views

Online availability of high-quality Russian launch/space videos?

I am interested in videos of Russian space program, especially the older ones (old Soyuz launches, Soyuz docking with MIR, Leonov's spacewalk etc.). While NASA puts all their videos online in good ...
8
votes
0answers
249 views

What spinoff technologies have come from the Soviet/Russian space program?

There is plenty of information available on NASA spinoff technologies including a Wikipedia page and Space SE question. What innovations are a byproduct of the Russian space program?
7
votes
1answer
1k views

Why do the Russians call the Soyuz launcher the same name as the Soyuz capsule?

It is sometimes confusing that the Russians call the booster rocket Soyuz, and the payload Soyuz. Is there a reason for this naming model? Reading Anatloy Zak's book he notes several proposed ...
7
votes
1answer
751 views

Russian “kerosene” versus American “RP-1”

RP-1 rocket fuel is a "highly refined form of kerosene". Most of the literature I have seen refers to Russian rockets using kerosene, versus American rockets using RP-1 (*1). Is there really such a ...
7
votes
2answers
1k views

What does the abbreviation “MS” for the current Soyuz version name mean?

A quick search the meaning of the abbreviations for the previous versions of the Soyuz spacecraft easily tells me their meaning: Soyuz T. 'T' is for транспортный, ...
7
votes
1answer
505 views

Where were the complexes of the Soviet counterpart to the NASA DSN located?

The NASA Deep Space Network is a means to get a 360 view of the heavens from zenith to nadir. The NASA DSN complexes were functional as of 1965 providing support to the Apollo Program. More recently ...
7
votes
1answer
913 views

How did the Luna spacecraft collect samples of the moon and containerize them for return to Earth?

The Wikipedia page Sample-return mission and this answer list Luna 16, 20 and 24 missions as each bringing back of the order of 100 grams of lunar material to Earth, but their Wikipedia pages don't ...
7
votes
2answers
625 views

What are these antenna-like structures seen in Oleg Artemyev twitter video?

Russian Cosmonaut Oleg Artemyev's Sept 3, 2018 tweet has a narrated video of Earth from the ISS, at the time over the Nile river. The video is also in YouTube (below). At the bottom of the screen, ...
6
votes
3answers
173 views

What USSR-US cooperation was proposed for a Moon mission?

President Kennedy apparently proposed working with the USSR on reaching the moon more than once. There is speculation that had he lived it may have happened, with the Soviets coming around to the idea....
6
votes
1answer
247 views

What language is the Russian segment ISS software written in?

I have heard that the ISS uses a Russian coding language for some of the systems and subsystems on the Russian segment of the ISS. What is that coding language?