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Questions tagged [russia]

The country of Russia is what remains of the former Soviet Union (Of which Russia was a province/state). The Russian/Soviet space program has been quite expansive and capable over many decades. Currently it appears to be suffering from lack of funding leading to quality control issues at times.

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"Pillars of Baikonur" What is the purpose of the hundreds of short, white posts near the Baikonur Cosmodrome launch pad?

The caption given in the third image included in the Space.com page Expedition 56: The Space Station Mission in Photos reads as follows: At the Baikonur Cosmodrome launch pad, remote-controlled ...
uhoh's user avatar
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How did the Russians get moon rocks?

I've read somewhere that the Russians have moon rocks. How did they get them?
Gabriel Fair's user avatar
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38 votes
5 answers
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Did Sputnik 1 tell us more than "beep"? What science was improved by information gained from its orbiting the Earth?

Sputnik 1 was the first artificial satellite launched by humans to orbit the Earth. This answer begins: Sputnik had just one single job: Prove its existence by sending a simple "beep" ...
uhoh's user avatar
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29 votes
1 answer
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When/where did the cosmonauts fight wolves?

When/where did the cosmonauts fight wolves? or was it bears? With a gun? Could someone provide a more complete story? One of comments on the article TidalWave linked in the Soyuz joysticks question ...
SF.'s user avatar
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26 votes
4 answers
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Is there any advantage in launching spacecraft from a high latitude, or why was Plesetsk built so far north?

For launching satellites or other spacecraft, there is a significant advantage in being close to the equator: angular momentum helps in gaining initial speed and one can launch into any inclination. ...
gerrit's user avatar
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21 votes
1 answer
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Could the Soviets have rounded the Moon before Apollo? Why didn't they?

Neither the USSR nor Russia has ever sent a cosmonaut beyond low Earth orbit. In the 1960's it would've been very challenging for them to land a cosmonaut on the Moon, and their attempts were aborted. ...
LocalFluff's user avatar
20 votes
1 answer
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Is potable water in the American & Russian segments still stored separately?

This article writes to say An interesting fact is that the Russian and American segment water supplies can’t be mixed. The U.S. water uses iodine for bacteria control, while the Russian water uses ...
Everyone's user avatar
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19 votes
2 answers
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Early high-inclination crewed flights

I noticed to my surprise today that the very early Soviet flights were to a very high inclination - all the Vostok flights were between 64.9° and 65°, and the Voskhod flights were at 64.7° and 64.8°. ...
Andrew is gone's user avatar
18 votes
1 answer
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Why is the Russian approach to the aerodynamics of their rockets different?

Russian rockets look like this: They flare them out at the bottom. With their newest rocket, the Proton, the flared shape is gone but the boosters still have caps that angle in towards the main ...
kim holder's user avatar
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18 votes
1 answer
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What technology could the Soviets have contributed to the Apollo program?

Spacedaily writes to say about President. Kennedy's Sept 20th 1963 address to the UN General Assembly "I include among these possibilities," he added, "a joint expedition to the Moon." Why, the ...
Everyone's user avatar
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17 votes
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Why did Sputnik 1 have four antennas?

Sputnik was only launched a few hundred kilometers above Earth, and transmitted only a simple beeping signal. What was the purpose of having four antennas? Wouldn't one be powerful enough?
Elijah Seed Arita's user avatar
17 votes
1 answer
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Why is the tip of this Russian ICBM folding/closing during launch?

This question refers to the page on which a YouTube video Soviet Missile SS-18 Satan / Most Powerful Rocket is shown. Screenshots below are from circa 01:10 for ...
Inquisitive_Torquemada's user avatar
16 votes
3 answers
1k views

The Russians recently tested a new launch trajectory that goes to the space station in about six hours. What allowed for the difference?

According to this article, Russia recently tested a new launch trajectory that shaved over 45 hours off their normal flight time. What allowed for this difference? Doesn't it seem like the shortest ...
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16 votes
2 answers
3k views

Why are checklists the way they are?

Checklists from different programs are quite different, they are also different from typical aviation checklists. The ISS checklists are full of special characters, e.g. √, boxes around numbers, some ...
yeg's user avatar
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2 answers
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How similar are Soyuz and Progress?

Superficially the Soyuz and Progress spacecraft look very similar: (Soyuz TMA-7) (Progress M-52) So it would be easy to imagine that they share a common service module and/or orbital module. But ...
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1 answer
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Why are there advertisements in the Russian ISS flight control room?

I found a photograph of the Russian ISS flight control room: Source: NASA https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Russian_ISS_Flight_Control_Room.jpg Below the large screen are several ...
Flux's user avatar
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15 votes
1 answer
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Did USSR discontinue radio transmissions, relocate ships, to aid the US in response to Apollo 13?

In this article there is following statement by Dr. Ernst Stuhlinger: Let me only remind you of the recent near-tragedy of Apollo 13. When the time of the crucial reentry of the astronauts ...
mark.g's user avatar
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15 votes
1 answer
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Do American astronauts wear Sokol space suits when flying on a Soyuz?

The Wikipedia article on the Sokol space suit seems to suggest that all personel traveling on a Soyuz vehicle must wear a Russian made spacesuit: Each Soyuz crew member is provided with a made-to-...
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15 votes
2 answers
386 views

What was being manufactured on Salyut and Mir?

Last weekend I attended a prelection at Polish Aviation Museum, on modern trends in aviation. The lecturer talked quite a bit of history too, and Soviet achievements were in as much focus as the ...
SF.'s user avatar
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14 votes
1 answer
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Russian "kerosene" versus American "RP-1"

RP-1 rocket fuel is a "highly refined form of kerosene". Most of the literature I have seen refers to Russian rockets using kerosene, versus American rockets using RP-1 (*1). Is there really such a ...
DrSheldon's user avatar
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2 answers
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How do items from the Russian and Soviet space programs end up in private collections?

A member today posted this photo showing a complete instrument panel from a Soyuz TM capsule, and a globus instrument from a Voskhod capsule: Both items are in their private collection. Only 5 ...
kim holder's user avatar
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14 votes
1 answer
809 views

How is a Russian satellite's behavior "very abnormal"?

The BBC has a news article saying: "Mystery Russian satellite's behaviour raises alarm in US". But the article doesn't say how or why the behavior is "abnormal". And the linked transcript of Remarks ...
Brock Adams's user avatar
14 votes
1 answer
2k views

Decoding Russian ISS telemetry

While the American segment of the ISS has data published on-line (http://spacestationlive.nasa.gov), the same cannot be said about the Russian segment. It is known that telemetry is transmitted to ...
Deer Hunter's user avatar
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13 votes
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What happens differently when ISS is inside this red boundary (Russia & Europe & ...)?

The question Why are there advertisements in the Russian ISS flight control room? shows the image below. There is a large red boundary that looks like the boundary of the overlap of several circles ...
uhoh's user avatar
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1 answer
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Is the first Russian satellite still beeping?

The Russians were the first to launch a satellite into space - and it did one thing: beep. It would send out radio waves of nothing but beeps. Still, it was a huge technological achievement. My ...
user avatar
13 votes
3 answers
1k views

How did Lunokhod 1 become "lost" in 1971; in what ways did astronomers "look for it" after that?

The Smithsonian Magazine article Lost Soviet Reflector Found on the Moon says: There are actually five retroreflectors on the Moon: three placed by Apollo astronauts and two that sit atop Soviet ...
uhoh's user avatar
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13 votes
1 answer
616 views

Did Soviets/Russians perform any crewed (intentionally) suborbital flights?

Gagarin went directly to the orbit - the first manned flight was orbital. I don't know about any other Soviet or Russian spaceflights that wouldn't be orbital - except for some odd aborted launch or ...
SF.'s user avatar
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13 votes
2 answers
1k views

Is the Nudelman-Rikhter gun installed on Zvezda module?

By having a gun on board, one can conduct military kinds of experiments. Exploring armoring approaches for spacecraft, warning systems for the personnel, orbital ballistic studies for the multi-body ...
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12 votes
2 answers
1k views

Are any of these Soyuz controls involved in separating the orbital module?

According to this Q & A, it's very likely that the Soyuz spacecraft's orbital module can be manually separated independent of other spacecraft operations. On this CollectSpace page, there's an ...
Russell Borogove's user avatar
12 votes
2 answers
988 views

Are the Russians planning to replace the Baikonur Cosmodrome?

For decades, the Baikonur Cosmodrome was the premier Soviet space launch site. Many historic launches took place there, and it earned its place in the history books. But then the Soviet Union fell ...
HDE 226868's user avatar
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12 votes
1 answer
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Has USSR/Russia launched humans on any rocket not derived from R-7?

The Soviet Union's first crewed launch, Vostok 1, was on a Vostok booster, derived from the R-7 ICBM and Sputnik satellite launcher with an additional stage added. The Soyuz boosters used today by ...
Russell Borogove's user avatar
12 votes
1 answer
2k views

From which Apollo mission is this audio sample?

I found this page where Evgeny Molotov, former head of the Research institute of Space instruments, plays supposed intercepted communication of unknown Apollo mission. Can anyone identify from which ...
mark.g's user avatar
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12 votes
1 answer
963 views

Did early Russian capsules really have "Human Inside" labels?

This comic claims that it was to prevent people panicking and attacking the crew. However, Vostok pilots were supposed to land separately from the capsule. Are there any photos supporting this claim? ...
Neith's user avatar
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11 votes
2 answers
485 views

Does Russia still manufacture parts for their space program that would otherwise be obsolete?

The Russian space program is notable for continuing to use the same designs that have been successful for decades. For example, the Soyuz boosters and Soyuz crew vehicles in use today are still the ...
DrSheldon's user avatar
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10 votes
3 answers
2k views

Which of the former Soviet republics have sent a cosmonaut into space?

The Soviet Union was composed of 15 Union Republics for much of its history and at the time of its dissolution in 1991. Which of the 15 former Soviet republics have sent a cosmonaut into space, ...
DrSheldon's user avatar
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10 votes
1 answer
514 views

Why do Astro/Cosmonauts refer to things as Russian or American?

I'm watching CSA videos, and have watched numerous documentaries before, and have noticed that both Astronauts and Cosmonauts alike aboard the ISS tend to refer to something as either Russian, or ...
user avatar
10 votes
1 answer
569 views

How close to a building has a Soyuz landed?

Soyuz capsules are designed to land onto land. To avoid the small chance of harming people or property, they are usually targeted to land in remote parts of Kazakhstan. However, some landings aren't ...
DrSheldon's user avatar
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10 votes
1 answer
377 views

Is this a photo of today's Soyuz anomaly happening in flight seen from the ISS? What are the little dots?

ISS Exp. 57 Cmdr. and ESA Astronaut Alexander Gerst's Tweet today says: Glad our friends are fine. Thanks to the rescue force of >1000 SAR professionals! Today showed again what an amazing vehicle ...
uhoh's user avatar
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10 votes
0 answers
370 views

What spinoff technologies have come from the Soviet/Russian space program?

There is plenty of information available on NASA spinoff technologies including a Wikipedia page and Space SE question. What innovations are a byproduct of the Russian space program?
user25457's user avatar
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9 votes
2 answers
3k views

Soyuz for Sale?

Reading through some stuff on the interwebs I came across some information saying that some old Soyuz Capsules are keep in a junkyard. Does anyone know if it's actually possible to purchase one of ...
James Ervin's user avatar
9 votes
1 answer
1k views

Why do the Russians call the Soyuz launcher the same name as the Soyuz capsule?

It is sometimes confusing that the Russians call the booster rocket Soyuz, and the payload Soyuz. Is there a reason for this naming model? Reading Anatloy Zak's book he notes several proposed ...
geoffc's user avatar
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9 votes
1 answer
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What purpose do these red "horns" on the Soyuz 2-1B payload fairing serve?

When reading Soyuz 2-1B - Glonass-M Launch Updates on Spaceflight 101, I noticed an interesting photo showing these two red "horns" on the payload fairing (all photos courtesy of the Russian Ministry ...
TildalWave's user avatar
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9 votes
1 answer
404 views

How does the Russian invasion of Ukraine affect ISS operations? [closed]

I realise this question may be shut down as opinion-based, but here goes anyway. With diplomatic relations in the toilet following Russian military activity in Ukraine, how will this affect future ...
GordonD's user avatar
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9 votes
1 answer
457 views

What just happened? What does this satellite breakup announcement mean? What does it suggest?

I logged into Space-Track and immediately saw this message: The 18th Space Control Squadron has confirmed the breakup of SL-12 R/B(AUX MOTOR), #36407. The time of breakup was at approximately 0206z,...
uhoh's user avatar
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8 votes
4 answers
2k views

Russian manned Moon landing capability today

Do Russians have means of launching a manned mission to the Moon? Do they have an engine with sufficient thrust and stability needed (RD-170 has bigger thrust than the F-1 engine, if I read the data ...
mark.g's user avatar
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8 votes
2 answers
1k views

What does the abbreviation "MS" for the current Soyuz version name mean?

A quick search the meaning of the abbreviations for the previous versions of the Soyuz spacecraft easily tells me their meaning: Soyuz T. 'T' is for транспортный, ...
SE - stop firing the good guys's user avatar
8 votes
1 answer
1k views

How did Alexey Leonov bleed off the pressure in his space suit?

On the Voskhod 2 mission, cosmonaut Alexey Leonov performed a spacewalk which ran into issues when Lenov's spacesuit had some sort of pressure buildup. From the wiki - [Leonov] was forced to bleed ...
David says Reinstate Monica's user avatar
8 votes
1 answer
658 views

Where were the complexes of the Soviet counterpart to the NASA DSN located?

The NASA Deep Space Network is a means to get a 360 view of the heavens from zenith to nadir. The NASA DSN complexes were functional as of 1965 providing support to the Apollo Program. More recently ...
Everyone's user avatar
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8 votes
1 answer
1k views

How did the Luna spacecraft collect samples of the moon and containerize them for return to Earth?

The Wikipedia page Sample-return mission and this answer list Luna 16, 20 and 24 missions as each bringing back of the order of 100 grams of lunar material to Earth, but their Wikipedia pages don't ...
uhoh's user avatar
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8 votes
1 answer
839 views

How many nuclear fission reactors have been launched into space? How many are still there?

I remember p@Hobbes's answer to Which countries have built RTGs and used them in Earth orbit and/or beyond? mentioning that the US has put one nuclear fission reactor in space, and that not much was ...
uhoh's user avatar
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