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Questions tagged [soyuz-spacecraft]

Questions regarding the Soyuz manned spacecraft used by the Soviet and Russian space program.

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What if an ISS astronaut refused to leave the space station? [duplicate]

When a mission to the ISS ends and the astronauts/cosmonauts shall leave the ISS with the Soyuz/Dragon spacecraft, what if an astronaut refuses to enter the Soyuz? What if he/she wants to remain on ...
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1answer
176 views

Any risk from Soyuz 22-ton fuel dump?

Following the recent mishap with the Soyuz, Kazakhstan's deputy minister for defense and the aerospace industry said that about 22 tons of fuel (kerosene and liquid oxygen) were dumped/fell over the ...
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1answer
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Does the Soyuz spacecraft chemically stabilize the hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) to remain ISS-dockable for 200+ days?

Hydrogen peroxide from the local shop (dilute, 2-3%) sometimes has a stabilizer to slow it's breakdown rate and increase it's "shelf-life", since we'd like to keep it around the house on our shelf for ...
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What are the reasons Soyuz's lifespan in orbit is limited?

Following the recent Soyuz failure news, I found out that the currently docked Soyuz expires in the foreseeable future, leaving the crew with no means to return back to Earth. What are the reasons ...
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Was the LES used in the MS-10 abort?

I can find no clear information regarding the use of the launch escape system in today's Soyoz MS-10 abort-to-ground. The failure seems to occur just as LES jettison is scheduled to take place. The ...
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1answer
238 views

Is this a photo of today's Soyuz anomaly happening in flight seen from the ISS? What are the little dots?

ISS Exp. 57 Cmdr. and ESA Astronaut Alexander Gerst's Tweet today says: Glad our friends are fine. Thanks to the rescue force of >1000 SAR professionals! Today showed again what an amazing vehicle ...
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What eliminates the velocity when occupants return from ISS to earth, and how much?

The ISS has an orbital velocity of ~28000 km/h; the velocity $v$ relative to the landing site of the descent module is probably even higher than that most of the time. Once the occupants have landed, ...
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Does the Soyuz spacecraft really try to achieve attitude accuracy of 0.5° from GLONASS and GPS signals?

This answer mentions that the Wikipedia article Soyuz MS (Союз МС, the latest revision of the Soyuz spacecraft, evolution of the Soyuz TMA-M) says: Instead of relying on ground stations for orbital ...
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How is the docking hatch on the Progress/ATV opened?

Normally during the Progress or ATV hatch opening procedure the crew inside the ISS turn a handle to unseal the SSVP drogue cover which they then pull inward, revealing the Progress docking probe and ...
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1answer
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Is this rocket design from 'The Americans' credit sequence real?

In the opening credit sequence of the TV show 'The Americans', a schematic of a rocket with 5 strap-on boosters is briefly shown: The diagram appears immediately after an elevation view of a Soyuz ...
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Is this window zenith-facing? (ISS docked Soyuz) If so, how directly?

Pursuant to the question Does the ISS have zenith-facing windows? to which the conclusion (in my opinion) is that there may be a window that provides an oblique view that might include the zenith if ...
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What is the big hole next to the 2mm hole that caused the 2018-08-30 Soyuz MS-09 / ISS leak?

The small hole in this picture is being reported as the cause of the ISS leak. What is the large hole next to it on the perpendicular surface? The one that appears to have been drilled by an amatuer ...
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4answers
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How could the 2018-08-30 Soyuz MS-09 / ISS leak be so slow?

The leak reportedly led the ISS to lose 0.8 millibars of air pressure per hour, which is both big considering what was at stake and low for a 2-mm hole when the outside is near to complete vacuum. Am ...
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3answers
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August 30th 2018 Soyuz leak, any dangers for re-entry?

On August 30th 2018, Soyuz MS-09 had a leak that was fixed by the ISS crew (source). Does the leak/fix have any consequences on using the Soyuz for returning to Earth? Would the fix hold the stress ...
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2answers
983 views

Are any of these Soyuz controls involved in separating the orbital module?

According to this Q & A, it's very likely that the Soyuz spacecraft's orbital module can be manually separated independent of other spacecraft operations. On this CollectSpace page, there's an ...
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1answer
740 views

Can Soyuz spacecraft operate without the orbital module?

Normally, before reentry, Soyuz separates into 4 chunks - the orbital module, the service module, the reentry module, and the periscope. Only the reentry module survives the reentry. Let's imagine a ...
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1answer
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Does deploying the parachute dehermetize Soyuz?

When watching the Year in Orbit documentary, one of cosmonauts points to the big bags stowed between/above the seats of Soyuz capsule, identifying them as the main and emergency parachutes. But they ...
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1answer
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What is intermediate thrust and brief pause for checkout on launching Soyuz spacecraft?

In a book I'm reading, the author mentioned the launch of Soyuz spacecraft as follows: What made it more spectacular was how close we were when it lifted off the launch pad. Yuri, Tim and I were ...
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1answer
128 views

Landing shock of Soyuz spacecraft?

Every astronaut launching on a Soyuz has a custom-made seat. The seat should prevent injuries from the very hard landing. Are there any numbers about the maximum decceleration when hitting the ground?
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Soyuz MS spacecraft battery voltage?

This wikipedia page contains a sentence: A fifth 906V battery with 155 Ampere-hour capacity was added to support the increased energy consumption from the improved electronics. 906 V seems very ...
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Why does it take three years to manufacture a Soyuz spacecraft?

I've read a Russian article based on the recent report by the US Government Accountability Office regarding the NASA Commercial Crew Program. The article claims that it takes three years to order a ...
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Emergency decompression of a Soyuz space ship and decompression sickness?

The Soyuz space ship uses an atmosphere of 21 % oxygen and 79 % nitrogen at a pressure of 1 bar, just like the ISS. In case of emergency when the capsule looses pressure, the inhabitants will ...
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Does Russia still manufacture parts for their space program that would otherwise be obsolete?

The Russian space program is notable for continuing to use the same designs that have been successful for decades. For example, the Soyuz boosters and Soyuz crew vehicles in use today are still the ...
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648 views

Does Soyuz LES take the service module?

During Jettisonable Emergency Escape Head Section abort mode, the head section of the rocket is separated and pulled away by OGB SAS (the escape tower) to safety away from the malfunctioning lower ...
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3answers
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Has the ISS ever not had a lifeboat?

The International Space Station typically has one or more (manned) spacecraft docked. This is obviously to ferry crew to and from the station for each of the Expeditions. The Soyuz currently fulfils ...
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Why does the current Soyuz flight (2018-06-06) take two days?

At NASA's blog you can read about the Soyuz flight for expedition 56-57. It says: ...blast off Wednesday at 7:12 a.m. EDT on a two-day trip to the station. Why does it take two days this time? ...
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With what attitude does Soyuz reenter, and in what way might this angled pattern on Exp. 53's return a result of attitude?

The BBC article Soyuz space capsule brings ISS crew back after five month mission describes the return of ISS Expedition 55's "Russian Anton Shkaplerov, American Scott Tingle and Japan's Norishige ...
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Why do we only use Soyuz to send humans to the ISS?

Why is Soyuz the only spacecraft that sends humans to the International Space Station and we don't use any other spacecraft?
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1answer
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How does a gamma ray altimeter work? What kind of sensor is used?

The answers to the Space SE question Soyuz landing ground detection really surprised me. A gamma ray altimeter is used by the returning Soyuz capsule to detect the presence of solid ground immediately ...
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4answers
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Soyuz landing ground detection

How does Soyuz detect the ground to fire its retro rocket at the end stage? Is there any paper/reference describing the full entry descent and guidance algorithm and sensor suite used in Soyuz? If ...
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3answers
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To what extent is the orbital Time Period of ISS affected by soyuz thrusters?

Numerically, to what extent is the orbital time period of ISS affected during the time when it boosts back higher to gain the lost altitude, using Soyuz thrusters/engines?
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Is this smoke from Expedition 53 returning Soyuz capsule?

I was clicking through YouTubes and came across the NASA Video ISS Expedition 53 Landing in Kazakhstan (also here). I don't recall seeing such prominent and continuous smoke from returning Soyuz ...
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When astronauts or cosmonauts get seated in the spacecraft, are they actually sitting up or lying down?

This might be more of a physics question. If it is, I'll post it in the physics site. If the spacecraft is vertical, wouldn't the astronauts be seated in a lying position so that the G forces do not ...
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1answer
346 views

Why do astronauts spend a night at a hotel one day before the launch? How did they board the Shuttle

I heard somewhere that it was some sort of a tradition for astronauts to spend one night at some kind of hotel. As far as I know, astronauts and cosmonauts ride in a bus down to the launch site, where ...
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256 views

Why aren't there many audio soundscapes recorded within the spacecraft?

First of all, let me explain that I am totally blind, and audio is my primary source of information. Through soundscapes, I can hear how big or small a room is, and make pictorial and spatial images ...
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What does Soyuz's button-pushing “fancy stick” look like? Are there others?

In the Smarter Every Day video How to FLY A SPACESHIP to the SPACE STATION - Smarter Every Day 131 the host Destin Sandlin (seated in the center seat of a Soyuz capsule) asks astronaut Scott Kelly (...
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1answer
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Where did Soyuz and Progress dock with Mir?

I'm piecing together a chronological timeline of Mir station including manned and unmanned visits to the ship, time of docking and undocking, and location of docking. My question is around the ...
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Soyuz has a Space Periscope?

The image Photo ID: ISS049-E-003166 can be found in Flikr and Wikimedia Commons as well as in Spaceflight Now. There is a long (perhaps 1 meter?) green structure that is sticking out from the side of ...
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What space suit is this? [duplicate]

I recently saw this picture, and it puzzles me as to what they are wearing. At first thought, I imagined that they would be space suits. But, they went in a Soyuz craft, and the suits for a Soyuz don'...
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Do the Soyuz spacecraft bringing astronauts and supplies to the ISS use Ukraine-built Kurs systems?

A comment below this great answer about the Kurs navigation and docking system linked to the following page on the Ukrainian company Elimz website: http://www.elmiz.com/en/product/orbitalnyj-servis-...
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What is the “true” cost to send a freighter (spaceX or SoyuZ) to the ISS? [duplicate]

What is the real cost (all costs) in to send a freight craft to ISS? Which launch system is the most cost effective?
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Is the location and time of a scheduled re-entry (e.g. Soyuz) announced in advance?

I’m aware of NOTAMS (notice to airmen) which are issued for launches of rockets, as for example mentioned in this answer. The same seems to be the case for deorbiting second stages (see here and here)....
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1answer
116 views

Roughly what is the rate of energy loss of survivable capsule re-entries?

In this answer I've estimated the peak rate of energy loss of a particularly unwise re-entry as 3 to 4 gigawatts. Never mind that it's 15-20 gees of acceleration, that's a lot of power injected into ...
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1answer
338 views

How much manual flying is done in a modern manned spacecraft?

Considering we live in an age of unmanned spacecrafts, with computers more than capable of managing everything from attitude control, burns, to docking and insanely precise powered landings; how much ...
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166 views

Soyuz seat - return

Every astronaut launching on a Soyuz has a seat custom-made (source). However, I don't believe astronauts typically return on their original Soyuz, and I know that they don't always. In this case, are ...
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418 views

How do items from the Russian and Soviet space programs end up in private collections?

A member today posted this photo showing a complete instrument panel from a Soyuz TM capsule, and a globus instrument from a Voskhod capsule: Both items are in their private collection. Only 5 ...
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1answer
230 views

Could astronauts wear EVA suits in the Soyuz?

There's a problem with maintaining the EVA suits on the space station. Since the Shuttle was canceled, only recently has Dragon made it possible to bring the suits down to ground for refurbishment, ...
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1answer
552 views

Why does “Tim Peake's capsule” look like it's copper now?

What are these capsules made of? This is the Expedition 47 return capsule that brought Astronauts Yuri Malenchenko, Timothy Peake, and Timothy Kopra back to Earth. According to IFL Science!: The ...
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237 views

How are soyuz spacecraft adapted to 2 people crew?

Since Russia is going to send only 2 people crew to the ISS for a while, I wonder how will they adapt the spacecraft. Do they remove the 3rd seat ? Can they put extra cargo on theses flights ?
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Could the Soyuz/Progress supply and crew a space station in Lunar orbit?

The Soyuz launcher can put about a third of the mass in low Earth orbit compared with Proton, Falcon 9, Ariane 5, Atlas V. Is that enough to crew and resupply a space station in Lunar orbit, or at an ...