Questions tagged [soyuz-spacecraft]

Questions regarding the Soyuz manned spacecraft used by the Soviet and Russian space program.

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8
votes
4answers
311 views

Why is Soyuz's third stage's engine cutoff the most intense?

Based on the motion and reaction of the cosmonauts, the 3rd stage engine cutoff (cued video) at about T+ 08:46 in this video of a Soyuz ascent causes greater ...
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2answers
83 views

What are these Soyuz Astronauts/Cosmonauts holding in their hands before launch? [duplicate]

What are these Soyuz Astronauts/Cosmonauts holding in their left hands before launch? I suspect it must be the pump for the active cooling system by pumping water similar to those in EVA suits, but it ...
2
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3answers
377 views

Why are these Soyuz Astronauts/Cosmonauts wearing sun glasses and a blanket after landing?

Why are these Soyuz Astronauts/Cosmonauts wearing sunglasses? Is there any scientific reason for this? (Please don't say they want to look cool) I have not seen Shuttle Astronauts wearing sunglasses ...
4
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1answer
158 views

Tracking the Soyuz MS-15 approaching the ISS with binoculars

Next Wednesday, September 25th, the Soyuz MS-15 will be launched from the Baikonur cosmodrome. I guess the trip to the ISS will be long (6 hrs to 24 hr) as usual. I want to see both the ISS and the ...
4
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0answers
174 views

Why will Russia start arming cosmonauts again?

The Phys.org article Russia to give cosmonauts guns to fend off animals on landing says: Cosmonauts have been unarmed for more than a decade but Roscosmos agency head Dmitry Rogozin said it was ...
10
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1answer
2k views

Has USSR/Russia launched humans on any rocket not derived from R-7?

The Soviet Union's first crewed launch, Vostok 1, was on a Vostok booster, derived from the R-7 ICBM and Sputnik satellite launcher with an additional stage added. The Soyuz boosters used today by ...
4
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1answer
198 views

What are those big valves on Soyuz control panel for?

What function do the two large, chunky red valves on the center of the Soyuz control panel have? They are located in the lower middle of this image, just above the Vizor periscope. I wish to know ...
9
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2answers
2k views

Microgravity indicators

As mentioned in the YouTube clip below and in the image, in the Soyuz craft hangs small toys or dolls as microgravity indicators. Is this really the purpose of the dolls being hung? Are people not ...
2
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0answers
30 views

Soyuz reentry acceleration profile with timing

I am looking for reentry Soyuz acceleration profile with timing. I was able to find graphs for ascent, but failed to find anything related with descent. The only thing I've got is Andreas Mogensen ...
2
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1answer
77 views

Why did the Soyuz 7K-LOK use fuel cells rather than solar panels?

The Soyuz 7K-LOK, a heavily-modified derivative of the 7K-OK, was to have been the Soviet equivalent of the Apollo CSM, taking two cosmonauts to lunar orbit (from where one would transfer to the LK ...
9
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0answers
96 views

Detailed information about the Soyuz descent module connection box?

Anyone have some detailed information about how all this connectors, located in the soyuz descent module? Are they used only when they setup the Soyuz or they are ...
3
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1answer
155 views

Seating in Soyuz 18 capsule

Working on an alternate-history SF story that involves an orbital rescue in 1975 requiring use of the Soyuz 18 capsule. This had room for carrying up to 3 cosmonauts to orbit but only carried 2 to ...
15
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1answer
1k views

Soyuz Steering during Re-Entry

In this youtube video, it talks about steering Soyuz by changing lift. Why does roll rotation help in changing lift and also helping in cross range steering? I am looking for an answer from ...
2
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0answers
81 views

Could a Soyuz-MS deorbit after a failure of its deorbit engine?

The scenario: A Soyuz-MS spacecraft is on-orbit and ready for its deorbit burn. The crew then discover that there is a fault in the propulsion system and the deorbit engine can't fire. The craft is ...
11
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1answer
1k views

Can a Soyuz-MS still propel itself back to earth if all its Hydrogen Peroxide decomposed?

In this answer it is stated that: If the fuel fully decomposes then return to Earth is still possible but only via ballistic descent I find it a little bit surprising, but maybe there is enough Δv ...
3
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1answer
742 views

Where is the hole now? (ISS/Soyuz spacecraft hole)

Gizmodo's Report: ISS Hole Drilled From the Inside, Cosmonaut Says has made me realize I've lost track of the hole. It was in the part of a Soyuz spacecraft docked to the ISS wouldn't contain the crew ...
3
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2answers
202 views

What do the insulation and meteorite protection layers being opened on the Soyuz MS-09 spacecraft look like?

This current news item in TASS Russian cosmonaut Kononenko approaches Soyuz MS-09 spacecraft for inspection says: Earlier in the day, the two Russian cosmonauts began their six-hour spacewalk, ...
0
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1answer
403 views

What if an ISS astronaut refused to leave the space station? [duplicate]

When a mission to the ISS ends and the astronauts/cosmonauts shall leave the ISS with the Soyuz/Dragon spacecraft, what if an astronaut refuses to enter the Soyuz? What if he/she wants to remain on ...
9
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1answer
383 views

Any risk from Soyuz 22-ton fuel dump?

Following the recent mishap with the Soyuz, Kazakhstan's deputy minister for defense and the aerospace industry said that about 22 tons of fuel (kerosene and liquid oxygen) were dumped/fell over the ...
12
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1answer
661 views

Does the Soyuz spacecraft chemically stabilize the hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) to remain ISS-dockable for 200+ days?

Hydrogen peroxide from the local shop (dilute, 2-3%) sometimes has a stabilizer to slow it's breakdown rate and increase it's "shelf-life", since we'd like to keep it around the house on our shelf for ...
21
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1answer
1k views

What are the reasons Soyuz's lifespan in orbit is limited?

Following the recent Soyuz failure news, I found out that the currently docked Soyuz expires in the foreseeable future, leaving the crew with no means to return back to Earth. What are the reasons ...
17
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1answer
1k views

Was the LES used in the MS-10 abort?

I can find no clear information regarding the use of the launch escape system in today's Soyoz MS-10 abort-to-ground. The failure seems to occur just as LES jettison is scheduled to take place. The ...
10
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1answer
318 views

Is this a photo of today's Soyuz anomaly happening in flight seen from the ISS? What are the little dots?

ISS Exp. 57 Cmdr. and ESA Astronaut Alexander Gerst's Tweet today says: Glad our friends are fine. Thanks to the rescue force of >1000 SAR professionals! Today showed again what an amazing vehicle ...
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2answers
5k views

What eliminates the velocity when occupants return from ISS to earth, and how much?

The ISS has an orbital velocity of ~28000 km/h; the velocity $v$ relative to the landing site of the descent module is probably even higher than that most of the time. Once the occupants have landed, ...
5
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1answer
169 views

Does the Soyuz spacecraft really try to achieve attitude accuracy of 0.5° from GLONASS and GPS signals?

This answer mentions that the Wikipedia article Soyuz MS (Союз МС, the latest revision of the Soyuz spacecraft, evolution of the Soyuz TMA-M) says: Instead of relying on ground stations for orbital ...
8
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1answer
240 views

How is the docking hatch on the Progress/ATV opened?

Normally during the Progress or ATV hatch opening procedure the crew inside the ISS turn a handle to unseal the SSVP drogue cover which they then pull inward, revealing the Progress docking probe and ...
4
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1answer
524 views

Is this rocket design from 'The Americans' credit sequence real?

In the opening credit sequence of the TV show 'The Americans', a schematic of a rocket with 5 strap-on boosters is briefly shown: The diagram appears immediately after an elevation view of a Soyuz ...
2
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1answer
146 views

Is this window zenith-facing? (ISS docked Soyuz) If so, how directly?

Pursuant to the question Does the ISS have zenith-facing windows? to which the conclusion (in my opinion) is that there may be a window that provides an oblique view that might include the zenith if ...
8
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1answer
279 views

What is the big hole next to the 2mm hole that caused the 2018-08-30 Soyuz MS-09 / ISS leak?

The small hole in this picture is being reported as the cause of the ISS leak. What is the large hole next to it on the perpendicular surface? The one that appears to have been drilled by an amatuer ...
24
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4answers
4k views

How could the 2018-08-30 Soyuz MS-09 / ISS leak be so slow?

The leak reportedly led the ISS to lose 0.8 millibars of air pressure per hour, which is both big considering what was at stake and low for a 2-mm hole when the outside is near to complete vacuum. Am ...
26
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3answers
2k views

August 30th 2018 Soyuz leak, any dangers for re-entry?

On August 30th 2018, Soyuz MS-09 had a leak that was fixed by the ISS crew (source). Does the leak/fix have any consequences on using the Soyuz for returning to Earth? Would the fix hold the stress ...
12
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2answers
1k views

Are any of these Soyuz controls involved in separating the orbital module?

According to this Q & A, it's very likely that the Soyuz spacecraft's orbital module can be manually separated independent of other spacecraft operations. On this CollectSpace page, there's an ...
14
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1answer
903 views

Can Soyuz spacecraft operate without the orbital module?

Normally, before reentry, Soyuz separates into 4 chunks - the orbital module, the service module, the reentry module, and the periscope. Only the reentry module survives the reentry. Let's imagine a ...
4
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1answer
389 views

Does deploying the parachute dehermetize Soyuz?

When watching the Year in Orbit documentary, one of cosmonauts points to the big bags stowed between/above the seats of Soyuz capsule, identifying them as the main and emergency parachutes. But they ...
2
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1answer
73 views

What is intermediate thrust and brief pause for checkout on launching Soyuz spacecraft?

In a book I'm reading, the author mentioned the launch of Soyuz spacecraft as follows: What made it more spectacular was how close we were when it lifted off the launch pad. Yuri, Tim and I were ...
3
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1answer
186 views

Landing shock of Soyuz spacecraft?

Every astronaut launching on a Soyuz has a custom-made seat. The seat should prevent injuries from the very hard landing. Are there any numbers about the maximum decceleration when hitting the ground?
10
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1answer
2k views

Soyuz MS spacecraft battery voltage?

This wikipedia page contains a sentence: A fifth 906V battery with 155 Ampere-hour capacity was added to support the increased energy consumption from the improved electronics. 906 V seems very ...
6
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0answers
311 views

Why does it take three years to manufacture a Soyuz spacecraft?

I've read a Russian article based on the recent report by the US Government Accountability Office regarding the NASA Commercial Crew Program. The article claims that it takes three years to order a ...
3
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1answer
251 views

Emergency decompression of a Soyuz space ship and decompression sickness?

The Soyuz space ship uses an atmosphere of 21 % oxygen and 79 % nitrogen at a pressure of 1 bar, just like the ISS. In case of emergency when the capsule looses pressure, the inhabitants will ...
10
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2answers
348 views

Does Russia still manufacture parts for their space program that would otherwise be obsolete?

The Russian space program is notable for continuing to use the same designs that have been successful for decades. For example, the Soyuz boosters and Soyuz crew vehicles in use today are still the ...
10
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1answer
688 views

Does Soyuz LES take the service module?

During Jettisonable Emergency Escape Head Section abort mode, the head section of the rocket is separated and pulled away by OGB SAS (the escape tower) to safety away from the malfunctioning lower ...
30
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3answers
5k views

Has the ISS ever not had a lifeboat?

The International Space Station typically has one or more (manned) spacecraft docked. This is obviously to ferry crew to and from the station for each of the Expeditions. The Soyuz currently fulfils ...
8
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2answers
775 views

Why does the current Soyuz flight (2018-06-06) take two days?

At NASA's blog you can read about the Soyuz flight for expedition 56-57. It says: ...blast off Wednesday at 7:12 a.m. EDT on a two-day trip to the station. Why does it take two days this time? ...
4
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2answers
315 views

With what attitude does Soyuz reenter, and in what way might this angled pattern on Exp. 53's return a result of attitude?

The BBC article Soyuz space capsule brings ISS crew back after five month mission describes the return of ISS Expedition 55's "Russian Anton Shkaplerov, American Scott Tingle and Japan's Norishige ...
30
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2answers
7k views

Why do we only use Soyuz to send humans to the ISS?

Why is Soyuz the only spacecraft that sends humans to the International Space Station and we don't use any other spacecraft?
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1answer
1k views

How does a gamma ray altimeter work? What kind of sensor is used?

The answers to the Space SE question Soyuz landing ground detection really surprised me. A gamma ray altimeter is used by the returning Soyuz capsule to detect the presence of solid ground immediately ...
39
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4answers
5k views

Soyuz landing ground detection

How does Soyuz detect the ground to fire its retro rocket at the end stage? Is there any paper/reference describing the full entry descent and guidance algorithm and sensor suite used in Soyuz? If ...
7
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3answers
1k views

To what extent is the orbital Time Period of ISS affected by soyuz thrusters?

Numerically, to what extent is the orbital time period of ISS affected during the time when it boosts back higher to gain the lost altitude, using Soyuz thrusters/engines?
12
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1answer
824 views

Is this smoke from Expedition 53 returning Soyuz capsule?

I was clicking through YouTubes and came across the NASA Video ISS Expedition 53 Landing in Kazakhstan (also here). I don't recall seeing such prominent and continuous smoke from returning Soyuz ...
4
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2answers
425 views

When astronauts or cosmonauts get seated in the spacecraft, are they actually sitting up or lying down?

This might be more of a physics question. If it is, I'll post it in the physics site. If the spacecraft is vertical, wouldn't the astronauts be seated in a lying position so that the G forces do not ...