Questions tagged [simulation]

representation of environment or process in a more accessible form using virtual or physical imitation or analogues, often for the purpose of training or testing, includes both real-world (physical) and numerical techniques.

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30 views

Are the initial conditions for the Apollo PFS objects' orbits known (or knowable) as well as they were for the ascent module?

This answer to Would we have spotted the ascent stage of Apollo 11's Eagle if it was still in orbit around the Moon? and discussion under it suggests that as a check of the orbital propagation ...
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Interpolation method in pitchover maneuver: what type?

Consider the space shuttle or the Saturn V. Launch would begin with an open-loop pitch schedule obtained from simulation with the day’s winds. The pitch schedule would be specified as a lookup table ...
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Drag and lift coefficient tables/plots for Saturn V/Space Shuttle/Other

I'm looking for drag and lift coefficient data to plug into my launch simulation. I could assume constant coefficients, but I'd like to structure my model to accept lookup tables, so I'm looking for ...
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Is space shuttle simulator in a museum somewhere?

Really curious if the space shuttle launch simulators are in a museum somewhere for visitors to see and learn more about? Also curious if maybe there is a technical book on those simulators?
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Space Shuttle: What are the filters in the attitude error calculation?

Here's a schematic from the space shuttle training manuals showing how the "attitude" error signal used to drive the thrust vector controllers was determined. "Attitude" in quote ...
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Space Shuttle: How were I-Load launch programs calculated?

The space shuttle launch program was based on a target attitude profile calculated for the mission and the latest winds. The attitude profile would include roll, pitch, and yaw as functions of time ...
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GMAT compilation does not generate gui

I am compiling GMAT 2020a on opensuse linux from source code downloaded from sourceforge. I have gotten the compilation completed. Ran ok, except the /bin ...
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1answer
86 views

Space shuttle PEG ascent burns

I'm reading a public document on the powered explicit guidance algorithm used in the space shuttle. The document suggests that PEG ascent maneuvers always involved at least three phases: Constant ...
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Aerospike calculator software doesn't seem to altitude-compensate - am I misunderstanding aerospikes?

I'm using mvernacc's Aerospike Nozzle Design GUI, which is supposed to be able to design and predict the performance of aerospike rocket engines. The workings of the software are apparently based on ...
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96 views

SpaceX launch simulation software?

Say you're a SpaceX launch engineer. You have a mission design meeting where you'll talk about different mission scenarios. The meeting is in a few hours. Would you run a quick simulation in KSP to ...
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Soyuz TMA Neptune IDS Button Lights Behavior On Click

I made a simple virtual Soyuz TMA Neptune IDS using simple coding (a work in process). The purpose of it is solely for the buttons location familiarization of the control panels. The buttons react on ...
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Space shuttle state propagation

Space shuttle training manuals say the GNC system obtains state information from the IMU platform at a low rate (0.25-0.5Hz) and that state propagation algorithms estimate the vehicle's state vector ...
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Most realistic 2021 rendering of the milky way galaxy [closed]

Images of our own galaxy are either the "edge-on" inside view or artist renditions. However, we have mapped out 2% of the stars. Most stars are red dwarfs, so the more luminous stars will be ...
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170 views

What is Direct Simulation Monte Carlo and why is it a good method for simulating spacecraft drag in VLEO?

Reducing spacecraft drag in Very Low Earth Orbit through shape optimisation J. A. Walsh and L. Berthoud (2017) show simulations calculating drag coefficients for different "nose cone" shapes ...
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1answer
55 views

Space shuttle position and velocity calculations from IMUs?

How were the space shuttle's rate gyro and accelerometer outputs converted into reliable position and velocity vectors before being fed into GNC software? Is there a document detailing those ...
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How would an n-body numerical orbit simulator use hierarchy in its Jacobian?

This question is about techniques to calculate orbits. The Github post On the dynamical stability of Principia's modified Jool system (cited in this answer) says: Principia computes the trajectory of ...
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rocket trajectory simulation in inertial frame, with drag

I created a rocket trajectory simulator and optimizer using the following equations of motion for a non-rotating frame of reference $$\dot{v} = \frac{T \cos \varepsilon - D}{m} - g \sin \gamma$$ $$v \...
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Are Jool's moons' orbits stable?

The fictitious Kerbol system includes ...five planets: Moho, Eve, Kerbin, Duna and Jool; and two dwarf planets: Dres and Eeloo; orbit around it. Kerbol contains 99.97 % of the mass in the Kerbol ...
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I want to simulate the antenna pointing error when tracking LEO satellites

I am trying to simulate the antenna pointing error of our antenna when tracking LEO satellites using TLE data. I am using the Skyfield library in python. First I loaded the TLE data from the Celestrak ...
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Why shouldn't we illustrate spacecraft trajectories on top of static pseudo-potential surfaces?

Three-body spacecraft orbits1 are regularly discussed here and from time to time someone will include a pseudo-potential plot from Wikipedia in their explanation. The discussion often goes south when ...
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2answers
151 views

Modelling a circularizing burn at Apogee

I am relatively new to rocket physics and am looking into modelling burns. Is there a good place to start modelling an orbital burn? I know about the rocket equation but perhaps that is not what is ...
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86 views

My vector math seems to be off in this 2D simulation of a solar system

I intend to simulate gravitational acceleration on a 2D plane (simplified, no gravitational constant). My code is interpreted without any error in the console, but instead of having the two circles ...
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CesiumJS: Hayabusa 2 location w.r.t Earth

Given these coordinates w.r.t Sun: Hayabusa: x = 86014493 y = 112689997 z = 54295960 Earth: x = 82241037 y = 112748971 z = 48876281 How do I calculate Hayabusa coordinates w.r.t Earth center? I ...
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Why does Gravity Simulator's rendering of TESS' orbit look like a pretzel? How can I unpretzefy it?

Below is a screen shot from the amazing Gravity Simulator driven by our own @HappyKoala. If you haven't seen it recently go check it out now, then come back in 30 minutes and read the rest of my ...
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Is this plot of deep space trajectories correct? Did most launch retrograde from Earth? Why do some change direction between planets?

This answer contains some nice plots of deep space spacecraft trajectories. Noticing that Voyage 2's heliocentric velocity dropped substantially just before 1990 I wanted to see why. Wikipedia's ...
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Simulating launch velocity of falcon 9

Help! I finished my numerical simulation of falcon 9 launch in google sheets, where I calculate all the value changes with time. But, when I looked at real launch to compare the values, I got really ...
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1answer
239 views

Why we do not refuel and assemble in orbit?

Using simple math or playing Kerbal SP inevitably leads to re-using first stages and refueling in orbit for missions far away. It seems, it is always the most economical and simple approach to refuel ...
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Is there a mathematical formula to calculate drag force without empirical testing?

Typically people put the interested rocket prototype in a wind tunnel to find out the drag force and use the drag force equation to calculate the drag coefficient of the rocket model. I am wondering ...
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How does one test Ground Segment communications with, and “downlink” data from a spacecraft that's still on the ground?

NASA News item Ground Segment Testing a Success for NASA’s James Webb Space Telescope says: Testing teams have successfully completed a critical milestone focused on demonstrating that NASA’s James ...
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142 views

Source of Gregorek's popular drag equation in ESTES TR-11?

In the early 1970s, Gerald Gregorek wrote a technical note on drag for ESTES (maker of model rockets and parts from what I gather). The note is still very popular in the model rocket community, and it ...
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Rocket Engine - Actuator in Loop Simulations

For Actuator-In-Loop simulations, why are the rocket engine nozzles along with the thrust vector control assembly (including the actuators) kept inverted on a platform like in the attached image or as ...
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Has NASA ever included a ground controller or astronaut becoming insane/irrational/belligerent in a training simulation?

NASA training simulations have included a wide variety of problems thrown at the pilots and ground controllers -- not only the typical technical failures, but also some unusual outside-world stuff ...
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536 views

Accuracy of converting from TLE/Orbital Elements to Cartesian if used for other propagator?

Say that I wanted to propagate a real-life satellite based on an initial position in space. However, the only source of data I can get is from a tracking website like CelesTrak or Space-Track, where ...
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217 views

Direct conversion of Keplerian orbital elements to Equatorial coordinate system

In the context of a computer simulation of satellites that orbit earth, I am looking for a (accurate) method for converting Keplerian orbital elements directly to Equatorial coordinate system. The ...
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1answer
162 views

Optimal point in LEO to perform interplanetary injection burn

I wrote a simulation program in Python to calculate Earth <-> Mars trajectories. Now I would like to test it agains well known trajectories. I used NASA Ames Research Center Trajectory Browser ...
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2answers
128 views

Possible idea for a simulation in orbital mechanics using data from the JPL [closed]

I have to write a research essay and have decided to write it on orbital mechanics where I would use data from the JPL to perform an experiment (simulation). I was thinking of using the location data ...
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1answer
149 views

Implementation of NASA Breakup model Area to Mass distribution

In the research "NASA's new breakup model of evolve 4.0" the implementation for the area to mass distribution of fragments produced by collisions and explosions is provided. The distribution ...
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103 views

What happened during this shuttle simulation malfunction involving a failure of a shuttle arm joint while moving the JEF?

This author (cough) begins to relate the details of a particular training incident during simulations for STS-127. However, they very sadly have not finished the tale. Does anybody (cough cough) know ...
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1answer
121 views

Was it possible to simulate another atmosphere during Shuttle training?

This answer points out that the Space Shuttle's cabin atmosphere was designed to be equivalent to sea level air, in terms of both total pressure and oxygen partial pressure. However, could any of the ...
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What's is this very CGI looking clip in this NASA video of the Alpha Magnetic Spectrometer installation?

This is the NASA video AMS Time Lapse Installation a time-lapse of the Alpha Magnetic Spectrometer (AMS) installation at the International Space Station. At about ...
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1answer
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How significant is orbit propagator choice/error when considering a year-long satellite coverage simulation, and which is the most appropriate?

I'm currently considering a project to simulate the (Earth-seeing) coverage of 1 or more satellites over the course of a year. The point would be to compare how different orbits result in different ...
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1answer
152 views

Simulate Radar Trajectory Data

I have a need to train a model on various trajectory data of flying objects (for clustering purpose). I found trajectory data of air planes online. But since trajectory data for missiles, satellites ...
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1answer
303 views

What space simulators are the most accurate at simulating real world physics?

We've all at least heard of KSP, a popular space flight simulator. its not the best but can teach someone the basics at rocket science, delta V, burntime, basic orbital maneuvers, retrograde, prograde,...
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Can Kerbal Space Program act as a suitable simulator with the right mods?

The game is great alone, but if we install a mod called Real Solar System and another called Realism Overhaul, the force of gravity, engine power atmospheric heights and everything happens to real ...
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1answer
145 views

Are planet orbits available to download in some vectorial format file?

I would like to work with solar system planet orbits in a Geographic Information Software like QGIS, so: Are available to download the orbits of solar system planets in some vector format? EDIT: ...
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1answer
141 views

Controlling suicide burn landing location in a python simulation?

I recently asked a question in stackoverflow about Simulation of suicide burn in openai-gym's LunarLander. Sadly most of my assumptions about suicide burn implementaion were wrong but the answer given ...
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496 views

Why is FORTRAN recommended for astrodynamics rather than MATLAB?

I understand that FORTRAN might be faster in terms of computation time, but I don't understand why it is always recommended by people in the field. Everyone tends to avoid MATLAB for astrodynamics; is ...
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Is “Space Shuttle” written as a proper noun in the spaceflight industry?

Writing the question Was a real Space Shuttle ever used as a really big simulator? (and several others) I capitalize Space Shuttle because as far as I know, that's the actual name of NASA's spacecraft,...
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Was a real Space Shuttle ever used as a really big simulator?

@OrganicMarble's answer to How much of the Shuttle was physically realized in the simulator? makes me wonder if Shuttle crew ever sat or stood or otherwise experienced being in an actual Space Shuttle ...
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How much of the Shuttle was physically realized in the simulator?

How much of the Shuttle physically existed in the simulator? Was it just the flight deck? Or were the mid-deck, lower equipment bay, and/or payload bay also included?