Questions tagged [space-telescope]

A telescope placed in space, typically for the purpose of avoiding atmospheric distortion, background light, and attenuation of light by the atmosphere.

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Why a polar orbit for TWINKLE?

TWINKLE will use a 0.45 meter telescope to record spectra of stars transited by their exoplanets. By looking at tiny changes in the spectrum as the planet's atmosphere moves in front of the star, they ...
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Why did the Herschel Space Telescope need helium coolant?

Inspired by answering this question The Wikipedia entry says this On 29 April 2013, ESA announced that Herschel's supply of liquid helium, used to cool the instruments and detectors on board, had ...
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What's the largest optical telescope mirror ever put in space?

As a follow-on question to What's the largest optical lens put in space? I'd like to ask about mirrors this time. Question: What's the largest optical telescope mirror ever put in space? Optical ...
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What's the largest optical lens put in space?

While star cameras and wide angle cameras in space are built from glass lenses, large aperture optical systems generally use reflective optics. For some large ones see answers to What's the largest ...
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Why aren't space telescopes put in GEO?

I don't know of any space telescope that has been placed in geosynchronous orbit among the communication satellites. I wonder why not? In GEO, a space telescope could use a single stationary radio ...
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How fast do optical surfaces get dirty or damaged in space?

These answers: (1, 2) to Do things get dirty in space? mention the Hubble Space Telescope but if I understand correctly refer to the outside of the telescope rather than its optical surfaces. Answers ...
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What fractions of the time did Skylab spend in Earth-oriented and Sun-oriented attitudes?

The Introduction section of NASA Technical Memo TM-X-64628 Angular momentum desaturation for Skylab using gravity gradient torques begins: The Skylab Apollo Telescope Mount (ATM) experiments ...
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Can we see the USA flag on the Moon from Earth? [duplicate]

Is it possible one day to see landing site flags on the Moon from Earth or from space without having to land using a telescope as technology progresses? Highly Related: Were the Apollo lunar ...
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How would 2 JWSTs make stereo pictures?

Could 2 JWST be launched in opposite directions to provide stereo vision? Would a stereo picture provide any benefit? https://space.stackexchange.com/a/35402/18879 Related: How will JWST manage ...
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Can we make super-massive Telescopes to image exoplanets?

This question has already been partly addressed here: When will we have the technology to directly observe an exoplanet with significant clarity? However, my question is focused more on the ...
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Why Orion can't be used to service JWST?

Hubble Space Telescope is a marvel of astronomical tools - particularly judging by how much it moved the science. It took a lot of fixes along the way, which certainly prolonged its useful life. Its ...
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Could Breakthrough Starshot proposed propulsion system be used in a regular size probe to accelerate it faster than any probe has been before?

Supposedly Breakthrough Starshot project wants to accelerate a capsule of the size of a mobile phone - according to one source - and of the size of the chip of a mobile phone - according to another ...
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Why is the Hubble Space Telescope mass increasing? [duplicate]

According to this Youtube video I came to know that the mass of the Hubble space telescope has increased from the time of launch. What is making this mass increment? Are these the debris?
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What are the percentages of matter in the universe, and how did we find out? [closed]

What are the percentages of matter in the universe? And how did we find out about it?
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What are Spectr-R's major contributions to radio astronomy that could not have been done from Earth?

Spektr-R Spektr-R (37755, 2011-037A) is a Russian radiotelescope spacecraft in a very high orbit around the Earth. It's orbit is cis-lunar with an apoapsis of ...
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How was the Moon's first telescope used? (Apollo 16)

From Gizmodo's There's Poop on the Moon list of things left on the moon: This gold-plated telescope that was the first tool used to make astronomical observations from the surface of another ...
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Can James Webb see Kuiper Belt Objects like 2014 MU69 (Ultima Thule)?

In this paper, we learned that Hubble is the only telescope in the vicinity of Earth that can detect Ultima Thule directly. Hubble will eventually fail, and will be somewhat replaced by James Webb. ...
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How will the “fleet of small asteroid hunters” of the B612 Foundation & York Space Systems work?

The June 2018 news item in Science To find small asteroids that could hit Earth, private foundation embraces small satellites says: On 10 May, B612 announced a partnership with York Space Systems, ...
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How do Hubble, Compton, Chandra, and Spitzer compare in bytes of data collected?

The Great Observatories is a NASA nickname for the four largest space telescopes to date. Each covers a different portion of the electromagnetic spectrum: The Hubble Space Telescope, the most famous ...
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What might the first deep space telescope using the Sun or Jupiter as a gravitational lens be like?

@SteveLinton's nicely written and sourced answer about using strong gravitational lensing by the Sun or even Jupiter as a kind of telescope to resolve the surfaces of exoplanets is really interesting, ...
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RIP Kepler, how shall we call your orbit? Does this cyclic flip-flop process have a name?

So long, and thanks for all the Fish Planets The captions in the NASA Ames Research Center video What Will Happen to NASA’s Kepler Spacecraft? read as follows: NASA’s Kepler space telescope found ...
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How would the Apollo telescope have worked in the Apollo command module? Where would it be located and how would it be operated?

In the Vintage Space video episode Missions we Lost When Apollo was Cancelled, there is discussion of the Apollo Telescope and the Block 3 command module after about ...
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Hubble's one-gyro mode; how does it work for attitude control, stabilization, and slewing?

Space.com's Hubble Space Telescope Apparently in 'Safe Mode' After Gyroscope Failure says: "It’s true. Very stressful weekend. Right now HST is in safe mode while we figure out what to do. Another ...
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Queries regarding deep space missions [closed]

What is deep space refers to? We have not even explore our nearby planets (till Mars) then why space agencies are going for deep space missions (like voyager-1 and voyager-2)? What do they want to ...
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What causes these cross-shaped artifacts in TESS' first images?

TESS has a group of four wide field cameras each with four large CCD imagers that will collect photometric data at a relatively high cadence, and therefore generate a ton of data. above: "TESS (...
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Could we see someone walking on Mars from Earth?

Can any telescope be capable to see some one walking on Mars? How much time dilation would there be? What is the theoretical best resolution?
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Do we have a photo of a micrometeorite impact on a lens?

Micrometeorite and debris impacts on orbital spacecraft pose a threat to systems and crew. For example, a high velocity impact caused this chip in the International Space Station's Cupola. The ISS ...
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Could the Lunar Lagrange Points work for space telescopes?

Every orbit in space has its pros and cons. Low Earth Orbit has accessibility but frequent eclipses whereas a Solar Lagrange Point is clear and stable but distant. In the case of the Lunar Lagrange ...
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How bright would electrostatically suspended dust above the lunar surface be? Has it ever been measured?

@TomSpilker's answer mentions the potential effect of dust from the lunar regolith being slightly electrostatically levitated by the charge on the lunar surface induced by the solar wind on telescopic ...
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Why are so many space telescopes placed in LEO instead of at Lagrange Points? And why do we hear about Hubble more than any Langrange-orbit telescope?

Here is the list of every space telescope launched by different space agencies - List of space telescopes. Most of the listed telescopes are placed in Lower Earth Orbit (about 95% of them). It's ...
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To use a gravitational lens as a telescope, does the hypothetical user have to do so from a given angle?

This question is about the use of a gravitational lens for example of a distant galaxy or sun. I’m curious to know whether the two outer masses, say galaxies or suns (when to the observers of course) ...
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2 Hubble telescopes looking at each other for a world CCTV? [closed]

As technology progresses could something like a Super Hubble see satellite the Earth to have a time delay to have any use? Super Hubble A (or a huge mirror) is 30 light minutes away looking at Earth ...
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How do Tom & Jerry (CANYVAL-X) measure their alignment with a distance source accurately?

According to the Spaceflight 101 article CANYVAL-X – Tom & Jerry: CANYVAL-X is a two-satellite CubeSat mission aiming to demonstrate a Vision Alignment System that could enable a virtual ...
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Technology to directly observe an exoplanets [closed]

I would like to know what number of space telescopes, ideally mass produced ones using current technology and that could be cheaply manufactured and launched en-mass via the future SpaceX BFR. How ...
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Could a spy satellite in orbit be recommissioned to do astronomy?

Since the National Reconnaissance Office offered NASA a left-over Hubble sized mirror that might be used for the WFIRST space telescope, I wonder if the NRO has satellites in operation that could do ...
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Can image-stacking allow this 0.25 m satellite telescope achieve 0.65m resolution?

The BBC News item UK satellite to make movies from space describes this newly deployed satellite: caption: Artwork: Manufacturer SSTL calls it Carbonite-2, but Earth-i refers to the satellite as ...
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JWST observing cherry red Tesla roadster

Assuming both launches are successful, if JWST tries to solve Tesla's cherry red body paint light spectrum, what would it tell about it's composition? Could it be confusing if it was an unknown object?...
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Could a 21 meter space telescope detect the nearest exoplanets?

For reference, Hubble's mirror is 2.4 meters wide, the upcoming James Webb's 6.5 meters, and the proposed ATLAST 8 or 16 meters. Let's assume a mirror nearly ten times Hubble's size, 21 meters, is ...
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Anyone know what happened to the AAReST project?

AAReST was a really neat project by Caltech and University of Surrey (UK) to experiment with a self-assembling space telescope mirror. There are some interesting articles and papers about it circa ...
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Earth gravity lens focus

Reading this question and then this report in a comment by @called2voyage At some point they talk about possibility to send (using antimatter as propellant) a space mission to solar gravity lens ...
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Can mirrors be made from fabric?

I was recently listening to a talk about JWST and other future astrophysics missions when the speaker talked about many of the size limitations associated with mirrors etc. I then thought perhaps one ...
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Are there orbits for a starshade and a telescope to stay linear to an interstellar object?

Does there exist two orbits synchronized so that a telescope in one would line up with a star shade in the other on a line pointing to a certain star? And this during a period of time relevant for ...
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Why the thermal imaging of Mercury's surface requires a telescope on a jet flying through an eclipse?

The NASA News Feature Chasing the Total Solar Eclipse from NASA’s WB-57F Jets describes two telescope-equipped NASA jets that will fly fast enough to spend about 7 minutes in the Umbra (totality) of ...
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Why isn't the JWST mirror bigger?

What's behind the choice of not designing the largest possible folding mirror for the James Webb space telescope, since something like a 13m diameter mirror could also fit in Ariane's fairing?
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Infrared space interferometry - Why isn't it being done?

Spektr-R is a 10 meter diameter radio telescope in Earth's orbit with an apogee of 338,000 km, nearly a Lunar distance. It does interferometry together with the Very-Long-Baseline Interferometry ...
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How did scientists put forth or create the images of milky way galaxy

I understand telescopes were used to observe and capture images of other galaxies. But, by risking the question sounding pretty ordinary, may I know how did we take the pictures or photographs of our ...
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Would an interstellar exoplanet telescope make sense?

Since the transit method of detecting exoplanets requires perfect alignment of orbits, would a Kepler-type telescope yield more exoplanet detections if sent out of our solar system even to relatively ...
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Why has the Earth-Sun libration point L1 been chosen over L2 for NEOCam to detect new NEOs?

above: Profoundly not-to-scale illustration of NEOCam in an orbit around the Sun-Earth libration point L1, about 1.5 million kilometers from Earth. Presumably Sun-shield and Earth-shield block light (...
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Russian space observatory Spektr-UV

Where can I find more detailed information about Spectr-UV? I'm interested to find an in-depth article and/or images of it's components. It seems that it could have offered a unique capability, why ...
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Why would the James Webb Space Telescope need adaptive optics outside the atmosphere?

Adaptive Optics is generally used with ground telescopes to correct for atmospheric distortions or seeing. Right now it is used mostly in the infrared but is starting to be used in longer visible ...