Questions tagged [soyuz-spacecraft]

Questions regarding the Soyuz manned spacecraft used by the Soviet and Russian space program.

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What is the most efficient method of landing for space capsules returning to earth? [closed]

I have read that the Russians don't land on water because they don't have access to a large warm-water coastline like the US. US has large swaths of land and water and most US capsules (Apollo, Dragon,...
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3 votes
2 answers
182 views

Soyuz thruster placement

I notice that the Soyuz uses two high-thrust thrusters to translate in one direction along an axis, however some of the thrusters are located at a slight angle on either side of this axis, rather than ...
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11 votes
1 answer
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Where can I download the Soyuz Crew Operations Manual?

Where can I download the Soyuz Crew Operations Manual?
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8 votes
1 answer
573 views

What is the propellant mass for the Soyuz descent module?

I learned some time ago that the Soyuz capsules use hydrogen peroxide as a monopropellant. I'm trying to use this fact for a chemistry question posed to my students, but I cannot find anywhere how ...
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6 votes
1 answer
226 views

Soyuz flight books?

I have the Crew Operations Manual, but I wonder if any of the books carried onboard mentioned in it are available anywhere? There is a flight plan book, a nominal checklist, off-nominal, backup and ...
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3 votes
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How is roll alignment achieved by the Soyuz docking mechanism (SSVP)

The best description of the Soyuz docking system I could find is in the proceedings of the 6th Aerospace Mechanisms Symposium (scroll to PDF page 139, labeled page 143). The alignment process is ...
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3 votes
1 answer
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Soyuz: Do you know the coefficient drag and lift to drag ratio are during reentry?

I've been learning Python as a hobby the last two years. I like spaceflight too. Therefore I wrote this code to simulate the reentry of a Soyuz. I'd appreciate some feedback: https://github.com/fra-...
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7 votes
1 answer
231 views

What is this thing on the right of the frame in this photograph? (STS-71)

What is this (blurred) thing that can be seen to the right of the frame in this photograph? (some versions crop it out) It is a photograph taken from Soyuz TM-21 of Mir and STS-71 Atlantis docked in ...
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2 votes
0 answers
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How much did NASA pay Roscosmos for the Soyuz to provide assured crew return services

The STS orbiter wasn't able to stay on orbit for very long, and the ISS had an SOP of having a return seat for each body on the station, so during the years of the Shuttle performing crew rotation ...
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2 votes
2 answers
167 views

Dragon ballistic/drag coefficients?

I'm looking for some estimates of Dragon's ballistic or drag coefficients in its reentry (heat shield forward) configuration. Estimates for other spacecraft would be useful also as they would give me ...
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5 votes
0 answers
88 views

Soyuz 11 - communication transcript

Are there any communication transcripts available of Soyuz 11 spaceflight? I am especially interested in the part where pressure equalisation valve was opened way too fast and the crew died due to ...
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11 votes
1 answer
1k views

What is the procedure in case the ISS loses one of the evacuation crafts?

Suppose that a micrometeorite or a sudden failure renders one of the Soyuz inoperable, or that a routine inspection discovers a defect in one of them that makes it unsafe. What is the protocol to ...
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16 votes
3 answers
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Evacuating the ISS but wait, there's only one Spacecraft?

I was doing some research regarding the Soyuz as I'm currently planning a summer project in which I would build a close replica of a Soyuz when the question popped into my mind, "What would ...
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9 votes
2 answers
3k views

Soyuz for Sale?

Reading through some stuff on the interwebs I came across some information saying that some old Soyuz Capsules are keep in a junkyard. Does anyone know if it's actually possible to purchase one of ...
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1 vote
0 answers
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How often are fewer than three astronauts present when moving a Soyuz spacecraft from one docking port to another?

CNN's Astronauts relocated a spacecraft outside the International Space Station (was it inside before?) says: Russian cosmonauts Sergey Ryzhikov and Sergey Kud-Sverchkov, along with NASA astronaut ...
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4 votes
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Why have astronauts had to take Soyuz capsules "out for a spin" on 15 separate occasions? (move from one Soyuz port to another)

NASA News item Space Station Crew to Relocate Soyuz to Make Room for New Crewmates says: Three residents of the International Space Station will take a spin around their orbital neighborhood in the ...
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1 vote
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Soyuz TMA Neptune IDS Button Lights Behavior On Click

I made a simple virtual Soyuz TMA Neptune IDS using simple coding (a work in process). The purpose of it is solely for the buttons location familiarization of the control panels. The buttons react on ...
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3 votes
1 answer
170 views

What is the cost of production or sale of a Soyuz spacecraft?

Soyuz manned spacecraft have been operating for over fifty years and have made one hundred and forty five flights. There have been many upgrades and improvements and is still going strong. I imagine ...
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6 votes
1 answer
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Docking orientation of Soyuz 4 and 5

I was discussing with a friend about the risk of solar panels colliding with each other if the rates imparted during undocking of similar crafts are higher. Which led to the question, then, why not ...
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1 vote
0 answers
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Why do the Shenzhou seating assignments differ from Soyuz?

The Shenzhou spacecraft is China's crewed space vehicle. It is derived from the Russian Soyuz spacecraft. According to Wikipedia, The commander sits in the center seat on both spacecraft. However, ...
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5 votes
1 answer
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Why will the Soyuz MS-17 be relocated on the ISS?

According to the Soyuz MS-17 Wikipedia page, the spacecraft is planned to relocate from Rassvet nadir to Poisk zenith on 10 March 2021. This 3 weeks before the next Soyuz, MS-18 arrives. From ...
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17 votes
2 answers
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Highest apogee of a Soviet/Russian crewed spacecraft?

I wonder which Soviet/Russian crewed spaceflight reached the highest apogee and how high. For America, the highest apogee ever reached is 1,368 kilometers (~ 850 mi) by Gemini 11 (except that America ...
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2 votes
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What is the splash down speed of the manned dragon capsule?

What's the rated speed of the crewed dragon capsule? Do we have any data on the actual measurement for the demo mission? I'd also appreciate any info on speed for Soyuz, other soviet manned, Apollo, ...
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9 votes
1 answer
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Is there an equivalent of the Dragon 'claw' and Apollo umbilical fairing between the Soyuz crew and service modules?

The Apollo service module provided power etc. to the command module through umbilical connections covered by a fairing. When the two modules were separated, a 'guillotine' cut through the cables and ...
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3 votes
1 answer
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How do Russians enumerate old Soviet space missions?

How are old Soviet space missions numbered in Russia? Were the earliest missions actually given a number, or are they referred to by their cosmonaut, or by a spacecraft nickname instead? Does the ...
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10 votes
1 answer
522 views

How close to a building has a Soyuz landed?

Soyuz capsules are designed to land onto land. To avoid the small chance of harming people or property, they are usually targeted to land in remote parts of Kazakhstan. However, some landings aren't ...
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-3 votes
1 answer
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Why are the Soyuz and Progress spacecrafts about as expensive as the Soyuz rocket?

I have found this text: "In billion rubles: For Progress (without the cost of ~2.8 tonnes of cargo): Rocket: ~1.25 (Soyuz 2.1a) = 20.83 mil dollars Ship: ~0.9 (Progress MS) = 15 mil dollars ...
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3 votes
0 answers
58 views

Soyuz parachute cord/rope forces

I'm wondering about the forces (e.g., how much pressure is being applied, how much pulling force, etc.) experienced by the ropes of the Soyuz parachutes when they are deployed. Many thanks!
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4 votes
2 answers
133 views

Do non-American space travellers train on Dragon capsule as well?

Soyuz is a spacecraft which still uses technologies from soviet era. The Dragon capsule is state of the art with its electronic upgrades. With Russia and US sharing the International Space Station ...
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12 votes
1 answer
288 views

Will Soyuz spacecraft be able to visit the Lunar Gateway?

I mean launch from Earth, dock to the gateway and come back.
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6 votes
1 answer
101 views

Are there any differences in docking procedures between ISS and manned capsules vs. unmanned capsules?

The Russian Soyuz has an extensive history in docking with ISS with both manned and unmanned capsules. SpaceX just recently demonstrated manned-capsule docking with ISS with a history of unmanned ...
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2 votes
1 answer
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Why were there two Soyuz 39?

Why were there two Soyuz missions numbered 39? There was Soyuz 7K-T No.39 in 1975, and Soyuz 39 in 1981. Questions about similarly confusing numbering by NASA: Why did Apollo mission numbering skip ...
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5 votes
1 answer
177 views

Why does the ISS occasionally operate with just 3 crew members?

There have many instances where the ISS only has 3 crew members, often for many weeks. This places significant strain on workload and productivity. Why isn't a new crew launched quicker?
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10 votes
3 answers
2k views

Why doesn't Roscosmos launch Soyuz spacecraft with only Russians on board?

Just very curious. There are three seats in the Russian Soyuz spacecraft, and sometimes just one astronaut of the three is a Russian and the other two are either one American and someone from yet ...
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4 votes
1 answer
218 views

How did the atmospheres of Soyuz, Shuttle, Mir, and ISS compare?

Soyuz and the Space Shuttle each docked with Mir and the International Space Station. When docked, the crew vehicle and station each share a common atmosphere for the crew to breathe. However, how ...
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1 vote
0 answers
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What are these two items sticking out of Soyuz capsule MS-13 with returning Expedition 61 Crew? [duplicate]

At 18:55and 19:00 in NASA Videos' NASA Television Video File- MS 13 Hatch Closing Undocking Landing - February 6, 2020 what ...
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8 votes
2 answers
472 views

How much of the printed materials (manuals, instructions etc.) were allocated for the crew's use in Space Shuttles?

Whilst watching youtube video of an occasional Soyuz spacecraft launch (Soyuz ТМА-19М in this case), I've noticed (at 8:07) this large bundle of books. Another video of TMA-16M flight at 39:40 shows ...
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8 votes
4 answers
410 views

Why is Soyuz's third stage's engine cutoff the most intense?

Based on the motion and reaction of the cosmonauts, the 3rd stage engine cutoff (cued video) at about T+ 08:46 in this video of a Soyuz ascent causes greater ...
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1 vote
2 answers
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What are these Soyuz Astronauts/Cosmonauts holding in their hands before launch? [duplicate]

What are these Soyuz Astronauts/Cosmonauts holding in their left hands before launch? I suspect it must be the pump for the active cooling system by pumping water similar to those in EVA suits, but it ...
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2 votes
3 answers
882 views

Why are these Soyuz Astronauts/Cosmonauts wearing sun glasses and a blanket after landing?

Why are these Soyuz Astronauts/Cosmonauts wearing sunglasses? Is there any scientific reason for this? (Please don't say they want to look cool) I have not seen Shuttle Astronauts wearing sunglasses ...
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4 votes
1 answer
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Tracking the Soyuz MS-15 approaching the ISS with binoculars

Next Wednesday, September 25th, the Soyuz MS-15 will be launched from the Baikonur cosmodrome. I guess the trip to the ISS will be long (6 hrs to 24 hr) as usual. I want to see both the ISS and the ...
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5 votes
0 answers
275 views

Why will Russia start arming cosmonauts again?

The Phys.org article Russia to give cosmonauts guns to fend off animals on landing says: Cosmonauts have been unarmed for more than a decade but Roscosmos agency head Dmitry Rogozin said it was time ...
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12 votes
1 answer
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Has USSR/Russia launched humans on any rocket not derived from R-7?

The Soviet Union's first crewed launch, Vostok 1, was on a Vostok booster, derived from the R-7 ICBM and Sputnik satellite launcher with an additional stage added. The Soyuz boosters used today by ...
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5 votes
1 answer
744 views

What are those big valves on Soyuz control panel for?

What function do the two large, chunky red valves on the center of the Soyuz control panel have? They are located in the lower middle of this image, just above the Vizor periscope. I wish to know ...
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9 votes
2 answers
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Microgravity indicators

As mentioned in the YouTube clip below and in the image, in the Soyuz craft hangs small toys or dolls as microgravity indicators. Is this really the purpose of the dolls being hung? Are people not ...
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3 votes
0 answers
114 views

Soyuz reentry acceleration profile with timing

I am looking for reentry Soyuz acceleration profile with timing. I was able to find graphs for ascent, but failed to find anything related with descent. The only thing I've got is Andreas Mogensen ...
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4 votes
1 answer
238 views

Why did the Soyuz 7K-LOK use fuel cells rather than solar panels?

The Soyuz 7K-LOK, a heavily-modified derivative of the 7K-OK, was to have been the Soviet equivalent of the Apollo CSM, taking two cosmonauts to lunar orbit (from where one would transfer to the LK ...
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9 votes
0 answers
213 views

Detailed information about the Soyuz descent module connection box?

Anyone have some detailed information about how all this connectors, located in the soyuz descent module? Are they used only when they setup the Soyuz or they are ...
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3 votes
1 answer
187 views

Seating in Soyuz 18 capsule

Working on an alternate-history SF story that involves an orbital rescue in 1975 requiring use of the Soyuz 18 capsule. This had room for carrying up to 3 cosmonauts to orbit but only carried 2 to ...
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16 votes
1 answer
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Soyuz Steering during Re-Entry

In this youtube video, it talks about steering Soyuz by changing lift. Why does roll rotation help in changing lift and also helping in cross range steering? I am looking for an answer from ...
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