Questions tagged [simulation]

representation of environment or process in a more accessible form using virtual or physical imitation or analogues, often for the purpose of training or testing, includes both real-world (physical) and numerical techniques.

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49
votes
10answers
11k views

Game for teaching basics of orbital mechanics

I am looking for a game that would be suitable for teaching basic orbital mechanics concepts to primary school students (grades 6-8). Contrary to most of the questions here asking about spaceflight ...
36
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4answers
14k views

Why is my Earth simulation slower than the reality?

It took me a long time to create a simulation of the Earth like that. I wanted to show the real spinning speed of the Earth. Here's my video: From this NASA live ...
35
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1answer
4k views

Is there a mockup of the ISS on the ground?

Is there a replica of the interior of the space station on the ground? For training astronauts and to try out equipment installations.
27
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7answers
3k views

The Martian: Does it really take a supercomputer to calculate spaceflight maneuvers?

My preemptive apologies for asking a question about a movie, and the spoilers within said question, but considering the widespread support for its scientific plausibility, I'm hoping you'll let it ...
22
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2answers
10k views

Can Kerbal Space Program act as a suitable simulator with the right mods?

The game is great alone, but if we install a mod called Real Solar System and another called Realism Overhaul, the force of gravity, engine power atmospheric heights and everything happens to real ...
15
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1answer
869 views

How did Goddard's rocket reach 41 feet altitude in under 2.5 seconds?

I'm working on a simple rocket flight simulation program, and am trying to reproduce aspects of Goddard's first successful rocket flight. My sources put the empty weight at 5.75-6lbs, loaded weight 10....
12
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0answers
192 views

Has NASA ever included a ground controller or astronaut becoming insane/irrational/belligerent in a training simulation?

NASA training simulations have included a wide variety of problems thrown at the pilots and ground controllers -- not only the typical technical failures, but also some unusual outside-world stuff ...
11
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2answers
622 views

What orbital mechanics toolkits available today are suitable for a real-time simulator?

I'm a software engineer and I've always loved Orbiter (also here). However I feel that it's growing a bit antiquated, and it would be nice to have a more modern, open source, or otherwise hackable ...
10
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1answer
2k views

Is this plot of deep space trajectories correct? Did most launch retrograde from Earth? Why do some change direction between planets?

This answer contains some nice plots of deep space spacecraft trajectories. Noticing that Voyage 2's heliocentric velocity dropped substantially just before 1990 I wanted to see why. Wikipedia's ...
10
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1answer
484 views

Why is FORTRAN recommended for astrodynamics rather than MATLAB?

I understand that FORTRAN might be faster in terms of computation time, but I don't understand why it is always recommended by people in the field. Everyone tends to avoid MATLAB for astrodynamics; is ...
10
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1answer
1k views

Software to simulate / optimize ascent trajectory

I read the previous question on this site about astrodynamics software and I have tried STK (free version) and GMAT, but I could not find software to simulate and optimize a launch trajectory. Is ...
9
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1answer
840 views

How might one approach using AI (convolutional neural network) to predict collisions in orbit?

CNN's Tomorrow's Hero profile Meet Amber Yang. She's trying to prevent a space debris catastrophe describes an investigation into the use of a convolutional neural network (CNN) to predict possible ...
9
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2answers
376 views

Why not simulate certain regions of the atmosphere of Venus?

Many people would like to know if any form of life could survive anywhere in the atmosphere of Venus. Researchers have simulated conditions on Mars and found that after a month some cyanobacteria ...
8
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1answer
1k views

What's is this very CGI looking clip in this NASA video of the Alpha Magnetic Spectrometer installation?

This is the NASA video AMS Time Lapse Installation a time-lapse of the Alpha Magnetic Spectrometer (AMS) installation at the International Space Station. At about ...
8
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2answers
396 views

Would current computer technology have made the Moon landings any easier?

A few days ago a group of us were discussing the Moon landings (specifically the Apollo programme). Whilst this in itself was incredibly impressive we thought it was particularly impressive given the ...
8
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0answers
277 views

How does one test Ground Segment communications with, and “downlink” data from a spacecraft that's still on the ground?

NASA News item Ground Segment Testing a Success for NASA’s James Webb Space Telescope says: Testing teams have successfully completed a critical milestone focused on demonstrating that NASA’s James ...
7
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2answers
206 views

How much of the Shuttle was physically realized in the simulator?

How much of the Shuttle physically existed in the simulator? Was it just the flight deck? Or were the mid-deck, lower equipment bay, and/or payload bay also included?
7
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2answers
921 views

Getting state vectors from JPL Horizons ephemerides

I'm simulating the Sun-Earth-Moon system by numerical integration of equation of motion. I've confused a little bit in JPL Horizons ephemerides. Could anyone explain (if possible, on pictures), how ...
7
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1answer
733 views

How were Apollo spacesuits cooled during simulations/rehearsals on Earth?

The answer and comments to How have space suits dissipated the heat removed from astronauts? explain that the Apollo space suits used the sublimation of ice into the vacuum of space to constantly ...
7
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1answer
251 views

Apollo 15 State Vector recreation

I am trying to get the state vectors for Apollo 15 before, during, and after critical manoevers [sp]. IE TLI, LOI1, LOI2, lunar launch, preocking, postdocking, and TEI. I am a totally newbie at all ...
7
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1answer
257 views

Info on NASA's NOS3 software and the rest of the suite used by STF-1

THE STF-1 cubesat project, in cooperation with NASA, has developed a whole suite of simulation software for small satellites. Info here: http://stf1.com/simulation.php And here: https://www.nasa....
7
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1answer
101 views

What happened during this shuttle simulation malfunction involving a failure of a shuttle arm joint while moving the JEF?

This author (cough) begins to relate the details of a particular training incident during simulations for STS-127. However, they very sadly have not finished the tale. Does anybody (cough cough) know ...
6
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3answers
1k views

Is there a mathematical formula to calculate drag force without empirical testing?

Typically people put the interested rocket prototype in a wind tunnel to find out the drag force and use the drag force equation to calculate the drag coefficient of the rocket model. I am wondering ...
6
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5answers
573 views

Could an aircraft ever simulate Martian gravity perpendicular to the aircraft's floor?

Suppose I designed a complex, self-contained, robotic system to harvest and convert Martian atmospheric CO2 and ground H2O into rocket fuel (CH4 + O2) and after exhaustive computational fluid dynamic (...
6
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3answers
3k views

How can you predict an orbit, based on an initial position and an initial direction vector?

I've been developing a planetary simulator in Unity 3D (C#) and I need some help, however I feel this would be a better place for it. I'm starting my planet from a position vector. On initialisation I ...
6
votes
1answer
405 views

Simulating launch velocity of falcon 9

Help! I finished my numerical simulation of falcon 9 launch in google sheets, where I calculate all the value changes with time. But, when I looked at real launch to compare the values, I got really ...
6
votes
1answer
627 views

Ascending node with zero inclination

Long time ago, I was wondering which orbital element should I use to differentiate between the blue and red orientation of an otherwise same elliptical orbit on this image (all the three orbits are in ...
5
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3answers
1k views

Who does these mesmerizing simulations of the phases of the Moon? And how?

It's lunar new year here and people will be lighting fire crackers and launching bottle rockets off and on until dawn, so I thought I would read up on it. EarthSky.org's Moon Phases update Your new ...
5
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2answers
851 views

Does anyone know how the Flight Club website simulates Falcon 9 launches?

Does anyone know how the Flight Club website is able to provide falcon 9 launch simulations? Given the estimated weight, fuel mass, thrust, ect, how are they able to provide a graph of how it could ...
5
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1answer
1k views

What does “masquerading zero gravity” mean?

From the book Packing for Mars: An entire odd universe of mock outer space has grown up here on earth. Capsules that never blast off; hospital wards where healthy people spend months on their ...
5
votes
3answers
895 views

Keplerian approximations for moons as well as planets

I'm writing code to simulate planetary and lunar orbits in a heliocentric reference plane. I'm using E.M. Standish's Keplerian Elements for Approximate Positions of the Major Planets as my reference ...
5
votes
2answers
417 views

Accuracy of converting from TLE/Orbital Elements to Cartesian if used for other propagator?

Say that I wanted to propagate a real-life satellite based on an initial position in space. However, the only source of data I can get is from a tracking website like CelesTrak or Space-Track, where ...
5
votes
2answers
2k views

Does Kerbal Space Program have a software migration path to Lagrange points, halo orbits, and other 3-body goodies?

At about 05:37 in Scott Manley video Kerbal Space Program 2 - What We Know About The Sequel So I’m cautiously optimistic and I really obviously want this to be ...
5
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2answers
123 views

Source of Gregorek's popular drag equation in ESTES TR-11?

In the early 1970s, Gerald Gregorek wrote a technical note on drag for ESTES (maker of model rockets and parts from what I gather). The note is still very popular in the model rocket community, and it ...
5
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0answers
426 views

Optimizing Suicide Burn

For a landing via suicide burn, I have identified three phases: Starting at $t_0$, the craft approaches the ground with $v_x$ constant and $v_y$ gradually increasing (due to gravity) At $t_b$, the ...
4
votes
2answers
280 views

Was a real Space Shuttle ever used as a really big simulator?

@OrganicMarble's answer to How much of the Shuttle was physically realized in the simulator? makes me wonder if Shuttle crew ever sat or stood or otherwise experienced being in an actual Space Shuttle ...
4
votes
1answer
523 views

Books on rocket engine *dynamics*? [closed]

I'm a controls guy and I would like to "emulate" a given rocket engine's response behavior to different thrust signals inside a computer simulation. Thus I'm looking for a book that explains well the ...
4
votes
1answer
274 views

What space simulators are the most accurate at simulating real world physics?

We've all at least heard of KSP, a popular space flight simulator. its not the best but can teach someone the basics at rocket science, delta V, burntime, basic orbital maneuvers, retrograde, prograde,...
4
votes
1answer
165 views

Direct conversion of Keplerian orbital elements to Equatorial coordinate system

In the context of a computer simulation of satellites that orbit earth, I am looking for a (accurate) method for converting Keplerian orbital elements directly to Equatorial coordinate system. The ...
4
votes
1answer
388 views

What type of software is used to make radiation shielding simulations for use in Space or Mars?

Hopefully this is relevant to the board and doesn't get deleted. Quick background: In Thailand. Grad student, mechanical engineering, with very limited knowledge regarding nuclear or space radiations. ...
4
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0answers
89 views

Aerospike calculator software doesn't seem to altitude-compensate - am I misunderstanding aerospikes?

I'm using mvernacc's Aerospike Nozzle Design GUI, which is supposed to be able to design and predict the performance of aerospike rocket engines. The workings of the software are apparently based on ...
4
votes
0answers
350 views

How can I visualize orbits given Earth-centered, inertial (ECI) coordinates?

I'm using the SGP4 algorithm which outputs Earth-centered, inertial (ECI) satellite coordinates. I found some software to visualize orbits, but they all request input as Keplerian elements. How can ...
3
votes
2answers
259 views

Are Jool's moons' orbits stable?

The fictitious Kerbol system includes ...five planets: Moho, Eve, Kerbin, Duna and Jool; and two dwarf planets: Dres and Eeloo; orbit around it. Kerbol contains 99.97 % of the mass in the Kerbol ...
3
votes
2answers
130 views

Modelling a circularizing burn at Apogee

I am relatively new to rocket physics and am looking into modelling burns. Is there a good place to start modelling an orbital burn? I know about the rocket equation but perhaps that is not what is ...
3
votes
1answer
60 views

rocket trajectory simulation in inertial frame, with drag

I created a rocket trajectory simulator and optimizer using the following equations of motion for a non-rotating frame of reference $$\dot{v} = \frac{T \cos \varepsilon - D}{m} - g \sin \gamma$$ $$v \...
3
votes
1answer
119 views

Was it possible to simulate another atmosphere during Shuttle training?

This answer points out that the Space Shuttle's cabin atmosphere was designed to be equivalent to sea level air, in terms of both total pressure and oxygen partial pressure. However, could any of the ...
3
votes
1answer
304 views

Lunar lander, apollo 11, start position

If i were to simulate a lunar module with: $x_0$, $\dot{x}_0$, $y_0$, $\dot{y}_0$. $x$ is horizontal position, and $y$ is vertical position. What would be appropriate values?
3
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1answer
70 views

Space shuttle PEG ascent burns

I'm reading a public document on the powered explicit guidance algorithm used in the space shuttle. The document suggests that PEG ascent maneuvers always involved at least three phases: Constant ...
3
votes
1answer
1k views

How do you Model Hyperbolic Orbits?

I'm programming an orbital simulator and need some help modeling hyperbolic orbits (or trajectories, whatever you want to call them). So far I can model elliptical orbits with the standard orbital ...
3
votes
2answers
906 views

How to implement SGP4 C++, satellite propagator?

I would like to ask about how to implement the SGP4 code in C++ by Vallado. How can I implement the libraries that are available in https://celestrak.com/software/vallado-sw.php. I think that are the ...